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Charles Spurgeon expounds on 1 Kings 4:20–28.
A Sermon Delivered By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. *12/18/2012
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry. And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the Euphrates River to the land of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life. And Solomon’s provision for one day was thirty measures of fine flour, and threescore measures of meal, ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and a hundred sheep, besides harts, and roebucks, and fallowdeer, and fatted fowl. For he had dominion over all the region on this side of the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side of the river: and he had peace on all sides. And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon. And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen. And those officers provided food for King Solomon, and for all who came to King Solomon’s table, every man in his month: they lacked nothing. They brought barley also and straw for the horses and dromedaries to the place where the officers were, every man according to his charge. [1Ki 4:20-28]
1. We have read these few verses first, and at the close of them you find the text. The last words are the text for this occasion.
2. From the whole passage you will see that the kingdom of Israel under the sway of Solomon was a fair type of the reign of our Lord Jesus Christ. Perhaps it most exactly describes his future dominion, in the long expected glory of the latter days. The present state of the church may be compared to the reign of David, splendid with victories, but disturbed with battles; but there are better days to come, days when the kingdom shall be extended and become more obvious; and then the Lord Jesus Christ shall be even more conspicuously seen as the Solomon of the kingdom, “who shall have dominion from sea to sea.” Yet even now, just as “we who have believed do enter into rest,” so do we also enter into the richest provision, which is made in the covenant of grace, even at this present time; and I may say of all who have come under the sway of Christ, that we dwell in a region of peace, every man seated under his vine and fig tree, and no one making us afraid. “There is, therefore, now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus,” and, “therefore, being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.” “The peace of God which surpasses all understanding” keeps our hearts and minds by Jesus Christ. Israel under Solomon had abundance as well as peace. What does the historian say? They were “as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.” It is said that there was such plenty in the land in Solomon’s time that gold was of no more value than silver, and silver became of little more value than iron; and as for the other metals, they were valued very little. So common had precious metals become that they were scarcely precious any longer, they were so plentiful. The whole land flowed with milk and honey, and the people rejoiced and were glad. Certainly the Lord Jesus Christ has brought his people into a state of the greatest plenty, for “all things are yours; whether things present, or things to come; or life, or death; all are yours; and you are Christ’s; and Christ is God’s.” What plenty must that man have to whom the Lord has said, “I will withhold no good thing from those who walk uprightly!” “Whatever you shall ask in prayer, believing, you shall receive.” He has given us carte blanche in prayer. He has put into our hands the keys of his treasury, and has invited us take what we will. He has said, “Delight yourself also in the Lord, and he shall give you the desires of your heart”; and he has added, “Open your mouth wide and I will fill it.” If we do not have, it is “because we do not ask, or because we ask amiss.”
3. So, too, we dwell in a kingdom, which is ruled with wisdom. It is said of Solomon in this chapter that he had extremely great wisdom and understanding, and largeness of heart, even as the sand on the sea-shore; and Solomon’s wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of the Egyptians. Is this not also our honour and privilege? Behold, today the Lord Jesus Christ is “made wisdom to us.” “We have an unction from the Holy One, and know all things” while we dwell in him; for “the secret of the Lord is with those who fear him, and he will show them his covenant.” “If any man will do his will he shall know the doctrine.” “All your children shall be taught by the Lord, and great shall be the peace of your children.” Hence we dwell under a rule of wisdom, which wisdom imparts itself to each one of us according to his capacity to receive it, yes, even to those whose experience is only shallow: “to teach the young men wisdom, and the babes knowledge and discretion.” “If any man lacks wisdom, let him ask God who gives to all men liberally, and does not upbraid.”
4. Israel had a king who was full of power. Solomon had squadrons of horses and chariots of war, and he was so strong that the kings of the earth dared not come into conflict with him, but paid him tribute. As for our King, he has better forces than horses and chariots of war, for he only has to speak to his Father, and he will immediately send him twenty legions of angels. All power is delivered to him in heaven and in earth. The fulness of the Godhead dwells in him for the defence and help of his people, and if you only will open your eyes you shall see horses of fire and chariots of fire all around your Lord. Hosts of angels are ascending and descending upon the Son of man, and all heaven is in motion for the purposes of God in Christ Jesus. Not an angel stands still beneath the sway of Christ, but each one either ascends or descends to do his Master’s bidding. Talk of mighty princes — he is the Prince of the kings of the earth, the “blessed and only Potentate,” to whom belongs rule over all principalities and powers. I might go on with the parallel, but that is not the object of my discourse.
5. The great kingdom of Solomon was managed by a well-appointed body of officers, and certain people were set over each province, who, among other duties, had to provide for King Solomon’s table and stable. The table was very sumptuously furnished, as you saw in the reading; and in the stable stood horses of war, and also swift dromedaries, which were used in the same manner as our modern post-horses, to carry messages rapidly from one station to another. These swift horses and dromedaries were made to run from town to town with the royal mandates, and by this the whole country was kept in speedy communication with the capital. Appointed officers were bound to provide for these horses and dromedaries, and all else that concerned the king’s business; and my subject at this time will illustrate the similarity between this arrangement and the methods of our Lord’s kingdom.
6. I. First we shall notice that EACH OF SOLOMON’S OFFICERS HAD A CHARGE. The text says, “Every man according to his charge.”
7. We have officers in modern courts who may be highly ornamental, but when you have said that, there is very little else to add. On high days and holidays they wear many decorations, and glitter in their stars and garters, and sumptuous garments, but what particular charge they fulfil it is beyond my power to say. In Solomon’s court all his officers had a service to carry out, “every man according to his charge.” It is exactly so in the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ. If we are truly his, he has called us to some work and office, and he wants us to discharge that office diligently. We are not to be gentlemen-at-ease, but men-at-arms; not loiterers, but labourers; not glittering spangles, but burning and shining lights.
8. It is extremely glorious to be the lowest servant of King Jesus. It is more honourable to be a scullion in Christ’s kitchen than to be a peer of the realm. The lowliest position that can be occupied in the kingdom of Jesus Christ, if anyone can be lowly in such a service, has a touch of divine glory about it; and if we rightfully discharge it, though it is only to wash the saints’ feet, we partake in the honour of our Master, who himself did not disdain to do the same. But no man is put in any office in the church so that he may be merely ornamental. We are set in our places for a purpose and design, every man according to his charge — every woman according to her charge. My dear brother, you do not occupy the post of a minister or a pastor so that you may be respected, but that you may “adorn the doctrine of God your Saviour in all things.” You are not, my dear brother, ordained to be an elder or a deacon in a church so that our Lord may put honour upon you, though he does put honour upon you in it, but that you may bring glory to God — that the people may see the grace of God in you, and may magnify God in you. Churches were not made for ministers, but ministers for churches. We who are officers in the church are not ordained for our own sakes, but for the people’s sake, and we should always remember that fact, and live with it before our eyes. Dear friend, if you are called to teach in the Sunday School, if you are called to visit from house to house, or to act as a City Missionary, or a Bible woman, you have work to do, and you must do it well, or render a sorrowful account at the last. An office is not given to you so that you may get credit by it, and have the honour of filling it, but that you may do real service for your Lord and Master Jesus Christ. No servant of Christ can be faithful if he regards that title as one of barren honour involving no responsibility. If we would be servants and officers under our great King we must bow our necks to the yoke, and not imagine that it will suffice to bind burdens upon other men’s shoulders, and act as onlookers ourselves. It is said of Job’s cattle, that “the oxen were ploughing, and the donkeys were feeding beside them”; but in our Lord’s field we must all be oxen, and steadily keep to the furrow.
9. Those who served Solomon were officers under a strict king, for such was his wisdom that he would not tolerate unfaithfulness in any position. He chose the best men, and as long as he retained them he meant business and expected prompt attention. If they did not do their duty, he did his, and sent them packing. It is very much so in the church of Jesus Christ. I am not speaking as if the children of God could perish; but I do say this, that in the service of Christ if you are not a faithful servant you will soon have to make room for another. You may be laid aside by sickness, and then you will have suffering instead of serving, or you may be made to drop into the rear rank and go behind and weep in sorrow because you did not faithfully do your duty in the front. Remember that text, “The Lord your God is a jealous God,” and rest assured that our Lord Jesus Christ is like his Father, he will have the diligent obedience of his servants, and their faithful zeal, or else he will discharge them, and take away their commissions. “Be clean,” he says, “those who bear the vessels of the Lord,” for he will be held in reverence by those who are around him, and unholy servants and unfaithful servants shall soon find that their Master can do without them. Many a minister has had to come away from a place of vantage because he has not zealously used it to win souls and lead the people on to the holy war. I do not doubt that many rising officers have been sent back to the ranks because the Commander-in-Chief could not have patience with them any longer in their positions. They were removed because they discouraged their fellow soldiers and checked the progress of the campaign. Do not suppose that our Lord Jesus Christ is any less strict in his discipline than Moses, for love is always severe towards those it highly favours. I greatly question the love of that man who can tolerate unchastity in his wife; certainly the husband of the church will not do so. The love of our Lord Jesus is of so fervent a character that he cannot bear a divided heart, or a negligent walk in any one of us. There is a text, which some Christian people do not like, and so they cut the heart out of it: “our God is a consuming fire.” They say, “God, outside of Christ, is a consuming fire.” The text does not say so; it speaks of “Our God,” and that means our covenant God, our God in Christ, and it is God in Christ Jesus who is a consuming fire. Beware how you deal with him; for while his love is strong as death, his jealousy is cruel as the grave; and if our hearts and motives and purposes in his service once become divided, it will be as great a crime as if one of Solomon’s servants should have been playing into the hands of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt. Solomon would have taken care that a man who had two lords should not have him for one of them. None of us can serve two masters: certainly, if Christ is one of them he will be the only one. A divided heart is abhorrence to the loving Saviour, and we must not insult him with it.
10. The officers of Solomon were also obliged to remember that the orderly working of the whole system depended upon each one of them. That is to say, Solomon had so arranged it that there was a certain troop of horses in a certain town, and the appointed officer must see to their fodder: as required barley and straw were to be in full quantity for the horses at that particular depot. It would not have done to send it anywhere else; and if an officer had failed to supply his department, the horses must have starved and the system been thrown out of gear. Now, in any well-arranged Christian church a Christian who is not faithful to his charge little knows what mischief he does; but, as far as he can, he puts the whole machine out of gear, and, apart from the interposing mercy and supreme wisdom of Christ, he would throw the whole economy of the Lord’s house into disorder. Brothers and sisters, we think when we neglect a part of our service that it ends there, but it does not. A father neglects his duty to his children: there is mischief to the child, but it goes further; that child in later life spreads the evil by his example, and transmits it to his descendants; indeed, to his children’s children after him. A Christian man in a church keeps in the background when he should be in the front, or he comes to the front when he should be in the rear, and this is just the upsetting of the whole business, so that affairs cannot move smoothly. The little church cannot prosper because an influential member is not where he ought to be. In a great house the servants must keep their places, and if the cook will persist in doing the chambermaid’s duties, and does not prepare the meals, everything is in a muddle; and if, on the other hand, the maid who has to clean the rooms neglects that duty, but must needs be in the kitchen, there will be no comfort either by day or by night. You can all see the bearing of this upon a Christian church.
11. To change the metaphor, a church is like a house, and if the windows are put where the doors should be; or if what should make the roof is laid on the floor, the house is out of order. To be “fitly framed together” is the true condition of the Lord’s house. The church is also compared to the body. If the eye should transfer itself to the foot, or if the ear should move to the hand, or if the hand should take the place of the foot, or the foot should attempt to do the work of the mouth, our fair bodies would become monstrosities. So it must be in the system of the church of Jesus Christ if his arrangements are broken through. Under God everything depends upon each child of God having his “charge,” and looking well to it. If he does not look well to his own department the Christian man does damage to others as well as to himself.
12. In Solomon’s kingdom it came to pass that the spirit of the king infused itself into all his officers, and therefore the country was well governed. Beloved, I pray that it may be so with this church, and with all the churches of Jesus Christ, that the Spirit of our great King may infuse himself into us all. Nothing makes men fight like having a hero for a leader. When Cromwell came to the front no one was afraid. Away went the cavaliers like chaff before the wind, when once he was present. And, surely, when our glorious Master, the Captain of our salvation, the standard-bearer among ten thousand, is seen to be in the midst of a church, then everything goes well, and we all fight with confidence and daring. One man sometimes seems to have the power of persuading thousands of other men; his spirit appears to govern, to move, to stir the hearts of his fellow men until the man lives in them all; and so it is supremely with the Lord Christ. We live in him, and he lives in us. If we are all moved by the spirit which dwells in Jesus — the spirit of love, of self-denial, of consuming zeal, and of ardour, then all will be done gloriously. If we copy his consecration, his prayerfulness, his boldness and his gentleness, what a troop we shall make, and how well will our Solomon’s kingdom be administered!
13. I have only one more thought here. When Solomon’s kingdom came to mischief it was through one of his officers. You remember that, when Solomon died, Jeroboam split the kingdom in two, and he was a runaway servant. Whenever a church comes to ruin, we grieve to confess that it is generally through its own officers. I fear it is more often the ministers than any other people. The great heresies which have infested the church have not sprung from the mass of the people, but from certain famous leaders; and at this day the heart of our churches, I believe, is infinitely more sound than the ministry. I wish it were not so, but I cannot conceal my fears. When our Lord was betrayed it was not by private followers, such as Mary Magdalene, Zacchaeus, or Joseph of Arimathaea, but by Judas, the treasurer of the College of Disciples. It was a disciple who sold his Master for thirty pieces of silver. Still the fault is equally grievous if it is committed by the most junior officer. As I have already said, we are all servants: we are all clothed with responsibilities, and we can, if the Holy Spirit shall leave us to it, do grievous damage — more damage than the outside world can ever accomplish. Let the raging crowd surround Zion’s wall, let them cast up their banks and seek to shoot their arrows there; but lo, the virgin daughter of Zion has shaken her head at her foes and laughed them to scorn. But when the traitor comes within — when it is written that “Judas also who betrayed him knew the place” — then the Master is betrayed in the garden where he resorted for prayer. When from the body of the church there springs a serpent, even her head must be stung by it. Let the question go all around, “Lord, is it I?” and may God by his grace grant that none of us may ever betray our charge, and so bring damage to the glorious cause and kingdom of our blessed King.
14. II. Our second point is somewhat like the first. We now notice that EACH MAN WAS BOUND TO ACT ACCORDING TO HIS CHARGE — “Every man according to his charge.”
15. The officers were bound to obey their orders; first, as to matter. Certain of them had to provide fat oxen for Solomon’s table, and others had to see that the roebucks were hunted and that the fowls were fattened for the same purpose; while others were commissioned to provide the barley and the straw for the horses and the dromedaries. As I have already said, if they had gone out of place — if the man who had to provide the barley for the horses had fed the chickens with it, and if the officer who was bound to hunt the roebucks had occupied himself with carting the straw, there would have been great confusion. And so, dear brother, when you will not do what you were evidently meant to do, and are quite able to do, but must attempt something quite out of your range, all goes amiss. Observe your own body: if your ear were to have a feeling that it ought to eat instead of hearing, the mouth would be interfered with, and the feeding of the body would be very badly done. The eye is a very serviceable member, but if it persisted in refusing to see, and must needs take to hearing, we should be run over in the streets. Each member has its own office in the body, and must attend to its own work, and not to the office of another. Dear friend, have you found out what you can do — what the Lord has equipped you to do, and what he has blessed you in doing? Then keep at it, and do it better and better, and by no means complain about your vocation. Do not find fault with others whose work differs from your own. The eye would be very foolish if it should say, “Do not tell me about that frivolous member the ear; it is of no use, for it only knows what it is told, and it is so blind that it could not see a house if it were within a yard of it, nor even a mountain a mile high.” Equally idle would it be if the ear should say, “Do not tell me about the mouth; it is a selfish organ, always wanting to be fed. It is good for nothing, for it cannot hear, and if a cannon were fired off close to it, it would not perceive it.” Neither may the mouth say, “That roving foot is always running around. Why does it not work like the hand?”: Nor may the hand find fault with the tongue because it boasts great things, and does nothing. There would be sad confusion in the body if such a spirit prevailed: but the hand keeps to its work, and even there is a subdivision of service. The little finger plays a part, which the thumb cannot fulfil, and there is something for the thumb which the forefinger cannot do. So it should be in the church of God: you should each find out what you can do, and then seek, God the Holy Spirit helping you, to do that, to the very best of your ability, out of love for Jesus.
16. Observe that with Solomon it was “every man according to his charge” with respect to measure; for if a man had charge of a barrack where there were two thousand horses, he had to send in more barley and straw than the officer who superintended a smaller barrack of only five hundred horses. The purveyor who was ordered to supply Solomon’s table with fat young bulls had to send more than he who fed the tables of the inferior officers. Notice this well, for certain of us are bound to do much more than others. Some of us bear heavy responsibilities, and if we were to say, “I shall do no more than anyone else, I need not overburden myself,” we should be unfit to occupy the position to which God has called us. Dear friends, I am not afraid that any of you will do too much for Jesus Christ, but I would like you to try. Just see now whether you can be too ardent, too self-sacrificing, too zealous, or too consecrated. It would be a pity that such a thing should not be attempted. I have never known anyone who could accuse himself of so rare a crime. Oh, no; we all feel that all we can do, and more, is well deserved by our blessed Master who has given us our charge. Do not forget that you who are fathers ought to be better men than those single men who have no children to look up to them, and to copy their example. You who are large employers ought to be better men, because your workmen will watch how you live. You who have talents and abilities ought to be more active than those who have none, for five talents call for more interest than one. Do remember the rule of proportion. If you have five talents, and your brother has only one, you may do twice as much as he does and yet fall short. He is faithful with his small capital, but your proportion is five times as much, and therefore twice as much falls short of what is expected from you. Many a servant girl gives her fourpenny piece to the offering, and if the same proportion were carried out among those who are wealthy, gold would not be so rare a metal in the Lord’s treasury. A tithe may be too much for some, but a half might not be enough for another. Let it be, “Every man according to his charge,” as to measure as well as to matter.
17. “Every man according to his charge,” applied to place; for if the servant who had to send in barley for the dromedaries to Jerusalem had sent it off to Joppa, or if the man in Joppa had sent all his fodder to Jericho, there would have been considerable trouble and outcry in the stables, and if the fatted beef and the venison for Solomon’s table when he stopped in the house of the forest of Lebanon had been sent over to his other house on Mount Zion, the king would have had his table poorly supplied. Some men are not satisfied to serve God in their proper place; they must run fifty miles off, or a hundred, before they can work. Is this right? I remember a little text in the Proverbs, — “Just as a bird that wanders from her nest, so is a man that wanders from his place.” There is a sphere for every star, which decks the sky, and a blade of grass for every drop of dew which spangles the meadow. Oh that every one would keep his place. Very much depends on position. Statues upon a building may look magnificent, and seem to be in fine proportion, but if those statues were one night to say, “We do not like standing up here in this exposed place; we will walk down and stand in the public square,” you would see at once that the artist never meant them to be there, for they would be out of proportion in their new position. So a man is a man when he keeps his niche, but he may be a nobody if he leaves it. I have known many a man who has done nothing until he has found his place, and then he has astonished his friends. I find it so with young men entering the ministry: a brother has not succeeded, in fact, he has been an utter failure in his first position, and yet, when God has opened the proper door for him, he has done marvels. Why did he not succeed before? Because he was out of his place. The best thing applied to the purpose for which it is not suited is a mere waste, and the best man in an unsuitable position may unwittingly be a hindrance to the cause he loves. Solomon’s officer would have been very foolish if he had sent his barley down to Dan when it was his duty to supply Beersheba. Find your place, good brother, and do not be in a hurry to move. He who keeps a shop in a dozen towns in a dozen years will at the end look in vain for a shop which will keep him. The spirit of roving tends to poverty. Those who are eager to move because they imagine that they will leave their troubles behind them are much deceived, for these are found everywhere. You may soon get into some such predicament as Jonah, who thought that all would be well if he could avoid Nineveh’s trials, but he had forgotten the troubles of being aboard ship in a storm. I do not suppose he ever ran away to Tarshish again. That one experiment satisfied him and I hope you will profit by his experience. Do not try running away on your own account, for if you do endeavour to escape your Lord’s hard work, I would have you remember that the sea is quite as tempestuous now as ever, and large fish are fewer now than in Jonah’s day, and not at all so likely to carry a live man to shore. Keep your place: “every man according to his charge.”
18. Once more, every man was to act according to his charge concerning time, because the passage speaks of each one “in his month.” If the January man had taken care to provide for Solomon’s table in February, what would have happened? There was a man for February, and there would have been two supplies for one month, but none for the first weeks of the year. If the August officer had kept back until September the grain which was needed by the horses and the dromedaries in August, what would the poor creatures have done during that month? While the barley was coming the steeds would have been starving. In serving Christ there is a great deal in being on time, punctual in everything. Not tomorrow, brother: not tomorrow, that is someone else’s day: today is the day for you. Get up and do the day’s work. Some soul is to be won for Christ, some truth to be vindicated, some deed of kindly charity to be done, some holy prevalent prayer to be offered, and it is to be done at once. Before tomorrow’s sun has risen, see that you have carried out your charge, for time in reference to these solemn matters is life. We always admire promptness in responsible people. If they have any public duty to do, we cannot endure to see men leaving matters in arrears, to be done eventually, or never done at all. If Jesus Christ “immediately” did this and that, as Mark always takes care to tell us he did, let us imitate his promptness, and serve God without the sluggard’s delays.
19. III. I close with the third point, that EACH MAN WOULD RECEIVE SUPPLIES “ACCORDING TO HIS CHARGE.”
20. I do not quite understand the precise and definite bearing of my text. Surely it means, not only that one set of officers was to send in the barley, but that another set of officers was to receive the barley and the straw in proportion to the number of horses and dromedaries. “Barley also and straw for the horses and dromedaries they brought to the place where the officers were, everyone according to his charge”; that is to say, according to the number of horses to be provided for, such was the amount of grain and of straw that was sent in for their food.
21. So I gather, first, that concerning the servants of our Lord Jesus Christ a great charge from him is a guarantee of great supplies. There is something very comforting about this concerning temporal needs. Some declare that God sends mouths and does not send bread; or at least they say he sends the mouths to one house and the bread to another. If it is so, those who get too much bread should send it around to their neighbours. Yet I notice that somehow where there are mouths bread does come. It often amazes me, I must confess, and it brings tears to my eyes when I see it, and indeed it is perfectly amazing, that poor widows with a swarm of little children feed them in some fashion. The poor woman comes to the Orphanage about a little boy, and she does not like to part with him, but poverty compels; and when we have said, “My good woman, how many children did you have when your husband died?” she has replied, “Seven, sir, and none of them able to earn a penny.” “You have been fighting your way alone these three or four years, how have you done it?” “Ah, sir,” she answers, “God only knows. I cannot tell you.” No, no; and there are many of God’s dear children who could not tell you how they lived, but they have lived, and their children too. The Lord leaves them a great charge, and in his own way he sends a supply. Most of us have found that if our King sends us the dromedaries he sends us the barley. It has been so in my case in the matter of our two hundred and fifty orphan children at Stockwell; our gracious God has always sent us enough, and the boys have known no lack; and when we receive another two hundred and fifty children, and have girls as well as boys, I feel sure our heavenly Father will provide for them all. I hope you will all remember that the provision must come instrumentally through the Lord’s own people, and much of it through the readers and hearers of the sermons, but it will come. If my Lord puts more dromedaries into my stable I shall look for the corresponding increase in the barley and the straw, for I am quite sure he will send it. When I think of my dear friend, Mr. George Müller, with 2,050 orphan children, and nothing to depend upon, as they say, but just prayer and faith, I rejoice greatly. He never has a fear or a lack, and is as restful as if he were an incarnate Sabbath. If we had twenty thousand orphans to feed, our Master is quite able to supply them all. He feeds the universe, and we may well trust him. If we have a simple, childlike faith, we shall find that a great charge is a guarantee of a great supply: “Every man according to his charge.”
22. Just as it is in temporals, so it is in grace. When God gives a man a few people to look after, he gives him grace enough; and when he gives him ten times that number, he gives him more of his Holy Spirit; and when he gives him a hundred times that number, he increases the divine anointing. If the Lord sends you a little trial, dear brother, you shall have grace enough, and if he sends you a huge trial you shall still have enough grace. If he gives you a little work to do in the back settlements, your strength shall be as your day, and if he allots you a great charge in the front of the enemy’s fire you shall not come short. “Every man according to his charge.” You will not have a farthing’s worth of grace too much. You shall never have so much that you can boast about it, and talk of having lived for months without sinning, and such like nonsense. You shall be forced to feel that, when you have done all, you are an unprofitable servant. Never in my life have I had in the morning, left from yesterday’s manna, as much as would cover a threepenny piece. I have always been so hungry that I have had to devour all I could get then and there. I have lived from hand to mouth; the hand has been that of my Lord, which is always full, and the mouth has been mine, and it has been always gaping for more. When in my ministry I have had a double quantity of food, I have had a double number to feed upon it. The Lord’s grace has been sufficient for my needs, but it has never left me room for boasting in self. Still, take it as a sure fact that a great charge is a guarantee of a great supply.
23. Now we will turn the truth around, and say that a great supply indicates a great charge. Oh that some would think of this! A man has grown richer than he used to be. Brother, with more barley and more straw you ought to keep more dromedaries; I mean, that God did not send that grain for the mice to destroy, but he intends for it to be eaten. When God gives men money or means of any kind, they ought to feel that they are his stewards, and must use all they have for their Master. If you do not use it, but hoard it, it will happen to you as once befell a little brook. It had always been running, rippling along, rolling its gladsome stream down to the river, and so always emptying itself, but remaining ever full. This little brook became greedy, and said, “I have been too extravagant. I have made no provision for the hot summer weather. I always give all I get; it keeps running through me in one perpetual stream, and none of it stays. This must be changed. I will make a great store, and become full.” So there came a bank across it: it was dammed up, and the waters kept on swelling and rising. After a little time the water turned green and foul. It became encumbered with all kinds of weeds, was the haunt of all manner of creeping things, and exuded an offensive smell. It became a very great nuisance to the villagers, and they called in the sanitary commissioners to get rid of it, for it was breeding fever. How are you now, you once sparkling brook! What an end has come to your bright and cheerful life. Do you see the intent of the parable? Remember that in Palestine there is one sea, which always receives and never gives out. What is its name? The Dead Sea. It must always be the Dead Sea while this is its character. If they were to cut a channel into the great ocean, to let its waters run away, it might grow sweet, but otherwise it never can do so. The man who receives much but gives nothing is dead while he lives. He who has great receipts should consider that he has a great charge, and act accordingly. When a brother has great talents, great possessions, great influence — when he is great at anything — by God’s grace let him say, “God requires great things of me; for to whom much is given, of him much shall be required.” It is a law of the kingdom of Christ — a law which he will take care is always carried out.
24. So I finish up with this: someone will say, “I could almost wish that I could escape from the responsibility of being a servant of Christ.” Dear brother, take notice of these two or three facts.
25. You cannot better your circumstances as a servant of Christ by diminishing your charge. If you say, “I shall not attempt quite so much,” you will not improve your circumstances by that decision; for if you diminish work, the Lord will diminish the strength. Our great Solomon will stop some of the supplies if you have fewer dromedaries to feed, and so you will be no better off. If you have to keep six he will give you provision for six; if you start keeping just three he will only give you supplies for three, and you will be poorer rather than richer.
26. Neither can you improve your circumstances by entirely and only increasing the supply; for, if you receive more straw and barley, certainly our Solomon will send you more dromedaries. When you have more strength you will have more trials. When God’s children do not discharge their service with the means which he entrusts to them, he frequently lets them take shares in a “limited liability company,” which is the same thing as throwing your money into the river; or he leaves them to become shareholders in a failing bank, with unlimited catastrophe as its capital, and this is still more terrible. It often happens to a man who has scraped and saved, and stinted the cause of Christ, that in his later years he is in straits, and he cries to himself, “It is all gone, and I wish I had used it better before it went. It would have been far better to give it to the Lord than to see the lawyers devour it.” Ah, your sin has found you out. Your Master could not trust you, and so he has taken away his goods from you, and now you wish that you had behaved yourself. Let us take warning from such bad managers; and let us see that, as our charge is so we cry for supplies, and that as the supplies come we use them wisely.
Everything for Jesus, the glorious Solomon of our hearts, the Beloved
of our souls! Life for Jesus! Death for Jesus! Time for Jesus!
Eternity for Jesus! Hand and heart for Jesus! Brain and tongue for
Jesus! Night and day for Jesus! Sickness or health for Jesus! Honour
or dishonour for Jesus! Shame or glory for Jesus! Everything for
Jesus, “every man according to his charge.” May it be so! Amen.
[Portion Of Scripture Read Before Sermon — Ps 62]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “The Christian, Courage and Confidence — The Christian Encouraged” 686]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “The Christian, Courage and Confidence — Christ Our Strength” 681]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “The Christian, Privileges, Support in Affliction — ‘As Thy Day, Thy Strength Shall Be’ ” 745]
To My Church, Congregation, And Sermon Readers.
Dear Friends, — During my absence you expect to hear from me by means of a little note at the end of the weekly sermon. The kindly interest which suggests this expectation is very precious to me, and therefore I will not disappoint you. I would run the risk of being egotistical rather than treat Christian affection with coolness. There is not too much of it in the world, and where it survives it deserves to be cultivated. More than most men I am favoured with brotherly love, and I am most grateful for it.
I have begun a short period of rest in this delightful region. Taking the advice of physicians, I left before rheumatic pains had prostrated me, and I am in hope that I shall in this congenial climate escape my usual attack, and gather strength, and then return in the middle of January fortified to endure the rest of the winter. On former occasions the major part of my vacation has been spent in slowly recovering from weakness of body and depression of spirit, but this time I trust it will be used in gathering thoughts and storing force for future use. Pray for me that it may be so, for I would gladly carry on the work of the Lord without the serious hindrances caused by the sicknesses of former years.
Dear friends at home, I entreat you to allow nothing to decline. Cheer by your presence those who preach for me. Keep up the prayer meetings and the week-night services, and sustain the offering for the College, which is at present somewhat behind. It will need more than £40 each week to make up the £1,879.
The weekly sermon is always carefully prepared by me, and it will not be less interesting because it does not happen to have been preached last Sunday. The discourse will be as new to most of my readers as if it were delivered yesterday, since they have never seen or heard it before. I hope to write a few sermonettes under the olive trees, and I will do my very best to make them interesting. I ask my readers, therefore, not to imagine that my absence from London will make any difference to the weekly publication of these sermons. I hope that a little thoughtful repose will enable me to preach better when I return, but otherwise my temporary absence from England will not affect the regular weekly issue of the Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit.
A month or so ago the sermon entitled “Among the Lions” aroused
unusual interest. I hope that the present sermon, entitled “The
Dromedaries,” will be found equally useful, though it is not a
solace for the slandered, but a stimulus for the active.
With fervent Christian affection,
Yours most heartily,
C. H. Spurgeon
Mentone, Hotel de la Paix,
November 14, 1879.
The Christian, Courage and Confidence
686 — The Christian Encouraged
1 Give to the winds thy fears;
Hope, and be undismay’d;
God hears thy sighs, and counts thy tears:
God shall lift up thy head.
2 Through waves, and clouds, and storms,
He gently clears thy way;
Wait thou his time; so shall the night
Soon end in joyous day.
3 He everywhere hath sway,
And all things serve his might;
His every act pure blessing is,
His path unsullied light.
4 When he makes bare his arm,
What shall his work withstand?
When he his people’s cause defends,
Who, who shall stay his hand?
5 Leave to his sovereign sway
To choose and to command;
With wonder fill’d thou then shalt own
How wise, how strong his hand.
6 Thou comprehend’st him not;
Yet earth and heaven tell,
God sits as Sovereign on his throne,
He ruleth all things well.
7 Thou seest our weakness, Lord,
Our hearts are known to thee:
Oh lift thou up the sinking hand,
Confirm the feeble knee!
8 Let us, in life and death,
Thy steadfast truth declare;
And publish, with our latest breath,
Thy love, and guardian care.
Paul Gerhardt, 1659.
tr. by John Wesley, 1739, a.
The Christian, Courage and Confidence
681 — Christ Our Strength
1 Let me but hear my Saviour say,
Strength shall be equal to thy day!
Then I rejoice in deep distress,
Leaning on all sufficient grace.
2 I glory in infirmity,
That Christ’s own power may rest on me;
When I am weak, then am I strong,
Grace is my shield, and Christ my song.
3 I can do all things, or can bear
All sufferings, if my Lord be there:
Sweet pleasures mingle with the pains,
While his left hand my head sustains.
4 But if the Lord be once withdrawn,
And we attempt the work alone,
When new temptations spring and rise,
We find how great our weakness is.
Isaac Watts, 1709.
The Christian, Privileges, Support in Affliction
745 — “As Thy Day, Thy Strength Shall Be”
1 Afflicted soul, to Jesus dear,
Thy Saviour’s gracious promise hear;
His faithful word declares to thee
That, “as thy day, thy strength shall be.”
2 Let not thy heart despond, and say,
How shall I stand the trying day?
He has engaged, by firm decree,
That, “as thy day, thy strength shall be.”
3 Should persecution rage and flame,
Still trust in thy Redeemer’s name;
In fiery trials thou shalt see
That, “as thy day, thy strength shall be.”
4 When call’d to bear the weighty cross,
Or sore affliction, pain, or loss,
Or deep distress, or poverty,
Still, “as thy day, thy strength shall be.”
5 When ghastly death appears in view,
Christ’s presence shall thy fears subdue;
He comes to set thy spirit free;
And “as thy day, thy strength shall be.”
James Fawcett, 1782.
These sermons from Charles Spurgeon are a series that is for reference and not necessarily a position of Answers in Genesis. Spurgeon did not entirely agree with six days of creation and dives into subjects that are beyond the AiG focus (e.g., Calvinism vs. Arminianism, modes of baptism, and so on).
Modernized Edition of Spurgeon’s Sermons. Copyright © 2010, Larry and Marion Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario, Canada. Used by Answers in Genesis by permission of the copyright owner. The modernized edition of the material published in these sermons may not be reproduced or distributed by any electronic means without express written permission of the copyright owner. A limited license is hereby granted for the non-commercial printing and distribution of the material in hard copy form, provided this is done without charge to the recipient and the copyright information remains intact. Any charge or cost for distribution of the material is expressly forbidden under the terms of this limited license and automatically voids such permission. You may not prepare, manufacture, copy, use, promote, distribute, or sell a derivative work of the copyrighted work without the express written permission of the copyright owner.