A Sermon Delivered on Sunday Morning, February 8, 1863, by Pastor C. H. Spurgeon, at the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington.
And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. (Luke 22:44)
1. Few had fellowship with the sorrows of Gethsemane. The majority of the disciples were not there. They were not sufficiently advanced in grace to be admitted to behold the mysteries of “the agony.” Occupied with the Passover feast at their own houses, they represent the many who live upon the letter, but are mere babes and sucklings concerning the spirit of the gospel. The walls of Gethsemane fitly typify that weakness in grace which effectually shuts in the deeper marvels of communion from the gaze of ordinary believers. To twelve, no, to eleven only was the privilege given to enter Gethsemane and see this great sight. Out of the eleven, eight were left at a distance; they had fellowship, but not of that intimate kind to which the greatly beloved men are admitted. Only three highly favoured ones, who had been with him on the mount of transfiguration, and had witnessed the life giving miracle in the house of Jairus — only these three could approach the veil of his mysterious sorrow: within that veil even these must not intrude; a stone’s throw distance must be left between. He must tread the winepress alone, and of the people there must be none with him. Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, represent the few eminent, experienced, grace taught saints, who may be written down as “Fathers”; these having done business on great waters, can in some degree, measure the huge Atlantic waves of their Redeemer’s passion; having been much alone with him, they can read his heart far better than those who merely see him amid the crowd. To some selected spirits it is given, for the good of others, and to strengthen them for some future, special, and tremendous conflict, to enter the inner circle and hear the pleadings of the suffering High Priest; they have fellowship with him in his sufferings, and are made conformable to his death. Yet I say, even these, the elect out of the elect, these choice and peculiar favourites among the king’s courtiers, even these cannot penetrate the secret places of the Saviour’s woe, so as to comprehend all his agonies. “Your unknown sufferings” is the remarkable expression of the Greek liturgy; for there is an inner chamber in his grief, shut out from human knowledge and fellowship. Was it not here that Christ was more than ever an “Unspeakable gift” to us? Is not Watts right when he sings —
And all the unknown joys he gives,
Were bought with agonies unknown.
Since it would not be possible for any believer, however experienced, to know for himself all that our Lord endured in the place of the olive press, when he was crushed beneath the upper and the nether millstone of mental suffering and hellish malice, it is clearly far beyond the preacher’s capacity to explain to you. Jesus himself must give you access to the wonders of Gethsemane: as for me, I can only invite you to enter the garden, bidding you to take your shoes off your feet, for the place where we stand is holy ground. I am neither Peter, nor James, nor John, but one who would try like them to drink from the Master’s cup, and be baptized with his baptism. So far I have advanced only as far as that band of eight, but there I have listened to the deep groanings of the Man of Sorrows. Some of you, my venerable friends, may have learned far more than I; but you will not refuse to hear again the roarings of the many waters which strove to quench the love of the Great Husband of our souls.
2. Several matters will require our brief consideration. Come Holy Spirit, breathe light into our thoughts, life into our words.
The Saviour’s Unutterable Woe
3. I. Come here and behold the SAVIOUR’S UNUTTERABLE WOE.
4. The emotions of that dolorous night are expressed by several words in Scripture. John describes him as saying four days before his passion, “Now my soul is troubled,” as he saw the gathering clouds he hardly knew where to turn, and cried out “What shall I say?” Matthew writes of him, “he began to be sorrowful and very heavy.” Upon the word ad?µ??e?? translated “very heavy,” Goodwin remarks that there was a distraction in the Saviour’s agony since the root of the word means “separated from the people — men in distraction, being separated from mankind.” What a thought, my brethren, that our blessed Lord should be driven to the very verge of distraction by the intensity of his anguish. Matthew represents the Saviour himself as saying “My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death.” Here the word pe????p?? means encompassed, encircled, overwhelmed with grief. “He was plunged head and ears in sorrow and had no breathing hole,” is the strong expression of Goodwin. Sin leaves no cranny for comfort to enter, and therefore the sin bearer must be entirely immersed in woe. Mark records that he began to be severely amazed, and to be very heavy. In this case ?aµße?s?a?, with the prefix e?, shows extremity of amazement like that of Moses when he exceedingly feared and trembled. Oh blessed Saviour, how can we bear to think of you as a man astonished and alarmed! Yet it was even so when the terrors of God set themselves in array against you. Luke uses the strong language of my text — “being in an agony.” These expressions, each of them worthy to be the theme of a discourse, are quite sufficient to show that the grief of the Saviour was of the most extraordinary character; well justifying the prophetic exclamation “Behold and see if there is any sorrow like my sorrow which was done to me.” He stands before us peerless in misery. No one was molested by the powers of evil as he was; as if the powers of hell had given orders to their legions, “Fight neither with small nor great, except only with the king himself.”
5. Should we profess to understand all the sources of our Lord’s agony, wisdom would rebuke us with the question “Have you entered into the springs of the sea? or have you walked in search of the depths?” We cannot do more than look at the revealed causes of grief. It partly arose from the horror of his soul when fully comprehending the meaning of sin. Brethren, when you were first convicted of sin and saw it as a thing exceedingly sinful, although your perception of its sinfulness was very faint compared with its real heinousness, yet horror took hold upon you. Do you remember those sleepless nights? Like the Psalmist, you said “My bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long, for day and night your hand was heavy upon me; my moisture is turned into the drought of summer.” Some of us can remember when our souls chose strangling rather than life; when if the shadows of death could have covered us from the wrath of God we would have been too glad to sleep in the grave so that we might not make our bed in hell. Our blessed Lord saw sin in its natural blackness. He had a most distinct perception of its treasonable assault upon his God, its murderous hatred to himself, and its destructive influence upon mankind. Well might horror take hold upon him, for a sight of sin must be far more hideous than a sight of hell, which is only its offspring.
6. Another deep fountain of grief was found in the fact that Christ now assumed more fully his official position with regard to sin. He was now made sin. Hear the word! He, who knew no sin, was made sin for us, so that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. In that night the words of Isaiah were fulfilled — “The Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.” Now he stood as the sin bearer, the substitute accepted by divine justice to bear that we might never bear all of divine wrath. At that hour heaven looked on him as standing in the sinner’s place, and treated as sinful man had richly deserved to be treated. Oh! dear friends, when the immaculate Lamb of God found himself in the place of the guilty, when he could not repudiate that place because he had voluntarily accepted it in order to save his chosen, what must his soul have felt, how must his perfect nature have been shocked at such close association with iniquity?
7. We believe that at this time, our Lord had a very clear view of all the shame and suffering of his crucifixion. The agony was only one of the first drops of the tremendous shower which discharged itself upon his head. He foresaw the speedy coming of the traitor disciple, the seizure by the officers, the mock trials before the Sanhedrin, and Pilate, and Herod, the scourging and buffeting, the crown of thorns, the shame, the spitting. All these rose up before his mind, and, as it is a general law of our nature that the foresight of trial is more grievous than trial itself, we can conceive how it was that he who answered not a word when in the midst of the conflict, could not restrain himself from strong crying and tears in the prospect of it. Beloved friends, if you can revive before your mind’s eye the terrible incidents of his death, the hounding through the streets of Jerusalem, the nailing to the cross, the fever, the thirst, and, above all, forsaking of his God, you cannot marvel that he began to be very heavy, and was severely amazed.
8. But possibly a yet more fruitful tree of bitterness was this — that now his Father began to withdraw his presence from him. The shadow of that great eclipse began to fall upon his spirit when he knelt in that cold midnight amidst the olives of Gethsemane. The sensible comforts which had cheered his spirit were taken away; that blessed application of promises which Christ Jesus needed as a man, was removed, all that we understand by the term “consolations of God” were hidden from his eyes. He was left single handed in his weakness to contend for the deliverance of man. The Lord stood by as if he were an indifferent spectator, or rather, as if he were an adversary, he wounded him “with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one.”
9. But in our judgment the fiercest heat of the Saviour’s suffering in the garden lay in the temptations of Satan. That hour more than any other time in his life, even beyond the forty days of conflict in the wilderness, was the time of his temptation. “This is your hour and the power of darkness.” Now he could emphatically say, “The prince of this world comes.” This was his last hand-to-hand fight with all the hosts of hell, and here he must sweat great drops of blood before the victory can be achieved.
10. We have glanced at the fountains of the great deep which were broken up when the floods of grief deluged the Redeemer’s soul. Brethren, this one lesson before we pass from the contemplation. “We do not have a high priest who cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted just as we are, yet without sin. Therefore let us come boldly to the throne of grace, so that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in the time of need.” Let us contemplate that no suffering can be unknown to him. We only run with footmen — he had to contend with horsemen; we only wade up to our ankles in shallow streams of sorrow — he had to buck the swellings of Jordan. He will never fail to help his people when tempted; even as it was said of old, “In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them.”
The Temptation of Our Lord
11. II. We next turn to contemplate THE TEMPTATION OF OUR LORD.
12. At the outset of his career, the serpent began to nibble at the heel of the promised deliverer; and now as the time approached when the seed of the woman would bruise the serpent’s head, that old dragon made a desperate attempt upon his great destroyer. It is not possible for us to lift the veil where revelation has permitted it to fall, but we can form some faint idea of the suggestions with which Satan tempted our Lord. Let us, however, remark by way of caution, before we attempt to paint this picture, that whatever Satan may have suggested to our Lord, his perfect nature did not in any degree whatever submit to it so as to sin. The temptations were, doubtless, of the very foulest character, but they left no speck or flaw upon him, who remained still the fairest among ten thousand. The prince of this world came, but he had nothing in Christ. He struck the sparks, but they did not fall, as in our case, upon dry tinder; they fell as into the sea, and were quenched at once. He hurled the fiery arrows, but they could not even scar the flesh of Christ; they struck upon the buckler of his perfectly righteous nature, and they fell off with their points broken, to the discomfiture of the adversary.
13. But what do you think these temptations were? It strikes me, from some hints given, that they were somewhat as follows — there was, first, a temptation to leave the work unfinished; we may gather this from the prayer — “If it is possible, let this cup pass from me.” “Son of God,” the tempter said, “is it so? Are you really called to bear the sin of man? Has God said, ‘I have laid help upon one who is mighty,’ and are you he, the chosen of God, to bear all this load? Look at your weakness! You sweat, even now, great drops of blood; surely you are not he whom the Father has ordained to be mighty to save; or if you are, what will you gain by it? What will it avail you? You have glory enough already. See what miscreants they are for whom you are to offer up yourself as a sacrifice. Your best friends are asleep around you when you most need their comfort; your treasurer, Judas, is hurrying to betray you for the price of a common slave. The world for which you sacrifice yourself will cast out your name as evil, and your Church, for which you pay the ransom price, what is it worth? A company of mortals! Your divinity could create the same any moment it pleases you; why do you need, then, to pour out your soul to death?” Such arguments Satan would use; the hellish craft of one who had then been thousands of years tempting men, would know how to invent all manner of mischief. He would pour the hottest coals of hell upon the Saviour. It was in struggling with this temptation, among others, that, being in an agony, our Saviour prayed more earnestly.
14. Scripture implies that our Lord was assailed by the fear that his strength would not be sufficient. He was heard in that he feared. How, then, was he heard? An angel was sent to him strengthening him. His fear, then, was probably produced by a sense of weakness. I imagine that the foul fiend would whisper in his ear — “You! you endure to be struck by God and abhorred by men! Reproach has broken your heart already; how will you bear to be publicly put to shame and driven outside the city as an unclean thing? How will you bear to see your weeping relatives and your broken hearted mother standing at the foot of your cross? Your tender and sensitive spirit will quail under it. As for your body, it is already emaciated; your long fastings have brought you very low; you will become a prey to death long before your work is done. You will surely fail. God has forsaken you. Now they will persecute and take you; they will give up your soul to the lion, and your darling to the power of the dog.” Then he would picture all the sufferings of crucifixion, and say, “Can your heart endure, or can your hands be strong in the day when the Lord shall deal with you?” The temptation of Satan was not directed against the Godhead, but the manhood of Christ, and therefore the fiend would probably dwell upon the feebleness of man. “Did you not say yourself, ‘I am a worm and no man, the reproach of men and the despised of the people?’ How will you bear it when the wrath clouds of God gather around you? The tempest will surely shipwreck all your hopes. It cannot be; you cannot drink of this cup, nor be baptized with this baptism.” In this manner, we think, our Master was tried. But see he does not yield to it. Being in an agony, which word means in a wrestling, he struggles with the tempter like Jacob with the angel. “No,” he says, “I will not be subdued by taunts of my weakness; I am strong in the strength of my Godhead, I will overcome you yet.” Yet the temptation was so awful, that, in order to master it, his mental depression caused him to “sweat as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.”
15. Possibly, also, the temptation may have arisen from a suggestion that he was utterly forsaken. I do not know — there may be sterner trials than this, but surely this is one of the worst, to be utterly forsaken. “See,” said Satan, as he hissed it out between his teeth — “see, you have a friend nowhere! Look up to heaven, your Father has shut up the heart of his compassion against you. Not an angel in your Father’s courts will stretch out his hand to help you. Look over there, not one of those spirits who honoured your birth will interfere to protect your life. All heaven is false to you; you are left alone. And as for earth, do not all men thirst for your blood? Will not the Jew be gratified to see your flesh torn with nails, and will not the Roman gloat when you, the King of the Jews, are fastened to the cross? You have no friend among the nations; the high and mighty scoff at you, and the poor thrust out their tongues in derision. You had nowhere to lay your head when you were in your best estate; you have no place now where shelter will be given you. See the companions with whom you have taken sweet counsel, what are they worth? Son of Mary, see there your brother James, see there your loved disciple John, and your bold Apostle Peter — they sleep, they sleep; and those eight, how the cowards sleep when you are in your sufferings! And where are the four hundred others? They have forgotten you; they will be at their farms and their business by morning. Lo! you have no friend left in heaven or earth. All hell is against you. I have stirred up my infernal den. I have sent my missives throughout all regions summoning every prince of darkness to set upon you this night, and we will spare no arrows, we will use all our infernal might to overwhelm you; and what will you do, you solitary one?” It may be, this was the temptation; I think it was, because the appearance of an angel to him strengthening him removed that fear. He was heard in that he feared; he was no more alone, but heaven was with him. It may be that this is the reason of his coming three times to his disciples — as Hart puts it —
Backwards and forwards thrice he ran
As if he sought some help from man.
He would see for himself whether it was really true that all men had forsaken him; he found them all asleep; but perhaps he gained some faint comfort from the thought that they were sleeping, not from treachery, but from sorrow, the spirit indeed was willing, but the flesh was weak.
16. We think Satan also assaulted our Lord with a bitter taunt indeed. You know in what guise the tempter can dress it, and how bitterly sarcastic he can make the insinuation — “Ah! you will not be able to achieve the redemption of your people. Your grand benevolence will prove a mockery, and your beloved ones will perish. You shall not prevail to save them from my grasp. Your scattered sheep shall surely be my prey. Son of David, I am a match for you; you cannot deliver them out of my hand. Many of your chosen have entered heaven on the strength of your atonement, but I will drag them from there, and quench the stars of glory; I will thin the courts of heaven of the choristers of God, for you will not fulfil your suretyship; you cannot do it. You are not able to bring up all this great people; they will perish yet. See, are the sheep not scattered now that the Shepherd is stricken? They will all forget you. You will never see the fruit of the travail of your soul. Your desired end will never be reached. You will be for ever the man who began to build but was not able to finish.” Perhaps this is more truly the reason why Christ went three times to look at his disciples. You have seen a mother; she is very faint, weary with a heavy sickness, but she labours under a severe dread that her child will die. She has sprung up from her couch, upon which disease had thrown her, to snatch a moment’s rest. She gazes anxiously upon her child. She looks for the faintest sign of recovery. But she is severely sick herself, and cannot remain more than a moment from her own bed. She cannot sleep, she tosses painfully, for her thoughts wander; she rises to gaze again — “How are you, my child, how are you? Are those palpitations of your heart less violent? Is your pulse more gentle?” But, alas! she is faint, and she must go to her bed again, yet she can get no rest. She will return again and again to watch the loved one. So, I think, Christ looked upon Peter, and James, and John, as much as to say, “No, they are not all lost yet; there are three left”; and, looking upon them as the type of all the Church, he seemed to say — “No, no; I will overcome; I will get the mastery; I will struggle even to blood; I will pay the ransom price, and deliver my darlings from their foe.”
17. Now these, I think, were his temptations. If you can form a fuller idea of what they were than this, then I shall be very happy. With this one lesson I leave the point — “Pray that you do not enter into temptation.” This is Christ’s own expression; his own deduction from his trial. You have all read, dear friends, John Bunyan’s picture of Christian fighting, with Apollyon. That master painter has sketched it to the very life. He says, though “this severe combat lasted for more than half a day, even until Christian was almost quite spent, I never saw him all the while give so much as one pleasant look, until he knew he had wounded Apollyon with his twoedged sword; then indeed, he smiled and looked upward! But it was the most dreadful sight I ever saw.” That is the meaning of that prayer, “Do not lead us into temptation.” Oh you who go recklessly where you are tempted, you who pray for afflictions — and I have known some silly enough to do that — you who put yourselves where you tempt the devil to tempt you, take heed from the Master’s own example. He sweats great drops of blood when he is tempted. Oh! pray God to spare you such trial. Pray this morning and every day, “Do not lead me into temptation.”
The Bloody Sweat
18. III. Behold, dear brethren, THE BLOODY SWEAT.
19. We read, that “he sweat as it were great drops of blood.” Hence a few writers have supposed that the sweat was not actually blood, but had the appearance of it. That interpretation, however, has been rejected by most commentators, from Augustine downward, and it is generally held that the words “as it were” do not only set forth likeness to blood, but mean that it was actually and literally blood. We find the same idiom used in the text — “We beheld his glory, the glory as of the only Begotten of the Father.” Now, clearly, this does not mean that Christ was like the only begotten of the Father, since he is really so. So that generally this expression of Holy Scripture sets forth, not a mere likeness to a thing, but the very thing itself. We believe, then, that Christ really did sweat blood. This phenomenon, although somewhat unusual, has been witnessed in other people. There are several cases on record, some in the old medicine books of Galen, and others of more recent date, of people who after long weakness, under fear of death have sweat blood. But this case is altogether unique for several reasons. If you will notice, he not only sweat blood, but it was in great drops; the blood coagulated, and formed large masses. I cannot better express what is meant than by the word “gouts” — big, heavy drops. This has not been seen in any case. Some slight effusions of blood have been known in cases of people who were previously enfeebled, but never great drops. When it is said “falling to the ground” — it shows their copiousness, so that they not only stood upon the surface and were absorbed by his garments until he became like the red heifer which was slaughtered on that very spot, but the drops fell to the ground. Here he stands unrivalled. He was a man in good health, only about thirty-six years of age, and was labouring under no fear of death; but the mental pressure arising from his struggle with temptation, and the straining of all his strength, in order to baffle the temptation of Satan, so forced his body to an unnatural pitch, that his pores sent forth great drops of blood which fell down to the ground. This proves how tremendous must have been the weight of sin when it was able so to crush the Saviour that he distilled drops of blood! This proves too, my brethren, the mighty power of his love. It is a very good observation of old Isaac Ambrose that the gum which exudes from the tree without cutting is always the best. This precious camphire tree yielded most sweet spices when it was wounded under the knotty whips, and when it was pierced by the nails on the cross; but see, it gives forth its best spice when there is no whip, no nail, no wound. This portrays the voluntariness of Christ’s sufferings, since without a lance the blood flowed freely. No need to put on the leech, or apply the knife; it flows spontaneously. No need for the rulers to cry “Spring up, oh well”; it flows in crimson torrents by itself. Dearly beloved friends, if men suffer some frightful pain of mind — I am not acquainted with the medical term — apparently the blood rushes to the heart. The cheeks are pale; a fainting fit comes on; the blood has gone inward, as if to nourish the inner man while passing through its trial. But see our Saviour in his agony; he is so utterly oblivious of self, that instead of his agony driving his blood to the heart to nourish himself, it drives it outward to bedew the earth. The agony of Christ, inasmuch as it pours him out upon the ground, pictures the fulness of the offering which he made for men.
20. Do you not perceive, my brethren, how intense must have been the wrestling through which he passed, and will you not hear its voice to you? — “You have not yet resisted to blood, striving against sin.” It has been the lot of some of us to have severe temptations — otherwise we would not know how to teach others — so severe that in wrestling against them the cold, clammy sweat has stood upon our brow. The place will never be forgotten by me — a lonely place; where, musing upon my God, an awful rush of blasphemy went over my soul, until I would have preferred death to the trial; and I fell on my knees there and then, for the agony was awful, while my hand was at my mouth to keep the blasphemies from being spoken. Once let Satan be permitted really to try you with a temptation to blaspheme, and you will never forget it, although you live until your hairs are blanched; or let him attack you with some lust, and although you hate and loathe the very thought of it, and would wish to lose your right arm sooner than indulge in it, yet it will come, and hunt, and persecute, and torment you. Wrestle against it even to sweat, my brethren, yes, even to blood. None of you should say, “I could not help it; I was tempted.” Resist until you sweat blood rather than sin. Do not say, “I was so pressed with it; and it so suited my natural temperament, that I could not help falling into it.” Look at the great Apostle and High Priest of your profession, and sweat even to blood rather than yield to the great tempter of your souls. Pray that you do not enter into temptation, so that when you enter into it you may with confidence say, “Lord, I did not seek this, therefore help me through with it, for your name’s sake.”
The Saviour’s Prayer
21. IV. I want you, in the fourth place, to notice THE SAVIOUR’S PRAYER.
22. Dear friends, when we are tempted and desire to overcome, the best weapon is prayer. When you cannot use the sword and the shield, take for yourself the famous weapon of All-prayer. Your Saviour did so. Let us notice his prayer. It was lonely prayer. He withdrew even from his three best friends about a stone’s throw. Believer, especially in temptation, be much in solitary prayer. Just as private prayer is the key to open heaven, so it is the key to shut the gates of hell. Just as it is a shield to prevent, so it is the sword with which to fight against temptation. Family prayer, social prayer, prayer in the Church, will not suffice, these are very precious, but the best beaten spice will smoke in your censer in your private devotions, where no ear hears except God. Seek solitude if you wish to overcome.
23. Notice, too, it was humble prayer. Luke he says knelt, but another evangelist he says fell on his face. What! does the King fall on his face? Where, then, must be your place, you humble servant of the great Master? Does the Prince fall flat to the ground? Where, then, will you lie? What dust and ashes shall cover your head? What sackcloth shall clothe your waist? Humility gives us a good foothold in prayer. There is no hope of any real prevalence with God, who casts down the proud, unless we abase ourselves so that he may exalt us in due time.
24. Further, it was filial prayer. Matthew describes him as saying “Oh my Father,” and Mark expresses it as, “Abba, Father.” You will find this always a stronghold in the day of trial to plead your adoption. Hence that prayer, in which it is written, “Do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from evil,” begins with “Our Father who is in heaven.” Plead as a child. You have no rights as a subject; you have forfeited them by your treason, but nothing can forfeit a child’s right to a father’s protection. Do not be then ashamed to say, “My Father, hear my cry.”
25. Again, observe that it was persevering prayer. He prayed three times, using the same words. Do not be content until you prevail. Be like the importunate widow, whose continual coming earned what her first supplication could not win. Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving.
26. Further, see how it glowed to a red hot heat — it was earnest prayer. “He prayed more earnestly.” What groans were those which were uttered by Christ! What tears, which welled up from the deep fountains of his nature! Make earnest supplication if you wish to prevail against the adversary.
27. And last, it was the prayer of resignation. “Nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will.” Yield, and God yields. Let it be as God wills, and God will will it so that it shall be for the best. Be perfectly content to leave the result of your prayer in his hands, who knows when to give, and how to give, and what to give, and what to withhold. So pleading, earnestly, importunately, yet mingling with it humility and resignation, you shall finally prevail.
28. Dear friends, we must conclude, turn to the last point with this as a practical lesson — “Rise and pray.” When the disciples were lying down they slept; sitting was the posture that was congenial to sleep. Rise; shake yourselves; stand up in the name of God; rise and pray. And if you are in temptation, be even more than you were in your life before, instant, passionate, importunate with God so that he would deliver you in the day of your conflict.
The Saviour’s Prevalence
29. V. Since time has failed us we close with the last point, which is, THE SAVIOUR’S PREVALENCE.
30. The cloud has passed away. Christ has knelt, and the prayer is over. “But,” one says, “did Christ prevail in prayer?” Beloved, could we have any hope that he would prevail in heaven if he had not prevailed on earth? Should we not have had a suspicion that if his strong crying and tears had not been heard then, he would fail now? His prayers did speed, and therefore he is a good intercessor for us. “How was he heard?” The answer shall be given very briefly indeed. He was heard, I think, in three respects. The first gracious answer that was given to him was, that his mind was suddenly rendered calm. What a difference there is between “My soul is exceedingly sorrowful,” — his hurrying too and fro, his repetition of the prayer three times, the singular agitation that was upon him — what a contrast between all these and his going out to meet the traitor with “Do you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?” Like a troubled sea before, and now as calm as when he himself said, “Peace be still,” and the waves were quiet. You cannot know a more profound peace than what reigned in the Saviour when before Pilate he answered him not a word. He is calm to the last, as calm as though it were his day of triumph rather than his day of trouble. Now I think this was bestowed to him in answer to his prayer. He had sufferings perhaps more intense, but his mind was now quieted so as to meet them with greater deliberation. Like some men, who when they first hear the firing of the shots in a battle are all trepidation, but as the fight grows hotter and they are in greater danger, they are cool and collected; they are wounded, they are bleeding, they are dying; yet they are quiet as a summer’s evening; the first young flush of trouble is gone, and they can meet the foe with peace — so the Father heard the Saviour’s cry, and breathed such a profound peace into his soul, that it was like a river, and his righteousness like the waves of the sea.
31. Next, we believe that he was answered by God strengthening him through an angel. How that was done we do not know. Probably it was by what the angel said, and equally likely it was by what he did. The angel may have whispered the promises; pictured before his mind’s eye the glory of his success; sketched his resurrection; portrayed the scene when his angels would bring his chariots from on high to bear him to his throne; revived before him the memory of the time of his advent, the prospect when he should reign from sea to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth; and so have made him strong. Or, perhaps, by some unknown method God sent such power to our Christ, who had been like Samson with his locks shorn, so that he suddenly received all the might and majestic energy that were needed for the terrific struggle. Then he walked out of the garden no more a worm and no man, but made strong with an invisible might that made him a match for all the armies that were all around him. A troop had overcome him, like Gad of old, but he overcame at last. Now he can dash through a troop; now he can leap over a wall. God has sent by his angel force from on high, and made the man Christ strong for battle and for victory.
32. And I think we may conclude with saying, that God heard him in granting him now, not simply strength, but a real victory over Satan. I do not know whether what Adam Clarke supposes is correct, that in the garden Christ paid more of the price than he did even on the cross; but I am quite convinced that they are very foolish who get to such refinement that they think the atonement was made on the cross, and nowhere else at all. We believe that it was made in the garden as well as on the cross; and it strikes me that in the garden one part of Christ’s work was finished, wholly finished, and that was his conflict with Satan. I conceive that Christ had now rather to bear the absence of his Father’s presence and the revilings of the people and the sons of men, than the temptations of the devil. I do think that these were over when he arose from his knees in prayer, when he lifted himself from the ground where he marked his visage in the clay in drops of blood. The temptation of Satan was then over, and he might have said concerning that part of the work — “It is finished; the dragon’s head is broken; I have overcome him.” Perhaps in those few hours that Christ spent in the garden the whole energy of the agents of iniquity was concentrated and dissipated. Perhaps in that one conflict all that craft could invent, all that malice could devise, all that infernal practice could suggest, was tried on Christ, the devil having his chain loosened for that purpose, having Christ given up to him, as Job was, so that he might touch him in his bones and in his flesh, yes, touch him in his heart and his soul, and vex him in his spirit. It may be that every demon in hell and every fiend of the pit was summoned, each to vent his own spite and to pour their united energy and malice upon the head of Christ. And there he stood, and he could have said as he stood up to meet the next adversary — a devil in the form of man — Judas — “I come today from Bozrah, with garments dyed red from Edom; I have trampled on my enemies, and overcome them once and for all; now I go to bear man’s sin and my Father’s wrath, and to finish the work which he has given me to do.” If this is so, Christ was then heard in that he feared; he feared the temptation of Satan, and he was delivered from it; he feared his own weakness, and he was strengthened; he feared his own trepidation of mind, and he was made calm.
33. What shall we say, then, in conclusion, but this lesson. Does it not say, “Whatever you shall ask in prayer, believing, you shall have.” Then if your temptations reach the most tremendous height and force, still lay hold of God in prayer and you shall prevail. Convicted sinner! that is a comfort for you. Troubled saint! that is a joy for you. To one and all of us is this lesson of this morning — “Pray that you do not enter into temptation.” If in temptation let us ask that Christ may pray for us so that our faith does not fail, and when we have passed through the trouble let us try to strengthen our brethren, even as Christ has strengthened us today.