A Sermon Delivered on Sunday Morning, October 1, 1865, by C. H. Spurgeon, at the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington.
He shall feed his flock like a shepherd. (Isaiah 40:11)
1. Our Lord Jesus is very frequently described as the shepherd of his people. The metaphor is inexhaustible, but it has been so often handled that I suppose it would be difficult to say anything new about it. We all know, and are very glad and comforted in the knowledge, that the Lord Jesus Christ, as our Shepherd, exercises towards us all the kind and necessary offices which a shepherd performs towards his sheep. With gentle sway he rules us for our good: “Let us worship and bow down; let us kneel before the Lord our Maker; for he is our God, and we are the people of his pasture and the sheep of his hand.” He guides us: “And when he puts out his own sheep he goes before them, and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice.” He provides for us: “The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not lack. He makes me to lie down in green pastures: he leads me beside the still waters.” He protects us from all forms of evil; therefore, “though we walk through the valley of the shadow of death, we will fear no evil, for he is with us: his rod and his staff, they comfort us.” If we wander, he seeks us out and brings us back. “He restores my soul; he leads me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.” If we are broken, he binds us up; if we are wounded, he heals according to his own word, “I will bind up what was broken, and will strengthen what was sick.” The sheep is an animal of many diseases and many needs, and so the Christian is an individual of many sins and many infirmities; but just as the shepherd endeavours to meet all the needs of his flock, so our Lord Jesus helps all the blood bought company in all their needs.
2. We propose to illustrate the great doctrine of the text in a scriptural, and therefore we hope in an interesting, manner. First, we shall consider in connection with the text, Old Testament illustrations ; in the second place, New Testament descriptions; and, in the third place, Impressive applications.
Old Testament Illustrations of Christ as Shepherd
3. I. We commence with OLD TESTAMENT ILLUSTRATIONS of the manner in which the Lord Jesus Christ discharges the office of feeding his flock like a shepherd.
4. Out of five great types we begin with Abel, the shepherd slain. The second man who was born into the world was a shepherd, and was in many respects typical of our good Shepherd. “Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.” Abel was a type of the Saviour in that, being a shepherd, he sanctified his work to the glory of God, and he offered a sacrifice of blood upon the altar of the Lord, and the Lord had respect for Abel and his offering. This early type of our Lord is not very full and comprehensive, but it is exceedingly clear and distinct. Like the first streak of light which tinges the east at the sunrise, it does not reveal everything, but it clearly reveals the great fact that the sun is coming. Abel is nothing like so complete and perfect a portrait of our own Lord Jesus, as other shepherds of whom we have to speak; but as we see him standing a shepherd and yet a sacrificing priest offering upon the altar a sacrifice of sweet smell to God, we discern there at once the picture of our Lord, who brings before his Father a sacrifice of precious blood, to which Jehovah always has respect. Abel, the sacrificing shepherd, was hated by his brother—hated without a cause; and even so was the Saviour: the spirit of this world, the natural and carnal man, hated the better man, the accepted man in whom the Spirit of grace was found, and did not rest until his blood had been shed. Abel fell, and sprinkled his own altar and his sacrifice with his own blood; and he must be blind indeed who cannot behold the Lord Jesus slain by the enmity of man while serving as a priest before the Lord. Abel is the type of Jesus the slain shepherd; let us attentively consider him. We have been reading in the tenth chapter of John, this morning, that the good Shepherd lays down his life for the sheep—let us weep over him as we view him stretched upon the ground by the hatred of mankind at the foot of his own altar of sacrifice, pouring out his blood. We read of Abel’s blood, in the New Testament, that it speaks. “He being dead yet speaks.” “The Lord said to Cain, ‘The voice of your brother’s blood cries to me from the ground.’” Herein we have a blessed type of the Lord: his blood had a mighty tongue, and the importance of its prevailing cry is not vengeance but mercy.
The rich blood of Jesus slain
Speaks peace as loud from every vein.
It is precious beyond all preciousness to stand at Jesus Christ’s altar, and to see him himself offered there as a whole burnt offering acceptable to God; to see him lying bleeding there as the slaughtered priest, and then to hear the voice of his blood speaking peace in our consciences, peace in the Church of God, peace between Jew and Gentile, peace between man and his offended Maker—speaking peace all down through the ages of eternity for blood washed man. Abel is first in order of time, and Jesus first in order of excellence. The earth opened her mouth to receive Abel’s blood, and Jesus’ sacrifice has blessed this poor, sin ruined world. Abel received divine witness to his righteousness, and Jesus obtained the same in the day of his resurrection; but the abundance of other subject matter forbids us to linger.
5. Further down the page of sacred history we find another shepherd. He is a more instructive type of the Saviour, perhaps, than the first, but in Abel we discover a truth which is absent in all others. Abel is the only one of the typical shepherds who dies at the foot of the altar, he is the only sacrificing shepherd; and herein you see Jesus Christ in the very earliest ages portrayed to mankind as the slaughtered victim; that whatever else the early saints might not see, yet they might know that the seed of the woman would shed his precious blood. This most vital truth is not withheld even for a short time.
6. Now we turn to Jacob, the toiling shepherd. Here is a type of the good Shepherd not as dying, but as keeping sheep with the purpose to get for himself a spouse and a flock. Jacob left his father’s house. He departed from all the joy and comfort of the house in which he was the recognised heir, both by his own purchase and his father’s promise. Our Lord Jesus Christ, out of the love which he bore for us, left his Father’s house above, and came down to tabernacle among men. Jacob went to his mother’s kindred; and even so our Lord, on the mother’s side, counts men his kindred. “He came to his own.” That vision which Jacob saw the first night after he had left his father’s house, seems to me to be a representation of the great object which our Lord had set before him as the intent of his mission here below. Jacob slept, and dreamed that he saw a ladder whose foot stood upon the earth, while the top reached to the heaven of heavens, from where a Covenant God spoke to his chosen servant; and so, before the Saviour’s eye, as the great reward of all his life’s travail, he saw a ladder set up by which earth should be connected with heaven. He saw fallen man at the foot of it, but he beheld a Covenant God at the top, while the angels of God ascending and descending upon his own person, as upon the divine road of communication by which prayer mounts, and mercy descends. As soon as Jacob arrived at the house of his mother’s kindred, he began to work for the love which he had for Rachel; and Jesus Christ no sooner descended upon this lower earth, than he began at once to labour to win his spouse. Now there were in the house of manhood two daughters to both of whom Jesus must be affianced. There was first of all the Jewish Church, which was in his eyes his Rachel, his dearly beloved, and he toiled for her; but in the days of his flesh his own did not receive him. Though while he was here below, he declared that he was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel, yet Israel was not gathered; yet Jesus did not lose his reward, for the Gentile Church, the tender eyed Leah, was his reward. “Although Israel is not gathered, yet I shall be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, and my God shall be my strength. And he said, ‘It is a light thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give you for a light to the Gentiles, so that you may be my salvation to the end of the earth.’” Leah, the Gentile Church, is far more fruitful to Christ in spiritual children than the Rachel for whom he served in the days of his flesh; but the day comes when Rachel shall be more fully increased, when the fulness of the Gentiles having been gathered in, the Jew shall recognise Messiah, and the Jewish people shall honour their King. We understand from Jacob’s own description of his toil, that his labour in order to acquire his spouse was of the most arduous character; and it will be well for the intelligent Christian to see Jesus Christ in just such toil, seeking to redeem for himself his own beloved, so that they might for ever be one with himself in his own glory. In the thirty-first chapter of Genesis, Jacob, while expostulating with Laban, thus describes his own toil: “I have been with you for twenty years; your ewes and your she-goats have not cast their young, and the rams of your flock I have not eaten. What was torn by beasts I did not bring to you: I bore the loss of it; you required it from my hand, whether stolen by day, or stolen by night. Thus I was; in the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from my eyes. Thus I have been twenty years in your house: I served you fourteen years for your two daughters, and six years for your cattle; and you have changed my wages ten times.” (Genesis 31:38-41) The life of our Saviour here below was even more toilsome than this. He watched over all his sheep until he could turn in as his last account, “Of all those whom you have given to me I have lost no one, except the son of perdition, so that the Scriptures might be fulfilled.” His hair was wet with dew, and his locks with the drops of the night. Sleep departed from his eyes, for all night he was in prayer wrestling with God. One night it is Peter who must be pleaded for; another time, another claims his tearful intercession. No shepherd sitting beneath the cold skies, looking up to the stars, could ever utter such complaints because of the hardness of his toil as Jesus Christ might have brought, if he had chosen to do so, because of the sternness of his service in order to gather his people to himself.
Cold mountains and the midnight air,
Witnessed the fervour of his prayer;
The desert his temptation knew,
His conflict and his victory too.
It is sweet to dwell upon the spiritual parallel of Laban having required all the sheep at Jacob’s hand. If they were torn by beasts he must make it good; if any of them died, he must stand as surety for the whole. And did not the Saviour stand in the same way while he was here below? Was not his toil for his Church just the toil of one who felt that he was under suretyship obligations to bring every one of them safe to the hand of him who had committed them to his charge? Look upon toiling Jacob and you see a representation of him of whom the text says, “He shall feed his flock like a shepherd.” There is one other point of resemblance here, namely, that when Jacob had thus purchased his spouse for himself, and had received a reward for all his toil out of the flock which he himself tended, he then conducted both his family and his flock away from Laban. This is a point never to be forgotten. Shouldering his cross, Jesus went outside the camp, and in so doing he speaks to each of us. “Let us therefore go outside the camp, bearing his reproach.” He went to his mother’s brethren so that he might call out his chosen from among men, and his voice to his spouse is, “Listen, oh daughter, and consider: forget your own people also, and your father’s house. So shall the king greatly desire your beauty: for he is your Lord; and worship him.” Jacob coming back from Laban to the Promised Land, is a true picture of Jesus Christ coming up from the world, followed by his Church, to enter upon that better Canaan which has been given to us by a covenant of salt for ever. The toiling shepherd has never ceased his work until he has bidden farewell to Laban once and for all, and has come to dwell in tents where Abraham and Isaac had lived before him; and Christ’s work is not accomplished in us until he has made us like himself, holy, harmless, undefiled, and separate from sinners. Although these types are very full, I choose rather to give them to you as suggestions to think out for yourselves, than to enlarge upon them myself.
7. Joseph is a type of Jesus, reigning in the Egypt of this world for the good of his own people, while they are here below. Remember Joseph’s history. We find that he kept his father’s flock with his brothers. So did our Saviour when he began to teach and to preach. In the midst of the envious Scribes and Pharisees he kept his Father’s flock. They could not, however, tolerate him in whom they discerned a royalty not in themselves. Just as Joseph wore a coat of many colours, indicative of princely rank and of his father’s love, even so Jesus Christ in the perfections of his nature, being something more than ordinary man, was soon recognised by envious shepherds as anointed with the oil of gladness above his fellows. Then they began to find fault with his words. He had seen a dream, in which the sun, and moon, and the eleven stars made obeisance to him. And as the envious Scribes and Pharisees listened to the word of the Saviour, and heard him claim that he was the Son of God, and that he came down from heaven, they thought that he dreamed; they charged him with blasphemy, and immediately their hearts were turned against him, and they were determined to destroy him. They sold him for thirty pieces of silver, the price of a slave. So our Joseph was sold into Egypt to the powers of evil. There he was falsely accused, although there was no sin in him. Our Joseph, our blessed Shepherd, was cast into the prison of the grave, and there he abode for awhile, but by and by he came out of prison, and Joseph—Jesus—it does not matter which word I use, Joseph was made ruler over all the land of Egypt. That same Shepherd of ours who was sold by his envious brethren, and who went down into the prison tomb, is now exalted high above all principalities and powers, and every name that is named; and even here, in this Egypt, where his people now live, Jesus Christ is King. Not a dog dares to move his tongue in all the land of Egypt without the permission of Joseph, and surely no enemy can forge a weapon against Christ’s Church here on earth.
He overrules all mortal things,
And manages our mean affairs.
The Father has committed all power to his Son. Jesus Christ is King over Egypt’s realm. Now observe the likeness between Joseph and Jesus in this respect. Joseph was of very outstanding advantage to the Egyptians. They must have starved in the years of famine, if his prescient eye had not foreseen the famine, and stored up the plenty of the seven previous years. And Jesus Christ is of great service even to this wicked world. It is by him that it is preserved. The barren fig tree was spared because the husbandman pleaded for it, and the intercession of Jesus Christ spares the lives of the unregenerate; and although they will be swept away with the besom of destruction when their iniquity is fully ripe, yet meanwhile they are spared because of the mediatorial sovereignty of the great Shepherd. Jesus Christ, like Joseph, rules over the land of Egypt; but Joseph ruled for a special purpose. God had sent Joseph to Egypt, but not mainly for the sake of the Egyptians. “God has sent me here to save your souls alive”; this was Joseph’s own testimony. Jesus Christ now has power over all flesh—why? “So that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him.” The universal reign of Christ, in which respect his redemption comes to all the sons of men, has for its object that special redemption, in which respect it comes only to his own people, who are his sheep. Perhaps some of you may wonder how I venture to call Joseph a shepherd. You grant me that in his early days he kept his father’s flock, but was he a shepherd while he was in Egypt? You will believe the dying words of his father Jacob, will you not? His father Jacob, when speaking of him said, “Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall; the archers have severely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him: but his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob”;—then there comes a sentence between brackets—“from there is the shepherd, the stone of Israel.” Joseph is here called the shepherd and the stone. I could not understand in my meditation why he should be both a shepherd and a stone, but you remember that Jesus Christ was at once the shepherd and the stone which the builders refused, which afterwards became the headstone of the corner; and so Joseph in being a shepherd of his people, and in having been the cornerstone of the Israelite nation while they were in Egypt, was both the shepherd and the stone of Israel. Beloved, it seems to me to be such a delightful thought to think that Jesus Christ is King today in the world. The Lord reigns: let the earth rejoice. Jesus Christ wears the crown of universal monarchy today. “The Lord said to my lord, ‘Sit on my right hand until your enemies are made your footstool’”; so that nothing happens now, except what Jesus permits, ordains, and overrules. Let empires go to wreck and ruin, it is Christ who breaks them with a rod of iron, and smashes them like potters’ vessels: let conflagrations burn down cities, and let diseases devastate nations, let war succeed to war, and pestilence to famine, yet still our Joseph rules all things well, and we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, who are called according to his purpose. The saints are in the world, but Christ reigns over the world for his Church, so that it may be kept and preserved in the midst of an evil generation. You remember that remarkable saying, “Now every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians”—a strange thing, and yet in Egypt the shepherds found their shelter. Now every Christian is an abomination to the world, and yet it is in this world that at the present time we dwell in so much temporal comfort, under such excellent government, with so little disturbance. To what can we attribute it except to this, that Jesus sits upon the throne and rules Egypt for the good of Israel, and the world is made subservient to the blessedness of the Church of God. I must not tarry any longer, though it is a very tempting theme, but I want to take you on to the next shepherd.
8. Jesus Christ will be represented to you in quite a different character under the next illustration. Moses was not a ruler in Egypt, but quite a distinct character. Moses, when he kept sheep, kept them in the wilderness, far away from all other flocks; and when he became a shepherd over God’s people Israel, his business was not to preserve them in Egypt, but to conduct them out of it. Here, then, is a representation of Jesus Christ as the Shepherd of a separated people, called from among men, and made to be a distinguished nation, not numbered among the people. Jesus, like Moses, might have been a king. The devil said to him, “I will give you all these things if you will fall down and worship me.” The people would have taken him, we read, and made him a king, for he was naturally of the royal family, but he refused. Just as Moses refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, so Jesus Christ said, “Get behind me, Satan,” to all the pomp and glory of this present world, and preferred to take part with his poor, despised people, who were crushed down by the reigning powers in the Egypt of his days. Now, Moses began his mission, you remember, by going to Pharaoh and saying, “Thus says the Lord, ‘Let my people go, so that they may serve me.’ ” Jesus Christ begins as the Shepherd of the separate ones by demanding that they should be let go from the bondage of their natural estate. With a high hand and with an outstretched arm, he brings out his people from among men: he works plagues and marvels, but he brings them all out. “Not a hoof shall be left behind”; not one child of God, not one sheep of his pasture left in the Egypt of sin and death. They shall all be made to go outside the camp—leaving even Goshen to go into a wilderness because they must be alone with God, and they cannot worship him in a land full of idols. I might dwell for a long time on all the transactions of Moses in Egypt, and especially upon the paschal supper, all of which was doubtless typical of him of whom the text says, “He shall feed his flock like a shepherd.” Our main point is the great exodus of Moses, who at the head of all the tribes goes out to Succoth. There they pitch their tents. By and by they advance to Pihahiroth with the Red Sea before them. With Moses’ staff to lead the vanguard they pass through the sea dryshod, and come absolutely into the wilderness of separation, as, beloved, every heir of heaven is brought right out of Egypt, led through the Red Sea of Jesus Christ’s blood, baptized into Jesus, and brought out into the separated position in the wilderness. Now, it is easy to see how Moses was a shepherd to the people while in the wilderness. He led them in all their wanderings. He was King in Jeshurun over the people whom God had given to him. When they wanted food his prayer brought down the manna or the quails; when they needed drink it was his voice that made the rock burst forth with floods, or his rod that struck, and lo, the flinty rock gushed with torrents. If there were Amalekites to fight, the uplifted arm of Moses did more than the sharp sword of Joshua. They sometimes received chastisement from him. He ground the golden calf to pieces, and strewed the powder on water and made them drink it. They were equally dependent upon him for comfort too; his speech distilled as the dew and dropped as the rain, the small rain upon the tender herb. Moses, like a shepherd, had to carry all the people in his bosom as God’s appointed messenger, and often he found it a very weary load, so that he said, “I cannot bear the burden of this great people alone.” You have here a suggestive type of Jesus Christ, the leader of the separated Church. Brethren, I think all of us may not only catch the idea but live it out, the Church is in the desert now. We have left the world, we have left its maxims, its customs, its religion. We hate the world’s religion as much as we do its irreligion. We have forsaken it for good, never to go back again; and although the flesh sometimes falls to lusting and would gladly go back to the old bondage, yet, under the guidance of our greater Shepherd, who leads his people far away from Mizraim’s polluted shore, we march onward by circuitous ways to the promised rest.
9. The last type I plan to give you is David. This shepherd represents Jesus Christ, not at all as the others, but as King in the midst of his Church. David, like Jesus Christ, begins his life with trials. He is anointed and immediately he begins to suffer. The world’s king recognises him, fixes his eye upon him, hurls the javelin at him, hunts him like a partridge on the mountains, and does not rest until he himself is slain. Poor David is the apt picture of Jesus Christ in the days of his flesh, hunted by the world’s king who would gladly put him down and crush out his spark. David at length mounts to his throne, quietly and in peace he sits in Jerusalem as king over Israel and Judah; and even to this day, though the kings of the earth set themselves against him, and their rulers take counsel together, yet this is the decree concerning our Lord, “Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.” That same Shepherd who of old snatched the lamb out of the jaw of the lion and delivered his sheep from the paw of the bear; that same Shepherd who, in pangs of death, took the lion of hell by the beard and killed him; that same Shepherd sits as King in the Jerusalem above, and all his saints delight to do him homage. All hail, oh Son of David! Reign for ever! Hosanna to you! Your enemies cannot dispossess you; you have defeated them terribly, and they shall still feel the terror of your arm. The Shepherd reigns, Jesus Christ is King of God’s Church, and one of these days the reign of David will blossom into the reign of Solomon. We shall see Jesus Christ under a still more glorious type, for he shall reign from the river even to the ends of the earth. There shall be no war with the Ammonites, no war anywhere; all enemies shall have been put beneath his feet, and the kings of the nations shall bow before him, and those who dwell in the wilderness shall lick the dust. May that millennial splendour soon dawn, when the Son of David shall be King for ever and ever as the great Shepherd, reigning over all lands. Think over these five illustrations, and there will be much instruction here concerning him who feeds his flock like a shepherd.
New Testament Descriptions of the Shepherd
10. II. Now let the Christian who is not weary follow me in three NEW TESTAMENT DESCRIPTIONS.
11. Jesus Christ the Shepherd, is described in the New Testament, as I dare say you all remember, in three ways. He is first of all spoken of as the good Shepherd, next, as the great Shepherd, and thirdly, as the chief Shepherd. I do not know that any other adjective is appended to his name of Shepherd. First, turn to the tenth chapter of John, there you find him described as the good Shepherd. “The good shepherd gives his life for the sheep.” (John 10:11) Goodness is the special excellence which seems to gleam in the character of our Lord in his earthly life and in his passion for the sons of men. As I look upon my Lord and Master here, despised and rejected by men, I know he is the great Shepherd, but his greatness does not strike me; his flock is so few. We read in the Acts that “the number of the names together were about one hundred and twenty.” “Foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests, but I, the Son of Man, do not have anywhere to lay my head.” Herein is goodness, but the greatness is concealed. When he saw the multitude, he had compassion upon them, for they were like sheep having no shepherd. Here is the good Shepherd: he healed their sicknesses and wept over their sins—here is goodness indeed. When it was time for him to die, he crossed the brook Kidron, and suffered until he sweat great drops in the garden; he went to trial and condemnation, and then to the mount of doom, to suffer, bleed, and die. Here is the good Shepherd—the good Shepherd bleeding for the sheep. Can you tell me how good a Shepherd Jesus was? Can you measure the height and depth of the extraordinary goodness that resided in him?—so good that he saved others, himself he could not save—so good that when he rendered in his account, he could say, “I have lost none.” He had kept them all safely, though he himself had bowed his head and given up the ghost.
12. You will find in Hebrews chapter thirteen that he is called the great Shepherd. Does that refer to his life on earth, and to his death? Not at all. Kindly observe the connection. “Now the God of peace who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus Christ, that great Shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, make you perfect in every good work to do his will.” (Hebrews 13:20,21) Do you perceive? He is not the great Shepherd when he dies: he is the good Shepherd, but he is the great Shepherd when he is brought again from the dead. In resurrection you perceive his greatness. He lies in the grave slumbering; he is the good Shepherd then, having laid down his life for the sheep; life appears again in him, the stone is rolled away, the watchmen are seized with terror, and he stands out as the risen one, no more the dying—now he is the great Shepherd. He reveals himself for forty days among his own disciples, and then at last taking them to the hill of Galilee a cloud receives him out of their sight, and up he mounts as the great Shepherd. When he has told them to go to Jerusalem, they sit waiting until the time of the fulness is come, and suddenly there is heard the sound of a rushing mighty wind, and fiery tongues sit upon all of them. Who has given this blessing to each? Who is it? This is the great Shepherd. He has ascended on high, and has received gifts for men; you still see the Shepherd, but now he is the great Shepherd, the Shepherd riding in triumphal state through the midst of New Jerusalem, amidst the acclamations of angels, and sending to his sheep down below the precious gift of apostles and ministers of various orders, according to his own will. He was the good Shepherd before, he is the good Shepherd now; but he is also preeminently the great Shepherd. Let us delight to think of this greatness of our Lord Jesus Christ. Let us extol and bless him. Observe, carefully, that while the good Shepherd lays down his life, that you may have life, and have it more abundantly, he is the great Shepherd for another purpose. What does it say? “Make you perfect in every good work to do his will.” Yes, he dies to wash away your sin, but he rises for your justification and your complete sanctification, that just as the Lord left his grave clothes behind him, so you may leave your sins behind you; and just as he left the tomb behind him, never to enter it, so you may leave the old dead world in which you once lived, and live in newness of life.
13. We have a third text remaining in First Peter chapter five. Here you have the Saviour called the chief Shepherd. When is this? In Peter he is not the good Shepherd—he is not the great Shepherd—he is all that, but he is a great deal more—he is the chief Shepherd. When will he wear this title? Do you notice, beloved, this one thing; let me have your hearts here. While he is the good Shepherd he is all alone, no other one is mentioned; while he is the great Shepherd he is still alone, and only a bare hint of others, but when he is the chief Shepherd, it is implied that there are others among whom he is chief. Notice, then, that in the atonement Jesus is alone—there is no one with the good Shepherd: in resurrection for our justification he is alone—no one aids the great Shepherd: but at the second advent he will be with his people chief among many. Read the verse: “And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, you shall receive a crown of glory that does not fade away.” (1 Peter 5:4) So you see Christ is the chief Shepherd at the second advent; then the world shall be astonished to find that though alone in atonement, and alone in justification, he is not alone in service or in glory. Then every minister who has fed his sheep, every teacher who has fed his lambs—all of you, holy men and women, who have in any way whatever contributed under him towards the guidance, and the government, and the feeding, and the protection of his dear, blood bought flock—you shall appear. He has no crown, you perceive, as the good Shepherd; we do not read about a crown for him as the great Shepherd, but when he comes with the crown by which his mother crowned him, then shall you also appear with him in glory, having the crown of life that does not fade away. I do not know whether this particular circumstance interests you, but it struck me when I observed it: Good in his dying, great in his rising, chief in his coming. It seems to me to gather such force—good to me as a sinner, great to me as a saint, chief to me as one with him in his glorious reign. I pass, as it were, through three stages—a sinner, then I look to the good Shepherd laying down his life for the sheep; I reach higher ground, and I am a saint, I look to the great Shepherd to make me perfect in every good work to do his will; I mount still higher, I die, I rise again, I walk in resurrection life, and now I look to the chief Shepherd, and hope to receive from his hands the crown of life which he shall give to me, and not to me only, but to all those who love his appearing, the good, great, chief Shepherd. May God give us grace, meditating upon these things, to know them and enter into them.
14. III. In conclusion I promised one or two IMPRESSIVE APPLICATIONS.
15. The first application is one of comfort and satisfaction to you who are poor, needy, weary, troubled lambs or sheep of the flock. Our own text runs thus, “He shall feed his flock like a shepherd.” What next? “He shall gather the lambs with his arms, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those who are with young.” The lambs have not the value of mature sheep, yet they are the most thought of under the great Shepherd. They might fetch the least price in the market, but they have the greatest portion of his heart. You needy, troubled ones, I want you to look here and note down in your memories that although there are promises for all saints, there are special promises for you. Jesus Christ will take care that the lambs and those who are with young, shall be especially taken care of. Notice this in Jacob, whom I introduced to you as the toiling shepherd; when he met with Esau, Esau wanted him to accept a guard to go with him, but he said, “My lord knows that the children are tender, and the flocks and herds with young are with me: and if men should overdrive them one day, all the flock will die.” Jesus, the good Shepherd, will not travel at such a rate as to overdrive the lambs. He has tender consideration for the poor and needy. Kings usually look after the interests of the great, and the rich, but in the kingdom of our great Shepherd, he cares most for the poor. “He shall judge the poor of the people.” The weaklings and the sickly of the flock are the special objects of the Saviour’s care. A proof of this you find at the thirty-fourth chapter of Ezekiel, “I will seek what was lost, and bring again what was driven away, and I will bind up what was broken, and I will strengthen what was sick.” (Ezekiel 34:16) Inexpressibly comforting words to the broken, sick, needy, Christian! You think dear heart, that you are forgotten, because of your nothingness and weakness, and poverty. This is the very reason why you are remembered. There is a mother here this morning: she has seven children; I know what child she has been thinking of while we have been preaching. She has not been thinking of John, who is married and away, nor of Mary who is in health, nor of Thomas who is sitting by her side, but she has been thinking of the poor little one at home in bed, and she has wondered whether he has had any sleep this morning, and whether he has been well taken care of. You know that my guess is correct. Now Jesus Christ, our loving Shepherd, if he should forget those of us who are strong and in sound health, will be sure to remember the sickly ones. He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arms and carry them in his bosom. He shall gently lead those who are with young.
16. A second application containing comfort and warning too. Sinner, to you our Lord Jesus Christ now represents himself as being a Shepherd who is come to seek and to save those who were lost. Here are his own words: “What man of you having a hundred sheep, if he loses one of them, does not leave the ninety and nine in the wilderness and go after the lost one, until he finds it? And when he has found it, he lays it on his shoulders, rejoicing; and calls together his friends and his neighbours, saying, ‘Rejoice with me for I have found the sheep which was lost.’ ” Such is Jesus now, looking after stray sheep. Where are you, where are you this morning? The great Shepherd comes after you, and oh, what joy will be in his heart, what joy there will be in heaven when the great Shepherd shall throw you on his shoulders and bring you home.
17. But listen. Did you ever notice that the same Shepherd who saves the lost, will curse the finally impenitent? He shall separate them one from another as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats, and he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. Then he shall say to them on the left hand, “Depart you cursed.” What lips are those which pronounce those dreadful words? The Shepherd’s lips; the lips of that same Shepherd who runs over the mountains to the lost sheep, of whom I trust it will yet be said, “We were as sheep going astray, but we have now returned to the Shepherd and Bishop of our souls.” That same seeker of the lost and gatherer together of those who are scattered, will say, “Depart you cursed into everlasting fire in hell prepared for the devil and his angels.” Oh, sinner, may you know the Shepherd as binding up your broken bones and healing your wounds, and rejoicing over your saved soul, for if you do not, you will have to know him in another and more terrible character, when he shall curse you, separating you from his own sheep as the Shepherd divides the sheep from the goats.
18. So we shall conclude with these words, which may be for both saint and sinner. Let it never be forgotten, that in all we have said about Jesus Christ, still, as a Shepherd, he is preeminently to be preached as the suffering One. I began with Abel and I must conclude with Abel. Zechariah has recorded these remarkable words of Jehovah, “‘Awake, oh sword, against my shepherd, and against the man who is my fellow,’ says the Lord. ‘Strike the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered.’” Oh sinner, you have most of all to do today with the Abel-shepherd—with the Shepherd dead on the altar; with the Shepherd with his blood crying up to heaven, with the sword of Jehovah in his heart. You shall know about the toiling shepherd by and by; the Shepherd reigning in Egypt, the Joseph you shall know soon; the Shepherd of the separated flock, you shall follow before long; the Shepherd reigning in Jerusalem, the David you shall rejoice to serve; but now you have to do with the Shepherd bleeding and dying. Listen to these words, and I am finished: “All we like sheep have gone astray, every one has turned to his own way, and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.” Herein is Jesus to be seen, suffering, bleeding, dying, on that accursed tree. He is there, the Shepherd to whom if we look we shall live, and live for ever. May God enable you to turn those poor eyes of yours which have been red with weeping over sin, or red with the drunkenness of wickedness, and see in Jesus Christ your iniquity put away, Jehovah reconciled, and your souls eternally saved. Amen.
[Portion of Scripture Read Before Sermon—John 10:1-18, 24-29]