2662. Some Characteristics Of God’s People

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Some Characteristics Of God’s People

No. 2662-46:73. A Sermon Delivered On Lord’s Day Evening, September 10, 1882, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington.

A Sermon Intended, For Reading On Lord’s Day, February 18, 1900.

Your God has commanded your strength: strengthen, oh God, what you have done for us. {Ps 68:28}

1. Dear friends, at this time there is a special stir among the people. I know, from what I have seen and heard, that many are beginning to seek the Lord; and others, who are not yet actually turning to the Lord, are at least resolved to break off certain grosser sins, and seek after something better. Well, there is something to be thankful for even in the grip of hunger which the prodigal feels before he says, “I will arise and go to my Father”; I value even the pangs he has to endure when he would gladly fill his belly with the husks that the swine eat. Before we can pronounce anyone’s experience to be proof of the working of God’s grace, we are glad if we see any signs of what usually comes when grace enters the heart. So I am thankful when an ungodly man says, “It is time I changed my course”; for I trust that this is the first chipping on the marble block, and that the great Sculptor, who forms us into his own glorious image, will carry on the work, and complete it to his own praise.

2. Just now, when I see these signs of a stir among the people, I think it is my business to repeat the exhortation I have often given, “Make sure work of the change you are contemplating; make sure work for eternity. Do not put up with anything that will fail you at the last. If you are looking for something better than you already possess, take care that you get the best that is to be had.” Indeed, more, I would tell you to give heed to our Lord’s own words, “I counsel you to buy from me gold tried in the fire, that you may be rich; and white clothing, that you may be clothed, and that the shame of your nakedness does not appear; and anoint your eyes with eyesalve, that you may see.” Be careful that you buy all these things from Christ, for the terms on which you may have them are “without money and without price,” and you cannot get them anywhere else. I hope I am now addressing some who are saying, “We shall be glad and grateful if you will help us to judge concerning our true condition, and assist us to see whether we are Christians or not.” That is what I am going to try to do tonight.

3. The verse before my text describes God’s ancient people when they were assembled in the order of their tribes: “There is little Benjamin with their ruler, the princes of Judah and their council, the princes of Zebulun, and the princes of Naphtali.” They belonged to various tribes of the children of Israel, but they were all numbered among the Lord’s people; and it is said of all of them, as if they were only one, “Your God has commanded your strength.” These words apply to all the armies of Israel; so you and I, dear friends, had better consider and see whether we belong to his armies or not.

4. I. From our text, I learn that the first characteristic of the people of God is that THE LORD IS THEIR GOD.

5. Notice, the first two words: “Your God.” This proves that they have a God. We cannot be God’s people unless we know his name, and know that he is the living and true God, and that all the rest of the so-called gods are only fictions or idols of the heathen. There is one God, who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in it. There is one God, who has made us, and from whom the breath in our nostrils has come. There is one God who has ruled in all past history, and who still is the God of providence, the Preserver, and Director of his chosen people, the one God who, in the fulness of time, sent his only-begotten Son, who was equal with himself, but who lived and died so that the guilty sons of men might have their sins pardoned, and their wandering feet directed back to the great Father’s house. The God of the Old Testament and the God of the New, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God and Father of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, “this God is our God for ever and ever: he will be our guide even to death.”

6. First, God’s people believe in this God. If any do not believe in him, they may call themselves what they please, but they are not the people of the living God. They may be the people of philosophy; they may be the people of the many dreams which men dream nowadays, instead of believing in God; but they are not his people. I hope, beloved, that we have no question about this matter, and that we can say, without the slightest hesitation, “Yes, Jehovah, he is the God; Jehovah, he is the God.”

7. He becomes our God, then, first, by our belief in him, and, next, by our reliance on him. This God is not merely an influence; certainly, he is not a fiction. He is a real Person, with whom we may speak, and who will hear us, and answer us according to his wisdom and goodness. The apostle truly wrote, “God, who at various times and in different ways spoke in time past to the forefathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by his Son”; and he is still speaking to us through him, words of grace, and love, and kindness. And he becomes our God, I repeat, when, believing in him, we come and rely on him; implicitly trusting him, — that, seeing we are sinful, he may cleanse us, — that, seeing we are ignorant, he may teach us, — that, seeing we are feeble, we may lay hold on his strength, and by it may be preserved to everlasting life.

8. Let me ask all of you whom I am addressing, — Are you trusting the living God? You know what it is, as a child, to trust your parent, — as a friend, to trust a friend; are you dealing just in that way with God? Then, are you relying on him, depending on him, — especially relying on him as he is revealed in Jesus Christ his Son, the sin-atoning Saviour? If you are, you are his people. If you are not, — whatever you may do, or be, or say, or think, — you are not numbered among the people of God. Faith is the distinguishing characteristic of his elect. Where it is present, there is grace and truth. Where it is absent, the soul is dead in trespasses and sins.

9. How does God yet further become my God? By my love for him. As the result, of having trusted him, I find myself peaceful, happy, restful; I receive pardon from his hands, and I know it is mine; I get love from him, and I feel it; and I love him in return. This is another of the characteristics of the Lord’s people. The true child of God loves God. There are many men who are, to a certain extent, religious, because they feel bound to be so by a law which they cannot resist. Ah! but we are not under law; we are under grace, and we obey the commands of God because we love to do so. No man, who takes pleasure in sin, is a child of God, for the new nature hates sin; and though, alas! through the influence of the old nature, which still remains within us, we are imperfect, and often transgress the law of the Lord, yet it is not, our delight, and we grieve that it ever should be the case with us. If a child of God falls into sin, he is like a sheep in the mire, immediately up again; but he who is still ungodly is like the sow that falls in the mud, and wallows in it, for he is in his element, and he delights in it.

10. There is a very important thing to be observed in connection with this point; that is, that our love for God is one of the chief qualifications for serving him acceptably. He who serves God, out of love for him, is the one who really and truly serves him. The Lord of love, the great King eternal, immortal, invisible, wants no slaves to grace his throne. He wants those to do his bidding who serve him with delight and pleasure. There is such a thing as self-denial ceasing to be self-denial, when a man takes such pleasure in denying himself, for Christ’s sake, that the self-denial is a greater source of joy to him than the indulgence would have been; and that is just what true service for God is. Have I come here tonight because I am paid to do it? Or do I preach the gospel with regret and loathing? Ah, no! The gospel is as much my element as the sea is the element of the fish. What else could I preach? Silent be this tongue for ever sooner than I should have anything to teach concerning the way of salvation except Jesus Christ and him crucified, and his mighty mercy received by faith. Do not many of you, beloved, feel just the same as I do? We know that we are children of God, and that he is our God, because we love him; and that love has put a new mainspring within us, which moves our hands, and all the wheels of our nature as they ought to be moved.

11. How, next, does he become our God even more clearly? By our affirmation of him, when we come forward, and say, “Let others do what they wish, as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord,” — when we say, “God has presented his Son, Jesus Christ, to be the Saviour of sinners, we accept him as our Saviour, and with our mouth we confess that we have done so. Let men hear it, let angels hear it, let demons hear it, it does not matter to us how many hear our confession that we are set apart for God and for his Christ.” Our Christian profession is not a profession of perfection. No, no; it is not a profession that we are, in and of ourselves, any better than other people; but it means that we have believed in Jesus Christ to the renewal of our nature and the salvation of our souls. He who has had that great work of grace done in him and for him ought to say, — and say at once, — “This God is indeed God for ever and ever; he shall be my guide even to death.” Let us be branded with the name of God. Let us, beloved, who have believed in Jesus, be God’s men, and God’s alone; and on all suitable occasions let us confess the blessed impeachment that we are not our own, for we are “bought with a price,” — that price being more than we can ever calculate, even the precious blood of Jesus, God’s dear Son.

12. Genuine people of God, then, have the Lord to be their God, according to the first, two words of our text, “Your God.” And, oh! beloved, I have scarcely time to tell you in what a sweet way we get personal possession of God. After having trusted him, and relied on him, and loved him, and confessed that we belong to him, we get to be as conscious of his presence as we are of the air we breathe. We are able freely to converse with him, and feel within our spirit that he is listening to what we say, to him, and that he is speaking back to us. “Oh!” someone says, “I do not believe that is possible.” Friend, you may do as you like about believing what I say; but, at any rate, if you have never enjoyed this experience, that does not prove that there is no such thing. We are as honest as you are, and we have as much right to be believed as you have. If we were before a jury, we should be as good witnesses as ever you would be. We are not liars, and we solemnly declare that God’s presence is so consciously experienced by us that we are certain that “in him we live, and move, and have our being,” and that spiritual communications — communications from the Holy Spirit — are frequent with us, checking us when we might fall into sin, stimulating us when we would be laggard, enlightening us when we are in difficulty, and sometimes bearing us upward, as on eagles’ wings, until we seem to get into the very vestibule of heaven, and could scarcely be happier than we are, or else, I think, we must die. Oh, yes! there is a God, we who believe in Jesus have this God as ours, and we will rejoice in him.

13. That, then, is the first characteristic of the Lord’s people, the Lord is their God.

14. II. A second characteristic of the Lord’s people is given in our text; read the entire first sentence, and you will see that he who feels that God has called on him to serve him with all his strength is one of the Lord’s servants: “Your God has commanded your strength.” That is to say, ALL THE STRENGTH OF A CHRISTIAN — physically, mentally, morally, spiritually, — IS AT GOD’S DISPOSAL.

15. A true Christian acknowledges that all he has, and the best of all that he has, should always be consecrated and dedicated to his Lord. First, we are heartily to obey God’s commands. There is no part of our strength that we may reserve for ourselves, it all belongs to our Lord. We are to be like a soldier, who, when he goes to the war, thinks of nothing but how he shall discharge his duties so as to please his commanding officer. Now, my dear hearer, is that the case with you? Has God commanded your strength? “Well, sir, I go to church; I go to chapel; I profess to be a Christian.” Yes, yes, yes, but there may be nothing in all that; does God have the absolute and total command of you? Is he your Commander-in-chief? Has he come and taken possession of that strong will of yours, and made it subject to his will? And if he has made you to be a man strong in faith, fervent in love, brave in holy daring, and great in patience, do you desire to have all those forces used for his glory, and his glory alone? If not, you are not one of God’s people; but, if you do hold all your powers at his disposal, that is one of the characteristics of his people; and the more clear it is, the better. Beloved, God is to be served by us with all our heart and with all our mind, and with all our soul, and with all our strength.

16. In this way, also, we should pray to him fervently. Oh, what poor prayers some people pray, when they bow their heads for a moment as they come into the house of God! Often, there is no prayer at all in it; and it is the same when they kneel down by their bedside, nearly asleep, or when they get up in the morning rather late, and the bell is ringing for breakfast, and they hurry down; yet they call that prayer. Listen to the text, my friend: “Your God has commanded your strength.” Take the best part of the day for prayer if you can. If you are half asleep at other things, be wide awake then. It is the best time for business that you ever have; see that you make good use of it. This is the noblest exercise, except one, in which you can be engaged; get all the good that you can out of it. When you go up to the mount, like Elijah on the top of Carmel, bring all the powers of your heart, and mind, and soul, to bear on this privileged occupation, and cry mightily to God. Half-hearted prayers ask for a denial, and usually get it. Pray as if you meant to be heard. Pray as he, who is starving, asks for bread, or for a drink of water if he is dying of thirst. Plead as he does who pleads for his life, for this is the way to prevail with God. Effective, fervent prayers bombard the gates of pearl, and the kingdom of heaven is carried by the violence of that persistence which will not take a denial. “Your God has commanded your strength.” Oh, for more of this kind of prayer!

17. And the same strength ought to go out when we praise God. Never ought our heart to be more energetic than when we say, “Blessed be his holy name!” And when we are singing in company with others, then we should also praise the Lord with joyful heartiness. I love to hear the bright, cheerful songs of people who really sing with their souls as well as with their voices. I have been in some congregations where, during the hymns, I have thought I needed a microphone to enable me to hear what they were singing, for they sang so very softly. Pull out the stops of your organ, and let the music fly out, for “your God has commanded your strength.”

18. In a similar way, we should labour for the Lord earnestly. In the great warfare which we now have to wage against the world, the flesh, and the devil, let us give to God all of our strength. Some people are said to work so hard for Christ that they wear themselves out. What a blessed consummation that must be! To wear ourselves away in our Master’s service, to let the zeal of God’s house eat us up, is the very best thing that can happen to us. I am sorry to say that I do not meet many people who are too zealous. Some are so, because they do not have much brain, and what little they have easily catches fire. Very well, my brother, if that is your case, burn away. There are some, however, who have more brains, but they seem to keep them very damp, so they never get thoroughly on fire; but he who serves God properly should burn if he does not blaze, though it is better to be a burning and a shining light, as John the Baptist was. There should be a red, ruby-like heat in the very centre of our soul. If there are no sparks and flames, yet our heart should be on fire for God. God never meant us to do his work half-heartedly; but he does wish each of his people to feel and say, “My God has commanded my strength, and he shall have it.”

19. And, lastly under this point, let us give God our strength by living entirely for him in our ordinary life. It is a great mistake to make a division, between what is “sacred” and what is “secular” in a Christian’s life. You are not only to serve God when you worship him in the Tabernacle or in my other house of prayer; you are equally to serve him tomorrow morning when you take the shutters down from your shop windows. Pray to God, as you do so, “Oh Lord, take my shutters down, and enlighten my darkness! I know that, today, I cannot prosper without your blessing. I intend to work hard at my business; but, it is vain to rise early, and to sit up late, unless you do bless my effort. Lord, be with your servant all the day long!” Here comes the first customer. Now pray the Lord that you may not say anything to him but what is right, and ask God to give you an opportunity of saying a good word to him about the Lord Jesus Christ. Here come half-a-dozen customers all at once; now, you young men, pray the Lord to enable you to attend to your business as you ought to do it so as really to serve those who employ you; “not with eye-service, as men-pleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart,” even while you are serving your earthly employer. All the day long, there are opportunities for glorifying God if man really wishes to do it. If the Spirit of God is with you all the day, you will feel, and say to yourself, “I will give to God all my strength. These things down here — this measuring out, either by yards or by bushels, — this buying and this selling, — must be done by someone; and I must, by some means, earn my bread by the sweat of my brow, or the sweat of my brain; and since this is what God has given me to do, I will do it thoroughly, with a single eye on his glory, so that no one shall ever be able truthfully to say that Christianity makes me, in any respect, a worse man than I was before I knew the Lord.” “Your God has commanded your strength”; so live for God in everything. Let your meals be sacraments, let your garments be vestments, let your common utterances be a part of a great life-psalm, and let your whole being be as a burnt — offering ascending to the Most High, acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. Oh, for the power of the Spirit of God to help you to do this!

20. III. The next part of the verse will show you, dear friends, that God’s people are known by this characteristic, THEY ASCRIBE TO HIM ALL THAT IS GOOD IN THEM, AND IN THEIR FELLOW MEN. Let me read you the latter part of the text: “Strengthen, oh God, what you have done in us.”

21. This applies, first, to the steps which lead to conversion: “What YOU have done for us.” There is no prayer here about what we have done for ourselves, for that is all mischief and evil, which needs to be forgiven and undone. The sooner all that nature spins is unravelled, the better. What God works is worth having done for us and in us. There are some people who have very crude and false ideas about what the work of grace is in the soul. I heard one say that the sinner is to take the first step towards salvation, and then good will do the rest; but I have often said, and now say it again, that the first step is the one point of difficulty. You know the French story about Saint Denis, whose head was cut off, and then it was said that he picked it up, and carried it in his hands for a thousand miles. That was what the priests of the Church of Rome declared; but one of Voltaire’s followers very wittily remarked that, as for the thousand miles, there was no difficulty in that; it was only the first step that had any difficulty in it. If the saint could manage that part, the rest would be easy enough; and it is just so in the matter of salvation. If the dead man can pick his own head up, — if the dead sinner can make himself alive, — why, then he can do very well without God all the rest of the way to heaven. But that can never be, for Jesus Christ is Alpha as well as Omega, the first as well as the last in the sinner’s salvation; and we may constantly say to him, —

    No sinner can be beforehand with thee;
       Thy grace is most sovereign, most rich, and most free.

22. Indeed, further, not only does God begin it, but it is he who carries it on. If ever the work of grace were to stop at a certain point, and the rest of it were to be the work of nature, that linsey-woolsey garment would be unfit for a child of God to wear. Indeed, and what is more, the work, which God has begun, he must finish, too. If he has left anything to our unaided strength, we shall fail in that particular point, and all of it will become faulty and useless. The true people of God are resting, for all of their salvation, on the Triune Jehovah, — on the Father’s love, on the Son’s redemption, and on the Spirit’s effective work on the heart and conscience. It must be all of God, and all of grace, from the first even to the last; and they are the true people of God who feel and know this.

23. Let me speak to some of you who have been taking the pledge recently. That is a very good thing to do; I wish that all did it, but that will not save you. The salvation of the soul is God’s work, and you must come to him for it. “But, supposing I abstain for the future, will not all be right?” Certainly not; what about the times when you have been drunk? “Oh, well, of course, the pledge will not wipe out that sin.” No, it will not. If you are a thief, would you tell the magistrates that they must not punish you because you are not going to thieve again? “No,” they would say, “we must punish you for what you have done.” There are all your past sins, and only the Lord Jesus Christ can blot them out. Perhaps a man says, “But, if I abstain from sin in the future, will that not do?” No; it will not. You owe your grocer a long bill, do you not? Call on him, and tell him that you cannot pay a halfpenny of the debt, but that you are not going to get into debt any more. “Oh!” he says, “but that will not do for me, there is a County Court somewhere, and I shall get a summons for you to appear there.” So, if you go to God, and say; “I am not going to sin in this way any more”; he will not believe you, but if he did, he would say, “What about the past?” “God requires what is past.” There is the stain of your past sin on you; how can that be removed? Not by your tears, if you could shed an Atlantic full of tears, yet might the red spot of your sin turn every wave crimson, and the fatal spot would be on you still. Nothing but the blood of Jesus can wash you clean; and none are God’s people, but those who know that, and who come to him for salvation, and cleansing, and everything; and who commit themselves, body, soul, and spirit, to him.

24. IV. Now, lastly, the fourth characteristic of God’s people is that THEY PRAY TO HIM FOR THEIR STABILITY: “Strengthen, oh God, what you have done for us.”

25. What is a man’s strength? Some think that their strength lies in their resolution. “Now,” one says, “I have said it, and I will stick to it. You know, I am not a man who is easily turned from his purpose; I have made up my mind, and I will do it.” Yes, I have known several who have made up their mind, but it did not come to much when they had made it up. And I have known a great many people promise, and having done that half-a-dozen times before, and broken their promise every time, it did not come to much when that was done. “Oh!” one says, “do not think that I shall act like that; I pledge myself to act differently.” Yes, yes; and when a man does not have a halfpenny in his pocket, and he pledges himself that he will be a millionaire, I think to myself, “All right, but he had better not begin spending any of it yet.”

26. A soldier puts on his harness to go out to fight, — he has his helmet on his head, and greaves of bronze on his legs, and a breast-plate, and all the rest of the armour. “Am I not a brave fellow?” he asks. When you come back, you may be; but not just yet. Remember Ahab’s message to Benhadad, “Do not let him who girds on his harness, boast himself as he who takes it off.” I believe in you, my dear friend; you have made a promise, and I believe that you will keep your promise. That is to say, I believe as much in you as I do in the majority of people. “How much is that?” you ask. Well, not too much, for I have seen too many men to place much reliance on them. I have not yet been fifty years among them, but there are several of them whom I would only trust as far as I could see them; there are some whom I would not trust as far as that; and there are others whom I thought I might trust out of my sight, and I have done so, — and I have been bitten by them. I believe myself bound to give as much credence and confidence to your resolution as your resolution is worth, so please let me see how much it is worth by observing how you go on.

27. “Oh!” one says, “but there is an addition to my resolution; there is my past experience. I am an experienced person; I am not like your young brats who are apt to be easily led astray again. ‘A burnt child dreads the fire.’ My experience has made me very careful, and steady, and reliable.” Yes, I know; you are the man whom I would not trust with a bad farthing, because the very people who have demanded my trust on the basis that they could not be led astray, I have generally found were the men who had already gone far astray. I knew an old friend, who used to attend here, and who was a very curious kind of man, but he had a great deal of common sense. A deacon of a Church met him in Smithfield, one morning, and asked him for a loan of fifty pounds. He was going to say, “Yes,” for he knew and trusted him; but the deacon said to him, “Robert, you know you can safely lend that amount to me. I shall be sure to let you have it on the day that I promise; at my time of life, I am quite past temptation.” My old friend stopped, and said, “I was going to let you have that fifty pounds; but, since you have arrived at that point, I shall not lend you a halfpenny, for I am quite certain I should never see it again.” At that very moment, the man knew that he was utterly bankrupt, and he failed, shortly after, for a very large sum, too, yet he said, “You may safely lend it to me, for I am quite past temptation.” “Well,” one says, “then you would not have us believe in each other.” No, unless you want to believe a lie. David said, “Truly every man at his best state is altogether vanity.” “You are not very complementary.” No; if you want compliments, do not come here, for I do not deal in them, and I do not intend to. God’s Word is what I have to preach, and that contains something better than compliments. Brothers and sisters, your best resolutions and your best experience are as strong as a broken reed. They only need to be touched in a certain way, and they will break again. You have already failed again and again; it is no use for you to start again as you started then, for you will fail again. The same causes, under the same circumstances, will produce the same results.

28. Now stop, my friend, while I get a grip on your hand, and say, “Come, let us pray together,” and this shall be our prayer, “Lord, if you have done any good in us, however little it is, we dare not trust in it, or trust ourselves with it; but, Lord, strengthen it. If it is only just a consciousness of sin, Lord, strengthen it until it grows into repentance. If it is only a little trembling desire to be right, Lord, strengthen it into a firm and brave resolve. If it is only a little hope in Christ, Lord, strengthen it until I can say, ‘I know whom I have believed.’ If I have a little germ of faith, Lord, strengthen it until the mustard seed grows into a tree. Oh Lord, I have promised to do this and that, but I know that I am as weak as water; I am apt to slip when I feel that I am standing most safely. Lord, help me; Lord, help me; lend me your strength!” Some of you have recently taken the pledge: “I promise, by the help of God, to abstain.” That is the thing for you, that “help of God” is what you need. I do entreat any of you who are starting on a new life, do not start without the help of God. Do not attempt to go on without the help of God. And you, dear friends, who are far advanced in the Christian life, never be so besotted as to think that you have gone so far by God’s aid, and now you can traverse the rest of the road without him. You cannot do anything in that way. Have you never noticed that we make our worst blunders over the plainest things? The children of Israel were commanded to kill all the Canaanites, but a company of Gibeonites disguised themselves in a very clever way, so the people said, “Their sandals are old and patched, and their clothes — well, they must have come a long way, for they are dreadfully worn. These men look like travellers who have come from a very far-distant country.” They did not make enquiries, for they said, “These are strangers, that is quite evident; so let us make a covenant with them, and let their lives be spared”; yet, all the while, these men were their next-door neighbours, living just close to them. On the plainest point, the Israelites were taken in, and it is often the same with us.

29. Brethren never trust in yourselves, even though your strength seems to be more than adequate for the occasion. Trust in God as much when you have a huge “Woolwich infant” {a} to fire against your enemy as if you had nothing but a sling the a stone. When you are full of knowledge, and full of wisdom, and full of grace, yet still be nothing, and let the Lord your God be your All-in-all. Oh! What a blessing it would be if every one of us should get to heaven! I do not see why we should not, the Lord being our Leader. One thing I know; if we do get there, eventually, there is not one of us who will throw up his cap, and shout, “Hurrah! glory be to myself! I did this.” No, no, no; but we will all go together, and such crowns as grace shall give us we will cast at Jesus’ feet, and the song, “ Non nobis, Domine ” shall go up from all of us, “Not to us, oh Lord, not to us, but to your name give glory, for your mercy, and for your truth’s sake.” Let us begin to learn that song now, and let us sing it in life, and in death, and for ever, for our Lord Jesus Christ’s sake. Amen.

{a} Woolwich Infant: An 81-ton gun, destined for one of the Royal Navy’s new fleet of ironclads, HMS Inflexible. Ironclads were the spearhead of the arms race of the day: immense warships, housing heavily armoured “citadels” in their centres and carrying the largest guns that could be made at the time. See Explore "http://www.theengineer.co.uk/archive/april-1874-the-81-ton-gun/1018448.article"

Exposition By C. H. Spurgeon {Ps 68}

This was a Psalm sung when the ark was taken up to its resting-place on Mount Zion. All the tribes were gathered together, and, in full pomp, they marched along, bearing the sacred chest. As they marched forward, the trumpets sounded, and this Psalm rose up to God.

1. Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also who hate him flee before him.

That is the way to move, — God first, and his people following closely after him. That is the true order of revival, — the Lord in the vanguard, then all his children, quick of step, to follow where he leads. The psalmist seems to take it for granted that there would be no fighting if God should arise, for all his enemies would be put to flight by his presence.

2, 3. Just as smoke is driven away, so drive them away: just as wax melts before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presence of God. But let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice before God: yes, let them greatly rejoice.

The courtiers of God ought to be clad in the silks of joy, and to be bright with the jewellery of rejoicing.

4, 5. Sing to God, sing praises to his name: extol him who rides on the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him. A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation.

In the wilderness, the Israelites were like a company of fatherless people; but God was their Protector, and in all their trials and dangers he was their Defender.

6. God sets the solitary in families: he brings out those who are bound with chains: but the rebellious dwell in a dry land.

They had been in a sad condition in Egypt, scattered and driven here and there. God promised to bring them all together, in great families, and to bless them richly.

7, 8. Oh God, when you went out before your people, when you marched through the wilderness; Selah: the earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: even Sinai itself was moved at the presence of God, the God of Israel.

If the translators had given us the original words, we should have valued this Psalm much more, for it contains nearly every name of God. This verse would run, “Even Sinai itself was moved at the presence of Elohim, the Elohim of Israel.”

9, 10. You, oh God, sent a plentiful rain, by which you confirmed your inheritance, when it was weary. Your congregation has dwelt there: you, oh God, have provided from your goodness for the poor.

It rained manna, and it rained quails. There are no difficulties about the commissariat {b} of an army when God is the Commander-in-chief. All shall be provided for those who put their trust in him.

11. The Lord —

Or, Adoni —

11. Gave the word: great was the company of those who proclaimed it.

When God speaks, he always has proclaimers of his message. Our Lord found a woman at the well, and sent her back to the men of the city as his messenger, and he will find many others before his work is all done.

12, 13. Kings of armies flee, they flee: and she who waited at home divided the spoil. Though you have lain among the pots, —

Grimy among the brick-kilns, covered with clay, and black with smoke, — despised, rejected, earth-bound, — “Though you have lien among the pots,” —

13. Yet you shall be as the wings of a dove covered with silver, and her feathers with yellow gold.

There are good times ahead for God’s people. Rich and rare blessings are laid up in store for those who fear him. Therefore, let us rejoice in him even now.

14. When the Almighty scattered kings in it, it was white as snow in Salmon.

Driven from the bare, bleak mountain side in gusts like feathers, the snow flies before the wind; and so, when God scatters the mighty, they cannot resist him: “It was as snow in Salmon.”

15. The hill of God is as the hill of Bashan; a high hill as the hill of Bashan.

This hill of Zion is not high at all, it is a mere knoll compared with the lofty peaks; yet it was highly favoured. So, to carnal eyes, Christ’s kingdom on earth was little in comparison with the kingdoms of this world; yet, in the sight of God, it is greater than all of them.

16. Why do you leap, you high hills? This is the hill which God desires to dwell in; yes, the LORD will dwell in it for ever.

There are grander places than Zion, but if God chooses to dwell there, his presence gives her a glory and a greatness that no other place can have. The forces at the disposal of Zion’s King are boundless; note how the psalmist enumerates some of them.

17, 18. The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels: the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, in the holy place. You have ascended on high, you have led captives captive: you have received gifts for men; yes, for the rebellious also, so that the LORD God might dwell among them.

Just as the ark went up the hill of Zion, so has Christ ascended to the eternal glory. He is the true Ark of the Covenant, and he is also the true Mercy Seat; therefore, let our hearts rejoice in our ascended Saviour, who has “led captives captive.”

“You have received gifts for men; yes, for the rebellious also.” “In due time, Christ died for the ungodly.” “He made intercession for the transgressors.” Let rebellious sinners latch onto this great truth; and, touched by the love and grace of God, let them cease to rebel any longer.

19, 20. Blessed be the Lord, who daily loads us with benefits, even the God of our salvation. Selah. He who is our God is the God of salvation; and to GOD the Lord belong the issues from death.

All glory be to his thrice-blessed name for all that this verse includes!

21, 22. But God shall wound the head of his enemies, and the hairy scalp of such a one as still goes on in his trespasses. The Lord said, “I will bring again from Bashan, I will bring my people again from the depths of the sea:

Wherever his people may have gone, God will bring them all together again, “from Bashan,” or “from the depths of the sea.”

23-35. That your foot may be dipped in the blood of your enemies, and the tongue of the dogs in the same.” They have seen your goings, oh God; even the goings of my God, my King, in the sanctuary. The singers went before, the players on instruments followed after; among them were the damsels playing with tambourines. Bless God in the congregations, even the Lord, from the fountain of Israel. There is little Benjamin with their ruler, the princes of Judah the their council, the princes of Zebulun, and the princes of Naphtali. Your God has commanded your strength: strengthen, oh God, what you have done for us. Because of your temple at Jerusalem kings shall bring presents to you. Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, until every one submits himself with pieces of silver: scatter the people who delight in war. Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands to God. Sing to God, you kingdoms of the earth; oh sing praises to the Lord; Selah: to him who rides on the heavens of heavens, which were of old; lo, he sends out his voice, and that a mighty voice. Ascribe strength to God: his excellency is over Israel, and his strength is in the clouds. Oh God, you are terrible out of your holy places: the God of Israel is he who gives strength and power to his people. Blessed be God.

The Psalm ends with an ascription of praise to God. So let our reading end, and our worship, and our lives: “Blessed be God.”

{b} Commissariat: Any non-military department or organization for the supply of provisions. OED.

Spurgeon Sermons

These sermons from Charles Spurgeon are a series that is for reference and not necessarily a position of Answers in Genesis. Spurgeon did not entirely agree with six days of creation and dives into subjects that are beyond the AiG focus (e.g., Calvinism vs. Arminianism, modes of baptism, and so on).

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Modernized Edition of Spurgeon’s Sermons. Copyright © 2010, Larry and Marion Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario, Canada. Used by Answers in Genesis by permission of the copyright owner. The modernized edition of the material published in these sermons may not be reproduced or distributed by any electronic means without express written permission of the copyright owner. A limited license is hereby granted for the non-commercial printing and distribution of the material in hard copy form, provided this is done without charge to the recipient and the copyright information remains intact. Any charge or cost for distribution of the material is expressly forbidden under the terms of this limited license and automatically voids such permission. You may not prepare, manufacture, copy, use, promote, distribute, or sell a derivative work of the copyrighted work without the express written permission of the copyright owner.

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