2254. The Two Guards, Praying And Watching

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No. 2254-38:205. A Sermon Delivered On Thursday Evening, July 24, 1890, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington.

A Sermon Intended For Reading On Lord’s Day, May 1, 1892.

Nevertheless we made our prayer to our God, and set a watch against them day and night, because of them. {Ne 4:9}

1. Nehemiah, and the Jews with him, were rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem. Sanballat and others were angry with them, and tried to stop the work. They determined to pounce on the people suddenly, and slay them, and so to put an end to what they were doing. Our text tells us what Nehemiah and his companions did in this emergency: “Nevertheless we made our prayer to our God, and set a watch against them day and night, because of them.”

2. These people had not only to build the wall of Jerusalem, but to watch against their enemies at the same time. Their case is ours. We have to work for Christ. I hope that all of us who love him are trying to do what we can to build up his kingdom; but we need also to watch against deadly foes. If they can destroy us, of course they will also destroy our work. They will do both, if they can. The powers of evil are mad against the people of God. If they can in any way injure or annoy us, you may rest assured that they will do so. They will leave no stone unturned, if it can serve their purpose. No arrows will be left in the quivers of hell while there are godly men and women at whom they can be aimed. Satan and his allies aim every poisoned arrow they have at our hearts.

3. Nehemiah had been warned of the attack that was to be made upon the city. The Jews who lived near these Samaritans had heard their talk of what they meant to do, and they came and told Nehemiah of the plotting of the adversaries. We also have been warned. Just as our Lord said to Peter, “Simon, Simon, Satan has desired to have you, so that he may sift you as wheat,” so he has, in his word, told us that there is a great and terrible evil power which is seeking our destruction. If Satan can do it, he will not only sift us as wheat, but he will cast us into the fire so that we may be destroyed. Brethren, “we are not ignorant of his devices.” You are not left in a fool’s paradise, to dream of security from trial, and to imagine that you are past temptation.

4. It is good for these people, also, that, being in danger, and being aware of the malice of their enemies, they had a noble leader to incite them to the right course to be pursued. Nehemiah was well qualified for his work. He gave the Jews very shrewd, sensible, and yet spiritual advice, and this was a great help to them in their hour of need. Beloved, we have a better Leader than Nehemiah; we have our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and we have his Holy Spirit, who dwells in us, and shall be with us. I ask you to listen to his wise and good advice. I think that he will give it to you through our explanation of the text. He will say to you what Nehemiah, in effect, said to these people, “Watch and pray.” Although the adversaries of the Jews conspired together, and came to fight against Jerusalem, and to hinder the work of rebuilding the wall, Nehemiah says, “Nevertheless, we made our prayer to our God, and set a watch against them day and night, because of them.”

5. In the text, I see two guards; first, prayer: “We made our prayer to our God.” The second guard is watchfulness: “We set a watch.” When I have spoken on these two subjects, I shall take as my third topic, the two guards together. “We prayed, and we set a watch.” We must have them both if we would defeat the enemy.

6. I. First, then, dear friends, think of THE FIRST GUARD: “We made our prayers to our God.”

7. Speaking of this prayer, I would hold it up as a pattern for our prayers in a similar condition. It was a prayer that meant business. Sometimes when we pray, I am afraid that we are not transacting business at the throne of grace; but Nehemiah was as practical in his prayer as he was in the setting of the watch. Some brethren get up in our prayer meetings, and say some very good things; but what they really ask for, I am sure I do not know. I have heard prayers of which I have said, when they were over, “Well, if God answers that prayer, I have not the least idea of what he will give us.” It was a very beautiful prayer, and there was a great deal of explanation of doctrine and experience in it; but I do not think that God needs to have doctrine or experience explained to him. The fault about the prayer was, that there was not anything asked for in it. I like, when brethren are praying, that they should be as business-like as a good carpenter at his work. It is of no use to have a hammer with an ivory handle, unless you aim it at the nail you intend to drive in up to the head; and if that is your object, an ordinary hammer will do just as well as a fine one, perhaps better. Now, the prayers of Nehemiah and the Jews were petitions for divine protection. They knew what they needed, and they asked for it definitely. Oh, for more definiteness in prayer! I am afraid that our prayers are often clouds, and we get mists for answers. Nehemiah’s prayer meant business. I wish we could always pray in this way. When I pray, I like to go to God just as I go to a banker when I have a cheque to be cashed. I walk in, put the cheque down on the counter, the clerk gives me my money, I take it up, and go about my business. I do not know that I ever stayed in a bank five minutes to talk with the clerk; when I have received my money, I go away and attend to other matters. That is how I like to pray; but there is a way of praying that seems like lounging near the mercy seat, as though one had no particular reason for being found there. Do not let it be so with you, brethren. Plead the promise, believe it, receive the blessing God is ready to give, and go about your business. The prayer of Nehemiah and his companions meant business.

8. In the next place, it was a prayer that overcame difficulties. The text begins with a long word, “nevertheless.” If we pull it to pieces, we get three words, never the less; when certain things happen, we will pray never the less; on the contrary, we will cry to our God all the more. Sanballat sneered; but we prayed never the less, but all the more because of his sneers. Tobiah uttered a cutting jest; but we prayed never the less, but all the more because of his mocking taunt. If men make a jest of your religion, pray none the less. If they even become cruel and violent towards you, pray none the less; never the less, not a word less, not a syllable less, not a desire less, and not any faith less. What are your difficulties, dear friend, in coming to the mercy seat? What hindrance lies in your way? Let nothing obstruct your approach to the throne of grace. Turn all stumbling-stones into stepping-stones; and come, with holy boldness, and say, notwithstanding all opposition, “never the less, we made our prayer to our God.” Nehemiah’s prayer meant business, and overcame difficulties.

9. Notice, next, that it was a prayer that came before anything else. It does not say that Nehemiah set a watch, and then prayed; but “nevertheless we made our prayer to our God, and set a watch.” Prayer must always be the lead horse of the team. Do whatever else is wise, but not until you have prayed. Send for the physician if you are sick; but first pray. Take the medicine if you have a belief that it will do you good; but first pray. Go and talk to the man who has slandered you, if you think you ought to do so; but first pray. “Well, I am going to do such and such,” says one, “and I shall pray for a blessing on it afterwards.” Do not begin it until you have prayed. Begin, continue, and end everything with prayer; but especially begin with prayer. Some people would never begin what they are going to do, if they prayed about it first, for they could not ask God’s blessing upon it. Is there anyone here who is going out of this Tabernacle to a place where he should not go? Will he pray first? He knows that he cannot ask a blessing on it; and therefore he ought not to go there. Go nowhere where you cannot go after prayer. This would often be a good guide in your choice of where you should go. Nehemiah first prayed, and then set a watch.

10. Once more, it was a prayer that was continued. If I read the passage properly, “we made our prayer to our God, and set a watch against them day and night,” it means that, as long as they watched, they prayed. They did not pray their prayer, and then stop, and go away, as naughty boys do when they give runaway knocks at a door. Having begun to pray, they continued praying. As long as there were any enemies around, the prayer and the watching were never parted. They still continued to cry to him who keeps Israel as long as they set the watchman of the night to warn them about the foe.

11. When shall we stop praying, brothers and sisters? Well, they say that we shall do so when we get to heaven. I am not clear about that. I do not believe in the intercession of saints for us; but I remember that it is written in the book of Revelation, that the souls under the altar cried, “How long, oh Lord?” Those souls are waiting for the resurrection, waiting for the coming of Christ, waiting for the triumph of his kingdom; and I cannot conceive of their waiting there without often crying, “Oh Lord, how long? Remember your Son, glorify his name, accomplish the number of your elect.” But certainly, as long as we are here, we must pray. One lady, who professed that she had long been perfect, said that her mind was in such complete conformity with the mind of God, that she need not pray any longer. Poor creature! What did she know about the matter? She needed to begin at the first letter of the alphabet of salvation; and pray, “God be merciful to me, a sinner!” When people imagine they do not need to pray, may the Lord have mercy on them!

   Long as they live let Christians pray,
   For only while they pray they live.

12. The prayer which Nehemiah offered was, next, a prayer that was home-made. There may be some of you who like prayers made for you; and it may be that, if all the congregation are to join in the supplication, and every voice is to speak, the prayer must be prepared even as the hymn is; but ready-made prayers always seem to me very much like ready-made clothes, they are meant to fit everyone, and it is very seldom that they fit anyone. For real business at the mercy seat, give me a home-made prayer, a prayer that comes out of the depths of my heart, not because I invented it, but because God the Holy Spirit put it there, and gave it such a living force that I could not help letting it come out. Though your words are broken, and your sentences are disconnected; if your desires are earnest, if they are like coals of juniper, burning with a vehement flame, God will not mind how they find expression. If you have no words, perhaps you will pray better without them. There are prayers that break the backs of words; they are too heavy for any human language to carry.

13. This prayer, then, whatever it may have been as for its words, was the one that the pleaders made: “We made our prayers to our God.”

14. It is very important to notice, that it was a prayer that went to the home of prayer: “We made our prayer to our God.” You have heard of the man who prayed at Boston, “the hub of the universe,” and the report in the paper the next morning was, that “The Rev. Dr. So-and-so prayed the finest prayer that was ever addressed to a Boston audience.” I am afraid that there are some prayers of that kind, that are prayed to the congregation. That is not the kind of prayer that God loves. Forget that there is anyone present, forget that a human ear is listening to your accents; and let it be said of your prayer, “Nevertheless we made our prayer to our God.”

15. It is a very commonplace remark to make, that prayer must go to God if it is to be of any avail; but it is very necessary to make it. When prayer does not go to God, what is the good of it? When you come out of your prayer closet, and feel that you have only gone through a form, how much are you benefited? Make your prayers to your God. Speak in his ear, knowing that he is there; and come away knowing that he has replied to you, that he has lifted up the light of his countenance upon you. That is the kind of prayer we need for our protection against our enemies both day and night.

16. Only once more upon this first point. I gather from the words before me that it was a prayer saturated with faith. “We made our prayer to — God?” No, “to our God.” They had taken Jehovah to be their God, and they prayed to him as their God. They had a full assurance that, though he was the God of the whole earth, yet he was especially their God; and so they made their prayer to the God who had given himself to them, and to whom they belonged by covenant relationship. “We made our prayer to our God.” Those two little words carry a vast weight of meaning. The door of prayer seems to turn on those two golden hinges, — “our God.” If you and I are to be delivered from the evil that is in the world, if we are to be kept building the church of God, we must have for our first guard, mighty, believing prayer, such as Nehemiah and his Jewish friends presented to the Lord.

17. II. I have now to speak to you about THE SECOND GUARD: “We set a watch against them day and night, because of them.”

18. This setting of the watch was a work appointed. “We set a watch.” Nehemiah did not say, “Now, some of you fellows, go and watch,” leaving the post of watchmen open to anyone who chose to take it; but they “set a watch.” A certain number of men had to go on duty at a certain place, at a certain hour, and remain for a certain length of time, and be on guard against the adversary. “We set a watch.” Brethren, if we are to watch over ourselves, and we must do so, we must do it with a definite purpose. We must not say, “I must try to be watchful.” No, no; you must be watchful; and your watchfulness must be as distinct and definite an act as your prayer. “We set a watch.” Some of you have seen the guards changed in the barracks; there is a special time for each company to mount guard. When you go to bed at night, pray the Lord to guard you during the darkness. In the morning, set a watch when you go to your business. Set a watch when you go to the dinner-table; set a watch when you return home. Oh, how soon we may be betrayed into evil unless we set a watch!

19. It was a work carefully done; for Nehemiah says, “We set a watch against them day and night, because of them.” Those three last words would be better rendered, “over against them”; that is, wherever there was an enemy, there he set a watch. They are likely to come up this way. Very well, set a watch there. Perhaps they may turn around, and come up this way. Very well, set a watch there. Possibly they may come climbing over the wall in front here. Well, set a watch there. “We set a watch over against them.” One brother has a very hot temper. Brother, set a watch there. Another is very much inclined to levity. Brother, set a watch there. Another is very morose at home, critical, picking holes in other people’s coats. Brother, set a watch there. One friend has a tendency to pride, another to unbelief. Set a watch wherever the foe is likely to come. “We made our prayer to our God, and set a watch over against them.”

20. It was a work continued; Nehemiah says, “we set a watch against them day and night.” What! Is there to be someone sitting up all night? Of course there is. If Sanballat had told them when he meant to attack them, they might have gone to sleep at other times; but since he did not give them that information, they had to set a watch “day and night.” The devil will not give you notice when he is going to tempt you; he likes to take men by surprise; therefore, set a watch day and night.

21. It was a work quickened by knowledge. They knew that Sanballat would come if he could, so they set a watch. The more you know of the plague of your own heart, the more you will set a watch against it. The more you know of the temptations that are in the world through lust, the more you should set a watch. The older you are, the more you should watch. “Oh!” says an aged friend, “you should not say that; it is the young people who go wrong.” Is it? In the Old Testament or in the New, have you an example of a young believer who went astray? The Bible tells us of many old men who were tripped up by Satan when they were not watching; so you still need to set a watch even when your hair turns grey, for you will not be out of gun-shot of the devil until you have passed through the gate of pearl into the golden streets of the New Jerusalem.

22. You and I, dear friends, have need to set a watch against the enemies of our holy faith. Some people ask me, “Why do you talk so much about the ‘Down-Grade’? Let men believe what they like. Go on with your work for God, and pray to him to set them right.” I believe in praying and setting a watch. We have to guard with jealous care “the faith once and for all delivered to the saints.” When you find, as you do find now, professing Christians and professing Christian ministers denying every article of the faith, or putting another meaning upon all the words than they must have been understood to bear, and preaching lies in the name of the Most High, it is time that someone set a watch against them. A night-watchman’s place is not an easy berth; but I am willing to take that post for my blessed Master’s sake. Those professed servants of Christ who enter into an unholy alliance with men who deny the faith will have to answer for it at the last great day. As for us, brethren, when our Lord comes, let him find us watching as well as praying.

23. But, dear friends, to come home to ourselves, we must set a watch against our own personal adversaries. I hope that, in one sense, you have no personal enemies; that you do not bear a grudge against anyone; but that you live in peace and love towards all mankind. But there are Christian people here, who will go to homes where everyone in the house is against them. Many a godly woman goes from the sanctuary to a drunken husband; many children, converted to God, see anything but what they like to see in their homes. What are they to do in such circumstances? Set a watch. Dear woman, how do know that you shall not be the means of saving your unconverted husband? If so, you must set a watch; do not give him a piece of your mind; you will not convert him that way. And you, dear children, who have come to Christ, and joined the church, be careful that you are dutiful and obedient, for otherwise you will destroy all hope of bringing your parents to the Saviour. Set a watch. Set a watch. “Oh!” you say, “if I do a little wrong, they magnify it.” I know they do; therefore, set a watch; be more careful. Set a watch over your temper, set a watch over your tongue, set a watch over your actions. Be patient, be gentle, be loving. May the Spirit of God work all this in you!

24. But there is another set of enemies, much more dreadful than these adversaries that are outside of us, the foes within, the evil tendencies of our corrupt nature, against which we must always set a watch. Perhaps you say, “How can I do this?” Well, first, know what they are. People who are beginning the Christian life should seek to know where their weak points are. I should not wonder, dear friend, if your weak point lies where you think that you are strong. Where you think, “Oh, I shall never go wrong there!” — that is the very place where you are likely to fall. Set a watch wherever any weakness has appeared; and if you have, in the past of your Christian life, grieved the Holy Spirit by anything wrong, set a double watch there. Where you have tripped once, you may trip again; for you are the same man. Set a watch, also, dear friend, whenever you feel quite secure. Whenever you feel certain that you cannot be tempted in a particular direction, that proves that you are already as proud as Lucifer. Set a watch, set a watch, set a watch. Avoid every occasion of sin. If any course of conduct would lead you into sin, do not go in that direction. I heard a man say, as an excuse for drinking, “You see, if ever I take a glass of beer, I seem to lose myself, and I must have two or three more.” Well, then, if that is the case with you, do not take a glass of beer. “But,” one says, “if I get into company, I forget myself.” Then, do not go into company. Better go to heaven as a hermit, than go to hell with a multitude. Pluck out your right eye, and cut off your right hand, sooner than that these should cause you to fall into sin. Do not go where you are likely to be tempted. “Well,” one says, “but my business calls me into the midst of temptation.” I grant you that your business may compel you to go where there are ungodly men; for how could some live at all, if they did not have to come into contact with the ungodly? — they would have to go out of the world. Well, then, if that is your case, put on the whole armour of God, and do not go without being prepared to fight the good fight of faith. Set a watch, set a watch, set a watch.

25. Watch against the beginnings of sin. Remember, Satan never begins where he stops; he begins with a little sin, and he goes on to a greater one. When he first tempts men, he does not aim at all what he hopes to accomplish; but he tries to draw them aside little by little, and he works up by degrees to the greater sin he wants them to commit. I do not believe that, at the present time, a Christian man can be too precise. We serve a very precise God: “the Lord your God is a jealous God.” Keep out of many things in which professing Christians now indulge themselves. The question is, whether they are Christians at all. If we must not judge them, at any rate, let us judge for ourselves, and settle it, once and for all, that we dare not go where they go; indeed, we have no wish to do so.

26. Watch for what God has to say to you. In your reading of the Bible, if the Holy Spirit applies a text of Scripture to you with special force, regard it as a hint from your heavenly Father that there is a lesson in it for you. I am often surprised at the way in which the morning text will often instruct me through the whole day. People who come to hear the Word of God preached, often find that, within two or three days, there is a reason why the preacher delivered that particular sermon, and a reason why they were led to hear it.

27. Whenever you see a professing Christian going astray from the way of holiness, do not talk about it, and so increase the mischief. “It is a bad bird that fouls its own nest.” Instead of speaking of another’s fall, set a watch for yourself, and say, “That is the place where he slipped, that is the place where I may stumble if the grace of God does not keep me.” Remember our Saviour’s words to the three disciples with him in Gethsemane, “Watch and pray, so that you do not enter into temptation.”

28. III. I finish by putting THE TWO GUARDS TOGETHER. “We made our prayer to our God, and set a watch against them.”

29. Dear friends, neither of these two guards is sufficient alone. Prayer alone will not avail. To pray and not to watch, is presumption. You pretend to trust in God, and yet you are throwing yourself into danger, as the devil would have had Christ do, when he tempted him to cast himself down from the pinnacle of the temple. If you pray to be kept, then be watchful.

30. Prayer without watchfulness is hypocrisy. A man prays to be kept from sin, and then goes into temptation; his prayer is evidently a mere piece of mockery; for he does not carry it out in his actions.

31. Sometimes, however, ignorance may lead to prayer without watching. There are other things which ought not to be omitted. Let me tell you a simple story. There was a little school-girl who often did not know her lessons, and there was another girl, who sat near her, who always said her lessons correctly. Her companion said to her, “Jane, how is it that you always know your lessons?” Jane replied, “I pray to God to help me, and so I know them.” The next day, the other little girl stood up, but she did not know her lesson; and afterward she said to her friend, “I prayed to God about my lesson, but I did not know it any better than I did yesterday.” Jane said, “But did you try to learn the lesson?” “No,” she said; “I prayed about it, and I thought that was sufficient.” Of course she did not know her lesson without learning it. In the same manner, you must watch as well as pray. There must be the daily guard set upon tongue, and thought, and hand; or else prayer will be in vain.

32. I have known some people to run great risks, and yet say that they have prayed to the Lord to preserve them. I have heard, dozens of times, these words, “I made it a matter of prayer,” and I have been ready to grow angry with the man who has uttered them. He has done a wrong thing, and he has excused himself because he says that he made it a matter of prayer. A young man married an ungodly young woman, and yet he said that he made it a matter of prayer! A Christian woman married an ungodly man, and when someone blamed her for disobeying the Word of God, she said that she made it a matter of prayer! If you had really sought divine guidance, you would not have dared to do what the Scriptures expressly forbid to a child of God. Prayer without watching is not sufficient to preserve us from evil.

33. On the other hand, dear friends, watching without praying is equally futile. To say, “I will keep myself right,” and never pray to God to keep you, is self-confidence, which must lead to evil. If you try to watch, and do not pray, you will go to sleep, and that will be an end to your watching. It is only by praying and watching that you will be able to keep on your guard. Besides, watching grows wearisome without prayer, and we soon give it up, unless we have a sweet interlude of prayer to give us rest, and to help us to continue watching.

34. I will not keep you longer when I have said this, put the two together, “Watch and pray,” or, as my text has it, “Pray and watch.” One will help the other. Prayer will call out the watchman, prayer will incite him to keep his eyes open, prayer will be the food to sustain him during the night, prayer will be the fire to warm him. On the other hand, watching will help prayer, for watching proves prayer to be true. Watching stirs up prayer, for every enemy we see will move us to pray more earnestly. Moreover, watching is prayer. If there is true watching, the watching itself is prayer. The two blend into each other. Beloved friends, I send you away with my text ringing in your ears, “We made our prayer to our God, and set a watch against them day and night.”

35. But I have not been speaking to all who are here. Some of you do not pray, some of you cannot set a watch. The message for you is, “You must be born again.” You cannot attempt Christian duties until first you have the Christian life; and the only way to get the Christian life is to have faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. Come to the fountain which he has filled with his precious blood; wash there, and be clean; and then, quickened by his Spirit, set a watch. I am looking to see some souls brought to Christ at this service, for although I have been preaching to God’s people, if they will watch for you, and pray for you, there will come a blessing to you through their watching and praying. May the Lord grant that it may come to many of you! “Seek the Lord while he may be found, call upon him when he is near.” May many seek and find the Lord tonight; and may many call upon him in truth! “Whoever shall call upon the name of the Lord, shall be saved.” May God grant that it may be so for everyone here, for Jesus’ sake! Amen.

[Portion Of Scripture Read Before Sermon — Ne 4]
{See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Public Worship, Prayer Meetings — Hindrances To Prayer” 994}
{See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Public Worship, Prayer Meetings — Let Us Pray” 999}
{See Spurgeon_Hymnal “The Christian, Seeking to Persevere — Let Us Not Fall” 668}

Exposition By C. H. Spurgeon {Ne 4:1-23}

1. But it came to pass, that when Sanballat heard that we built the wall, he was angry, and took great indignation, and mocked the Jews.

It was necessary to rebuild the wall of Jerusalem, which had been lying in ruins. They went on pretty briskly, for everyone had a mind to work. There never was a good work yet that there were not some to oppose it, and there never will be until the Lord comes. Sanballat heard what the Jews were doing, and he was very angry. “He was angry, and took great indignation.” He was all on fire with anger that God’s work was being continued.

2. And he spoke before his brethren and the army of Samaria, and said, “What do these feeble Jews do?

The enemies of God’s people generally take to sneering. It is a very easy way of showing opposition.

2. Will they fortify themselves? Will they sacrifice? Will they make an end in a day? Will they revive the stones out of the heaps of the rubbish which are burned?”

No doubt these questions were thought to be very witty and very sarcastic. The enemies of Christ are generally good hands at this kind of thing. Well, if it amuses them, I do not know that it need harm us much; for, after all, it is their way of paying homage to God’s power.

3. Now Tobiah the Ammonite was by him.

Such a man as Sanballat never lacks friends. If there is a bad man anywhere, there is sure to be another close at hand. The devil does not make a fire with one stick. When he has set the first one alight, he can generally find a faggot to put near it. Tobiah the Ammonite, who was tarred with the same brush as Sanballat the Horonite, was by him.

3. And he said, “Even what they build, if a fox goes up, he shall even break down their stone wall.”

Tobiah, you see, was another great wit. If possible, he excelled his leader in sarcasm. Are any of you the objects of ridicule for Christ’s sake? Bear it without being much distressed by it. It will break no bones, after all. If your Lord endured such opposition from sinners against himself, you may very well bear it without being distressed.

4, 5. Hear, oh our God; for we are despised: and turn their reproach upon their own head, and give them for a prey in the land of captivity; and do not cover their iniquity, and do not let their sin be blotted out from before you: for they have provoked you to anger before the builders.

This was righteous indignation; but Nehemiah is not a perfect model for us. He was not only stern, but he mingled with his severity a measure of bitterness in his prayer that we must not imitate. Sometimes, when we have seen men plotting against God, seeking to ruin the souls of others, and trying to stop us in our endeavour to build up the church of God, we have felt such language as this trembling on our lips. It would be better, however, for us to bow the knee, in humble imitation of our Lord upon the cross, and cry, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.”

6. So we built the wall.

You half expected to read, “So we stopped building the wall, and answered Sanballat and Tobiah.” Not a bit of it. They kept to their work and let these two men scoff as they pleased.

6. And all the wall was joined together to the half of it: for the people had a mind to work.

They built the wall half as high as they meant it to be ultimately; but they built it all around, and joined it together well. If we cannot do all we would like to do, let us do what we can; and let us endeavour, as far as possible, to finish off the part that we do, waiting for better times to construct the walls higher.

7. But it came to pass, that when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and the Arabians, and the Ammonites, and the Ashdodites, heard that the walls of Jerusalem were made up, and that the breaches began to be filled, then they were very angry.

They were “angry” before; now they were “very angry.” If a work has no opposition from Satan, we may be half-afraid it is good-for-nothing. If you cannot make the devil roar, you have not done him much harm; but the more he roars, the more cause there is for the angels singing the praises of God before the throne.

8. And all of them conspired together to come and fight against Jerusalem, and to hinder it.

It is amazing how unanimous bad men can be. It has always struck me as a very startling thing, that you have never heard of any division among the demons in hell. There are no sects among the demons; they seem to work together with an awful unanimity of purpose in their wicked design. In this one thing they seem to excel the family of God. Oh, that we were as hearty and united in the service of God as wicked men are in the service of Satan!

9, 10. Nevertheless we made our prayer to our God, and set a watch against them day and night, because of them. And Judah said, —

Judah, you know, was the lion tribe. Christ is “the Lion of the tribe of Judah.” But Judah, instead of being lion-hearted, made a noise more like a mouse than a lion, for Judah said, —

10. “The strength of the bearers of burden is weakened, and there is much rubbish; so that we are not able to build the wall.

Poor Judah! He ought to have been bolder and braver; but he was not. It is the same today; some who seem to be pillars, prove very weak in the hour of trial, and by their cowardice discourage the rest.

11. And our adversaries said, ‘They shall not know, neither see, until we come in the midst among them, and kill them, and cause the work to cease.’ ”

While some were discouraging the people within the city, their enemies, outside the walls, were plotting to take them by surprise, and kill them.

12. And it came to pass, that when the Jews who lived by them came, they said to us ten times, “From all places where you shall return to us they will be upon you.”

These Jews ought to have been helping to build the wall; but they did not come to help the Lord’s people. Still, they were sufficiently friendly to tell Nehemiah about the plot that was being hatched by his enemies. God knows how, when his enemies are sinking a mine, to undermine them. If secrecy is necessary for the success of evil, someone speaks out, and tells the story, so that the plot is discovered.

13. Therefore I set in the lower places behind the wall, and on the higher places, I even set the people according to their families with their swords, their spears, and their bows.

When Nehemiah knew the danger to which the people were exposed, he took measures to guard against it. I like the common sense of Nehemiah. He kept families together. “I set the people according to their families, with their swords, their spears, and their bows.” Beloved friends, I have no greater joy than such as I had last Tuesday, when I received five children from one family, all brought to Christ. May the Lord make our families to be the guards of the church!

14. And I looked, and rose up, and said to the nobles and to the rulers, and to the rest of the people, “Do not be afraid of them.

Fear may awaken us, but it must never be allowed to weaken us. We should put on the armour, and take the sword and spear and bow when there is reason for fear; we should never dream of running away.

14, 15. Remember the Lord, who is great and terrible, and fight for your brethren, your sons, and your daughters, your wives, and your houses.” And it came to pass, when our enemies heard that it was known to us, and God had brought their counsel to naught, that all of us returned to the wall, everyone to his work.

There was no fighting after all. As soon as the enemy knew that their plot was found out, they did not make any assault. One commentator says: — “Some men, if they had been delivered from danger, every one would have returned to the ale-house; but every one of these men returned to his work.” They went back to their building, and still continued in the service of the city.

16, 17. And it came to pass from that time on, that half of my servants worked in the work, and the other half of them held both the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the habergeons; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah. Those who built on the wall, and those who carried burdens, loaded themselves so that with one of his hands he worked in the work, and with the other hand he held a weapon.

The sword and the trowel both guarded the city and built the wall.

18. For every one of the builders had his sword girded by his side, and so built. And he who sounded the trumpet was by me.

What the trumpet was for, we are told directly.

19, 20. And I said to the nobles, and to the rulers, and to the rest of the people, “The work is great and large, and we are separated on the wall, one far from another. In what place therefore you hear the sound of the trumpet, resort there to us: our God shall fight for us.”

That is a grand sentence. The moment you hear the trumpet, you are to leave your place on the wall, and come to the point where the enemy is attacking us. But Nehemiah does not say, “You shall fight for us,” he puts it much better, “Our God shall fight for us.” So he still will.

21. So we laboured in the work: and half of them held the spears from the rising of the morning until the stars appeared.

They made long days. Christian people do not want merely eight hours a day for Christ. We can sometimes do eighteen hours’ work for him in a day; and we wish that we could do twenty-four.

22, 23. Likewise at the same time I said to the people, “Let everyone with his servant lodge within Jerusalem, so that in the night they may be a guard to us, and labour during the day.” So neither I, nor my brethren, nor my servants nor the men of the guard who followed me, none of us took off our clothes.

Nehemiah was a good leader. He did not say, “Go,” he said, “Come”; and he bore the brunt of the service. Like Alexander, who went with the Macedonians into the rough places, and did the hard work, so did Nehemiah. He and those with him did not take off their clothes, even for sleeping.

23. Except that everyone took them off for washing.

Which was necessary; for cleanliness is next to godliness. May the Lord sends us more Nehemiahs, and plenty of people to work with them, who can endure hardness as good soldiers of Jesus Christ, and who will also be good builders of the church of God!

Public Worship, Prayer Meetings
994 — Hindrances To Prayer
1 What various hindrances we meet
   In coming to a mercy-seat!
   Yet who that knows the worth of prayer,
   But wishes to be often there?
2 Prayer makes the darken’d cloud withdraw,
   Prayer climbs the ladder Jacob saw,
   Gives exercise to faith and love,
   Brings every blessing from above.
3 Restraining prayer, we cease to fight;
   Prayer makes the Christian’s armour bright;
   And Satan trembles when he sees
   The weakest saint upon his knees.
4 While Moses stood with arms spread wide,
   Success was found on Israel’s side;
   But when through weariness thy fail’d,
   That moment Amalek prevail’d.
5 Have you no words? Ah, think again,
   Words flow apace when you complain,
   And fill your fellow-creature’s ear
   With and sad tale of all your care.
6 Were half the breath thus vainly spent,
   To heaven in supplication sent,
   Your cheerful song would oftener be,
   “Hear what the Lord has done for me!”
                     William Cowper, 1779.


Public Worship, Prayer Meetings
999 — Let Us Pray <8.7.>
1 Let us pray! the Lord is willing,
      Ever waiting, prayer to hear;
   Ready, his kind words fulfilling,
      Loving hearts to help and cheer.
2 Let us pray! our God with blessing
      Satisfies the praying soul;
   Bends to hear the heart’s confessing,
      Moulding it to his control.
3 Let us pray! though foes surrounding,
      Vex, and trouble, and dismay;
   Precious grace, through Christ abounding,
      Still shall cheer us on our way.
4 Let us pray! our life is praying;
      Prayer with time alone may cease:
   Then in heaven, God’s will obeying,
      Life is praise and perfect peace.
                        Henry Bateman, 1862.


The Christian, Seeking to Persevere
668 — Let Us Not Fall
1 Lord, through the desert drear and wide
   Our erring footsteps need a guide;
   Keep us, oh keep us near thy side.
   Let us not fall. Let us not fall.
2 We have no fear that thou shouldest lose
   One whom eternal love could choose;
   But we would ne’er this grace abuse.
   Let us not fall. Let us not fall.
3 Lord, we are blind, and halt, and lame,
   We have no strong hold but thy name:
   Great is our fear to bring it shame.
   Let us not fall. Let us not fall.
4 Lord, evermore thy face we seek:
   Tempted we are, and poor, and weak;
   Keep us with lowly hearts, and meek.
   Let us not fall. Let us not fall.
5 All thy good work in us complete,
   And seat us daily at thy feet;
   Thy love, thy words, thy name, how sweet!
   Let us not fall. Let us not fall.
                           Mary Bowly. 1847.

Spurgeon Sermons

These sermons from Charles Spurgeon are a series that is for reference and not necessarily a position of Answers in Genesis. Spurgeon did not entirely agree with six days of creation and dives into subjects that are beyond the AiG focus (e.g., Calvinism vs. Arminianism, modes of baptism, and so on).

Terms of Use

Modernized Edition of Spurgeon’s Sermons. Copyright © 2010, Larry and Marion Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario, Canada. Used by Answers in Genesis by permission of the copyright owner. The modernized edition of the material published in these sermons may not be reproduced or distributed by any electronic means without express written permission of the copyright owner. A limited license is hereby granted for the non-commercial printing and distribution of the material in hard copy form, provided this is done without charge to the recipient and the copyright information remains intact. Any charge or cost for distribution of the material is expressly forbidden under the terms of this limited license and automatically voids such permission. You may not prepare, manufacture, copy, use, promote, distribute, or sell a derivative work of the copyrighted work without the express written permission of the copyright owner.

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