A Sermon Delivered On Sunday Morning, October 30, 1859, By Pastor C. H. Spurgeon, At The Music Hall, Royal Surrey Gardens.
On his head were many crowns. (Re 19:12)
1. Ah, well you know whose head this was, and you have not forgotten its marvellous history. A head which once in infancy reclined upon the bosom of a woman! A head which was meekly bowed in obedience to a carpenter! A head which became in later years a fountain of water, and a reservoir of tears. A head which “sweat as it were great drops of blood falling to the ground!” A head which was spit upon, whose hair was plucked! A head which at the last in the grim agony of death, crowned with thorns, gave utterance to the terrible death shriek—lama sabachthani! A head which afterwards slept in the grave; and—glory be to him who lives and was dead, but is alive for evermore—a head which afterwards rose again from the tomb, and looked with radiant eyes of love upon the holy women waiting at the sepulchre. This is the head of which John speaks in the words of the text. Who would have thought that a head, the visage of which was more marred than that of any other man—a head which suffered more from the tempests of heaven and of earth than any other mortal brow did before, should now be crowned with these many diadems, these star studded crowns!
2. My brethren, it needs John himself to expound this glorious vision to you. Alas my eye has not yet seen the heavenly glory, nor has my ear heard the celestial song, I am therefore only as a little child among towering mountains, overawed with grandeur, and speechless with awe. Pray for me so that I may utter a few words which the Holy Spirit may comfortingly apply to your souls, for if he does not help me, I am helpless indeed. With his divine aid, I dare to look upon the glorious diadems of our Lord and King. The crowns upon the head of Christ are of three kinds. First, there are the crowns of dominion, many of which are on his head. Next, there are the crowns of victory, which he has won in many a terrible battle. Then there are the crowns of thanksgiving with which his church and all his people have delighted to crown his wondrous head.
3. I. First, then, let every believing eye look through the thick darkness and behold Jesus us he sits today upon the throne of his Father, and let every heart rejoice while it sees the many CROWNS OF DOMINION upon his head. First, and foremost, there sparkles on his brow the everlasting diadem of the King of Heaven. His are the angels. The cherubim and seraphim continually sound forth his praise. At his behest the mightiest spirit delights to fly, and carry his commands to the most distant worlds. He has only to speak, and it is done. Cheerfully he is obeyed, and majestically he reigns. His high courts are thronged with holy spirits, who live upon his smile, who drink light from his eyes, who borrow glory from his majesty. There is no spirit in heaven so pure that it does not bow before him, no angel so bright that it does not veil its face with its wings, when it draws near to him. Yes, moreover, the many redeemed spirits, delight to bow before him, day without night they circle his throne, singing—“Worthy is he who was slain and has redeemed us from our sins by his blood, honour, and glory, and majesty, and power, and dominion, and might, be to him who sits upon the throne, and to the Lamb for ever and ever.” To be King of heaven would be surely enough! The ancients were accustomed to divide heaven, and earth, and hell, into various monarchies, and allot each of them to different kings; and surely heaven would be an empire large enough even for an infinite Spirit. Christ is Lord of all its boundless plains. He laid the precious stones upon which was built that city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God; he is the light of that city, he is the joy of its inhabitants, and it is their loving life to pay him honour for evermore. Side by side with this bright crown behold another. It is the iron crown of hell, for Christ reigns there supreme. Not only in the dazzling brightness of heaven, but in the black impenetrable darkness of hell is his omnipotence felt, and his sovereignty acknowledged; the chains which bind damned spirits are the chains of his strength; the fires which burn are the fires of his vengeance; the burning rays that scorch through their eyeballs, and melt their very heart, are flashed from his vindictive eye. There is no power in hell besides his. The very devils know his might. He chains the great dragon. If he gives him a temporary liberty, yet the chain is in his hand, and he can draw him back lest he goes beyond his limit. Hell trembles before him. The very howlings of lost spirits are only deep bass notes of his praise. While in heaven the glorious notes shout forth his goodness; in hell the deep growlings resound his justice, and his certain victory over all his foes. Thus his empire is higher than the highest heaven, and deeper than the lowest hell. This earth also is a province of his wide domains. Though the empire is small compared with others, yet from this world he has perhaps derived more glory than from any other part of his dominions. He reigns on earth. On his head is the crown of creation, “All things were made by him; and without him nothing was made that was made.” His voice said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. It was his strength that piled the mountains, and his wisdom balances the clouds. He is Creator. If you lift your eye to the upper spheres, and behold those starry worlds—he made them. They are not self-created. He struck them off like sparks from the anvil of his omnipotence; and there they glitter, upheld and supported by his might. He made the earth and all men who are upon it, the cattle on a thousand hills, and the birds that gladden the air. The sea is his, and he made it also. He has formed leviathan, and though that monster makes the deep to be hoary, yet he is just a creature of his power. Together with this crown of creation there is yet another—the crown of providence, for he upholds all things by the word of his power. Everything must cease to be, if it were not for the continual outgoing of his strength. The earth must die, the sun must grow dim with age, and nature sink in years, if Christ did not supply it with perpetual strength. He sends the howling blasts of winter; he, immediately, restrains them and breathes the breath of spring; he ripens the fruits of summer, and he makes glad the autumn with his harvest. All things know his will. The heart of the great universe beats by his power; the very sea derives its tide from him. Let him once withdraw his hands, and the pillars of earth must tremble; the stars must fall like fig leaves from the tree, and all things must be quenched in the blackness of annihilation. On his head is the crown of providence. And next to this there glitters also the thrice glorious crown of grace. He is the King of grace: he gives, or he withholds. The river of God’s mercy flows from underneath his throne; he sits as Sovereign in the dispensation of mercy. He has the key of heaven; he opens, and no man shuts; he shuts, and no man opens; he calls, and the stubborn heart obeys; he wills, and the rebellious spirit bends its knee; for he is Master of men, and when he wishes to bless, no one can refuse the benediction. He reigns in his church amidst willing spirits; and he reigns for his church over all the nations of the world, that he may gather to himself a people that no man can number who shall bow before the sceptre of his love.
4. I pause here, overcome by the majesty of the subject, and instead of attempting to describe that brow, and those glittering crowns, I shall act the part of a seraph, and bow before that well crowned head, and cry, “Holy, holy, holy, are you Lord God of hosts! The keys of heaven, and death, and hell, hang at your belt; you are supreme, and to you be glory for ever and ever.”
5. And now, my brothers, what do you say to this? Do not many thoughts at once stir in your hearts? I think I hear one say, “If this is so, if Christ has these many crowns of dominion, how vain it is for me to rebel against him.” My hearers, it may be, some of you are striving against Christ. Like Saul of Tarsus, you have become “exceedingly mad” against him. Your wife frequents the house of God, and you forbid her. You persecute your child because she follows Jesus. You hate the very name of Christ; you curse his servants; you despise his Word. You would if you could, spit upon his ministers; and, perhaps, burn his people. Know this, that you have undertaken a battle in which you are certain of defeat. Whoever has striven against him and prospered? Go oh man and do battle against the lightning, and hold the thunderbolt in your hand; go and restrain the sea, and hush the billows, and hold the winds in the hollow of your hand; and when you have done this, then lift your puny hand against the King of kings. For he who was crucified is your Master, and though you oppose him you shall not succeed. In your utmost malice you shall be defeated, and the vehemence of your wrath shall only return upon your own head. I think I see today the multitudes of Christ’s enemies. They stand up; they take counsel together—“Let us break his bands asunder; let us cast away his cords from us.” Do you hear, oh rebels, that deep sounding laugh? Out of the thick darkness of his tabernacle, Jehovah laughs at you. He has you in derision. He says “I have set my King upon my holy hill of Zion.” Come on, you enemies of Christ, and be dashed to pieces. Come on in your most vehement force, and fall like the waves that are broken against the immovable rock. He rules and he will rule; and one day you shall be made to feel his power. For “At the name of Jesus every knee must bow, of things in heaven and things on earth, and things under the earth.”
6. Another thought, brimming with comfort springs up to my mind. Believer, look to Christ’s thrice crowned head this day and be comforted. Is providence against you? Correct your speech; you have erred, God has not become your enemy. Providence is not against you, for Jesus is its King; he weighs its trials and counts its storms. Your enemies may strive, but they shall not prevail against you—he shall strike them upon the cheekbone. Are you passing through the fire? The fire is Christ’s dominion. Are you going through the floods? They shall not drown you; for even the floods obey the voice of the Omnipotent Messiah. Wherever you are called, you cannot go where Jesus’ love does not reign. Commit yourself into his hands. However dark your circumstance, he can make your pathway clear. Though night surrounds you, he shall surely bring the day. Only trust in him; leave your concerns both little and great in his Almighty hands, and you shall yet see how kind his heart is, how strong is his hand to bring you out and glorify you. Repose your confidence in him who is the King of kings. Come, each of you bring your burdens to his feet, and take a song away. If your hearts are heavy bring them here; the golden sceptre can lighten them. If your griefs are many, whisper them into his ear; his loving eyes can scatter them, and through the thick darkness shall there be a bright light shining, and you shall see his face and know that all is well.
7. I am sure there is no more delightful doctrine to a Christian, than that of Christ’s absolute sovereignty. I am glad there is no such thing as chance, that nothing is left to itself, but that Christ everywhere has sway. If I thought that there was a demon in hell that Christ did not govern, I would be afraid that demon would destroy me. If I thought there was a circumstance on earth, which Christ did not overrule, I would fear that that circumstance should ruin me. Indeed, if there should be an angel in heaven that was not one of Jehovah’s subjects, I would tremble even before him. But since Christ is King of kings, and I am his poor brother, one whom he loves, I give all my cares to him, for he cares for me; and leaning on his heart, my soul has full repose, confidence, and security.
8. II. And now, in the second place, Christ has many CROWNS OF VICTORY. The first diadems which I have mentioned are his by right. He is God’s only begotten and well beloved Son, and hence he inherits unlimited dominions. But viewed as the Son of Man, conquest has made him great, and his own right hand and his holy arm have won for him the triumph. In the first place, Christ has a crown which I pray that everyone of you may wear. He has a crown of victory over the world. For thus he himself says, “Be of good cheer, I have overcome the world.” Did you ever think of what a stern battle that was which Christ had to fight with the world? The world first said, “I will extinguish him, he shall not be known;” and it threw on Christ heaps of poverty that there he might be smothered. But he shone in his poverty, and the seamless coat shone with greater light than the robe of the rabbi. Then the world attacked him with its threatenings. Sometimes they dragged him to the brow of a hill to cast him down headlong; at another time they took up stones to stone him. But he who was not to be hidden by poverty, was not to be quenched by threatening. And then the world tried its blandishments; it came with a fair face and presented to him a crown. They would have taken Christ and would have made him a king; but he who did not care for their frowns disregarded their smiles. He put away the crown from him; he did not come to be a king but to suffer and to die. “My kingdom is not of this world,” he said, “or else my servants would fight.” Have you never thought how for over thirty years the world tempted Christ? That temptation of the devil in the wilderness was not the only one which he had to endure. Trials of every shape and size surrounded him; the world emptied its quiver, and shot all its arrows against the heart of the spotless Redeemer; but he was all holy and unharmed. Still separate from sinners, he walked among them without defilement; feasted among them, and yet did not sanction their gluttony; drank with them, and yet was not a drunkard; acted as they acted in all innocent things, and was the world’s man, and yet not a man of the world. He was in the world, but he was not from it; separate, and yet one of themselves; united to our race by closest ties, and yet for evermore separate and distinguished from all mankind. I wish, my brethren, that we could imitate Christ in our battle with the world. But alas, the world often gets the upper hand over us. Sometimes we yield to its smiles, and often we tremble before its frowns. Have hope and courage, believer; be like your Master, be the world’s foe and overcome it, do not yield, never let it entrap your watchful feet. Stand upright amid all its pressure, and do not be moved by all its enchantments. Christ did this, and therefore on his head is that right royal crown of victory; trophy of triumph over the entire forces of the world.
9. Furthermore, the next crown he wears is the crown by which he has overcome sin. Sin has been more than a match for creatures of every kind. Sin fought the angels and a third part of the stars of heaven fell. Sin defied the perfect Adam and soon overcame him, for even at the first blow he fell. Sin had a stern contest with Jesus our Lord, but in him it found its master. Sin came with all its temptations, but Christ resisted and overcame. It came with its horror and with its curse; Christ suffered, Christ endured, and so destroyed its power. He took the poisoned arrows of the curse into his own heart, and there quenched its poison fires by shedding his own blood. By suffering, Christ has become master over sin. The dragon’s neck is now beneath his feet. There is not a temptation which he has not known and therefore not a sin which he has not overcome. He has cast down every shape and form of evil, and now for ever he stands more than a conqueror through his glorious sufferings. Oh, my brethren, how bright that crown which he deserves, who has for ever put away our sin by the sacrifice of himself. My soul enraptured restrains my voice, and once again I bow before his throne and worship, in spirit, my bleeding Ransomer, my suffering Saviour.
10. And then again, Christ wears on his head the crown of death. He died, and in that dreadful hour he overcame death, rifled the sepulchre, split the stone which guarded the mouth of the grave, hewed death in pieces and destroyed the arch-destroyer. Christ seized the iron limbs of Death and ground them to powder in his hand. Death swayed his sceptre over all the bodies of men, but Christ has opened the gate of resurrection for his redeemed: and in that day when he shall put the trumpet to his lips and blow the resurrection blast, then it shall be seen how Christ is universal monarch over all the domains of death; for as the Lord our Saviour rose, so all his followers must. And then again, Christ is not only Lord of the world, King of sin, and King of death, but he is King of Satan too. He met that arch fiend foot to foot. Fearful was the struggle, for our champion sweat as it were, great drops of blood falling to the ground; but he hewed his way to victory through his own body, through the agonies of his own soul. Desperate was the encounter. Head and hands, and feet and heart were wounded, but the Saviour did not flinch from the fight. He tore the lion of the pit as though he was a kid, and broke the dragon’s head in pieces. Satan was nibbling at Christ’s heel, Christ trod on him and smashed his head. Now Jesus has led captivity captive, and is master over all the hosts of hell. Glorious is that victory! Angels repeat the triumphant strain, his redeemed take up the song; and you, you blood bought sons of Adam, praise him too, for he has overcome all the evil of hell itself.
11. And yet, once again, Christ has another crown, and that is the crown of victory over man. Oh that he wore a crown for each of you. What hard work it is to fight with the evil heart of man. If you wish him to do evil, you can soon overcome him; but if you would overcome him with good, how hard is the struggle! Christ wished to have man’s heart, but man would not give it to him. Christ tried him in many ways; he wooed him, but man’s heart was hard and would not melt. Moses came, and said, “My Master, let me try and open man’s heart;” and he used the fire, and the whirlwind, and the hammer of God; but the heart would not break, and the spirit would not open to Christ. Then Christ came, and he said, “Hard Heart, I will win you; oh, icy Soul, I will melt you.” And the Soul said, “No, Jesus, I defy you.” But Christ said, “I will do it.” And he came at one time to the poor Hard Heart, and brought his cross with him. “See, Hard Heart,” he said, “I love you; though you do not love me, yet I love you, and in proof of this, see here; I will hang upon this cross.” And as Hard Heart looked on, suddenly fierce men nailed the Saviour to the tree. His hands were pierced; his soul was torn in agony, and looking down on the Hard Heart, Jesus said, “Hard Heart, will you not love me? I love you; I have redeemed you from death; though you hate me, yet I die for you; though you kick against me, yet I will surely carry you to my throne.” And the Hard Heart said, “Jesus, I can bear it no longer, I yield to you; your love has overcome me; oh, I wish to be your subject for ever, only remember me when you come into your kingdom, and let me be numbered with your subjects both now and for ever.” My hearers, has Christ ever overcome you? Say, has his love been too much for you? Have you been compelled to give up your sins, wooed by his love divine? Have your eyes been made to run with tears at the thought of his affection for you, and of your own ingratitude? Have you ever thought this over?—“I, the blackest of sinners, have despised him; his Bible I have left unread; his blood I have trampled under foot, and yet he died for me, and loved me with an everlasting love.” Surely, this has made you bow your knee; this has made your spirit cry—
Oh, sovereign grace my heart subdue;
I will be led in triumph, too,
A willing captive to my Lord,
To sing the triumphs of his Word.
If this is the case with you, then you yourself may recognise one of the many crowns that are on his head.
12. III. Now, this brings me to the third point, and may I very earnestly ask your prayers, that, feeble as I am this morning, I may be helped while I endeavour to dwell upon this sweet subject.
13. I am preaching in my own spirit against wind and tide. There are times when one preaches with pleasure and delight, enjoying the Word; but now I can get nothing for myself, even if I am giving you anything. Pray for me, that nevertheless the Word may be blessed, that in my weakness God’s strength may appear.
14. The third point deals with the CROWNS OF THANKSGIVING. Surely, concerning these we may well say, “On his head are many crowns.” In the first place, all those who do mighty works in Christ’s church ascribe their crown to him. What a glorious crown is that which Elijah will wear—the man who went to Ahab, and when Ahab said, “Have you found me, oh my enemy?” reproved him to his very face—the man who took the prophets of Baal, and did not let one of them escape, but hewed them in pieces and made them a sacrifice to God. What a crown he will wear who ascended into heaven in a chariot of fire! What a crown, again, belongs to Daniel, saved from the lion’s den—Daniel, the earnest prophet of God. What a crown will be that which shall glitter on the head of the weeping Jeremiah, and the eloquent Isaiah! What crowns are those which shall rest on the heads of the apostles! What a weighty diadem is that which Paul shall receive for his many years of service! And then, my friends, how shall the crown of Luther glitter, and the crown of Calvin; and what a noble diadem shall that be which Whitfield shall wear, and all those men who have so valiantly served God, and who by his might have put to flight the armies of the Aliens, and have maintained the gospel banner erect in troublous times! Indeed, only let me describe a scene for you. Elijah enters heaven, and where does he go with that crown which is instantly put upon his head? See, he flies to the throne, and stooping there, he uncrowns himself; “Not to me, not to me but to your name be all the glory!” See the prophets as they stream in one by one; without exception, they put their crowns upon the head of Christ. And see the apostles, and all the mighty teachers of the church: they all bow there and cast their crowns at his feet, who, by his grace, enabled them to win them.
I ask them from where their victory came;
They, with united breath,
Ascribe their triumph to the Lamb,
Their conquest to HIS DEATH.
Not only the mighty workers but the mighty sufferers do this. How brilliant are the ruby crowns of the martyred saints. From the stake, from the gibbet, from the fire, they ascended up to God; and among the bright ones they are doubly bright, fairest of the mighty host that surrounds the throne of the Blessed One. What crowns they wear! I must confess that I have often envied them. It is a happy thing to live in peaceful days; but while happy, it is not honourable. How much more honourable to have died the death of Lawrence,1 grilled to death upon that fiery gridiron, or to die pierced with spears, with every bone dislocated on the rack! A noble way of serving Christ, to have stood calmly in the midst of the fires, and have clapped one’s hands, and cried, “I can do all things, even give my body to be burned for his dear name’s sake!” What crowns are those which martyr’s wear! An angel might blush to think that his dignity was so small compared with that of those riders in chariots of fire. Where are all those crowns? They are on the head of Christ. Not a martyr wears his crown; they all take their blood red crowns, and then they place them on his brow—the fire crown, the rack crown, there I see them all glitter. For it was his love that helped them to endure; it was by his blood that they overcame.
15. And then, brethren, think of another list of crowns. Those who turn many to righteousness shall shine as the stars for ever and ever. There are a few men whom God has enabled to do much for the church and much for the world. They spend and are spent. Their bodies know no rest, their souls no ease. Like chariots vibrant with life, or dragged by unseen but unresistable coursers,2 they fly from duty to duty, from labour to labour. What crowns shall theirs be when they come before God, when the souls they have saved shall enter paradise with them, and when they shall say, “Here I am and the children whom you have given to me!” What shouts of acclamation, what honours, what rewards shall then be given to the winners of souls! What will they do with their crowns? Why, they will take them from their heads and lay them where the Lamb sits in the midst of the throne. There they will bow and cry, “Jesus, we were not saviours, you did it all; we were only your servants. The victory does not belong to us but to our Master. We reaped, but you sowed; we cast in the net, but you filled it to the full. All our success is accomplished through your strength, and by the power of your grace.” Well may it be said of Christ, “On his head are many crowns.”
16. But see, another host approaches. I see a company of cherubic spirits flying upwards to Christ; and who are these? I do not know them. They are not numbered among the martyrs; I do not read their names among the apostles; I do not even distinguish them as having been written among the saints of the living God. Who are these? I ask one of them, “Who are you, you bright and sparkling spirits?” The leader replies, “We are the glorious myriad of infants, who compose the family above. We from our mother’s breasts fled straight to heaven, redeemed by the blood of Christ. We were washed from original depravity, and we have entered heaven. From every nation of the earth we have come; from the days of the first infant even to the winding up of earth’s history, we in flocks have sped here like doves to their windows.” “How did you come here, you little ones?” They reply, “Through the blood of Christ, and we come to crown him Lord of all.” I see the countless multitude surround the Saviour, and flying to him, each one puts his crown upon Christ’s head, and then begins to sing again louder than before. But up there I see another company following them. “And who are you?” The reply is, “Our history on earth is the very opposite of the story of those bright spirits that have gone before. We lived on earth for sixty, or seventy, or eighty years, until we tottered into our graves from very weakness; when we died there was no marrow in our bones, our hair had grown grey, and we were crisp and dry with age.” “How did you come here?” They reply—“After many years of strife with the world, of trials and of troubles, we entered heaven at last.” “And you have crowns I see.” “Yes,” they say, “but we do not intend to wear them.” “Where are you going then?” “We are going to that throne for our crowns have been surely given to us by grace, for nothing but grace could have helped us to weather the storms for so many, many years.” I see the grave and reverend sires pass one by one before the throne, and there they lay their crowns at his blessed feet, and then shouting with the infant throng, they cry, “Salvation to him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb for ever and ever.”
17. And then I see following behind them another class. And who are you? Their answer is, “We are the chief of sinners, saved by grace.” And here they come—Saul of Tarsus, and Manasseh, and Rahab, and many of the same class. And how did you come here? They reply, “We have had much forgiven, we were grievous sinners, but the love of Christ reclaimed us, the blood of Christ washed us; and we are whiter than snow, though once we were black as hell.” And where are you going? They reply, “We are going to cast our crowns at his feet, and ‘Crown him Lord of all.’” Among that throng, my dear hearers, I hope it may be my lot to stand. Washed from many sins, redeemed by precious blood, happy shall that moment be, when I shall take my crown from off my head, and put it on the head of him whom having not seen I love, but in whom believing, I rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory. And it is a happy thought for me this morning, that many of you will go with me there. Come brothers and sisters, in a few more years, many of us who have met Sunday after Sunday in this Music Hall, will walk up in one band; and without exception, you saints of God, I am persuaded we shall be prepared there to lay all our honours down, and to ascribe to him the glory for ever and ever. “Ah, but” says Little Faith, “I fear I shall never get into heaven, and therefore I shall never crown him.” Yes, but Little Faith, do you know that one of the richest crowns Christ ever wears, and one of the brightest which adorns his brow, is the crown which Little Faith puts on his head? For Little Faith when he gets to heaven will say, “Oh what grace has been shown to me, that though the lowliest of the family, I have still been kept—though least of all the saints, yet hell has not prevailed against me—though weaker than the weakest, yet as my days so has my strength been.” Will not your gratitude be great? Will not your song be loud, when approaching his dear feet, you lay your honours there and cry, “Blessed be Jesus who has kept my poor soul in all its dangers, and brought me safely at last to himself?” “On his head were many crowns.”
18. I cannot preach any longer, but I must ask you this question, my dear hearers: “Have you a crown to put on the head of Jesus Christ today?” “Yes,” one says, “I have. I must crown him for having delivered me out of my last great trouble.” “I must crown him,” says another, “for he has kept up my spirits when I was almost despairing.” “I must crown him,” says another, “for he has crowned me with lovingkindness and tender mercy.” I think I see one standing over there who says, “Oh that I could crown him. If he would only save me, I would crown him. Ah, if he would only give himself to me, I would gladly give myself to him. I am too worthless and too vile.” No, my brother, but does your heart say, “Lord have mercy upon me?” Does your soul now crave pardon and forgiveness through the blood of Christ? Then go boldly near him today and say to him,
Jesus, I the chief of sinners am,
But I rely upon you;
and in so saying you will put a crown upon his head which shall make his heart glad, even as in the day when his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals. Make this the day of your espousals to him. Take him to be your all in all, and then may you look at this text with pleasure and say, “Yes, on his head are many crowns, and I have put one there, and I shall put another there before long.”
19. God add his blessing, for Jesus’ sake! Amen.