Dr. Andrew A. Snelling Dr. Andrew A. Snelling

Dr. Andrew A. Snelling

Geologist, Speaker, Author, Researcher, Editor-in-chief of Answers Research Journal

Dr. Andrew Snelling is one of the world’s most respected creation scientists specializing in geological studies and also is a passionate speaker for layperson and technical audiences. View resources by Dr. Andrew Snelling.

Events

  • Belfast, Co. Antrim
    September 03 – September 05
  • Latest Articles by Dr. Andrew A. Snelling

    Education

    • PhD, Geology, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, 1982
    • BSc, Applied Geology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, First Class Honours, 1975

    Honors and Awards

    • First Prize for Technical Excellence for a paper on anomalous radiometric “dates” of recent lava flows from Mt. Ngauruhoe volcano in New Zealand, presented at the Fourth International Conference on Creationism, 1998.
    • Second Prize for Technical Excellence for a paper co-authored with John Woodmorappe on the cooling of granites, presented at the Fourth International Conference on Creationism, 1998.
    • Third Prize for Technical Excellence for a paper co-authored with Dr. Steve Austin on radiometric “dating” of a rock unit in the Grand Canyon, presented at the Fourth International Conference on Creationism, 1998.
    • Technical Excellence Award for a paper on evidence for regional metamorphism within the creationist timeframe, presented at the Third International Conference on Creationism in Pittsburgh, 1994.

    Testimony

    Andrew was raised in a Christian family in Sydney, Australia, and his interest in geology began very soon after his conversion to Christianity at nine years of age. His very firm conviction in the authority and veracity of the Scriptures brought him to the creation/evolution controversy early in his teens, so that by the commencement of university studies, Andrew already had a clear scriptural perspective on the literalness of Creation and Noah’s Flood, and an unmistakable call from the Lord for a life-long involvement in creationist ministry.

    Professional Experience

    • Director of Research, Answers in Genesis, Petersburg, KY, 2007–present
    • Editor-in-chief, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Creationism, 2008
    • Researcher and editor, Radioisotopes and the Age of The Earth (RATE), 1997–2005
    • Professor of geology, Institute for Creation Research, San Diego, CA, 1998–2007
    • Founding editor, Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal (now Journal of Creation), 1984–1998
    • Staff member, Creation Science Foundation (later Answers in Genesis–Australia), Australia, 1983–1998
    • Geological consultant, Koongarra uranium project, Denison Australia PL, 1983–1992
    • Collaborative researcher and writer, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Organisation (CSIRO), Australia, 1981–1987
    • Consultant researcher and writer, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia, 1983–1992
    • Field, mine, and research geologist, various mining companies, Australia

    Professional Affiliations

    • Geological Society of Australia
    • Geological Society of America
    • Geological Association of Canada
    • Mineralogical Society of America
    • Society of Economic Geologists
    • Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits
    • Creation Research Society
    • Creation Geology Society

    Personal Information

    Andrew completed a Bachelor of Science degree in applied geology at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, graduating with first class honors in 1975. His PhD in geology was awarded in 1982 by The University of Sydney, Australia for his research thesis titled “A Geochemical Study of the Koongarra Uranium Deposit, Northern Territory, Australia.” Between studies and since Andrew worked for six years in the exploration and mining industries in Tasmania, New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory, variously as a field, mine, and research geologist for three different companies.

    Andrew commenced in full-time creation ministry at the end of 1983, first working from Brisbane with the Creation Science Foundation of Australia (later Answers in Genesis–Australia) until late 1998, including three years with Ken Ham before Ham moved to the USA. From 1983 to 1992, Snelling was still required to be a geological consultant to the Koongarra uranium project for Denison Australia PL, subsidiary of the Canadian mining giant Denison. He was also involved in research projects with several Australian CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Organization) scientists, and for more than ten years in a major international collaborative research effort, funded by the US Department of Energy, with ANSTO (Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization) and university scientists across Australia, and with university and government scientists from the USA, Britain, Japan, Korea , Sweden, and the International Atomic Energy Agency, to investigate the Koongarra uranium deposit as a natural analog of a nuclear waste disposal site. As a result of these research endeavors, Andrew was involved in writing numerous scientific reports, and scientific papers that were published in international science journals and books.

    In late 1998 Andrew joined the Institute for Creation Research (then near San Diego, CA), as professor of geology. His responsibilities included teaching master’s degree geology courses in ICR’s Graduate School; leading tours to the Grand Canyon, England, Yosemite, and Death Valley; and research and writing projects. Andrew was a principal investigator in the eight-year, ICR-led RATE (Radioisotopes and the Age of The Earth) research project to which he made major contributions in rock dating studies using radioisotopes and in studies of radiation halos (radiohalos) and tracks (fission tracks) in various minerals. He contributed two chapters to the first RATE technical volume in 2000, and three chapters to the second RATE technical volume in 2005, as well as being the primary production editor of both volumes. Andrew’s time at ICR was also spent writing a major two-volume book on Earth’s Catastrophic Past: Geology, Creation, and the Flood (Dallas, TX: Institute for Creation Research, 2009), the sequel to the Whitcomb and Morris classic, The Genesis Flood.

    In June 2007 Andrew’s employment began with Answers in Genesis USA as their Director of Research. He initially resided in Brisbane, Australia and commuted regularly as necessary to the USA. But in mid-2011 he moved with his wife to live in northern Kentucky. As a result of joint research, he has contributed to and jointly edited (with Dr. Steven W. Boyd) the book Grappling with the Chronology of the Genesis Flood (Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2013).

    Andrew’s talents have enabled him to be involved in extensive creationist research in Australia, the USA, Britain, New Zealand and elsewhere, majoring on the radioactive methods for dating rocks (and radiocarbon dating of fossils), and evidence for the Flood of Noah. Such research has included the formation of igneous and metamorphic rocks (for example, granites and schists, respectively), all types of mineral and gem deposits, sedimentary strata and fossil graveyards, and landscape features (for example, Grand Canyon, USA, and Ayers Rock or Uluru, central Australia) within the biblical framework of earth history. Technical papers by Dr. Snelling on regional metamorphism and rock dating have won the prestigious “Technical Excellence Award” as best technical papers at the 1994 Third and 1998 Fourth International Conference on Creationism respectively. As well as writing regularly and extensively in many international creationist magazines, journals and publications, Andrew was founding editor in 1984 and served as editor for almost 15 years of the Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal (now Journal of Creation), served as the editor-in-chief for the Sixth International Conference on Creationism in 2008, and now serves as editor-in-chief of the online Answers Research Journal.

    Andrew has traveled around Australia, the USA, and widely overseas (Britain, New Zealand, South Africa, Korea, Indonesia, Hong Kong, and China) speaking in schools, churches, colleges, universities, and public meetings, to both lay and technical audiences, on the overwhelming scientific evidence consistent with the biblical account of Creation and the Genesis Flood, based largely on his own research.

    Dr. Snelling is included in the controlled group of scientists permitted to remove rock samples from the Grand Canyon.

    Andrew’s research has demonstrated that a global flood about 4,300 years ago explains many rock layers and most fossil deposits found around the world. Building from that foundation, he has made predictions as to what should be found if a catastrophic global flood actually happened (for example, the existence of extensive, fossil-bearing rock layers deposited right across continents). Additionally, Andrew’s research has indicated that radioactive decay rates have not been consistent in the past, having been grossly accelerated, so the radioactive methods for dating rocks at millions and billions of years old are not reliable, polonium radiohalos indicate granites and metamorphism of rocks occurred rapidly, and the rock evidence overall is consistent with a young earth. He is currently researching the radioisotope dating of meteorites.

    Andrew and his wife Kym now reside in northern Kentucky, USA. They have three adult children and four grandchildren. One son and his family are serving in campus ministry with the Australian Fellowship of Evangelical Students on the Macquarie University, Sydney campus; another son is a pediatrician in Brisbane, Australia; and a daughter is serving in campus ministry with the Australian Fellowship of Evangelical Students on the Griffith University Gold Coast campus (Australia).

    Publications

    Books, Book Chapters, Booklets

    Snelling, A. A. “Paleontological Issues: Deciphering the Fossil Record of the Flood and Its Aftermath.” In Grappling with the Chronology of the Genesis Flood, edited by S. W. Boyd and A. A. Snelling, 145–185. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2014.

    Snelling, A. A. “Geophysical Issues: Understanding the Origin of the Continents, Their Rock Layers and Mountains.” In Grappling with the Chronology of the Genesis Flood, edited by S. W. Boyd and A. A. Snelling, 111–143. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2014.

    Snelling, A. A. “Geological Issues: Charting a Scheme for Correlating the Rock layers with the Biblical Record.” In Grappling with the Chronology of the Genesis Flood, edited by S. W. Boyd and A. A. Snelling, 77–109. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2014.

    Boyd, S. W. and A. A. Snelling, eds. Grappling with the Chronology of the Genesis Flood. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2014.

    Snelling, A. A., D. Menton, D. Faulkner, and G. Purdom, “What are Some of the Best Evidences in Science of a Young Creation?” In The New Answers Book 4, edited by K. Ham, 111–129. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2013.

    Snelling, A. A. “Were There any Volcanoes, High Mountains, and Earthquakes before the Flood?” In The New Answers Book 4, edited by K. Ham, 279–288. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2013.

    Snelling, A. A. “Volcanoes of the Galápagos Islands.” In Galápagos Islands: A Different View, edited by G. Purdom, 19. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2013.

    Snelling, A. A. “How Old are the Galápagos Islands?” In Galápagos Islands: A Different View, edited by G. Purdom, 20–21. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2013.

    Snelling, A. A. “Could the Flood Cataclysm deposit Uniform Sedimentary Layers?” In The New Answers Book 4, edited by K. Ham, 173–186. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2013.

    Boyd, S. W., A. A. Snelling, T. L. Stroup, D. G. Longacre, K. Akagi, and L. A. Anderson, Jr. “The View from Aloft” In Grappling with the Chronology of the Genesis Flood, edited by S. W. Boyd and A. A. Snelling, 741–756. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2014.

    Boyd, S. W. and A. A. Snelling. “The Profit of the Venture: The Significance of Flood Chronology.” In Grappling with the Chronology of the Genesis Flood, edited by S. W. Boyd and A. A. Snelling, 13–25. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2014.

    Boyd, S. W. and A. A. Snelling. “Destination Specified and Challenges Identified: Research Objectives and Obstacles.” In Grappling with the Chronology of the Genesis Flood, edited by S.W. Boyd and A. A. Snelling, 3–12. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2014.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiocarbon Dating?” Chapter 11 in How Do We Know the Bible is True? edited by K. Ham and B. Hodge, 131–143. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2012.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioactive Dating of Rocks?” Chapter 12 in How Do We Know the Bible is True? edited by K. Ham and B. Hodge, 145–159. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2012.

    Snelling, A. A. “What Are Some of the Best Flood Evidences?” Chapter 29 in The New Answers Book 3, edited by K. Ham, 283–298. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2010. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/the-flood/what-are-some-of-the-best-flood-evidences/.

    Snelling, A. A. “How Old Does the Earth Look?” Chapter 15 in The New Answers Book 3, edited by K. Ham, 143–150. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2010. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/age-of-the-earth/how-old-does-earth-look/".

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos in multiple, sequentially-intruded phases of the Bathurst Batholith, NSW, Australia: Evidence for rapid granite formation during the Flood.” In Proceedings of the Creation Geology Society 2010 Annual Meeting, edited by T. L. Clarey, 6–7. 2010.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiocarbon in Permian Coal Beds of the Sydney Basin, Australia.” In Proceedings of the Creation Geology Society 2010 Annual Meeting, edited by T. L. Clarey, 7. 2010.

    Snelling, A. A. “How Could Fish Survive the Genesis Flood?” Chapter 20 in The New Answers Book 3, edited by K. Ham, 195–204. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2010. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/the-flood/how-could-fish-survive-the-genesis-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. and T. Vail. “When and How Did the Grand Canyon Form?” Chapter 18 in The New Answers Book 3, edited by K. Ham, 173–185. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2010. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/grand-canyon-facts/when-and-how-did-the-grand-canyon-form/.

    Snelling, A. A. and B. Hodge. “Did the Continents Split Apart in the Days of Peleg?” Chapter 23 in The New Answers Book 3, edited by K. Ham, 219–228. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2010.

    Ham, K. and A. A. Snelling. “Was the Flood of Noah Global or Local in Extent?” Chapter 6 in The New Answers Book 3, edited K. Ham, 59–67. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2010. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/the-flood/global/was-the-flood-of-noah-global-or-local-in-extent/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiometric Dating: Challenging an Icon of Evolutionary Geology.” Chapter 11 in Rock Solid Answers: The Biblical Truth Behind 14 Geological Questions, edited by M. Oard and J.K. Reed, 185–206. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2009.

    Snelling, A. A. Earth’s Catastrophic Past: Geology, Creation and the Flood. Two volumes. Dallas, TX: Institute for Creation Research, 2009.

    Snelling, A. A. “Significance of highly discordant radioisotope dates for Precambrian amphibolites in Grand Canyon, USA.” In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Creationism, edited by A. A. Snelling, 407–424. Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA, and Dallas, TX: Institute for Creation Research, 2008.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos in the Shap Granite, Lake District, England: Evidence that removes objections to Flood geology.” In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Creationism, edited by A. A. Snelling, 389–405. Pittsburg, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA, and Dallas, TX: Institute for Creation Research, Dallas, TX, 2008.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos in the Cooma Metamorphic Complex, New South Wales, Australia: The mode and rate of regional metamorphism.” In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Creationism, edited by A. A. Snelling, 371–387. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship and Dallas, TX: Institute for Creation Research, 2008.

    Armitage, M. H. and A. A. Snelling. “Radiohalos and diamonds: Are diamonds really for ever?” In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Creationism, edited by A. A. Snelling, 323–334. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship and Dallas, TX: Institute for Creation Research, 2008.

    Snelling, A. A. “Doesn’t the Order of Fossils in the Rock Record Favor Long Ages?” Chapter 31 in The New Answers Book 2, edited by K. Ham, 341–354. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2008. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/fossil-record/doesnt-order-of-fossils-in-rock-favor-long-ages/.

    Snelling, A. A., editor Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Creationism. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship and Dallas, TX: Institute for Creation Research, 2008.

    Snelling, A. A. “A Geologist’s Story: How and Why I Became a Creationist.” Chapter 37 in Persuaded by the Evidence: True Stories of Faith, Science & the Power of a Creator, edited by D. Sharp and J. Bergman, 263–274. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2008.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioisotopes on a young earth.” In Proceedings of the First Conference on Creation Geology 45. Cedarville, OH: Cedarville University, 2007.

    Snelling, A. A. “Advances in igneous and metamorphic geology from a creationist perspective using radiohalos.” In Proceedings of the First Conference on Creation Geology, 5–7. Cedarville, OH: Cedarville University, 2007.

    Snelling, A. A. “Who is Jesus Christ? A challenge to Christians.” Impact 408, El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research, 2007.

    Snelling, A. A. “Catastrophic granite formation: Rapid melting of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, and rapid magma intrusion and cooling.” In Yosemite/Death Valley Guidebook, edited by W. A. Hoesch, 17–28. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research, 2006.

    Snelling, A. A. “Can Catastrophic Plate Tectonics Explain Flood Geology?” Chapter 14 in The New Answers Book, edited by K. Ham, 186–197. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2006. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/plate-tectonics/can-catastrophic-plate-tectonics-explain-flood-geology/.

    Vardiman, L., A. A. Snelling, and E. F. Chaffin, editors. Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: Results of a Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research and Chino Valley, AZ: Creation Research Society, 2005.

    Vardiman, L., S. A. Austin, J. R. Baumgardner, S. W. Boyd, E. F. Chaffin, D. B. DeYoung, D. R. Humphreys, and A. A. Snelling. “Summary of evidence for a young earth from the RATE project.” In Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: Results of a Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative, edited by L. Vardiman, A. A. Snelling, and E. F. Chaffin, 735–772. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research and Chino Valley, AZ: Creation Research Society, 2005.

    Snelling, A. A. “The geological evidence for creation.” Chapter 9 in The Big Argument: Twenty-four Scholars Explore Why Science, Archaeology and Philosophy Haven’t Disproved God, edited by M. J. Westacott and J. F. Ashton, 150–183. Sydney, Australia: Strand Publishing, 2005.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos in granites: Evidence for accelerated nuclear decay.” In Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: Results of a Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative, edited by L. Vardiman, A. A. Snelling and E. F. Chaffin, 101–207. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research and Chino Valley, AZ: Creation Research Society, 2005.

    Snelling, A. A. “Isochron discordances and the role of inheritance and mixing of radioisotopes in the mantle and crust.” In Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: Results of a Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative, edited by L. Vardiman, A. A. Snelling and E. F. Chaffin, 393–524. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research and Chino Valley, AZ: Creation Research Society, 2005.

    Snelling, A. A. “Geology of the Galapagos.” In Galápagos Creation Tour: Did Darwin Really See Evolution in Action? edited by K.B. Cumming, 14–24. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research, 2005.

    Vardiman, L., A. A. Snelling, and E. F. Chaffin. Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth. Two volumes. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research, 2005.

    Snelling, A. A. “Fission tracks in zircon: Evidence for abundant nuclear decay.” In Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: Results of a Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative, edited by L. Vardiman, A. A. Snelling, and E. F. Chaffin, 209–324. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research and Chino Valley, AZ: Creation Research Society, 2005.

    Vardiman, L., S. A. Austin, J. R. Baumgardner, E. F. Chaffin, D. B. DeYoung, D. R. Humphreys, and A. A. Snelling. “Radioisotopes and the age of the earth.” In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. L. Ivey, 337–348. Pittsburg, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 2003.

    Snelling, A. A., S. A. Austin, and W. A. Hoesch. “Radioisotopes in the diabase sill (upper Precambrian) at Bass Rapids, Grand Canyon, Arizona: An application and test of the isochron dating method.” In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. L. Ivey, 269–284. Pittsburg, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 2003.

    Snelling, A. A. “Whole-rock K-Ar model and isochron, and Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd and Pb-Pb isochron “dating” of the Somerset Dam Layered Mafic Intrusion, Australia.” In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. L. Ivey, 2003. Pittsburg, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 2003.

    Snelling, A. A. “The relevance of Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd and Pb-Pb isotope systematics to elucidation of the genesis and history of recent andesite flows at Mt Ngauruhoe, New Zealand, and the implications for radioisotopic dating.” In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. L. Ivey, 285–303. Pittsburg, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 2003.

    Snelling, A. A. and M. H. Armitage. “Radiohalos – A tale of three granitic plutons.” In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. L. Ivey, 243–267. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 2003.

    Humphreys, D. R., S. A. Austin, J. R. Baumgardner, and A. A. Snelling. “Helium diffusion rates support accelerated nuclear decay.” In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. L. Ivey, 175–195. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 2003.

    Baumgardner, J. R., A. A. Snelling, D. R. Humphreys, and S. A. Austin. “Measurable 14C in fossilized organic materials: Confirming the young-earth Creation-Flood model.” In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. L. Ivey, 127–142. Pittsburg, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 2003.

    Snelling, A. A. “Rocks, Fossils and the Flood.” In Grand Canyon: A Different View, compiled by T. Vail, 22–23. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2003.

    Snelling, A. A. “Does Radioactive Dating Prove the Rocks in Grand Canyon are Millions of Years Old?” In Grand Canyon: A Different View, compiled by T. Vail, 38–39. Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2003.

    Vardiman, L., A. A. Snelling, and E. F. Chaffin, editors. Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: A Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research and St. Joseph, MO: Creation Research Society, 2000.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos.” In Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: A Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative, edited by L. Vardiman, A. A. Snelling, and E. F. Chaffin, 381–468. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research and St Joseph, MO: Creation Research Society, 2000.

    Snelling, A. A. “Geochemical Processes in the Mantle and Crust.” In Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: A Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative, edited by L. Vardiman, A. A. Snelling, and E. F. Chaffin, 123–304. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research, and St. Joseph, MO: Creation Research Society, 2000.

    Snelling, A. A. “Andrew Snelling, geology.” In In Six Days: Why 50 Scientists Choose to Believe in Creation, edited by J. F. Ashton, 271–280. Sydney, Australia: New Holland Publishers Pty Ltd, Sydney, 1999.

    Snelling, A. A. “The cause of anomalous potassium-argon ‘ages’ for recent andesite flows at Mt Ngauruhoe, New Zealand, and the implications for potassium-argon ‘dating’.” In Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. E. Walsh, 503–525. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 1998.

    Snelling, A. A. and J. Woodmorappe, J. “The cooling of thick igneous bodies on a young earth.” In Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. E. Walsh, 527–545. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 1998.

    Austin, S. A. and A. A. Snelling. “Discordant potassium-argon model and isochron ‘ages’ for Cardenas Basalt (Middle Proterozoic) and associated diabase of eastern Grand Canyon, Arizona.” In Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. E. Walsh, 35–51. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 1998.

    Snelling, A. A. “U-Th-Pb dating: An example of false isochrons.” In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. E. Walsh, 497–504. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 1994.

    Snelling, A. A. “Regional metamorphism within a creationist framework: What garnet compositions reveal.” In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Creationism, edited. R. E. Walsh, 485–496. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 1994.

    Austin, S. A., J. R. Baumgardner, D. R. Humphreys, A. A. Snelling, L. Vardiman, and K. P. Wise. “Catastrophic plate tectonics: A global Flood model of earth history.” In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Creationism, edited by R. E. Walsh, 609–621. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 1994.

    Edis, R., L. Cao, J. Cashion, D. Klessa, A. J. Koppi, T. Murakami, T. Nightingale, T. Payne, A. A. Snelling, N. and Yanase. “Chemistry and mineralogy of rocks and soils.” In Alligator Rivers Analogue Project Final Report. Volume 8. OECD/NEA/Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 1992.

    Snelling, A. A. “Geologic setting.” In Alligator Rivers Analogue Project Final Report. Volume 2. OECD/NEA/Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 1992.

    Snelling, A. A. “Koongarra uranium deposits.” In Geology of the Mineral Deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea, edited by F.E. Hughes, 807–812. Melbourne, Australia: The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 1990.

    Snelling, A. A., K. A. Ham, and C. Wieland. The Answers Book. Brisbane, Australia: Creation Science Foundation Ltd, 1990.

    Snelling, A. A., editor. The Revised Quote Book. Brisbane, Australia: Creation Science Foundation Ltd., 1990.

    Airey, P. L., P. Duerden, D. Roman, C. Golian, T. Nightingale, T. Payne, B. G. Davey, D. Gray, A. A. Snelling, and D. Lever. “The prediction of the long-term migration of radionuclides in the far field of high level waste repositories: results from the Alligator Rivers natural analogue study.” In The Geological Disposal of High Level Radioactive Wastes, edited by D. G. Brookins, 507–524. Athens, Greece: Theophrastus Publications, S. A., 1987.

    Airey, P. L., P. Duerden, D. Roman, C. Golian, T. Nightingale, T. Payne, B. G. Davey, D. Gray, A. A. Snelling, and D. Lever. “Koongarra ore body: a natural analogue of radionuclide migration in the far field of high level radioactive waste repositories.” Natural Analogue Working Group, First Meeting, Commission of the European Communities, Report EUR 10315 EN-FR (1986):175-216.

    Mackay, J., A. A. Snelling, C. Wieland, D. Anderson, K. A. Ham, and C. Taylor. The Quote Book, Brisbane, Australia: Creation Science Foundation, 1984.

    Snelling, A. A., J. Mackay, C. Wieland, and K. A. Ham. The Case against Evolution: The Case for Creation, Brisbane, Australia: Creation Science Foundation, 1983.

    Snelling, A. A. “Uraninite and its alteration products, Koongarra uranium deposit.” In Uranium in the Pine Creek Geosyncline, edited by J. Ferguson and A. B. Goleby, 287–498. Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency, 1980.

    Purdom, G. and A. A. Snelling. “Survey of Microbial Composition and Mechanisms of Living Stromatolites of the Bahamas and Australia: Developing Criteria to Determine the Biogenicity of Fossil Stromatolites.” In Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Creationism, edited by M. Horstemeyer. Pittsburg, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 2013.

    Snelling, A. A. “Andesite Flows at Mt Ngauruhoe, New Zealand, and the Implications for Potassium-Argon ‘Dating.’” Pittsburg, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, Inc., 1998. Also available at http://www.icr.org/research/index/researchp_as_r01/.

    Snelling, A. A. and J. B. Mackay. “The role of volcanism in the rapid formation of coal seams: The Walloon Coal Measures of Queensland and New South Wales – a case study.” In Proceedings of the 1985 International Conferences on Coal Science, 641. Sydney, Australia: Pergamon Press, Sydney, 1985.

    Dickson, B.L. and A. A. Snelling. “Movements of uranium and daughter isotopes in the Koongarra uranium deposit.” In Uranium in the Pine Creek Geosyncline, edited by J. Ferguson and A.B. Goleby, 499–507. Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency, 1980.

    Articles

    Snelling, A. A. and E. Mitchell. “Rocks Around the Clock: Do Zircons Contain Reliable Time Stamps and Early Earth’s Secrets?” Answers in Depth 9 (March 5, 2014), https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/rocks-around-the-clock-do-zircons-contain-reliable-time-stamps-and-early-earths-secrets/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Rapid Opals in the Outback.” Answers 9, no. 3 (July–September 2014):46–48. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/rocks-and-minerals/rapid-opals-outback/

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioisotope Dating of Meteorites: 1. The Allende CV3 Carbonaceous Chondrite.” Answers Research Journal 7 (2014):103–145. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/astronomy/age-of-the-universe/radioisotope-dating-meteorites-i-allende-cv3-carbonaceous-chrondrite/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos in Multiple, Sequentially Intruded Phase of the Bathurst Batholith, NSW, Australia: Evidence for Rapid Granite Formation during the Flood.” Answers Research Journal 7 (2014):49–81. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiohalos-in-multiple-sequentially-intruded-phases-of-the-bathurst-batholith-nsw-australia-evidence/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Noah’s Lost World.” Answers 9, no. 2 (April–June 2014):80–85. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/plate-tectonics/noahs-lost-world/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Mysterious Natural Wonders: What Park Rangers Won’t Tell You.” Answers 9, no. 3 (July–September 2014):54–65. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/natural-features/mysterious-natural-wonders/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Hawaii’s Volcanic Islands – Instant Paradise.” Answers 9, no. 1 (January–March 2014):56–59. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/plate-tectonics/hawaiis-volcanic-origins-instant-paradise/.

    Snelling, A. A. 2014. “A Deeper Understanding of the Flood: A Complex Geologic Puzzle.” Answers 9, no. 2 (April–June 2014):70–74. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/a-complex-geologic-puzzle/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Journey to the Center of the Earth.” Answers 8, no. 3 (July–September 2013):72–75. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/astronomy/earth/journey-to-the-center-of-the-earth/.

    Snelling, A. A. and M. Matthews. “When Was the Ice Age in Biblical History?” Answers 8, no. 2 (April–June 2013):46–52. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/environmental-science/ice-age/when-was-the-ice-age-in-biblical-history/.

    Snelling, A. A. “How Did We Get All this Coal?” Answers 8, no. 2 (April–June 2013):70–73. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/biology/plants/how-did-we-get-all-this-coal/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Ancient ‘Fossil Reefs’–Formed in the Flood?” Answers 8, no. 1 (January–March 2013):68–71. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/how-are-fossils-formed/ancient-fossil-reefs-formed-in-the-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. and G. Purdom. “Survey of Microbial Composition and Mechanisms of Living Stromatolites of the Bahamas and Australia: Developing Criteria to Determine the Biogenicity of Fossil Stromatolites.” Answers in Depth 8 (December 18, 2013), https://answersingenesis.org/biology/microbiology/survey-of-microbial-composition-and-mechanisms-of-living-stromatolites-of-the-bahamas-and-australia-/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The 10 Best Evidences from Science that Confirm a Young Earth. #9. Very Little Salt in the Sea.” Answers 7, no. 4 (October–December 2012):56. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/evidence-for-creation/9-very-little-salt-in-the-sea/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The 10 Best Evidences from Science that Confirm a Young Earth. #7. Carbon-14 in Fossils, Coal, and Diamonds.” Answers 7, no. 4 (October–December 2012):54–55. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/7-carbon-14-in-fossils-coal-and-diamonds/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The 10 Best Evidences from Science that Confirm a Young Earth. #6. Helium in Radioactive Rocks.” Answers 7, no. 4 (October–December 2012):53–54. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/age-of-the-earth/6-helium-in-radioactive-rocks/.

    Snelling, A. A. 2012. “The 10 Best Evidences from Science that Confirm a Young Earth. #5. Rapidly Decaying Magnetic Field.” Answers 7, no. 4 (October–December 2012):52–53. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/evidence-for-creation/5-rapidly-decaying-magnetic-field/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The 10 Best Evidences from Science that Confirm a Young Earth. #2. Bent Rock Layers.” Answers 7, no. 4:48–50. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/rock-layers/2-bent-rock-layers/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The 10 Best Evidences from Science that Confirm a Young Earth. #1. Very Little Sediment on the Seafloor.” Answers 7, no. 4 (October–December 2012):47–48. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/sedimentation/1-very-little-sediment-on-the-seafloor/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Feedback: What is so unique about the Colorado River?” Answers in Genesis, November 2, 2012, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/grand-canyon-facts/what-is-unique-about-the-colorado-river/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos—Solving the Mystery of the Missing Bullets: Part Three.” Answers 7, no. 4 (October–December 2012):70–73. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/age-of-the-earth/radiohalos-solving-the-mystery-of-the-missing-bullets/.

    Snelling, A. A. 2012. “How Could Most Scientists Be Wrong?” Answers Update, September 10, 2012, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/how-could-most-scientists-be-wrong/

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos—The Mysterious Vanishing Bullets: Part Two.” Answers 7, no. 3 (July–September 2012):70–73. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiohalos-the-mysterious-vanishing-bullets/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos—Mysterious Bullet Holes in Rocks: Part One.” Answers 7, no. 2 (April–June 2012):70–73. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/age-of-the-earth/mysterious-bullet-holes-in-rocks/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Feedback: Debating with an evolutionist on fossil dating,” Answers in Genesis, August 10, 2012, https://answersingenesis.org/age-of-the-earth/debating-with-an-evolutionist-on-fossil-dating/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Did Meteors Trigger Noah’s Flood?” Answers 7, no. 1 (January–March 2011):68–71. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/the-flood/did-meteors-trigger-noahs-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. and M. Matthews. “Finding a home for cavemen: Where did cavemen live?” Answers 7, no. 2 (April–June 2012):51–55. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/human-evolution/cavemen/when-did-cavemen-live/.

    Vardiman, L., S. A. Austin, J. R. Baumgardner, E. F. Chaffin, D. B. DeYoung, D. R. Humphreys, and A. A. Snelling. “Radioisotopes and the age of the earth.” Answers in Depth, March 9, 2011, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radioisotopes-and-the-age-of-the-earth/.

    Snelling, A. A. 2011. “Transcontinental Rock Layers: Flood Evidence Number Three.” Answers 6, no. 3 (July–September 2011):100–103. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/rock-layers/transcontinental-rock-layers/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiometric dating.” Answers 6, no. 3 (July–September 2011):151.

    Snelling, A. A. “Is the Wood Recently Found on Mt. Ararat from the Ark?” Answers in Depth, November 9, 2011, https://answersingenesis.org/noahs-ark/noahs-ark-found/is-the-wood-recently-found-on-mt-ararat-from-the-ark/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Gold: A little bit of Heaven on Earth.” Answers 6, no. 1 (January–March 2011):27–29. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/rocks-and-minerals/gold/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The Maximum Date for Carbon 14,” Answers in Genesis, April 1, 2011, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/the-maximum-date-for-carbon-14/

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiometric Dating and Proof,” Answers in Genesis, December 30, 2011, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiometric-dating-and-proof/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Feedback: Grand Canyon elevation,” Answers in Genesis, October 28, 2011, http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/2011/10/28/feedback-grand-canyon-elevation.

    Snelling, A. A. “Dating Techniques,” Answers in Genesis, May 6, 2011, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/dating-techniques/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Emeralds–Treasures from catastrophe.” Answers 6, no. 4 (October–December 2011):72–75. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/rocks-and-minerals/emeralds-treasures-from-catastrophe/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Cincinnati–Built on a fossil graveyard.” Answers 6, no. 3 (July–September 2011):50–53. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/fossil-record/cincinnati-built-on-a-fossil-graveyard/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Carbon-14 in Fossils and Diamonds: An Evolution Dilemma.” Answers 6, no. 1 (2011):72–75. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/carbon-14-in-fossils-and-diamonds/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Can you prove the Bible is true? Seven compelling evidences – 5. Scientific accuracy.” Answers 6, no. 2 (April–June 2011):61–62. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/is-the-bible-true/5-scientific-accuracy/

    Snelling, A. A. “A Response to the Accusations of Noah’s Ark Ministries International and The Media Evangelism by Emphasizing Truths They Have Ignored about My Carbon-14 Dating Report,” Answers in Genesis, December 6, 2011, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/response-accusations-of-noahs-ark-ministries-international/.

    Snelling, A. A. “A Creationist Puzzle: 50,000-Year-Old Fossils.” Answers 6, no. 2 (April–June 2011):70–73. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/a-creationist-puzzle/.

    Purdom, G. and A. A. Snelling. “Survey of microbial composition and mechanisms of living stromatolites of the Bahamas and Australia.” Journal of Creation Theology and Science Series B: Life Sciences 1 (2011):22–23.

    Mitchell, E., D. Menton, and A. A. Snelling. “Sediba with a little sleight of hand.” Answers in Depth, September 14, 2011, https://answersingenesis.org/human-evolution/australopithecus-sediba/sediba-with-a-little-sleight-of-hand/.

    Humphreys, D. R., S. A. Austin, J. R. Baumgardner, and A. A. Snelling. “Helium diffusion rates support accelerated nuclear decay.” Answers in Depth, February 2, 2011, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/helium-diffusion-rates-support-accelerated-nuclear-decay/

    Baumgardner, J. R., A. A. Snelling, D. R. Humphreys, S. A. and Austin. “Measurable 14C in Fossilized Organic Materials: Confirming the Young Earth Creation-Flood Model.” Answers in Depth, February 9, 2011, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/measurable-14c-in-fossilized-organic-materials-creation-flood-model/.

    Snelling, A. A., S. A. Austin, and W. A. Hoesch. “Radioisotopes in the diabase sill (upper Precambrian) at Bass Rapids, Grand Canyon, Arizona: An application and test of the isochron dating method.” Answers in Depth, March 10, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/grand-canyon-facts/radioisotopes-bass-rapids-grand-canyon-arizona/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Whole-rock K-Ar model and isochron, and Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, and Pb-Pb isochron, “dating” of the Somerset Dam Layered Mafic Intrusion, Australia.” Answers in Depth, March 24, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/whole-rock-k-ar-modelsomerset-dam-layered-intrusion/

    Snelling, A. A. “Volcanoes–Windows into Earth’s past.” Answers 5, no. 3 (July–September 2010):66–69. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/natural-features/volcanoes-windows-into-earths-past/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Thirtieth Anniversary of a Geologic Catastrophe,” Answers in Genesis, May 18, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/mount-st-helens/thirtieth-anniversary-of-a-geologic-catastrophe/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The relevance of Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, and Pb-Pb isotope systematics to elucidation of the genesis and history of recent andesite flows at Mt. Ngauruhoe, New Zealand, and the implications for radioisotopic dating.” Answers in Depth, January 6, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/history-of-recent-andesite-flows/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The Geology of Israel within the biblical Creation-Flood framework of history: 2. The Flood rocks.” Answers Research Journal, 3 (December 15, 2010):267–309. https://answersingenesis.org/geology/geology-of-israel-in-biblical-framework-2-flood-rocks/

    Snelling, A. A. “The geology of Israel within the biblical Creation-Flood framework of history: 1. The pre-Flood rocks.” Answers Research Journal, 3 (September 8, 2010):165–190. https://answersingenesis.org/geology/geology-of-israel-in-the-biblical-framework-of-history/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Significance of highly discordant radioisotope dates for Precambrian amphibolites in Grand Canyon, USA.” Answers in Depth, April 14, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/grand-canyon-facts/radioisotope-dates-for-precambrian-amphibolites-in-grand-canyon/

    Snelling, A. A. “Rubies & sapphires—Sparkling reminders of God’s judgment.” Answers 5, no. 2 (April–June 2010):66–69. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/rocks-and-minerals/rubies-sapphires/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Regional Metamorphism within a Creationist Framework: What Garnet Compositions Reveal.” Answers in Depth, June 23, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/regional-metamorphism-what-garnet-compositions-reveal/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiometric dating: Making sense of the patterns.” Answers 5, no. 1 (January–March 2010):72–75. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiometric-dating-making-sense-of-the-patterns/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiometric Dating.” Answers 5, no. 2 (April–June 2010):51. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiometric-dating/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Order in the fossil record.” Answers 5, no. 1 (January–March 2010):64–68. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/fossil-record/order-in-the-fossil-record/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Not Ashamed to be a Creation Scientist.” Answers Update, 17, no. 2 (March 22, 2010):1–2. https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/not-ashamed-to-be-a-creation-scientist/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Fossilized footprints—A dinosaur dilemma.” Answers 5, no. 4 (September 19, 2010):64–67. https://answersingenesis.org/dinosaurs/footprints/fossilized-footprints-a-dinosaur-dilemma/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Feedback: Tough questions about the Flood,” Answers in Genesis, March 26, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/the-flood/global/tough-questions-about-the-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Feedback: Fallacious refutations,” Answers in Genesis, August 27, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/the-flood/global/tough-questions-about-the-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Does Sand Prove Long Ages?” Answers in Genesis, July 9, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/the-flood/global/tough-questions-about-the-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Carbon-14 Dating: Understanding the Basics.” Answers 5, no. 4 (October–December 2010):72–75. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/carbon-14-dating/.

    Snelling, A. A. “ARJ: Past, Present, and Future.” Answers in Genesis, April 21, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/carbon-14-dating/.

    Austin, S. A., J. R. Baumgardner, D. R. Humphreys, A. A. Snelling, L. Vardiman, and K. P. Wise. “Catastrophic Plate Tectonics: A Global Flood Model of Earth History.” Answers in Depth, October 27, 2010, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/plate-tectonics/catastrophic-plate-tectonics-global-flood-model-of-earth-history/.

    Austin, S. A. and A. A. Snelling. “Discordant potassium-argon model and isochron ‘ages’ for Cardenas Basalt (middle Proterozoic) and associated diabase of eastern Grand Canyon, Arizona.” Answers in Depth, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/grand-canyon-facts/discordant-potassium-argon-model-grand-canyon-arizona/.

    Snelling, A. A. “U-Th-Pb ‘dating’: An example of false ‘isochrons’." Answers in Depth, December 9, 2009, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/u-th-pb-dating-an-example-of-false-isochrons/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The cause of anomalous potassium-argon ‘ages’ for recent andesite flows at Mt. Ngauruhoe, New Zealand, and the implications for potassium-argon ‘dating’.” Answers in Depth, December 30, 2009, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/anomalous-potassium-argon-ages-implications/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Rock layers folded not fractured: Flood evidence number six.” Answers 4, no. 2 (April–June 2009):80–83. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/rock-layers/rock-layers-folded-not-fractured/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiometric Dating: Problems with the Assumptions.” Answers 4, no. 4 (October–December 2009):70–73. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiometric-dating-problems-with-the-assumptions/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiometric Dating: Back to Basics.” Answers 4, no. 3 (July–September 2009):72–75. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiometric-dating-back-to-basics/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos in the Shap Granite, Lake District, England: Evidence that Removes Objections to Flood Geology.” Answers in Depth, August 26, 2009, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiohalos-in-the-shap-granite-lake-district-england/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos in the Cooma Metamorphic Complex, New South Wales, Australia: The Mode and Rate of Regional Metamorphism.” Answers in Depth, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiohalos-new-south-wales-australia/.

    Snelling, A. A. “No Slow and Gradual Erosion: Flood Evidence Number Five.” Answers 4, no. 1 (January–March 2009):96–99. Also available https://answersingenesis.org/geology/grand-canyon-facts/no-slow-and-gradual-erosion/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Genesis: Real, reliable, historical – Introduction to Earth’s Catastrophic Past.” Acts & Facts, (September 2009):12–14.

    Snelling, A. A. “Having It Both Ways?” Answers in Genesis, May 29, 2009, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/catastrophism/having-it-both-ways/

    Snelling, A. A. “Becoming a Creationist Geologist” Answers in Genesis, August 14, 2009, https://answersingenesis.org/creation-scientists/becoming-a-creationist-geologist/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Beneath the Cross.” Answers 4, no. 2 (April–June 2009):78. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/fossil-record/beneath-the-cross/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Australia’s Great Barrier Reef under Threat from Climate Change: Is global warming to blame?” Answers in Genesis, January 14, 2009, https://answersingenesis.org/environmental-science/climate-change/australias-great-barrier-reef-under-threat-from-climate-change/.

    Snelling, A. A. and J. Woodmorappe. “The Cooling of Thick Igneous Bodies on a Young Earth.” Answers in Depth, August 5, 2009, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/the-cooling-of-thick-igneous-bodies-on-a-young-earth/.

    Snelling, A. A. and Gates, D., 2009. “Implications of Polonium Radiohalos in Nested Plutons of the Tuolumne Intrusive Suite, Yosemite, California.” Answers Research Journal, 2 (April 8, 2009):53–77. https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/polonium-radiohalos-tuolumne-intrusive-suite-yosemite-california/.

    Snelling, A. A. and M. H. Armitage. “Radiohalos—A tale of Three Granitic Plutons.” Answers in Depth, August 19, 2009, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiohalosa-tale-of-three-granitic-plutons/.

    Armitage, M.H. and A. A. Snelling. “Radiohalos and Diamonds: Are Diamonds Really or Ever?” Answers in Depth, September 9, 2009, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radiohalos-and-diamonds/

    Wood, T. C. and A. A. Snelling. “Looking Back and Moving Forward.” Answers 3, no. 4 (October–December 2008):93–95. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/hermeneutics/looking-back-and-moving-forward/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Transcontinental rock layers: Flood evidence number three.” Answers 3, no. 3 (July–September 2008):80–83. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/rock-layers/transcontinental-rock-layers/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Thirty Miles of Dirt in a Day.” Answers 3, no. 4 (October–December 2008):28–30. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/sedimentation/thirty-miles-of-dirt-in-a-day/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The World’s a Graveyard: Flood Evidence Number Two.” Answers 3, no. 2 (April–June 2008):76–79. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/fossil-record/the-worlds-a-graveyard/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Testing the hydrothermal fluid transport model for polonium radiohalo formation: The Thunderhead Sandstone, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee-North Carolina.” Answers Research Journal, 1 (March 26, 2008):53–64. https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/testing-model-for-polonium-radiohalo-formation/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Sand Transported Cross Country: Flood Evidence Number Four.” Answers 3, no. 4 (October–December 2008):96–99. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/sedimentation/sand-transported-cross-country/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiocarbon in ‘ancient’ fossil wood.” Acts & Facts, Impact, (January 2008):10–13.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiocarbon ages for fossil ammonites and wood in Cretaceous strata near Redding, California.” Answer Research Journal, 1 (December 10, 2008):123–144. https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/radiocarbon-ages-fossils-cretaceous-strata-redding-california/.

    Snelling, A. A. “High and Dry Sea Creatures: Flood Evidence Number One.” Answers 3, no. 1 (January–March 2008):92–95. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/fossil-record/high-dry-sea-creatures/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Catastrophic Granite Formation: Rapid Melting of Source Rocks, and Rapid Magma Intrusion and Cooling.” Answers Research Journal, 1 (February 6, 2008):11–25. https://answersingenesis.org/geology/catastrophism/catastrophic-granite-formation/.

    Dickens, H., and A. A. Snelling. “Precambrian geology and the Bible: No dissonance or contradiction.” Journal of Creation 22, no. 3:47–50.

    Dickens, H. and A. A. Snelling. “Precambrian geology and the Bible: A harmony.” Journal of Creation 22, no. 1:65–72.

    Snelling, A. A. “Water activity on Mars: Landscapes and sedimentary strata.” Impact 404 (2007).

    Snelling, A. A. “The rapid ascent of basalt magmas.” Acts & Facts, Impact (August 2007):10–11.

    Snelling, A. A. “The origin of oil.” Answers 2, no. 1 (January–March 2007):74–77. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/the-origin-of-oil/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth.” Answers in Depth, October 31, 2007, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radioisotopes-and-the-age-of-the-earth-16962/

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiocarbon in Diamonds Confirmed.” Answers in Depth, November 7, 2007, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/radiocarbon-in-diamonds-confirmed/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Geologic evidences for the Genesis Flood: Part 1. An overview.” Answers 2, no. 4 (October–December 2007):81–83. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/the-flood/geologic-evidences-for-the-genesis-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. 2007. “First conference on creation geology,” Answers in Genesis, September 12, 2007, https://answersingenesis.org/ministry-news/ministry/first-conference-on-creation-geology/

    Snelling, A. A. 2007. “Questioning the Reliability of the RATE Group and Its Findings,” Answers in Genesis, November 16, 2007, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/questioning-reliability-of-rate-group-and-findings/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Dealing with Skeptics.” Answers Update, 14, no. 12 (2007):1–2.

    Snelling, A. A. “A Catastrophic Breakup: A Scientific Look at Catastrophic Plate Tectonics.” Answers 2, no. 2 (April–June 2007):44–48. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/plate-tectonics/a-catastrophic-breakup/.

    Snelling, A. A. 2006. “Wollemia nobilis: A living fossil and evolutionary enigma.” Impact 394. El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research, 2006.

    Snelling, A. A. “The fallacies of radioactive dating of rocks: Basalt lava flows in Grand Canyon.” Answers 1, no. 1 (July–September 2006):66–69. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/the-fallacies-of-radioactive-dating-of-rocks/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos: Startling evidence of catastrophic geologic processes on a young earth.” Creation 28, no. 2 (2006):46–50.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos: Startling evidence of catastrophic geological processes on a young earth.” Pamphlet 359. Portsmouth, UK: Creation Science Movement, 2006.

    Snelling, A. A. 2006. “Radioisotope Dating of Rocks in the Grand Canyon,” Answers in Genesis, April 14, 2006, https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radioisotope-dating-of-rocks-in-grand-canyon/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Confirmation of rapid metamorphism of rocks.” Impact 329 (2006). El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research.

    Wise, K.P. and A. A. Snelling. “A note on the pre-Flood/Flood boundary in the Grand Canyon.” Origins (Geoscience Research Institute), 58 (2005):7–29.

    Snelling, A. A. “The geological legacy of Mt. St. Helens.” Evangelical Times (May 2005):16–17.

    Snelling, A. A. “Rapid petrification of wood: An unexpected confirmation of creationist research.” Impact 379 (2005). El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioisotope dating of rocks in the Grand Canyon: A devastating failure for long-age geology.” Creation 27, no. 3 (2005):44–49.

    Snelling, A. A. “Polonium radiohalos: The model for their formation tested and verified.” Impact 386 (2005). El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioisotope dating of Grand Canyon rocks: Another devastating failure for long-age geology.” Impact 376 (2004). El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research.

    Humphreys, D. R., S. A. Austin, J. R. Baumgardner, and A. A. Snelling. “Helium diffusion age of 6,000 years supports accelerated nuclear decay.” Creation Research Society Quarterly, 41, no. 1 (2004):23–38.

    Snelling, A. A., J. R. Baumgardner, and L. Vardiman. “Abundant Po radiohalos in Phanerozoic granites and timescale implications for their formation.” EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 84, no. 46 (2003), Fall Meeting Supplement, Abstract V32C-1046.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioactive Dating: Research Confirming the Biblical Record.” Occasional Paper 8, Leicester, UK: The Genesis Agendum, 2003.

    Humphreys, D. R., J. R. Baumgardner, A. A. Snelling, S. A. and Austin 2003. “Recently measured helium diffusion rate for zircon suggests inconsistency with U-Pb age for Fenton Hill granodiorite.” EOS, Transaction of the American Geophysical Union 84, no. 46 (2003). Fall Meeting Supplement, Abstract V32C-1047.

    Baumgardner, J. R., D. R. Humphreys, A. A. Snelling, S. A. and Austin. 2003. “The enigma of the ubiquity of 14C in organic samples older than 100 ka.” EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 84, no. 46 (2003). Fall Meeting Supplement, Abstract V32C-1045.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radiohalos – Significant and Exciting Research Results.” Impact 353 (2002).

    Snelling, A. A. “How Old? Radioisotopic Dating Research Confirms the Biblical Record.” Evangelicals Now, (October 2002):17.

    Snelling, A. A. “Polonium Radiohalos: Still ‘A Very Tiny Mystery’.” Impact 326 (2000).

    Snelling, A. A. “Dubious Radiogenic Pb Behavior Places U-Th-Pb Mineral Dating in Doubt.” Impact 319 (2000).

    Snelling, A. A. “Dating methods.” Origins (Biblical Creation Society) 27 (2000):32–36.

    Snelling, A. A. 2000. “An Australian Fossil Insect Bed Resulting from Cataclysmic Destruction.” Impact 329 (2000).

    Snelling, A. A. “Geological Conflict: Young Radiocarbon Date for Ancient Fossil Wood Challenges Fossil Dating.” Creation Ex Nihilo 22, no. 2 (2000):44–47. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/geological-conflict/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Conflicting ‘ages’ of Tertiary basalt and contained fossilised wood, Crinum, Central Queensland, Australia.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 14, no. 2 (2000). Also available at http://legacy-cdn-assets.answersingenesis.org/assets/pdf/tj/TJ_v14n2_Crinum.pdf.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioactive ‘Dating’ Failure.” Creation Ex Nihilo 22, no.1 (1999):18–21. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/carbon-14/radioactive-dating-failure/. (See below for a simplified version of the technical paper on the Mt. Ngauruhoe lava flows.)

    Snelling, A. A. “Iceland’s Recent ‘Mega-Flood.’” Creation Ex Nihilo 21, no. 3 (1999):46–48. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/catastrophism/icelands-recent-mega-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Dating Dilemma: Fossil Wood in ‘Ancient’ Sandstone.” Creation Ex Nihilo 21, no. 3 (1999):39–41. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/dating-dilemma-fossil-wood-in-ancient-sandstone/.

    Snelling, A. A with John Woodmorappe. “Rapid Rocks: Granites . . . They Didn’t Need Millions of Years of Cooling.” Creation Ex Nihilo 21, no. 1 (1998):42–44. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/geologic-time-scale/rapid-rocks/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Sedimentation Experiments: Nature Finally Catches Up!” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 2 (1997):125–126. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/sedimentation/sedimentation-experiments-nature-finally-catches-up/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Saturn’s Rings—Short-Lived and Young.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 1 (1997):1. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/astronomy/solar-system/saturns-rings-short-lived-and-young/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioactive ‘Dating’ in Conflict.” Creation Ex Nihilo 20, no. 1 (1997):24–27. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/radiometric-dating/radioactive-dating-in-conflict/. (A simplified version of the technical paper on the Crinum wood, above.)

    Snelling, A. A. “Galaxy-Quasar ‘Connection’ Defies Explanation.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 3 (1997):254–255. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/astronomy/cosmology/galaxy-quasar-connection-defies-explanation/.

    Snelling, A. A. “A ‘165 Million Year’ Surprise.” Creation Ex Nihilo 19, no. 2 (1997):14–15. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/evidence-against-evolution/a-165-million-year-surprise/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Potassium-Argon and Argon-Argon Dating of Crustal Rocks and the Problem of Excess Argon.” Impact 309 (1999).

    Snelling, A. A. “‘Excess Argon’: The ‘Archilles’ Heel’ of Potassium-Argon and Argon-Argon ‘Dating’ of Volcanic Rocks.” Impact 307 (1999).

    Austin, S. A., A. A. Snelling, and K. P. Wise. “Canyon-length mass kill of orthocone nautiloids, Redwall Limestone (Mississippian), Grand Canyon, Arizona.” In Abstracts with Programs, A-421. Denver, CO: GSA Annual Meeting, 1999.

    Snelling, A. A. “Waterborne gravity flows buried Mongolian dinosaurs.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 12, no. 2 (1998):133–134.

    Snelling, A. A. “Uluru and Kata Tjuta: Testimony to the Flood.” Creation 20, no. 2 (1998):36–40.

    Snelling, A. A. “Thundering burial: A fossil graveyard in Michigan gives another example of Flood catastrophism.” Creation 20, no. 3 (1998):38–41.

    Snelling, A. A. “The planet that may be there, after all!” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 12, no. 1 (1998):12–13.

    Snelling, A. A. “Stumping old-age dogma: Radiocarbon in an ‘ancient’ fossil tree stump casts doubt on traditional rock/fossil dating.” Creation 20, no. 4 (1998):48–51.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioactive ‘dating’ in conflict! Fossil wood in ‘ancient’ lava flow yields radiocarbon.” Creation 20, no. 1 (1998):24–27.

    Snelling, A. A. “Pushing back the origins of animals.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 12, no. 2 (1998):127–130.

    Snelling, A. A. “New Australian fossil find threatens to upend mammal evolution.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 12, no. 1 (1998):7–9.

    Snelling, A. A. “Exceptional soft-tissue preservation in a fossilised dinosaur.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 12, no. 2 (1998):130–131.

    Snelling, A. A. “Dating method in doubt.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 12, no. 2 (1998):140–141.

    Snelling, A. A. “Cosmic snowballs questioned.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 12, no. 1 (1998):13–14.

    Snelling, A. A. “Catastrophic sedimentation: Giant submarine landslides.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 12, no. 2 (1998):135–136.

    Snelling, A. A. “Book review – ‘Ancient Ice Ages or Gigantic Submarine Landslides?’” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 12, no. 3 (1998):270–272.

    Snelling, A. A. “Another neutrino deficit still a challenge.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 12, no. 1 (1998):11–12.

    Snelling, A. A. “The planet that never was?” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 2 (1997):132–133.

    Snelling, A. A. “Solar neutrinos – the critical shortfall still elusive.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 3 (1997):253–254.

    Snelling, A. A. “Saturn’s rings short-lived and young.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 1 (1997):1.

    Snelling, A. A. “Origin of life even earlier.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 1 (1997):2–4.

    Snelling, A. A. “New vertebrate remains from the Late Cambrian?” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 1 (1997):8–9.

    Snelling, A. A. “Nature finally catches up!” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 2 (1997):125–126.

    Snelling, A. A. “Galaxy-quasar ‘connection’ defies explanation.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 3 (1997):254–255.

    Snelling, A. A. “Cosmic snowballs bombard the earth?” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 3 (1997):255–256.

    Snelling, A. A. “A ‘165 million year’ surprise.” Creation 19, no. 2 (1997):14–15.

    Snelling, A. A. “‘Old’ rocks where they shouldn’t be.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 11, no. 3 (1997):257–258.

    Snelling, A. A. “Microscopic Diamonds Confound Geologists.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 10, no. 1 (1996):1–2. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/rocks-and-minerals/microscopic-diamonds-confound-geologists/.

    Snelling, A. A. “‘Rapid’ Granite Formation?” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 10, no. 2 (1996):175–177. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/catastrophism/rapid-granite-formation/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Special Symposium: Where should we place the Flood/post-Flood boundary in the geological record?” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 10, no. 1 (1996):29–31.

    Snelling, A. A. “Rock-solid for Creation.” Creation 18, no. 3 (1996):18–22.

    Snelling, A. A. “The ‘Principle of Least Astonishment’!” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 9, no. 2 (1995):138–139. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/the-principle-of-least-astonishment/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The whale fossil in diatomite, Lompoc, California.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 9, no. 2 (1995):244–258.

    Snelling, A. A. “The failure of U-Th-Pb ’dating’ at Koongarra, Australia.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 9, no. 1 (1995):71–92.

    Snelling, A. A. “Plate tectonics: Have the continents really moved?” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 9, no. 1 (1995):12–20.

    Snelling, A. A. “Ocean ‘birth’ theories undermined.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 9, no. 2 (1995):141–142.

    Snelling, A. A. “Instant petrified wood.” Creation 17, no. 4 (1995):38–40.

    Snelling, A. A. “Creating opals: Opals in months – not millions of years!” Creation Ex Nihilo, 17, no. 1 (1995):14–17.

    Snelling, A. A. “Coccolithophores and chalk layers.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 9, no. 1 (1995):33–35.

    Snelling, A. A. “Book review – ‘The Age of the Earth’.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 9, no. 2 (1995):157–160.

    Snelling, A. A. “Book review – ‘Studies in Flood Geology’.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 9, no. 2 (1995):161–63.

    Snelling, A. A. “A catastrophic global event on Venus.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 9, no. 2 (1995):144–145.

    Snelling, A. A. “Towards a creationist explanation of regional metamorphism.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 8, no. 1 (1994):51–77. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/towards-a-creationist-explanation-of-regional-metamorphism/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Forked Seams Sabotage Swamp Theory.” Creation Ex Nihilo 16, no. 3 (1994):24–25. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/mount-st-helens/forked-seams-sabotage-swamp-theory/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Diamonds: Evidence of explosive geological processes.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 16, no. 1 (1994):42–45.

    Snelling, A. A. “Book review – ‘The New Catastrophism: The importance of the rare event in geological history’.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 8, no. 1 (1994):19–21.

    Snelling, A. A. “Book review – ‘Grand Canyon: Monument to Catastrophe’.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 8, no. 2 (1994):148–149.

    Sharpe, J. and A. A. Snelling. “Beginning at the writings of Moses: The evangelization of the Tugutil.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 16, no. 2 (1994):18–22.

    Snelling, A. A. “Can Flood Geology Explain Thick Chalk Layers?” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 8, no. 1 (1994):11–15. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/sedimentation/can-flood-geology-explain-thick-chalk-beds/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Yet another ‘missing link’ fails to qualify!” Creation Ex Nihilo 15, no. 3 (1993):40–44.

    Snelling, A. A. “Australia’s Burning Mountain.” Creation Ex Nihilo 15, no. 2 (1993):42–46.

    Snelling, A. A. and S. A. Austin. “Startling evidence for Noah’s Flood: Footprints and sand ‘dunes’ in a Grand Canyon sandstone.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 15, no. 1 (1993):46–50.

    Snelling, A. A. and D. E. Rush. “Moon Dust and the Age of the Solar System.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 7, no. 1 (1993): 2–42. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/astronomy/moon/moon-dust-and-the-age-of-the-solar-system/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Startling Evidence for Noah’s Flood.” Creation Ex Nihilo 15, no. 1 (1992):46–50. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/grand-canyon-facts/startling-evidence-for-noahs-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The case of the ‘missing’ geologic time.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 14, no. 3 (1992):30–35.

    Snelling, A. A. “Radioactive dating method ‘under fire’!” Creation Ex Nihilo 14, no. 2 (1992):43–47.

    Snelling, A. A. “Special Report: Amazing ‘Ark’ Exposé.” Creation Ex Nihilo 14, no. 4 (1992): 26–38. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/creationism/arguments-to-avoid/special-report-amazing-ark-expose/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The formation and cooling of dykes.” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 5, no. 1 (1991):81–90.

    Snelling, A. A. “The earth’s magnetic field and the age of the earth.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 13, no. 4 (1991):44–48.

    Snelling, A. A. “Creationist geology: Where do the ‘Precambrian’ strata fit?” Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 5, no. 2 (1991):154–175.

    Snelling, A. A. “‘Fossil’ magnetism reveals rapid reversals of the earth’s magnetic field.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 13, no. 3 (1991):46–50.

    Snelling, A. A. “Where Are All The Human Fossils?” Creation Ex Nihilo 14, no. 1 (1991): 28–33. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/fossils/fossil-record/where-are-all-the-human-fossils/.

    Wieland, C. and A. A. Snelling. “Does the fossil record support evolutionary transformation? The no case.” Australian Science Magazine, no. 1 (1990):11–15.

    Snelling, A. A. “The Guadeloupe skeleton: a moratorium.” Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 4 (1990):134–137.

    Snelling, A. A. “How fast can oil form?” Creation Ex Nihilo 12, no. 2 (1990):30–34.

    Snelling, A. A. “Found – more giant meteorite impact structures.” Creation Ex Nihilo 12, no. 3 (1990):34–38.

    Leslie, J.G. and A. A. Snelling. “Comments on one creationist’s palaeontology: a reply.” Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 4 (1990):141–144.

    Snelling, A. A. “‘Creationism’ defended.” The Australian Geologist 71 (1989):18.

    Snelling, A. A. “The Bear That Isn’t.” Creation Ex Nihilo 11, no. 4 (1989):16–20. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/mammals/the-bear-that-isnt/.

    Snelling, A. A. “That Matter of the Shrinking Sun.” Creation Ex Nihilo 11, no. 4 (1989):45–47. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/astronomy/sun/that-matter-of-the-shrinking-sun/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Is the Sun Shrinking? Part Two: The Debate Continues.” Creation Ex Nihilo 11, no. 2 (1989):30–34. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/astronomy/sun/is-the-sun-shrinking/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Is the sun shrinking? Part 3. An unresolved question?” Creation Ex Nihilo, 11, no. 3 (1989):40–43.

    Snelling, A. A. “Is the sun shrinking? Part 2. The debate continues.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 11, no. 2 (1989):30–34.

    Snelling, A. A. “Growing opals – Australian style!” Creation Ex Nihilo, 12, no. 1 (1989):10–15.

    Snelling, A. A. “Be skeptical of the Skeptics! Part 4. That matter of the shrinking sun.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 11, no. 4 (1989):45–47.

    Snelling, A. A. and C. Wieland. “Creation science: setting the record straight.” St Mark’s Review, no. 138 (1989):30–31.

    Wieland, C. and A. A. Snelling. 1988. “A creationist response.” Forum of Education 47, no. 1 (1988):4–20, 32–35.

    Snelling, A. A. “Is the sun shrinking? Part 1. The evidence unfolds.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 11, no. 1 (1988):14–19.

    Snelling, A. A. “Creation science: a response to Professor Plimer.” The Australian Geologist 68 (1988):16–21.

    Snelling, A. A. “An exciting Australia fossil fish discovery.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 10, no. 3 (1988):32–36.

    Wieland, C. and A. A. Snelling. “Has continental drift been measured?” Creation Ex Nihilo, 9, no. 3 (1987):15–18.

    Snelling, A. A. and D. Malcolm. “Earth’s unique topography.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 10, no. 1 (1987):18–24.

    Doolan, R. and A. A. Snelling. “Limestone caves – a result of Noah’s Flood?” Creation Ex Nihilo, 9, no. 4 (1987):10–13.

    Snelling, A. A. “Australia’s Amazing Kangaroos and the Birth of Their Young.” Creation Ex Nihilo 10, no. 4 (1988):8–13. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/mammals/australias-amazing-kangaroos-and-the-birth-of-their-young/.

    Dickson, B. L., A. M. Giblin, and A. A. Snelling. “The source of radium in anomalous accumulations near sandstone escarpments, Australia.” Applied Geochemistry 2 (1987):385–398.

    Dickson, B. L., B. L. Gulson, and A. A. Snelling. “Further assessment of stable lead isotope measurements for uranium exploration, Pine Creek Geosyncline, Northern Territory, Australia.” Journal of Geochemical Exploration 27 (1987):63–75.

    Snelling, A. A. “Coal Beds and Noah’s Flood.” Ex Nihilo 8, no. 3 (1986):20–21. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/catastrophism/coal-beds-and-noahs-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Coal beds and Noah’s Flood.” Creation Ex Nihilo, 9, no. 1 (1986):16.

    Airey, P.L., P. Duerden, D. Roman, C. Golian, T. Nightingale, T. Payne, B. G. Davey, D. Gray, A. A. Snelling, and D. Lever. “Koongarra ore body: a natural analogue of radionuclide migration in the far field of high level radioactive waste repositories.” Commission of the European Communities, Report EUR 10315 EN-FR (1986), 175–216.

    Gole, M.J., C. R. M. Butt, and A. A. Snelling. “A groundwater helium survey of the Koongarra uranium deposits, Pine Creek Geosyncline, Northern Territory.” Uranium, 2 (1986):343–360.

    Doolan, R., J. Mackay, A. A. Snelling, A. and Hall. “The platypus – a freak, a fraud, and now a new finding.” Creation Ex Nihilo 8, no. 3 (1986):6–9.

    Snelling, A. A. “Tasmania’s Fossil Bluff.” Ex Nihilo 7, no. 3 (1985):6–10.

    Read, P. and A. A. Snelling. “How old is Australia’s Great Barrier Reef?” Creation Ex Nihilo 8, no. 1 (1985):6–9.

    Mackay, J. and A. A. Snelling. “Ten checks upon creation science: a response.” The Australian Science Teachers Journal, 31, no. 3 (1985):10–22.

    Mackay, J. and A. A. Snelling. “Creationism: an attack on modern science? A response.” The Queensland Science Teacher (September 1985):30–39.

    Dickson, B.L., B. L. Gulson, and A. A. Snelling. “Evaluation of lead isotopic methods for uranium exploration, Koongarra area, Northern Territory, Australia.” Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 24 (1985):81–102.

    Snelling, A. A. and J. B. Mackay. “Evidence of catastrophic deposition of coals and sediments of the Newcastle Coal Measures.” Proceedings of the Nineteenth Symposium on Advances in the Study of the Sydney Basin, Department of Geology, University of Newcastle (1985):110–113.

    Dickson, B. L., B. L. Gulson, and A. A. Snelling. “Evaluation of lead isotopic methods for uranium exploration, Koongarra area, Northern Territory, Australia.” Journal of Geochemical Exploration 24 (1985):81–102.

    Snelling, A. A. “A soil geochemistry orientation survey for uranium at Koongarra, Northern Territory.” Journal of Geochemical Exploration 22 (1984):83–99.

    Snelling, A. A. “The recent, rapid formation of the Mount Isa orebodies during Noah’s Flood.” Ex Nihilo 6, no. 3 (1984):40–46.

    Snelling, A. A. “The origin of Ayers Rock.” Ex Nihilo 7, no. 1 (1984):6–9.

    Snelling, A. A. and C. Wieland. “Creation/evolution: more than a mechanism.” Interchange 35 (1984):5–12.

    Snelling, A. A. and J. Mackay. “Coal, volcanism and Noah’s Flood.” Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 1 (1984):11–29.

    Mackay, J. B. and A. A. Snelling. “The 1980 Mt St Helens eruptions: The role of volcanism in the formation of coal beds (a modern analogue of ancient coal measure formation).” Proceedings of the Eighteenth Symposium on Advances in the Study of the Sydney Basin, Department of Geology, University of Newcastle, 1984. 95–97.

    Snelling, A. A. “In Brief: Mt. Isa Metal Ores and Noah’s Flood.” Ex Nihilo 6, no. 3 (1984):17. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/geology/catastrophism/in-brief-mt-isa-metal-ores-and-noahs-flood/.

    Snelling, A. A. “What about continental drift? Have the continents really moved apart?” Ex Nihilo 6, no. 2 (1983):14–16.

    Snelling, A. A. “Creationist geology: the Precambrian.” Ex Nihilo, 6, no. 1 (1983):42–46.

    Snelling, A. A. “The recent origin of Bass Strait oil and gas.” Ex Nihilo 5, no. 2 (1982):43–46.

    Giblin, A. M. and A. A. Snelling. “Application of hydrogeochemistry to uranium exploration in the Pine Creek Geosyncline, Northern Territory, Australia.” Journal of Geochemical Exploration 19 (1983):33–55.

    Snelling, A. A. “Darwin, the City.” Ex Nihilo 5, no.1 (1982). Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/charles-darwin/darwin-the-city/.

    Snelling, A. A. “The age of Australian uranium – a case study of the Koongarra uranium deposit.” Ex Nihilo 4, no. 2 (1981):44–57.

    Snelling, A. A. “The First Atmosphere—Geological Evidences and Their Implications.” Ex Nihilo 3, no. 4 (1980): 46–52. Also available at https://answersingenesis.org/age-of-the-earth/the-first-atmosphere-geological-evidences-and-their-implications/.

    Snelling, A. A. “Pitchblende and its alteration products, Koongarra uranium deposit.” International Uranium Symposium on the Pine Creek Geosyncline, Extended Abstracts (1979):188–191..

    Snelling, A. A. and B. L. Dickson. “Uranium/daughter disequilibrium in the Koongarra uranium deposit, Australia.” Mineralium Deposita 14 (1979):109–118.

    Dickson, B. L. and A. A. Snelling. “Uranium daughter isotope movements in the Koongarra uranium deposit.” International Uranium Symposium on the Pine Creek Geosyncline, Extended Abstracts (1979):57–60.

    Snelling, A. A. 1978. “Is the earth millions of years old?” The Herald of Hope 31, no. 2 (1978):15–16.

    Audio Recordings

    Ham, S., G. Purdom, and A. A. Snelling. “Why Is It Impossible to Understand Our World Without a Proper View of God and His Word?” Answers Conversation 4, no. 4 (October 21, 2013), https://answersingenesis.org/media/radio/answers-conversation/impossible-to-understand-our-world/.

    Ham, S., G. Purdom, and A. A. Snelling. “How is the Intelligent Design Movement Flawed from the Start?” Answers Conversation 4, no. 3 (October 14, 2013), https://answersingenesis.org/media/radio/answers-conversation/intelligent-design-movement-flawed/.

    Ham, S. and A. A. Snelling. “Why Is Grand Canyon So Significant for Geology?” Answers Conversation 3, no. 4 (September 9, 2013), https://answersingenesis.org/media/radio/answers-conversation/grand-canyon-geology/.

    Ham, S. and A. A. Snelling. “Why Is Geology Important for Biblical History and the Gospel?” Answers Conversation 3, no. 3 (September 2, 2013), https://answersingenesis.org/media/radio/answers-conversation/geology-history-gospel/.

    Ham, S. and A. A. Snelling. “Why Is Research So Important to Creation Apologetics?” Answers Conversation 3, no. 2 (August 26, 2013), https://answersingenesis.org/media/radio/answers-conversation/research-important-to-apologetics/.

    Video Recordings

    Snelling, A. A. Geology: A Biblical Viewpoint on the Age of the Earth. Hebron, KY: Answers in Genesis, 2009.

    Snelling, A. A. Noah’s Flood and the Earth’s Age: Crucial Apologetics for Reaching Today’s Global Culture. Hebron, KY: Answers in Genesis, 2009.

    Snelling, A. A. Radiohalos: Evidence of Accelerated Radioactive Decay and Catastrophic Geological Processes. Hebron, KY: Answers in Genesis, 2009.

    Snelling, A. A. The Flood: The “Big Picture” of Its Mechanism and Resulting Evidences. Hebron, KY: Answers in Genesis, 2009.

    Snelling, A. A. The Grand Canyon: Testimony to the Biblical Account of Earth’s History. Hebron, KY: Answers in Genesis, 2009.

    Snelling, A. A. Radioactive and Radiocarbon Dating: Turning Foe into Friend. Hebron, KY: Answers in Genesis, 2009.

    Snelling, A. A. Rock Strata, Fossils, and the Flood. Hebron, KY: Answers in Genesis, 2007.

    Other Publications

    Snelling, A. A. “A Geochemical Study of the Koongarra Uranium Deposit, Northern Territory, Australia.” PhD thesis. Sydney, Australia: The University of Sydney, 1980 (unpublished).

    Snelling, A. A. “The Geology of the Margins of the Bathurst Granite between Sodwalls and Tarana.” BSc (Hons) thesis, the University of New South Wales, Sydney (unpublished).

    Presentations

    • Rock Strata, Fossils, and the Flood
    • The Big Picture Mechanism for the Flood
    • Scripture and Science Confirm a Young Earth
    • Fossils: Buried in the Flood, not Evolution over Millions of Years
    • Noah’s Flood and the Earth’s Age: Why it Matters
    • Who is Jesus Christ? Key to Resolving the Age of the Earth

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    Answers in Genesis is an apologetics ministry, dedicated to helping Christians defend their faith and proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ effectively. We focus on providing answers to questions about the Bible—particularly the book of Genesis—regarding key issues such as creation, evolution, science, and the age of the earth.