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Genesis 1 repeats ten times that God created creatures separately according to various “kinds.” Today’s species show the potential variation that God designed within the original kinds, but this variety remains limited—cats are still cats, and dogs are dogs.
The current system of classification is based on the pioneering work of the creation scientist Carolus Linnaeus. He eventually taught that new organisms that arose were all derived from the primae speciei (original kinds) and were a part of God’s original plan because He placed the potential for variation in the original creation. Modern biblical creationists still use the concept.
The desire to classify modern creatures—based on the original created kinds—has spawned a new field of biology known as baraminology. Is there any way for a scientist to identify the original kinds that Adam named?
The whole range of canids, from domesticated dogs to wolves to jackals and beyond, constitutes the diversified members of the original “dog” kind.
This paper aims to determine the number of created kinds in this family of parasites, the original hosts, and what produced current species.PDF Download
This paper is meant to lay creation groundwork for lizard systematics with the goal of estimating the number of baramins brought on the Ark.PDF Download
While there is a straightforward answer, the issue of animal “kinds” is crucial to grasp when answering common objections concerning Noah and the Ark.
God designed “man’s best friend” to produce a vast array of types, each with a suite of traits just right for a special need.
The purpose of this paper is to use all available information in order to make an initial estimate of the identification and numbers of extant Lepidosaur kinds, except for the “lizards.”PDF Download
In previous papers the number of amphibian kinds were estimated. The purpose of this paper is to make an initial estimate of the identity and number of extant turtle and crocodile kinds taken on boardPDF Download
It is estimated that 140 extant Anuran kinds were brought on the Ark.PDF Download
An initial attempt to count and identify biblical kinds in amphibian orders Caudata and Gymnophiona were estimated using current information and several key assumptions and guidelines.PDF Download
Assuming that “natural kind” is a merely biological rather than metaphysical would be a mistake, resulting in Christians having difficulty evaluating and correcting rival views to created kinds.PDF Download
If God finished creating on Day Six, why did so many varieties of animals and plants appear after Creation Week?
While structures found in fossilized penguin feathers make evolutionists reconsider their ideas about these early aquatic birds, creationists can enjoy the variety God has put within this fascinating animal kind.
The underlying assumptions of statistical baraminology should be better scrutinized, its role and utility in the baraminological toolbox should be seriously reconsidered, and strong conclusions should be avoided when other supporting data is absent.
A discussion on a previous ARJ paper in regard to Australopithecus sediba and its classification.PDF Download
This present study should end charges against creationists that classification of australopiths as human or ape is arbitrary and meaningless.PDF Download
Chromosomal rearrangements, particularly centric fusions, have played an important role in developing the chromosomal patterns that are seen in cattle today.PDF Download
Whether it’s the answer to “which came first: the chicken or the egg?” or the corollary answer to that classic riddle “why did the chicken cross the road?” Darwin’s answer to the origin of the chicken was wrong.
Scientists from the U.S., Germany, and Switzerland have “calculated the date at which the African and the Asian elephant went their separate ways”—supposedly some 7.6 million years ago.