2802. Lukewarmness

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No. 2802-48:505. A Sermon Delivered On Lord’s Day Evening, During The Winter Of 1860-1, By C. H. Spurgeon, At New Park Street Chapel, Southwark.

A Sermon Intended For Reading On Lord’s Day, October 26, 1902.

I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot: I wish you were cold or hot. So then because you are lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue you out of my mouth. {Re 3:15,16}

 For other sermons on this text:
   {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 1185, “Earnest Warning About Lukewarmness, An” 1176}
   {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2802, “Lukewarmness” 2803}
    {See Spurgeon_SermonTexts "Re 3:16"}

1. If this had been an utterance of mine it would have been considered vulgar: as a sentence of Scripture, I suppose it may be permitted to escape the censure of fastidious modern critics. The vernacular tongue and the homely metaphor may be decried as vulgarities; but if so, it will be by those whose tastes have been ill-schooled. A vicious refinement has come into vogue. If men call things by their right names and use good old Saxon words, they are perpetually brought under the lash for having indulged in vulgarities. A return to such “vulgarities” in the pulpit would be a return to power. I would far rather have back again the homely language of Hugh Latimer, with all it singularity, — and, I must confess, with some of its grossness, — than have the namby-pamby style of modern times, in which sacred things are spoken of as if they were only meant to be whispered in drawing-rooms, and not to be uttered where men meet in everyday life. The fact is, the Bible is a book which deals with things as they are, — a book which, just like all God’s works, is glorious because it is natural and simple. God has not polished the rocks in the valleys, he has not set the mountains all in order, nor has he even been pleased to make all parts of the earth just as fair and beautiful as if they had been intended to form a lovely landscape; but, at least, in some places, he has hewn them out, and left them rough and rugged, to stand in all their naked glory. So it is with this Book of God. There are things in it at which the too-polite shrug their shoulders; — not so many, perhaps in the original as in our translation; — but still, sufficient to shock a prudish taste. The Bible is none the less chaste because it scorns to call foul things by fair names. I love the Word of God because, while it is a Godlike Book, it is also a manlike Book. In all the glory of his infinite wisdom, the Lord has written to us this divine message in the rugged grandeur and sublime simplicity of language which even a child can understand.

2. The Lord Jesus here uses a plain, homely metaphor. Just as tepid water makes a man’s stomach heave, so lukewarm profession is nauseous to the Almighty. He could better endure either the coldness of apathy or the warmth of enthusiasm; but the man who is lukewarm in religion moves him to the deepest loathing. He vomits him out of his mouth. His very name shall be dismissed from the lips of the Lord with an abhorrence the most sickening that imagination can paint. It is an utterance so strong that no sentence of the most vehement and impassioned orator could rival it. There is such a depth of disgust in this warning against lukewarmness that I know of no metaphor within the range of imagination, and no words in the whole vocabulary of language, which could have conveyed the meaning of “Jesus Christ, who is the faithful Witness,” so fully, or with such terrible force.

3. I am going to try to show you, from this text, first, some reasons why lukewarmness in religion is so distasteful to Christ, and then to point out to you some arguments against lukewarmness, urging you to be fervent in your Master’s cause.


5. And, first, let me say that it is so because it is a direct insult to the Lord Jesus Christ. If I boldly say that I do not believe what he teaches, I have made him a liar. But if I say to him, “I believe what you teach, but I do not think it of sufficient importance for me to disturb myself much about it,” I do, in fact, more wilfully resist his Word; I as much as say to him, “If it is true, yet it is a thing which I so despise, and consider so contemptible, that I will not give my heart to it.” Did Jesus Christ think salvation of such importance that he needed to come from heaven to earth to work it out? Did he think the gospel, which he preached, so worthy to be made known that he needed to spend his life in proclaiming it? Did he think the redemption, which he accomplished, to be so invaluable that he needed to shed his own precious blood in order to complete it? Then, surely, HE was in earnest; so, if I profess to believe the truths that he taught, and yet am indifferent, do I not insult Christ by seeming to insinuate that there was no need for him to be in such dead earnest, — that, in fact, he laid these things too deeply to heart? His intense zeal was not on his own account, but on behalf of others; and, according to all reason, those who are the interested parties, for whom Christ’s solemn engagements were undertaken, should be even more earnest than he himself was, if that could be possible. Yet, instead of that being the case, here is Christ in earnest, and we — too many of us — are lukewarm, “neither cold nor hot,” This lukewarmness does not merely seem to make God a liar, it does not merely appear to censure Christ, but it does, as it were, tell him that the things, which he thought were so valuable, are of no worth in our esteem, and so it insults him to his face.

6. Oh my brothers and sisters, have you ever really thought what an insult it is to God when we come before him with lukewarm prayers? There stands the heavenly mercy seat; the road to it is sprinkled with the precious blood of Jesus, yet we come to it with hearts that are cold, or we approach it leaving our hearts behind us. We kneel in the attitude of prayer, yet we do not pray. We prattle out certain words, we express thoughts, which are not our real desires, we contrive needs that we do not feel. Do we not degrade the mercy seat by this? We make it, as it were, a common lounging place, rather than an awful wrestling place, once sprinkled with blood, and often to be sprinkled with the sweat of our fervent supplication. When we come to the house of God, to which Jesus Christ has invited us regarding the banqueting house full of rich provisions, do we not come up, very often, just as we go to our shops, — indeed, not with so much earnestness as we take with us to the Stock Exchange or to the office? What do we seem to say but that God’s house is a common place, that its provision is only ordinary fare, and that the solemn engagements of God’s sanctuary are only everyday things, not worthy of the zeal and energy of a sensible man, but only fit to be attended to with lukewarmness of spirit. I think, if I were to pause longer here, I could prove to you that I did not go too far when I said that lukewarmness is an insult to God. It insults him in all that is dear to him by casting disparagement on everything which he would have us to believe to be precious.

7. Does the Lord Jesus deserve such treatment from us? May he not well say to us, if we are lukewarm, “I wish you were cold or hot?” Oh Jesus, your heart was full of love for those in whom there was nothing lovely! You left the glories of your Father’s house, though there was no necessity for you to do so, except the divine necessity which was found in your own heart, for you loved your Church so much that you became bone of her bone and flesh of her flesh. You fought her enemies; you rescued her out of the hand of him who was stronger than she was; you poured out your life’s blood as the ransom price for her redemption. Your pangs were grievous, your sufferings were bitter, your anguish was extreme. I look up to your thorn-crowned brow, I gaze into your marred face, and see those eyes red with weeping, and those emaciated cheeks, and I say, “Oh Jesus, you are worthy of the best place in the human heart! You ought to be loved as no one was ever loved before. If there are flames of love for you in my heart, let them burn like coals of juniper, and let them be fanned to a most vehement heat.” Oh, if it is possible for us ever to feel warm emotions, we ought to feel it here!

8. Is it not a sad thing that, after all Christ’s love for us, we should repay it with lukewarm love for him? Which would you rather have, — lukewarm love or positive hatred? Perhaps you have very little choice with regard to most people; but if it was one very dear to you, — the partner of your life, for example, — lukewarm love would be no love at all. What else but misery could there be in a family where there was only lukewarm love? Is a father contented with half-hearted affection from his children? In those relationships, we give all our heart; but with regard to Christ, who has a far greater claim on us than husband, or father, or mother, or brother, how is it that we dare to offer him a distant bow, a cool recognition, a chill, inconstant, wavering heart? Let it be so no longer, beloved. Oh my brethren, I implore you, by his agony and bloody sweat, by his cross and passion, by all the pangs that went through his sacred body, and by the deeper anguish of his innermost soul, I beseech you, either love him or hate him; either drive him from the door of your heart, and let him know that you are not his friend; or else give him a whole heart full of affection, almost ready to burst with the fervour of your love towards him!

9. But though these two things — insult and ingratitude to Christ — would be quite sufficient to justify the strong expressions in our text, let me remind you, further, that the lukewarm professor compromises God, in the eyes of the world, by all that he does and says. If a man is an infidel, openly profane, known to have no connection with Christ and his cause, let him do what he wishes, he brings no scandal on the Saviour’s name. He has no fear of God before his eyes, he is in open enmity against the Most High; and, therefore, though he is rebellious and wicked, full of sedition and blasphemy, yet he does not compromise the dignity of God. But when the lukewarm professor of Christianity goes out before ungodly men, they say, “This man pretends to be a child of God; he professes to have been washed in the blood of Christ; he stands before us, and challenges our observation as one who declares that he is a new creature in Christ Jesus. He tells us that he is the workmanship of the Holy Spirit, that he has been born again to a living hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.” Now, whatever that man does, the world considers his acts to be those of a new creature in Christ Jesus, — to be, in fact, acts inspired by God’s Spirit within him. The world does not make distinctions, as we do, between the old Adam and the new. Their reason does not endorse our beliefs, true though they are, concerning the old and the new natures. Men of the world look at us as a whole, and if they see anything wrong in our principles or practice, they attribute it at once to our religion, and charge it with inconsistency.

10. Now, lukewarm professor, what do worldlings see in you? They see a man, who says he is going to heaven, but who is only travelling at a snail’s pace. He professes to believe that there is a hell, yet he has tearless eyes, and never seeks to snatch souls from going down into the pit. They see before them one who has to deal with eternal realities, yet he is only half awake; one who professes to have passed through a transformation so mysterious and wonderful that there must be, if it is true, a vast change in the outward life as the result of it; yet they see him as much like themselves as can be. He may be morally consistent in his general behaviour, but they see no energy in his religious character. When they hear a solemn, stirring sermon concerning the wrath of God, they say, “It is all very well for the minister to appeal to our emotions, but what does it matter? The people, who constantly hear him, are not in earnest; the saints, who profess to believe what he says, trifle over it, and are, no doubt, in their hearts, as incredulous as we are ourselves.” Let the minister be as earnest as he ever may, the lukewarmness of professors to a large extent neutralizes any effect which his ministry produces, because the world will judge the church, not so much by the pulpit as by the pew. Worldlings say, by their conduct, if not in so many words, “There is no need for us to make any stir about religion; these ‘saints’ take it remarkably easy, yet they think all will be well; we do quite as much as they do. They seem to think that, after all, it would be fanaticism to look on the things that they hear from the preacher as facts; they do not act as if they were realities; and so,” they say, “doubtless they are not realities; and, since one form of religion is as good as another, and there is nothing of value in any one of them, we see no reason why we should have any religion at all.”

11. So, the careless worldling is lulled to sleep by the lukewarm professor, who, in this respect, acts the part of the siren {a} to the sinner, playing sweet music in his ears, and even helping to lure him to the rocks where he will be destroyed. This is a solemn matter, beloved. In this way, great damage is done to the cause of truth; and God’s name and God’s honour are compromised by inconsistent professors. Please either give up your profession, or be true to it. If you really are God’s people, then serve him with all your might; but if Baal is your god, then serve him. If the flesh is worth pleasing, then serve the flesh; but if God is Lord paramount, then cleave to him. Oh, I beseech and entreat you, as you love your own souls, do not play fast and loose with godliness! Either leave it alone, or else let it saturate you through and through. Either possess it, or cease to profess it. The great curse of the church — what brings more dishonour on the Lord than all the ribald jests of scoffing atheists — is the lukewarmness of its members. Well may he say to his lukewarm church, as he does in our text, “I will spue you out of my mouth.”

12. Yet once more, notice that, wherever there is lukewarmness in religious matters, it is out of place. There is no place, near the throne of God, where lukewarmness could stand in a seemly position. Take the pulpit, for example. Ah, my brethren, of all places in the world, if lukewarmness comes here, then the preacher is indeed undone! He should be, of all men, the most in earnest who undertakes the charge of souls, for he has that solemn charge ringing in his ears: “I have appointed you a watchman for the house of Israel; therefore you shall hear the word from my mouth, and warn them from me. When I say to the wicked, ‘Oh wicked man, you shall surely die’; if you do not speak to warn the wicked from his way, that wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but I will require his blood from you.” Those who have to deal with hard-hearted sinners, — those who have to preach unpalatable truths, — surely they should not make men’s hearts harder, and the truth more unpalatable, by uttering it in a half-hearted manner. It will go hard with the man who has exercised his ministry with indifference. “If,” said one of old, “there is a man who finds the ministry an easy place, he will find it a hard matter, at the last, to turn in his account before God.” If, my brethren, there should be any professed ministers of Christ, who never know what it is to travail in birth for souls; if there are men who take up the ministry merely as a profession, and exercise it as they might do in any secular calling; if they preach merely as a matter of routine or because they consider it is a pleasant occupation; it would have been better for them if they had never been born. Far better would it have been for them to have broken stones by the wayside than to have been preaching the gospel, and leaving their hearts out of their sermon; yes, I do not know whether it would not have been better to have been a demon in hell than to have been a minister in the pulpit without his heart in his work. Baxter’s “Reformed Pastor” stirs my very soul whenever I read its glowing phrases, — those fiery thunderbolts which he hurls at the heads of idle shepherds and lazy minister I have read nearly the whole book through to those who are studying for the ministry in connection with this church, and I have often seen the tears flow from their eyes while listening to the burning language of that fervent preacher and writer. Every time I have read a chapter in that book, I have felt that, the next Sabbath, I could preach — I must preach — with greater earnestness after reading the solemn words of that mightiest of ministers, Richard Baxter. Ah, beloved, we need to have more of that earnestness in the pulpit! What, even though my young brethren should study less and be more earnest? Rather let them study as much as they ever can; but, oh! if the Holy Spirit will only shed his sacred fire on the dry fuel of their studies, how much more will be accomplished for the kingdom of Christ than is now done! So, you see, dear friends, that lukewarmness has no place in the pulpit.

13. So it is, my brothers and sisters, in the Sunday School, with the tract distributor, and even with the private Christian, the humble attendant on the means of grace. Everywhere, lukewarmness in religion is to be loathed and abandoned, for it is a gross and glaring inconsistency. I would not have you go, with a lukewarm heart, even to distribute tracts. I would not have you dare to visit the sick unless your heart is filled with love for Christ. Either do such work well, or do not do it at all. Either put your heart into the work, or let someone else do it. We have had too many men of straw filling up our ranks; we have had too many automatons going out to fight our battles. We have counted our legions, and said, “A brave host they will be”; but if our army is sifted, if our ranks are thinned, we shall probably find that fewer true soldiers of the cross will accomplish more if they are not impeded in their onward march by the mixed multitude of those who pretend to join the army of the living God.

14. I hope that lukewarm professors will find themselves thoroughly out of place among us; I do not think they could be happy here for long. There are so many brethren here with a red-hot spirit that they would soon get burned, and they would say “This is not the place for us.” If you, lukewarm professors, come among us, you will be asked to do fifty things, and you will be pestered until you do them, for the good people here will not be content unless you do all that you can, and they will probably want you to do two or three times more than you can. I am sure that, in all places where God has sent warm-hearted men to preach the gospel, you will find yourselves extremely uncomfortable if you want to be lukewarm. I certainly could tell you about some chapels where you could take your seat, and where you would be greatly needed for the support of the ministry. The minister would never wake you; I daresay, if you paid an extra half-crown a quarter, he would let you sleep on as long as you liked. If you did not join the church, no one would ever think of asking you whether you were a member or not. In our fashionable churches, of course, people do not speak to each other; that would be quite beneath their assumed dignity. No man would dare, in such a place as that, to turn to his neighbour, and say, “Are you a child of God?” Well, if you intend to be lukewarm, go to one of those places; but do not stay here, lest we should pester you by our persistence. I question whether anyone would come here, for a few Sundays, without some brother walking up to him, and asking him whether he was a follower of Christ, or not; and the question would be repeated, by one or another, until he came to some decision concerning his soul.

15. II. Now I will turn to the second part of my subject, in which I am to give you SOME ARGUMENTS AGAINST LUKEWARMNESS. I have exposed its evils, now let me try to dissuade you from it.

16. Let me remind you that, as Christians, you have to deal with solemn realities. You have to deal with death, with eternity, with heaven, with hell, with Christ, with Satan, with souls that must live for ever; can you deal with these things in a cold spirit? If you can deal with them successfully, it will be one of the greatest marvels in the world, for these things demand the whole man. If only to praise God requires that we call up all the powers of our soul, how much more is needed to serve God, and to serve him, not in the hewing of wood and the drawing of water, but in the winning of souls, in preaching his gospel, in propagating his cause, and extending his kingdom. Here, my brethren, are stern and solemn things for us to deal with, and they must not be touched by any except those who come warm-heartedly to deal with them.

17. Remember, too, that these were very solemn things with you once, Perhaps you have been converted for ten or twenty years; yet can it be that these truths now fall lightly on your ear, and arouse very little emotion? There was a time when it needed little to make you earnest; you were, then, —

    “Laden with guilt, and full of fears.”

Your groans were deep; you could not sleep at night; you were labouring under such a heavy burden that it seemed to crush your soul all but into the lowest hell. Then, you prayed in earnest, and you sought God in earnest. Oh, how you used, in those days, to long to be able even to stand in the aisle, if you could only hear the Word! Though the distance you had to come was great, and the pressure of the crowd to enter the house of prayer was inconvenient, and though you were almost ready to faint, sometimes, before the sermon was finished, you bore up through an insatiable desire to listen to the gospel message which might be the means of your salvation. Do you not remember how, at that time, you thought every unsaved person was a fool, and especially thought that you yourself were a fool for having left for so long these great realities untouched, and almost unthought of, while the trifles of a day were engrossing all your thoughts? Oh, then, I implore you, by those days long gone by, think as earnestly now of those things as you did then! Let your past experience be the standard of your present zeal. You ought to have advanced beyond that; but if you have not, be patient enough to go back, and begin again where you began before; be humble enough to ask God to revive the sincerity of your penitence, the reality of your grace, the eagerness of your desires, and the flaming passion of your heart.

18. And remember, further, that there have been times, with you, when these things did seem worthy of a warm heart. Perhaps you remember when a child in your Sunday School class died, and then you thought, “Oh, that I had taught that child more earnestly, and prayed over him with all my heart!” Possibly, when your own child died, you cried, “Oh Absalom, my son, my son!” and the thought wounded you to the quick, that you had not taught that child as you might have done, and that you had not wrestled with God in prayer for that child’s soul as you ought to have done. Have I not also had to think like this when I have buried some of your relatives or acquaintances? As I have looked down into the grave of some unconverted hearer, the tears have streamed from my eyes; and, afterwards, I have woke up at night with some solemn and terrible dream embodying this black thought, — “Have I been faithful to that soul? Have I dealt with that spirit, now departed, as I would deal with it if I had another opportunity of preaching to it?” Sometimes, I feel that I can even say, with the apostle Paul, “I testify to you today, that I am pure from the blood of all men. For I have not shunned to declare to you all the counsel of God.” But there are other times of awful questioning when I tremble lest, out of so numerous a flock, the loss of even one should be attributed to the shepherd’s neglect. Do not some of you remember, when the cholera was so rife, how solemn you thought the things of God to be? And when the fever came into your house, and one after another died, you thought there was nothing worth living for but to be prepared to die; and that your whole business, from that time on, should be to seek to warn others, lest they should perish, and go to the dread place of torment.

19. Let me remind you, also, that the day is coming when you will think these things worthy of your whole heart. When you and I shall be stretched out on our death-beds, I think we shall have to regret, above everything else, our coldness of heart. Among the many sins which we must then confess, and which, I trust, we shall then know were pardoned, and “laid on the Scapegoat’s head of old,” perhaps this will lie the heaviest on our heart and conscience, “I did not live as I ought to have done; I was not as earnest in my Lord’s cause as I should have been.” Then our cold sermons, like sheeted ghosts, will march before our eyes in dread array. Then our neglected days will spring up, each one seeming to wave its hair as though it were one of the seven Furies, {b} and to look right into our hearts, and make our very blood curdle in our veins. Then our Sunday School classes will appear again before us; and those who taught us to teach others will come, and reprove us for having despised their training, and not having profited by that holy instruction which we received when we were set apart for God’s cause, and were first trained to serve in his great army. We may consider these things of little importance now; but when we lie on the borders of eternity, we shall think them worth living for, and worth dying a thousand deaths for. I believe that, then, some of those truths which we have kept back, and those ordinances which we have neglected, and those precepts which we have despised, will seem to grow into an awful mass, too heavy for your soul to endure; just as, sometimes, in a dream, a mountain appears to rise from a single grain of sand, and to swell, and swell, and swell, until its stupendous weight seems to oppress your brain, and to crush the very life out of you. If you have lived lukewarmly, the things of God will then, even though you are a child of his, darken your dying hour, and weigh down your spirit with a fearful load of sad reflections.

20. Indeed, and there will come a time when the things of God will seem yet more real than even on our death-bed; that will be when we stand at the judgment bar of God. Am I prepared to stand there with a ministry half discharged? What shall I do if I have to give account before God for sermons preached without my heart being put into them? How shall I appear before my Maker if I have ever kept back anything which I thought might have been useful to you, if I have shunned to rebuke any of you when I ought to have done so, if I have not warned you faithfully, and loved you tenderly, even as my own soul, and sought to woo you to the Saviour? How can I turn in my account, as a steward of the Lord, if I have only served him half-heartedly? Oh God, grant, I beseech you, that, notwithstanding a thousand infirmities, your servant may always be free from that great sin of being lukewarm in your cause!

21. And what do you think, sirs, you will do, as professed followers of Christ, if you have been lukewarm professors, if you have had a name to live, and yet have been dead, or if you have been only half alive, with all your energies paralysed? Ah, sirs! Ah, sirs! I would not, for all the world, live as some of you are living; — just observing some of the externals of godliness without its vital power, giving Christ a little of your substance just for a mere show, offering him a little of your time just to pacify your conscience, taking his name on you to hide your own defects; but still a stranger to his grace, — unconsecrated, undevoted, — not yielding yourself entirely to him, but still living for the flesh while pretending to be quickened by the Spirit; with your heart in your business, but no heart in your religion; closely pursuing the world, but following Christ afar off; firmly grasping the world’s plough, but only now and then lightly touching Christ’s plough, and looking back even as you do. Oh sirs! I tell you, when the earth begins to rock and reel, when the heavens begin to shake, when the stars fall from their places, and begin to dash abroad like men bewildered, you will be bewildered, too; your heart, too, shall shake, and your grand hopes totter to destruction, if you have only served Jesus with a lukewarm heart. May God give us grace to make our religion all, so that we may put our whole heart into it, and live it out, and then be prepared to die for it, if needs be, and God so please, that we may live to enjoy the results of it in everlasting glory!

22. I am fearful, very often, in addressing the same congregation, Sabbath after Sabbath, and week after week, now for seven years, lest my voice should grow stale to you; and I can truthfully say that, I would rather cease to preach at all than preach to people to whom my voice had become so familiar that it was only like the ringing of an old bell to which they gave no heed. No, there must be feeling in the congregation as well as earnestness in the preacher; otherwise, let me resign my commission. I pray God, if I am spared to minister to you, year after year, and you are spared to sit in the pew to hear the Word, that there may be earnestness in you, and earnestness in me so that we may never come down to the dead level of some of the churches of which I spoke a little while ago; — as you may think, in a spirit of censure; but as God knows, in a spirit of loving faithfulness; — old churches that have come to be like pools without outlets, covered over with the sickly slime of respectability. Stagnation in a church is the devil’s delight. I do not think he cares how many Baptist chapels you build, nor how many churches you open, if you have only lukewarm preachers and people in them. He does not care for your armies if your soldiers will only sleep; nor for your guns if they are not loaded. “Let them build as much as they like,” he says, “for those buildings are not the batteries that shake the gates of hell.” What we want is new zeal, fresh energy, more fire; our old Baptist cause has become very slack. The great majority of Baptists appear to be ashamed of their opinions, and many of our ministers say so little about baptism that people forget that there is such an ordinance of Christ. If we have held our tongues concerning baptism, we have that sin lying at our door, for which we shall have to give account; and I trust that we shall not continue in it any longer. If believers’ baptism is an ordinance of Christ, — and we know that it is, — we ought to speak out plainly about it. I recommend that our brothers and sisters distribute tracts on the subject, as widely as they ever can; and, especially, to make known the teaching of the New Testament on this matter. If Paedo-Baptist {c} ministers will only preach on it, I need not do so, for that will send some of their people to search the Scriptures, and that is all that we want. If our views are not in accordance with God’s Word, let us abandon them; but if they are in harmony with our Lord’s teaching, let us not hold our tongues concerning them. We have had too much of this guilty silence, let us boldly proclaim the whole truth; and, by terrible things in righteousness, answer you, oh God! Bring on the clash of arms once again, and let your Church win the victory! Give the victory to the right and the true, and let all error be trampled underfoot! So be it, oh Lord, and to your name be all the glory! Amen.

{a} Siren: One of several fabulous monsters, part woman, part bird, who were supposed to lure sailors to destruction by their enchanting singing. OED. {b} Fury: One of the avenging deities, dread goddesses with snakes twined in their hair, sent from Tartarus to avenge wrong and punish crime. OED. {c} Paedo-Baptist: One who practises, adheres to, or advocates infant baptism. OED.

Exposition By C. H. Spurgeon {Da 9:1-13}

1, 2. In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans; in the first year of his reign, I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, of which the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.

And, therefore, discovering that the end of the captivity had nearly come, he set himself to plead mightily with God that now he would turn the hand of his love on the destroyed and desolate city of Jerusalem. Notice that Daniel remembered the exact date when the captivity was to end; and when you and I have had a limit put to any trial or chastisement from God, we ought to remember it, and record it among our special memoranda. I am afraid it is not always so. We do not forget when a great sorrow overtook us; we can, probably, remember when some dear one died; we remember the very day of the week and month when that happened; but are we equally tenacious for the memory of God’s lovingkindness? I am afraid not; yet it should be so. We should be able to write about it as definitely as Daniel did when he said, “In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes”; and then mention the time when we had some particularly choice communion with God, or when we were led out in more than usually earnest prayer, or when we had an especially gracious answer from our God.

3. And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

“I set my face to the Lord God.” This expression is full of meaning. When men resolutely set their faces to prayer, bending their whole mind that way, seeking God, with their faces towards him, not in pretence, but in deep and solemn earnestness, it is then that they succeed with their supplication. Daniel speaks of “prayer and supplications,” by which we may understand that he prayed much and prayed often, setting apart a regular and considerable portion of his time for the holy exercise. He was a very busy man, for he was the first of the presidents over the hundred and twenty princes; yet, for all that, or because of that, he would take time for communion with God; and he was wise in so acting, for any portion of our time that is stolen from prayer is also stolen from ourselves. The old saying is true, “Prayer and provender hinder no man’s journey.”

4. And I prayed to the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said, “Oh Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to those who love him, and to those who keep his commandments;

You must have noticed how, in prayer, holy men of old were accustomed to vary the names of God. Here, we find Daniel addressing him as “the great and dreadful God”; but that title was not chosen at random, for the prophet felt that, since Jerusalem had remained so long a desolation, the terrible aspect of God’s character was more conspicuous even than the tender one; yet he coupled with it that gracious truth, “keeping the covenant and mercy to those who love him, and to those who keep his commandments.”

5, 6. We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even by departing from your precepts and from your judgments: neither have we listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, and our forefathers, and to all the people of the land.

Daniel confesses the sins of the nation, and he spares no proper epithets in describing them: “We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled.” He saw at least a shade of different meaning in each word that he employed. These are not vain repetitions; Daniel multiplied his expressions because he had an intense sense of the sinfulness of sin and the guilt of his people.

Observe, too, how he notes the aggravation of their sin in their refusal to listen to the messages which God had sent to them by his servants. If there is anything in the world that can make sin to be more than ordinarily sinful, it happens when sin is persisted in notwithstanding the obvious warnings of God.

7. Oh Lord, righteousness belongs to you, but to us confusion of faces, as at this day, to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, who are near, and who are far off, through all the countries where you have driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against you.

This verse might be just as truly spoken now as in the first year of Darius, the Mede, for we also can say, “Oh Lord, righteousness belongs to you”; — we cannot find it anywhere else; and the other part of the verse is equally true, for to us belongs confusion of faces, as it did to the men of Daniel’s day.

8, 9. Oh Lord, to us belongs confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our forefathers, because we have sinned against you. To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him;

What a precious assurance this is! Just in proportion to your sense of sin, you will value it. If you feel that confusion of face belongs to you, you will also rejoice to know that mercies and forgivenesses belong to the Lord, and that he is waiting to bestow them on all who seek his face in penitence and faith.

10, 11. Neither have we obeyed the voice of the LORD our God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets. Yes, all Israel have transgressed your law, even by departing, that they might not obey your voice; therefore the curse is poured on us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against him.

It was a part of that old covenant that, if they sinned against the Lord, they should be scattered among all the nations of the earth, and their sufferings exactly tallied with what God had threatened. This fact is used by the prophet in some measure as a source of consolation, for he argues that, if God is true to the black side of the covenant, he will also he faithful to the bright side of it; and it is so, he who faithfully fulfils his threatenings will just as faithfully keep his promises.

12, 13. And he has confirmed his words, which he spoke against us, and against our judges who judged us, by bringing a great evil on us: for there has not been under the whole heaven done as has been done on Jerusalem. As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come on us: yet we did not make our prayer before the LORD our God, so that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand your truth.”

Oh, sad hardness of heart and impenitence that, though Jerusalem had been so severely struck, yet the people did not turn to God in prayer!

Spurgeon Sermons

These sermons from Charles Spurgeon are a series that is for reference and not necessarily a position of Answers in Genesis. Spurgeon did not entirely agree with six days of creation and dives into subjects that are beyond the AiG focus (e.g., Calvinism vs. Arminianism, modes of baptism, and so on).

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Modernized Edition of Spurgeon’s Sermons. Copyright © 2010, Larry and Marion Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario, Canada. Used by Answers in Genesis by permission of the copyright owner. The modernized edition of the material published in these sermons may not be reproduced or distributed by any electronic means without express written permission of the copyright owner. A limited license is hereby granted for the non-commercial printing and distribution of the material in hard copy form, provided this is done without charge to the recipient and the copyright information remains intact. Any charge or cost for distribution of the material is expressly forbidden under the terms of this limited license and automatically voids such permission. You may not prepare, manufacture, copy, use, promote, distribute, or sell a derivative work of the copyrighted work without the express written permission of the copyright owner.

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