A Sermon Delivered On Sunday Morning, January 23, 1876, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. *5/2/2012
But I say to you, that in this place is one greater than the
temple. [Mt 12:6]
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1. Our Lord intended, of course, to assert that he himself was greater than the temple, but he used the most modest form of putting it. When in the interests of truth he is obliged to speak of himself, his meekness and lowliness are always apparent in the mode in which he makes the personal allusion, and everyone can see that he does not seek his own glory, or desire the praise of man. In the case before us he says, “In this place is one,” or, as some read it, “is something greater than the temple.” He who is truly meek and lowly is not afraid to speak the truth about himself, for he has no jealousy about his reputation for humility, and is quite willing to be thought proud by the ungenerous, for he knows that he only speaks of himself in order to glorify God or promote truth. There is a native peculiarity in true lowliness which shows itself in the very form of its utterances, and wards off the imputation of boasting.
2. We do not find the passage now before us in any other gospel except that of Matthew. It is so important, so full of meaning, and must have been so startling as well to those who heard it, that we should not have been astonished if we had found it in all the four evangelists. Only Matthew records it, and he most fittingly, since he is in some respects the evangelist of the Hebrews; for, as you know, he began his book by saying, “The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham,” and he evidently adapted his gospel to the Jews. Since the Jews would be the last to receive teaching which in any way devalued the temple, it is all the more remarkable that Matthew inserted our Lord’s words in the gospel which he intended to be read by them. But, though the words occur only once, we must not, therefore, regard them as being any the less weighty, for the sentence comes with a preface which shows the force our Lord intends to throw into it. The declaration is prefaced by “I say to you.” Here is the authority before which we all bow — Jesus says it. He does not merely proclaim the truth, but he sets his personal stamp and royal seal upon it. “I say to you” — I who cannot lie, who speak the things which I have received from my Father, upon whom the Spirit of God rests without measure, — I say to you. He speaks as one having authority, and not as the scribes; with a truly, truly of certainty he teaches, and therefore let us unquestionably accept his declaration, “I say to you, that in this place is one greater than the temple.”
3. Let us now meditate upon this truth, first observing the fact that our Lord is greater than the temple; secondly, remarking that he ought to be so regarded; and, thirdly, suggesting and urging home a few reflections which arise from the subject.
4. I. First, then, OUR LORD JESUS IS GREATER THAN THE TEMPLE.
5. He is so obviously because he is God, “God over all, blessed for ever.” He who dwells in the house is greater than the house in which he dwells, so that as God, our Lord Jesus is greater than the temple. It needs no arguing that it must be so: the divine must be infinitely greater than anything which is of human workmanship; the self-existent must infinitely excel the noblest of created things. The temple was many years in building. Its huge stones were quarried with enormous labour and its cedar beams were shaped and carved with matchless skill; and though no hammer or tool of iron was used in that location, yet each of the huge stones was laid in its place by the strength of men. It stood upon Zion a thing of beauty and a joy for ever, but still a work of men’s hands, a creation of human strength and human wisdom. It is not so with the Christ of God. Of him we may truly say, “From everlasting to everlasting you are God.” “And you, Lord, in the beginning have laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of your hands.” The temple being created, and having a beginning was a thing of time, and therefore had an end. The things which are seen, whether they are temples or taverns, are temporal, and must pass away. In due time the firebrand in the hand of the Roman soldier reduces to ashes a building which seemed as lasting as the rock upon which it stood. Go now to the place where Zion once stood, and notice well how the glory is departed, even as it departed from Shiloh of old. Deep down in the earth the base of the mighty arch which formed the ascent to the house of the Lord has been uncovered from the mountain of ruins, but scarcely otherwise will you find one stone left upon another which has not been thrown down. Though these masses of marble were so huge that it is a common to find a stone twenty-four feet in length and nine feet in breadth, and sometimes they are even found forty feet in length, weighing as much as one hundred tons, yet they have been flung from their seats as stones are cast upon the king’s highway. Thus the temple has disappeared, and thus shall all creation pass away, but you oh Lord remain. “They shall perish; but you remain; and they all shall grow old like a garment; and you shall fold them up like a vesture, and they shall be changed: but you are the same, and your years shall not fail.”
6. The temple was no rival of Jehovah, but derived all its glory from his condescending to reveal himself in it. “Exceedingly magnificent” as it was, it was far below the divine greatness, and only worthy to be called his footstool. If we were to dwell on any one of the attributes of his Godhead, it would be more and more clear that Christ is greater than the temple, but the point is one which none of us doubts. After all, the temple was only a symbol, and Jesus is the substance; it was only the shadow of which he is the reality. Albeit that every Hebrew heart leaped for joy when it thought of the tabernacles of the Lord of Hosts, and that this day every Jewish spirit laments the departed glories of Zion, yet the holy and beautiful house was a symbol of good things to come, and not the very image of the covenant blessings. It was not essential to the world’s well being, for lo! its disappearance has brought light and life to the Gentiles. It is not necessary for true religion now, for the time is come when those who worship Jehovah adore him in no consecrated shrines, but worship him in spirit and in truth. But our Lord Jesus is truth and substance. He is essential to our light and life, and if he could be taken from us earth’s hope would be quenched for ever. Emmanuel, God with us, you are greater than the temple!
7. It was necessary for our Lord to mention this fact in order to justify his disciples in having rubbed ears of grain together to eat on the Sabbath day. He said, “the priests in the sanctuary profane the Sabbath, and are blameless.” They were engaged in the labours of sacrifice, and service all through the Sabbath day, yet no one accused them of breaking the law of the Sabbath. Why? Because the authority of the temple exempted its servants from the letter of the law. “But,” says our Lord, “I am greater than the temple, therefore, surely I have power to allow my servants who are about my business to refresh themselves with food now that they are hungry, and since I have given them my sanction to exercise the little labour involved in rubbing out a few grains of wheat, they are beyond all censure. If the sanction of the temple allows the greater labour, much more shall the sanction of one who is greater than the temple allow the less.” As the Son of God, Christ is under no law. As man he has kept the law, and honoured it for our sakes, because he stood as our surety and our substitute; but he himself in the essence of his nature is the lawmaker, and above all law. Who shall arraign the eternal Son, and call the Judge of all the earth to account? “Woe to him who strives with his Maker. Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth.”
8. But now we must pass on to other meanings, and view our Lord in his blessed personality as the Son of man as well as the Son of God. He is greater than the temple, for he is a more glorious enshrinement of deity. The temple was great above all buildings because it was the house of God, but it was only so in a measure, for the Eternal is not to be contained within walls and curtains. “However,” Stephen says, “the Most High does not dwell in temples made with hands; as the prophet says, ‘Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool: what house will you build for me?’ says the Lord: ‘or what is the place of my rest? Has not my hand made all these things?’ ” How remarkably Stephen does, as it were, pass over the temple with a mere word; he merely mentions it in a sentence, “But Solomon built a house for him,” as if no stress needed to be laid upon the circumstance. It is remarkable that from the moment the temple was built true religion in Israel began to decline, and the abominable shrines of heathen idols were set up in the holy land. The glory of even an allowed ritualism is fatal to spiritual religion. The step is very easy from a pompous worship of the true to the worship of the false. When God dwelt in the tent, in the days of David, religion flourished far better than in the days when the ark abode in a great house garnished with precious stones for beauty, and overlaid with pure gold. Still within the holy of holies the Lord particularly revealed himself, and sacrifices and offerings were presented at the one temple upon Zion, for God was there. The presence of God, as you know, in the temple and the tabernacle was known by the shining of the bright light called the Shekinah between the wings of the cherubim over the ark of the covenant. We often forget that the presence of God in the most holy place was a matter of faith to all except the high priest. Once in the year the high priest went within the awful veil, but we do not know that even he ever dared to look upon the blaze of splendour. God dwells in light that no man may approach to. The smoke of the incense from the priest’s censer was needed partly to veil the exceeding glory of the divine presence, lest even those chosen eyes should suffer blindness. No one else went into the hallowed shrine, and only he once in the year. That symbolic pavilion of Jehovah is not for a moment to be compared with our Lord Jesus, who is the true dwelling place of the Godhead, for “in him dwells all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.” What a masterly sentence that is! No one except the Holy Spirit could surely have compacted words into such a sentence, — “In him dwells all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.” “God was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself.” The revelation of the Godhead in Christ is not unapproachable, for we may freely come to Jesus: a voice out of the excellent glory invites us to boldly come to the throne of the heavenly grace. We cannot come too often, nor be too long in our approaches to Jesus, the true mercy seat. The atonement has been offered, and the veil of the temple, that is to say, the flesh of Christ, has been torn, and now we may approach the Godhead in Christ Jesus without trembling. Truly, as I think of God, incarnate God in Jesus Christ, and dwelling among the sons of men, I feel how true it is, “In this place is one greater than the temple.”
9. Another sense of the words is this — Our Lord is a fuller revelation of truth than the temple ever was. The temple taught a thousand truths of which we cannot now speak particularly. To the instructed Israelite there was a wealth of meaning about each court of the temple, and every one of its golden vessels. No ceremony was without its measure of instruction. If the Spirit of God opened up the types of the holy and beautiful house to him, the Israelite must have had a very clear intimation of the good things to come. Still there was nothing in the temple except the type: the substance was not there. The blood of bulls and goats was there, but not the atonement that takes away sin. The smoke of the holy incense from the golden censor was there, but not the sweet merits of the great law fulfiller. The seven branched lampstand was there, but the Spirit of God was not yet given. The shewbread stood on the holy table, but food for souls could not be found in the finest of the wheat. The temple had only the types; and Christ is greater than the temple because in him we have the realities, or, as Paul calls them, “the very image of the things.” “The figure for the time then present” had its uses, but it is by no means comparable to the actual covenant blessing. The law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. There were some truths, however, and these among the most precious, which the temple did not teach at all. I do not know, for example, where we can read adoption in the symbols of the temple, or the great truth of our union with Jesus, and other priceless doctrines which cluster around the cross and the resurrection; but in the person of Jesus we read the exceeding riches of divine grace, and see by faith the inexhaustible treasures of the covenant. In Jesus we see at once “our Kinsman and our God.” In the person of Christ we read the infinite eternal love of God towards his own redeemed ones, and the intimate communion which this love has established between God and man. The temple may perhaps have given glimpses of this, for it intimated that the Lord would dwell among his people, but these high mysterious doctrines would have been visible only to eyes anointed seven times with the eyesalve. The fundamental truths of the everlasting gospel are all to be seen in Jesus Christ by the wayfaring man, and the more he is studied the more plainly do these matchless truths shine. God has fully revealed himself in his Son. There is in fact no wisdom necessary for our soul’s welfare that does not shine in him, and nothing worth the learning except what the Spirit of God teaches us concerning him, for he is to the full “the wisdom of God.” Know Christ and you know the Father. Does he not himself say, “He who has seen me has seen the Father?”
10. Again, the Redeemer is greater than the temple, because he is a more enduring evidence of divine favour. God for ever dwells in Christ Jesus, and this is the eternal sign of his favour to his people. There were some things in the first temple which were rich signs of good for Israel, but none of these were in the temple to which our Lord pointed when he uttered these words. Remember, he looked at Herod’s temple, the temple which you may call the second, but which in some respects was more truly a third temple. In Solomon’s temple there were four precious things which were absent in Christ’s day.
11. First there was the ark of the covenant, which precious chest was above all other things the sign of Israel’s high relationship to God, and the assurance of the Lord’s grace to his covenanted people. The ark was lost at the Babylonian destruction of the city, and so the Holy of Holies lost its most sacred piece of furniture: the throne of the great King was gone. There were no wings of cherubim above the mercy seat of pure gold, no tables of stone engraved by the divine hand were within the golden coffer, and Aaron’s rod that budded and the pot of manna were both gone. Now, in our blessed Lord you find the covenant itself and all that it contains, for thus says the Lord, “Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.” His blood is “the blood of the everlasting covenant,” and he himself is given for “a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles.” [Isa 42:6] Jesus Christ is the covenant between God and his redeemed, he is its substance, its seal, its surety, its messenger, its all. In our Lord we see the fulness of covenanted blessing. His are the covering wings beneath which we dwell in safety; and his is the propitiatory, or mercy seat, by which we draw near to God. In him we see the tables of the law honoured and fulfilled, priestly authority exercised with a living and fruit bearing sceptre, and heavenly food laid up for the chosen people. It pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell, and all the promises are yea and amen in him. Thus in Jesus we find what the temple had lost.
12. The second temple also lacked the Shekinah. The throne being gone, the symbol of the royal presence departed too. The supernatural light did not shine within the holy place in Herod’s temple. The glory had departed, or at least that particular form of it, and though the second temple became more glorious than the first because the Messiah himself appeared within it, yet it missed that symbolic splendour of which the Israelite was accustomed to say, “You who dwell between the cherubim shine out.” But in our Lord Jesus we may always see the brightness of the Father’s glory, the light of Jehovah’s smile. Around his brow shines the light of everlasting love. Have you not seen the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ?
13. They had also lost from the second temple the Urim and the Thummim. Precisely what the Urim and the Thummim may have been we do not know, but this particular mystery of blessing had a connection with the breastplate and with the high priest who wore it, so that when men went up to the temple to enquire, they received answers as from the sacred oracle, and whatever cases were spread before the Lord, an answer was given by the high priest, through the lights and perfections, or the Urim and Thummim with which the priest was girded. That was also lost after the Babylonian captivity. But in Jesus Christ the lights and perfection always abide, and if any man would know anything, let him learn from him, for he by the Eternal Spirit still guides his children into all truth, solves their difficulties, removes their doubts, and comforts their hearts, still giving to them light and perfection, each one according to their measure as he is able to bear it now, and preparing for each one the unclouded light and the spotless perfection of eternal glory.
14. The second temple had also lost the sacred fire. You remember when the temple was opened the fire came down and consumed the sacrifice, — a fire from heaven, which fire was carefully watched both night and day, and always fed with the prescribed fuel, if indeed it needed to be fed at all. The Jews no longer had this, and they were compelled to use other fire to burn upon the altar of God, fire which they had probably consecrated by rites and ceremonies, but which was not the same flame which had actually descended from heaven. Behold, beloved, how far our Lord Jesus is greater than the temple, for today that word is fulfilled in your ears — “He shall baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.” He has given to his church now to be immersed in the fiery element of his Spirit. She dwells in the everlasting burnings of the divine power, the Lord himself has exalted her to this. Now her lamps are kindled by a flame from heaven and her sacrifices are consumed by consecrated flames, while, all around, that same Spirit is a wall of fire to preserve the chosen from their enemies. In the perpetual baptism of the Holy Spirit the saints find power and life. So that everything which of old was regarded as a special sign of God’s love for Israel, though missing from the second temple, is in reality to be found in Jesus Christ our Lord, and so he is greater than the temple.
15. Furthermore, he is greater than the temple, because he is a more sure place of consolation. Brethren, when a guilty conscience wished for relief the man in the olden times went up to the temple and presented his sin offering; but you and I find a more effective sin offering in our crucified Lord whenever our soul is burdened, for by it we are in very deed cleansed from sin. The Jew was not really cleansed, but only typically; ours is an actual and abiding deliverance from sin, its guilt, and its defilement. We have no more consciousness of it when the blood of Jesus Christ is applied to our souls. Oh, always come, you burdened ones, to Christ’s body as to a temple, and see your sin put away by his finished atonement, and then go your way comforted. The Israelites were accustomed to go to the temple in time of trouble to make supplication: it is very pleasant to think of heartbroken Hannah standing in the tabernacle before the Lord pouring out her silent complaint. Come, beloved, you too may speak in your heart to the Lord whenever you wish, and you will be heard. No Eli is near to judge you harshly and rebuke you sharply, but a better priest is at hand to sympathise with you, for he himself is touched with a feeling of our infirmity. Do not fear, you shall obtain an answer of peace, and the blessing given shall bear the sweet name of Samuel, because you asked for it from the Lord. You may come to Jesus as to the temple, when like Hezekiah you are made to smart by a blasphemous letter, or any other oppression: here you may spread the matter before the Lord with a certainty that the Lord, who is greater than the temple, will give you an answer of peace in reference to the trial which you leave in his hands. No doubt some went to the temple without faith in the spiritual part of the matter, and so came away unconsoled, but you, coming to Jesus Christ, with your spirit taught by God, shall find sure consolation in him.
16. Only once more, our Lord is greater than the temple because he is a more glorious centre of worship. All the Israelites prayed towards the temple. Daniel prayed with his window opened towards Jerusalem, and the scattered in every land turned towards that point of the compass where Jerusalem was situated, and so they made supplication. Today not Jews alone but Gentiles, men of every race, speaking every language under heaven, turn towards you, “you great Redeemer,” the true temple of the living God. Myriads redeemed by blood in heaven, and multitudes redeemed by blood on earth, all make the Christ of God the centre of their perpetual adoration. The day shall come when all kings shall bow before him, and all nations shall call him blessed. To him every knee shall bow, and every tongue shall confess that he is God to the glory of God the Father. Brethren, is it not sweet to think of Jesus as being at this very moment the central point to which all devout believers turn their eyes? Let the Mohammedan have his kiblah, [a] and the Jew his temple, as for us we turn our eyes to the risen Saviour, and with all the saints we offer prayer to God through him. Through him both Jews and Gentiles have access by one Spirit to the Father.
17. II. Now, secondly, and briefly, JESUS OUGHT TO BE REGARDED AS GREATER THAN THE TEMPLE.
18. We ought to think of him then with greater joy than even the Jew did of the holy and beautiful house. The eighty-fourth Psalm shows us how the king of Israel loved the house of the Lord. He cries, “How amiable are your tabernacles, oh Lord of hosts.” But oh, my soul, how amiable is Christ! How altogether lovely is your Redeemer and your God. If the devout Israelite could say, “I was glad when they said to me, let us go into the house of the Lord,” and if at the sight of the temple he cried, “Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth is Mount Zion,” how ought our heart to exalt at the very thought of Jesus, our incarnate God! What intense pleasure, what rapture it ought to cause us to think that God in very deed does dwell among men in the person of his well beloved Son! I wonder why we are not carried away into extravagances of delight at this thought, and that we do not become like those who dream. I marvel that we are so cold and chill when we have before us a fact which might make angelic hearts thrill with wonder. God incarnate! God my kinsman! Bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh! Surely if we were to dance as David did before the ark, we might scarcely need to excuse ourselves to the heartless Michals who would ridicule our enthusiasm. Oh, the bliss of knowing that God is in Christ Jesus!
19. We ought also to consider our Lord with greater wonder than that with which men viewed the temple. As I have already said, the temple was a great marvel, and would be so even now if it were still standing. Those huge stones were so well prepared by skill, and were themselves so massive, that they did not need to be cemented together, and they fitted so closely that the thinnest knife could not be inserted between them, they were so polished and so compact. The house itself abounded with gold, silver, and precious stones; it was a treasury as well as a temple. For size it was remarkable too, if we consider the entire range of the buildings attached to it. The level space within which the actual temple stood is said to have been about one thousand feet square, and it is asserted that it would have contained twice as many people as the huge Colosseum at Rome. The actual temple was only a small building comparatively, but its entire complex and Solomon’s porch, which surrounded the square on which it stood, made up a great mass of building, and the magnificent bridge which joined the lone hill to the rest of Jerusalem was a marvel of architecture; Solomon’s ascent by which he went up to the house of the Lord was one of the sights which quite overcame the queen of Sheba. The brightness of the white marble, and the abundance of gold must have made it a sight to gaze upon with tears in one’s eyes to think that man could erect such a house, and that it should be for the true God. I do not wonder at all that men were invited to go all around her, count its towers, notice well her bulwarks, and consider her palaces. Neither are we astonished that invaders quailed before the strength of her defences, “They saw it, and so they marvelled; they were troubled, and hurried away.” The like of this temple was not to be seen on the face of the earth: neither the pyramids of Egypt, nor the piles of Nineveh, nor the towers of Babylon, could rival the temple of the living God at Jerusalem: but, my brethren, think of Jesus and you will wonder more. What are the huge stones? What are the delicate carvings, and what is the cedar, and what are the overlayings of gold, and what is the veil of fine twined linen, and what all the gorgeous pomp of the ceremonies compared with God, the everlasting God, veiled in human flesh? Wonder, my brethren, wonder, bow low and adore. “Without controversy great is the mystery of godliness. God was revealed in the flesh.”
20. Being greater than the temple our Lord is to be visited with greater frequency. The males of Israel were to go up to the temple three times in a year. “Blessed are those who dwell in your house,” says David: for they would be there always. Oh, my brethren, you may enjoy the happiness of these blessed ones, and always dwell in Jesus. You may come up to the Lord Jesus whenever you wish. All days are appointed feasts with him. You need not wait for the new moons or the Sabbaths, you may resort to him at all times. We who have believed do enter into a perpetual Sabbath, in which we may continually worship the Most High in the person of Christ.
21. Let us also reverence him with even greater solemnity. The devout Jews took off their shoes from their feet when they entered the temple enclosure. True, in our Lord’s day, much of this solemnity had been forgotten and they bought and sold within the great enclosure around the temple the beasts and birds that were necessary for sacrifice; but as a rule the Jews always treated the temple with profound respect. With what reverence shall we worship our Lord Jesus? Let us never speak lightly nor think lightly of him, but may our innermost spirits worship him as the eternal God.
22. Let us honour him also with higher service. The service of the temple was full of pomp and gorgeous ceremonies, and kings brought their treasures there. With what diligence did David store up his gold and silver to build the house, and with what skill did Solomon carry out the details of that mighty piece of architecture. Come and worship Christ in that way. Bring him the calves of your lips, bring him your body, soul and spirit, as a living sacrifice; yes bring him your gold and silver and your substance for he is greater than the temple and deserves larger gifts and higher consecration than the temple had from its most ardent lovers. Surely I need not argue the point, for you who love him know that you can never do enough for him.
23. So, too, he ought to be sought after with more vehement desire if he is greater than the temple. David said he “longed, yes even panted for the courts of the Lord.” With what longings and pantings ought we to long for Christ! In answer to her Lord’s promise to come again the church cries, “Even so, come quickly, Lord Jesus.” We ought to long more for the second advent of our Lord; we especially ought to, if we mourn his absence from our own souls, never to rest until he reveals himself to us again. Oh, you redeemed ones, love him so that you can no more live without his smile than the wife can live without her husband’s love; and long for fellowship with him as the bride for the wedding day. Set your hearts upon him, and hunger and thirst after him. The Jew pined to visit Mount Zion, and with such pinings I ask you to long for Jesus and for the time when you shall see him face to face.
24. III. Now, we have to spend a few minutes in urging home one or two PRACTICAL REFLECTIONS which arise out of this subject.
25. And the first is this: how carefully should the laws of Jesus Christ be observed. I believe that when you entered the temple by passing through the Beautiful Gate you saw a notice that worshippers should pass in on the right hand, and that afterwards they were to pass out on the left. I am quite sure that if the temple now stood, and anyone of us could make a journey to Jerusalem we should be very careful to observe every order of the sanctuary, and if we found the porter at the gate said “you must take off your shoes,” we should with gladness remove them, or if he asked us to wash we would gladly enter the bath. Knowing that God dwelt there, had we been Israelites we should have been very attentive to every observance required by the law. Now, brethren, let us be equally attentive to all the laws of Christ, for he is greater than the temple. Never trifle with his commands, nor tamper with them. Remember, if you break one of the least of his commandments, and teach men to do so, you will be least in the kingdom of God. He is very gracious, and forgives, but still disobedience brings injury to our own souls. I beseech all Christians to search the Scriptures and see what Christ’s mind is upon every moot point, whether it is baptism or church government, and when you know his will carry it out. Do not say of any precept, “That is non-essential,” for everything that Jesus tells you to do is essential to the perfection of your obedience. If you say it is not essential for salvation I am compelled to rebuke you. What, are you so selfish that you only think about your own salvation? and because you are saved will you kick against your Saviour and say, “I do not care to do this because I can be saved even if I neglect it.” This is not the spirit of a child of God. I urge you, dear friends, do what I anxiously wish to do myself, follow the Lord fully, and go step by step where he would have you go, for if you would obey temple rules how much more should you obey the rules of Christ.
26. The next reflection is how much more ought we to value Christ than any outward ordinance. It is not always that all Christians do this. There is a dear brother who loves Christ, and I can see Christ in him, I am sure I can; if I know anything about Christ at all in my own soul I see that he knows him too. Very well: but then he does not belong to my church! It is a pity; he ought to be as right as I am, and I wish he knew better. But at the same time his love for Christ is more to be esteemed than his correctness in outward things, for Christ is greater than the temple. I am not going to quarrel with any brother in Christ because he is somewhat in error about external ordinances, for he has the spirit if not the letter of the matter. I wish he had been baptized with water, but I see he is baptized with the Holy Spirit, and therefore he is my brother. I wish that he would observe the water baptism because Christ asks him to, but still if he does not I am glad that his Master has given him the Holy Spirit, and I rejoice to admit that he has the vital matter. Perhaps he does not come to the Lord’s Supper, and does not believe in it. I am very sorry for him, for he loses a great privilege, but if I see that he has communion with Christ I know that Christ is greater than the temple, and that inward communion is greater than the external sign. Hence it happens that if we see Christ in people with whose theology we do not agree, and whose forms of Church government we cannot commend, we must set the Christ within above the outward forms, and still receive the brother. The brother is wrong, but if we see the Lord in him, let us love him, for Christ is greater than the temple. We dare not exalt any outward ordinance above Christ, as the test of a man’s Christianity. We would die for the defence of those outward ordinances which Christ commands, but for all that the Lord himself is greater than the ordinance, and we love all the members of his mystical body.
27. Another reflection is this: how much more important it is for you that you should go to Christ than that you should go to any place which you suppose to be the house of God. How many times from this pulpit have we disclaimed all idea that this particular building has any sanctity about it. We know that God does not dwell in temples made with hands, yet there may be some of you who come here very regularly, who have great respect for the place. If you did not go to any place of worship you would think yourselves very bad, and so you would be. If you never went on the Lord’s day to the worship of God at all you would certainly be keeping yourselves out of the place where you may hope that God will bless you. But is it not a strange thing that you would not like to stay away from the temple, but you stay away from Christ, and while you go up to the outward sanctuary you have never gone to the real Christ. I am sure you would feel ashamed if anyone were able to say of you “There is a man here who has not been to a place of worship for twelve months.” You would look down upon a man of whom that could be said. Yes, but if there are any reasons for coming to what you think to be the temple, how many more reasons are there for coming to Christ: and if you would think it is wrong to stay away from the public place of worship for twelve months, how much more wrong must it be to stay away from Jesus all your life; but you have done so. Will you please think about that?
Now, had you gone to the temple, you would have felt very great
respect and reverence towards it. And when you come to the outward
place of worship, you are very attentive, and respectful towards the
place — let me ask you, have you been respectful towards Christ? How is
it that you live without faith in him? No prayer is offered by you to
him, you do not accept the great salvation which he is prepared to
give. Practically, you despise him, and turn your backs upon him. You
would not do so to the temple, why do you do so to Christ? Oh, that
you unconverted ones knew the uses of Christ. Do you remember what
Joab did when Solomon was provoked to kill him. Joab fled, and though
he had no right to go into the temple, yet he felt it was a case of
necessity, and hoping to save his life he rushed up to the altar, and
held onto the horns of the altar. Benaiah came to him with a sword,
and said, “Come out,” and what did Joab say? “No,” he said, “but I
will die here”; and Benaiah had to go back and ask Solomon, “What is
to be done?” and Solomon said. “Do as he has said,” and so he killed
him right before the altar. Now, if you come to Christ, though the
avenger of blood is after you, you will be safe. He may come to you
and say, “Come out,” but you will reply, “I will die here.” You
cannot die there, for he shall hide you in the secret of his
pavilion, in the secret of his tabernacle he shall hide you, and with
your hand upon the blood stained horn no Benaiah, and no devil, and
no destroying angel can touch you. Sinner, it is your only hope. You
will be lost for ever, the sword shall pierce through your soul to
your everlasting destruction; but flee now to Christ the temple, and
lay hold upon the altar’s horn, and let this be on your mind —
I can but perish if I go,
I am resolved to try;
For if I stay away I know
I must for ever die.
But if I die with mercy sought,
When I’ve this altar tried,
This were to die, delightful thought,
As sinner never died.
By faith, this morning, I put my hand upon the altar’s horn. All my
hope, dread Sovereign, lies in the blood of your dear Son. Brethren
in Christ, let us all lay our hands there once again. Poor sinner, if
you have never done this before do it now, and say in your heart,
My faith doth lay her hand
Upon that altar’s horn,
And see my bleeding Lord at hand
Who all my sin has borne.
Christ is greater than the temple, may his great benediction rest
upon you. Amen.
[Portions Of Scripture Read Before Sermon — Ps 84; 87]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Spirit of the Psalms — Psalm 84” 84 @@ "(Song 2)"]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “The Christian, Privileges, Communion with Jesus — Christ The Eternal Life” 820]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Jesus Christ, His Praise — Song Of Songs” 427]
[a] Kiblah: The point (the temple at Mecca) to which Muslims turn at prayer. OED.
Spirit of the Psalms
Psalm 84 (Song 1)
1 How pleasant, how divinely fair,
Oh Lord of hosts, thy dwellings are!
With long desire my spirit faints
To meet the assemblies of thy saints.
2 My flesh would rest in thine abode,
My panting heart cries out for God;
My God! my King! why should I be
So far from all my joys and thee?
3 Bless’d are the saints who sit on high
Around thy throne of majesty;
Thy brightest glories shine above,
And all their work is praise and love.
4 Bless’d are the souls that find a place
Within the temple of thy grace;
There they behold thy gentler rays,
And seek thy face, and learn thy praise.
5 Bless’d are the men whose hearts are set
To find the way to Zion’s gate;
God is their strength, and through the road,
They lean upon their helper, God.
6 Cheerful they walk with growing strength,
Till all shall meet in heaven at length,
Till all before thy face appear,
And join in nobler worship there.
Isaac Watts, 1719.
Psalm 84 (Song 2)
1 Great God, attend while Sion sings
The joy that from thy presence springs;
To spend one day with thee on earth
Exceeds a thousand days of mirth.
2 Might I enjoy the meanest place
Within thy house, oh God of grace!
Not tents of ears, nor thrones of power,
Should tempt my feet to leave thy door.
3 God is our sun, he makes our day;
God is our shield, he guards our way
From all th’ assaults of hell and sin,
From foes without and foes within.
4 All needful grace will God bestow,
And crown that grace with glory too;
He gives us all things, and withholds
No real good from upright souls.
5 Oh God, our King, whose sovereign sway
The glorious hosts of heaven obey,
And devils at thy presence flee;
Bless’d is the man that trusts in thee.
Isaac Watts, 1719.
Psalm 84 (Song 3) <148th.>
1 Lord of the worlds above,
How pleasant and how fair
The dwellings of thy love,
Thy earthly temples are!
To thine abode,
My heart aspires
With warm desires,
To see my God.
2 Oh happy souls that pray
Where God appoints to hear!
Oh happy men that pay
Their constant service there!
They praise thee still;
And happy they
That love the way
To Zion’s hill.
3 They go from strength to strength,
Through this dark vale of tears,
Till each arrives at length,
Till each in heaven appears:
Oh glorious seat,
When God our King
Shall thither bring
Our willing feet.
4 To spend one sacred day,
Where God and saints abide,
Affords diviner joy
Than thousand days beside:
Where God resorts,
I love it more
To keep the door
Than shine in courts.
5 God is our sun and shield,
Our light and our defence;
With gifts his hands are fill’d;
We draw our blessings thence;
He shall bestow
On Jacob’s race
And glory too.
6 The Lord his people loves;
His hand no good withholds
From those his heart approves,
From pure and pious souls:
Thrice happy he,
Oh God of hosts,
Whose spirit trusts
Alone in thee.
Isaac Watts, 1719.
The Christian, Privileges, Communion with Jesus
820 — Christ The Eternal Life
1 Jesus, our Kinsman and our God,
Array’d in majesty and blood,
Thou art our life; our souls in thee
Possess a full felicity.
2 All our immortal hopes are laid
In thee, our Surety and our Head;
Thy cross, thy cradle, and thy throne,
Are big with glories yet unknown.
3 Oh, let my soul for ever lie
Beneath the blessings of thine eye;
‘Tis heaven on earth, ‘tis heaven above,
To see thy face, and taste thy love.
Isaac Watts, 1734.
Jesus Christ, His Praise
427 — Song Of Songs
1 Come, let us sing the song of songs,
The saints in heaven began the strain,
The homage which to Christ belongs:
“Worthy the Lamb, for he was slain!”
2 Slain to redeem us by his blood,
To cleanse from every sinful stain,
And make us kings and priests to God:
“Worthy the Lamb, for he was slain!”
3 To him who suffer’d on the tree,
Our souls, at his soul’s price, to gain,
Blessing, and praise, and glory be:
“Worthy the Lamb, for he was slain!”
4 To him, enthroned by filial right,
All power in heaven and earth proclaim,
Honour, and majesty, and might:
“Worthy the Lamb, for he was slain!”
5 Long as we live, and when we die,
And while in heaven with him we reign;
This song our song of songs shall be:
“Worthy the Lamb, for he was slain!”
James Montgomery, 1853.