1372. A Sunday School Sermon

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Charles Spurgeon discusses a lovely outline portrait of the Good Shepherd and an example for the church and a model for the teacher of the young.

A Sermon Delivered On Sunday Morning, October 28, 1877, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. *8/17/2012

He shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom. [Isa 40:11]

For other sermons on this text:
   [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 540, “Lambs and Their Shepherd, The” 531]
   [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 652, “Jesus — the Shepherd” 643]
   [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 794, “Jesus and the Lambs” 785]
   [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 1381, “Sunday School Sermon, A” 1372]
   Exposition on Isa 40:1-17,25-31 Joh 1:29-42 [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 3432, “Zeal of the Lord, The” 3434 @@ "Exposition"]
   Exposition on Isa 40; Mt 16:21-23 [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2733, “Christ’s Manifestation to Mary Magdalene” 2734 @@ "Exposition"]
   Exposition on Isa 40 [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2812, “Causes and Cure of Fainting” 2813 @@ "Exposition"]
   Exposition on Ps 23; Isa 40:9-11 Eze 34:11-25 [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2919, “Whose Goodness Fails Never” 2920 @@ "Exposition"]

1. Ministers all over England have been specially requested to assist in stirring up a spirit of prayer in connection with Sunday Schools today, and I feel that the training of the young is so important a part of Church work that it would be almost sinful to decline the seasonable request of the Sunday School Union. Therefore I have selected this subject this morning in the hope that God the Holy Spirit may bless it, not only to those who are teachers, but to those who ought to be, and afterwards to those of us who may be otherwise occupied in the Master’s vineyard, so that we also may be led more earnestly to pray for our brothers and sisters who are watching over the lambs of the flock.

2. The words of our text are spoken of one who is in the tenth verse called “The Lord God with strong hand,” and of whom we are asked, in verse 12, “Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?” [Isa 40:12] It is a wonderful proof of the tenderness of God that very generally when he is spoken of by his glorious titles, and is described in the infinity of his power, we are before long assured of his great gentleness by having some special deed of kindness ascribed to him. He is the Lord God with strong hand and ruling arm, but he carries the lambs in his bosom; he brings out the starry host by number, he calls them all by names in the greatness of his might, and yet he “gently leads those who are with young.” How condescending it is on the part of the great Lord that he should come to shepherdize men! How marvellous that it should be said of the Almighty God, “He shall feed his flock like a shepherd” — shall act like a shepherd towards his chosen among the sons of men guiding, feeding, protecting, nourishing, and healing them. It is Jehovah Jesus, who, though he did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, yet came down to earth so that he might be the shepherd of men. A shepherd bears among his flock in wonderful conjunction the offices of ruler and of servant. He rules and guides and controls his flock, but at the same time he waits upon them as the servant of all. Behold in the Lord Jesus you see one who was justly recognised by his disciples as their Master and Lord, and yet, as the servant of servants, he washed the feet of his disciples. He came as God to be a Prince and a Saviour, but he made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant. He bowed himself to save his people, to help their infirmities, to sympathise with their sorrows, and even to suffer for their sins. Behold what manner of love the great Shepherd of the sheep has revealed towards us.

3. It is notable that to accomplish this work the Lord is represented as coming with strength. — “Behold the Lord God will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him.” From which I gather that the work of saving men is one which requires the exertion of strength, even when he who undertakes it is divine. He is mighty to save, for it requires might to save a soul. If you and I under God are called to attempt the work of soul-saving, we must certainly borrow divine strength if we are to succeed, for what power to save can dwell in an arm of flesh? Nor must we ever treat the work of caring for the souls of men with indifference, nor go about it with carelessness. It is not a secondary work to be pursued at leisure as a kind of amusement; it filled the Saviour’s heart and hands, so that the zeal of it ate him up; and unless you have the same power resting upon you which also dwelt in him, and something of the same fervour, you will never be able to perform it properly. Oh servant of the living God, see that your loins are girt with omnipotence for such a task as this, for to save the soul of the smallest child in the Sunday School will need the same power that raised Christ from the dead.

4. The Lord would also have you feel that soul winning can only be done in earnest, it requires energy and fervency. We must exercise every faculty, use all our intellect, arouse all our affection, and continue labouring with unbounded perseverance, if by any means we may save some. When I see the Lord coming to save, even the Lord who made the heavens and the earth, I know what a work it must be; and when I see even him coming with a strong hand, making his arm to rule for him, I comprehend that it is no child’s play to be a soul winner. If God himself puts on strength, then you and I must ask for power beyond our own, so that we may be useful in this heavenly service.

5. Our text beautifully describes not only the great power exerted by our Lord Jesus, but also his tender love, for not only does he come to care for men as his sheep, but he undertakes work among the lambs, among the feeblest, the smallest, the youngest. No part of his work is beneath him; he does all the work of a good shepherd. It is supposed by some that it needs greater genius and ability to care for the sheep than for the lambs; I have even known preachers speak of bringing their minds down to the comprehension of children; they know little of the matter, for to preach a child’s sermon or write a really good children’s book is a very difficult task, and requires the highest ability. Jesus evidently does not think lightly of the little ones, nor of the service which they require. His shoulders may suffice for lost sheep, but his bosom is reserved for the lambs; they need and shall have our Lord’s best. With divine sweetness and tenderness the Redeemer carries the lambs in his fond embrace, and lends both his heart and his arm to cherish and protect them.

6. We have before us in the text a lovely outline portrait of the Good Shepherd. Let us look at the picture and notice its main beauties, and when we have done so sufficiently let us see in it an example for the church and a model for the teacher of the young.

7. I. We have to examine A PORTRAIT OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD. Let as study it with care. “He shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom.”

8. What do I see in this picture? First I see the Lord of angels condescending to personal labour. Jesus Christ himself gathers with his own arm and carries in his own bosom the lambs of his flock. He does not commit this work to an angel, nor does he even leave it to his ministers; but he himself, by his Spirit, still undertakes it. He cared for the lambs while he was here below. He permitted the little children to come to him, and he took them in his arms and blessed them. He spoke very plainly, so that the young could understand his words, for he cared for their souls. We have frequent indications that he was often followed by a great company of young people; and we know that they were ready to give him their hosannas with eager enthusiasm. After he had risen from the dead he did not forget the young of the flock, for he said to Peter, “Feed my lambs.” He was the holy child Jesus himself all his days, and he was a dear lover of the little ones, the true “children’s friend.” The Spirit of the Lord was upon him, for the Lord had anointed him to preach glad tidings to the meek, and the poor, who are as lambs in the flock. He condescended to look after the feeble and weak of the flock himself, toiling many a weary mile and pleading through many a chilly night on their behalf. Now, though he reigns in heaven, his divine Spirit looks after the young converts, and causes them to grow up in his fear. Many are the Timothys taught from their youth to know the Scriptures whom his grace finds and saves, and when they are saved, being still his lambs, he watches over them, trains them, instructs them, confirms their faith, guides them in his way, and preserves them to the end. All our mercies, as believers, we owe to our Lord’s personal service, “who himself bare our sins in his own body on the tree.” He did not save by proxy either his sheep or his lambs, he did not stand and ask others to do it and himself merely give the command, but he himself here below spent more than thirty years of personal service among the sons of men. At this moment he is personally pleading for his own, and personally ruling providence on behalf of his little ones. He still gathers and carries the little ones. And if, dear brothers and sisters, we are to be at all like Jesus we must not merely write tracts about how Sunday School work is to be done, nor stand on an eminence like a commander-in-chief and give orders, but each one of us must personally bend our back and stoop to the lambs, we must use the strength of our own arm to gather them, and then carry the blessed load of infirmity in our own bosom. We must render personal service if we are to be like our Lord, who gave himself for us. This first line in the portrait is well-drawn, and adds much to its manly beauty; he condescended to personal labour.

9. The second noteworthy line in the portrait seems to me to be that Jesus was earnest to save, and earnest to save little ones. The text does not merely say that he carries the lambs in his bosom, but that he gathers them. It would be great love that he should carry those who come; it is greater love that he gathers those who do not come. Constraining grace goes out into the midst of the world to bring in the wandering sheep and lambs; and by this the greatest love is revealed, even the love which uses its strength while we are still straying. The Good Shepherd sees that even children’s hearts are far off from him, and will remain so unless his powerful grace shall go out to reclaim them from the error of their natural state; and, glory be to his love, he still brings in this one, and that one, in early days to himself; not waiting until they come, but going after them, even as the parable of the good Shepherd illustrates, for there the shepherd leaves the ninety and nine in the wilderness and goes after what is gone astray until he finds it. Brothers and sisters, if we are to be like Christ — and I hold the picture up so that we may endeavour to copy it — we must not only rejoice when children are saved, and encourage them when we see signs of grace, but we must go after the little tenants of the street, the little disorderly members of our class, the young rebels of our family, and “compel them to come in.” It must be the aim of our teaching that children, as children, should become children of the living God. For this we should pray, for this we should seek to be anointed by the Holy Spirit, so that we may bring in these lambs from the dark mountains to the green pastures. Whereas they are wayward, inattentive, difficult to rule, forgetful, and inept in spiritual things, we must with great patience gather them, win their hearts, impress their minds, and introduce them by divine grace into the fold of love. Look at the picture before you, and you can see that your Lord is earnest to save. His face, his hands, his feet, his side all prove what an eager Saviour he is. He does not tarry at home until wanderers of their own free will seek his face, but he goes out to seek the lambs which lie about neglected in these great wilderness cities; he finds them in the fields of ignorance, and under the hedges of vice, pining and perishing for lack of knowledge, and he gathers them with his arm.

10. Thirdly, a very superficial glance will show us that our Lord is willing to receive. If he is so eager to gather those who do not come, depend upon it he is willing to receive all who do seek him. There is never a heart that yearns after Christ, though it is the heart of a little child, but Jesus Christ delights to notice those early desires. There is little knowledge as yet in the child’s heart about the Lord, and little knowledge as yet of the evil of sin, but Jesus does not expect much from tender youth. Only a feeble ray of light has gleamed into the soul, only a gentle breath of the divine wind has turned the little soul towards Christ, but our Lord perceives it, and delights in it. It would be good if we could copy this trait in our Lord’s character. I am afraid we are not very quick to notice the first impressions of boys and girls, or else we harshly judge that such impressions are written in water, and having been frequently disappointed we have grown incredulous about children’s convictions and children’s faith. But it should not be so, for if our Lord gathers the lambs, it is clear that he is willing enough to receive those lambs when they come; and if you are to be like your Master I would exhort each of you to receive with gladness even the least among your scholars when they come to tell you of their new-born faith in Christ. Do not quench the sparks, but fan them into a flame; never crush the bruised reeds, nor throw them away as useless, for with a little care they may be so bound up that your Lord may get music out of them to his eternal praise. Do not despise the day of small things. Do not look for ripe graces and mature judgment in the early spring of youth, but rejoice in the buds and blossoms. Receive the lambs as lambs, though they are the weakest and most troublesome of the flock. See what your Lord does. The loving tenderness of Christ, and his willingness to receive those who seek him early, should make our hearts willing to believe in childish piety, quick to perceive it, and ready to rejoice in it. Wisely may we receive those whom Jesus receives; if they are capable of coming to him and lying in his bosom they will do no dishonour to the bosom of the church.

11. In this portrait I see a fourth beautiful feature, namely, that he is careful to protect the feeble lambs. Gathering graciously and receiving kindly, he next guards securely. To this end the Shepherd places the sickly lamb in his flowing garment, close to his bosom, and carries it there. He will not let it try to walk, for it is as yet too weak; he will not even put it in the fold and leave it with the old sheep, but he himself must, while it is in a critical state, carry it where it shall be at its ease, and secure from trial or toil. Here in his bosom it will not be bitten by the frost, his heart will keep it warm; here it will not die of weakness, his own life will flow into it and fill its little struggling heart with vitality; here the wolf cannot touch it, for unless the wolf could rend the shepherd, it certainly could not destroy the beloved burden which he carried on his heart. How carefully does Christ watch over the lambs. He is lovingly watchful over the entire flock, for not one under his care shall perish, but towards these his tenderness is more revealed, for they need it more. It is with him even as with a mother who is more anxious concerning her little babe or her sick child than concerning the strong of the family. Where the need is greatest the love is most fervent. Christ carries the lambs in his bosom because the greatest need requires the most luxurious resting-place and the most calm repose. Beloved friends, we must be very careful to protect young Christians if we wish to see them become strong in Christ. We should anxiously endeavour to keep them out of temptation, and since they must be tempted more or less, we should endeavour to strengthen them to endure the various forms in which it assails the young. Let us lead them away from habits which debase and amusements which degrade. Let us try to keep from them many of those sinful doubts which have perplexed ourselves, and those heresies which have been a snare to others; above all, let us, by a pious example, endeavour to preserve them from the corruption that is in the world through lust, carrying them in our bosoms to the throne of grace, to the house of God, and to everything which is pure, and holy and acceptable to God. As Mr. Great-Heart is described by Bunyan as convoying the women and children to the celestial city and fighting the giants for them, even so should we. We must in the name of the Lord watch for their souls as those who must give account, keeping guard from week to week lest our hope should be disappointed. By this we shall be like the Good Shepherd, who is always careful to protect his own.

   Shepherd of the chosen number,
   They are safe whom thou dost keep;
   Other shepherds faint and slumber,
      And forget to watch the sheep;
         Watchful Shepherd!
   Thou dost wake while others sleep.

12. But our Lord’s act means more than that, for he might have put the lambs on his shoulders if mere safety were all that he intended. We see by the picture before us that he is tender to cherish the little ones. It is said that he carries them; this is mercy; but this is not all, for he carries them in his bosom, this is tender mercy. To carry is kindness, but to carry in the bosom is lovingkindness. The shoulders are for power, and the back for force, but the bosom is the seat of love. Jesus would warm, cheer, comfort, and make them happy. The Lord wishes all his people to be happy; “ ‘Comfort, comfort my people,’ says your God.” It is a worthy object to try and make any Christian happy, but especially a young believer, whose weakness needs great gentleness. To clothe religion with gloom is to slander the name of Christ. We should always be most eager to prevent young believers from imagining that to follow Christ is to walk in darkness, for, indeed, it is not so. Has he not himself said, “He who follows me shall not walk in darkness?” Did not the wise man say concerning wisdom, “Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace?” The good Shepherd attends to the comfort, peace, and enjoyment of his lambs, and he carries them where they will be most happy. If you are to be like your Master you will try to take away from young believers’ hearts all temptation to despondency; you will set before them the richness and freeness of the gospel, the “extremely great and precious promises,” the oath and covenant, and the stability of the engagements of God; yes, you will try to let them see the preciousness of Christ, and tell them how extremely faithful and true you have found him to be in your own experience. All this will help them to ride at ease on the bosom of Jesus’ love, if the Holy Spirit graciously assists your endeavours. Do not sow doubt in their hopeful nature, nor instruct them to be as unbelieving as their fathers. Do not sternly judge and condemn them. Cruelty towards children is the worst of cruelty, and unkind and harsh judgments upon inexperienced believers are barbarous and unworthy of the Christian name. Endeavour to comfort and not to distress, to cheer and not to censure, to gladden and not to discourage the babes in grace, for they are dear to the heart of Christ.

13. Once more, dear friends, you see in the text that Christ, the good Shepherd, is loving in his estimate of the lambs. Men carry in their bosoms their gems, their jewels, and so Christ carries the lambs of the flock, regarding them as his particular treasure. He knows that in themselves they are worth nothing, but then he puts an estimate upon them according to his own relationship to them. He prizes them because his Father gave them to him of old to be his portion. The little child who believes in Christ was given to Christ before the foundations of the world; therefore he looks upon him as a choice treasure, and he is extremely dear in his eyes. “All whom the Father gives me shall come to me,” he says. He knows, too, what the child cost him, for to redeem a little child from going down into the pit he needs to bear the penalty due to justice, and suffer even to death. He sees the purchase of his agonies in every youthful believer. For him the precious blood flowed from the Redeemer’s own heart, and bought the child to be his own redeemed for ever. He remembers, moreover, what that child will become if he does not save him by carrying him in his bosom. He has sinned, he has knowingly and wilfully sinned, and therefore he lies under the curse of the law, and Jesus mourns to see a soul in that condition, obnoxious to the wrath of God. A soul is a precious thing to Christ, for he believes in its immortality. We know he does, for he speaks of a place “where their worm does not die, and their fire is not quenched,” and it was he who told us that the wicked will be driven away into “everlasting punishment.” Hence he values souls at a rate unknown to those who dream that men are mere animals, and will one day cease to exist. If they are to pass away and be no more, like things of the dust and of the mist, why should he die for them at all? Why should he care to gather them? But because no diamond can ever equal in value the soul even of a beggar’s child, therefore Christ carries his little ones in his bosom as extremely precious to him.

14. And he knows, too, what may become of that child if he saves him, for who shall estimate the possibilities of blessing within one little saved child except the Lord who knows all things? I read the other day a pleasing anecdote of what one lamb may become. An ewe brought forth three lambs, and the brutal shepherd threw the third into the hedge so that there might be all the more milk for the other two. A poor woman passing by begged for the thrown away lamb, employed her utmost care in nursing it by means of a baby bottle, and raised it until it could eat grass for itself. She turned it out upon the public common, and in due course it produced twins for her; by care she at length raised a whole flock of sheep from the single ewe, and in process of time she became a woman of considerable estate. See what one poor half-dead lamb may yet produce! Who knows what one poor trembling soul may do? Jesus knows that perhaps a boy may be here who will be the spiritual father of scores and hundreds of thousands before he dies. There may be in the congregation of today a Chrysostom or an Augustine. Right among us may sit a little Whitfield, or a young Luther, or some other of honourable character who shall lead many to Christ. There was a dreadful snowstorm one Sunday morning when Dr. Tyng, of New York, set out to preach, and when he reached the church there was only one poor little girl there. Most preachers would have gone home when one child made up the entire congregation; but Dr. Tyng went through the service as earnestly as if the pews had been crowded. He preached to the little girl, and God gave him that girl’s soul, and he was never better repaid. To his knowledge she had been the means of bringing some twenty-five to the Lord Jesus, and among them was one of his own sons. The greatest orator, the most spiritual teacher, the most useful evangelist may not dare to despise one of Christ’s little ones. It would be worthwhile for all the ministers in England to journey around the world to save the soul of a single shoeshine boy or of one little orphan girl. Value the little ones by their possibilities, and you will consider one lamb to be an untold treasure, worthy to be preserved in the jewel case of your loving care. Luther’s schoolmaster always used to take off his hat to his boys when he entered the schoolroom, because, he said, he did not know what they might become, and had he known that Martin Luther had been there he could not have done better than he did. Jesus Christ knows what he can make of little children in heaven, and so he carries them in his bosom because they shall be for ever near the Father’s throne to behold his face. He has learned to estimate them at their eternal value; a value which his grace has placed upon them and which he never forgets.

15. Now, if there were time to take my text and handle it in another way I would divide my subject like this — first, here are two evils about young believers and young children, and these are wandering and weakness. They are far away from God by nature, and when they are brought near they are very weak concerning divine things. Secondly, there are two attributes in the Lord Jesus to handle and overcome the two evils; here is strength to gather the wandering with his arm and here is love to cherish weakness until it forgets itself and becomes strong. Thirdly, here are two operations performed by the two attributes to overcome the two infirmities — here is gathering and here is carrying. It is very delightful to notice how our blessed Lord, whose marred face I seem to see at this very moment, does the gathering and the carrying with equal ease. Even now by faith I see his pierced feet pursuing the truant lambs, his wounded hands laying hold upon them, and his bosom so full of the most divine love receiving and carrying them. Do you not hear the sweet accents of his voice saying, “Permit the little children to come to me, and do not forbid them, for of such is the kingdom of heaven?” He is still gathering and still carrying by his word and Spirit, and so he will continue to do until he shall come. May God help us in this to imitate him to the end.

16. II. Let us now remember in our text we have AN EXAMPLE FOR THE CHURCH. There are two great things which a church ought always to have, namely, an arm to gather with and a bosom to carry in.

17. I want to speak to you members of the church now not merely about the Sunday School, but concerning every other part of our soul seeking and soul-saving work. I want you all to try in the name of God, and in the energy of the Holy Spirit, to be the arm to gather with. “He gathers the lambs with his arm.” They are scattered now, the blood-bought, the ordained of God to eternal life, are scattered here and there and do not know the Lord. We are bound to gather them from all places into which they have wandered. They will not come by themselves. The majority of them despise even the outward means of grace. We need a strong arm to gather with, so that they may be compelled to come in. The church’s arm is partly the ministry of the word in her midst. Preaching should be attractive enough to gather the people together, for how shall they believe on him of whom they have not heard, and how shall they hear if they will not gather around the preacher? Though certain wise people pretend to despise the power to gather the multitudes to hear the word, you and I do not need to heed their criticism, since we shrewdly suspect that their depreciation of the gift is caused by their not possessing it themselves; the grapes are always sour if they hang beyond our reach. But we know who has told us that faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. If it is the gospel that is preached, we should rejoice that by any means the people can be gathered to hear it; and it is plain as the nose on your face that a part of the preacher’s purpose should be so to preach so that men may be gathered to the hearing of it, for if he preaches and no one comes to hear, to what end does he preach? He might as well go away to the woods or to the wilderness and repeat the gospel to himself there in solitude, if he has no desire that men should listen to him. The preacher’s voice is to gather, but then amid such teeming multitudes as those of London, the few preachers can never be expected to be the arm of the Lord to gather alone. We must gather the young by Sunday Schools, and endeavour to retain them when they grow up. We must gather them by the distribution and sale of good books and other pure literature; the colporteur has, in this respect, his work to do to gather in the villages and hamlets. We must gather them by visiting from house to house; your tract distributors, your city missionaries, your Bible women, these must be the arm of the Church to gather many; but still the work will not be done unless we have more help than all these. Every Christian must be a gatherer, each one gathering his one. In the power of the Holy Spirit we must all seek out the wanderers. If you cannot bring sheaves you must glean ear by ear; if you cannot preach to hundreds you must endeavour to gather individuals by your holy conversation, by your pious lives, by the orderly ruling of your family, and by using every occasion that God gives you to speak a good word for Christ. Gather. I give you this word, all of you dear members of the church, as your watchword. Gather, gather, gather, the people together. Bring them in where Jesus is uplifted, and his gospel proclaimed. Try and find them in the lonely places where they are scattered in the cloudy and dark day. There are many of you, and you can go into all kinds of nooks and corners, for you live in all kinds of places. Let no area be unvisited in your mission of love. Go, you rich, and gather in from the parlour and from the drawing-room; go, you poor, and gather in from the cottage, and even from the poorhouse. Go, you who labour, and gather among the sons of toil; go, you who do not toil, neither spin, and spend your ample leisure in winning souls from among those with whom you associate. So shall the blood-redeemed ones be found and formed into a good flock, and Christ through you shall gather both lambs and sheep with his arm.

18. But the church’s second work is to carry in her bosom. Those who are brought to Christ need nurture, instruction, example, edification. “Feed my sheep,” he says, and yet again, “Feed my lambs.” The preacher should try to do this, suiting his discourse to the weakest and feeblest lamb; but since he is only one, and does not take upon himself the responsibility of others, the whole church should try to be a nursing mother for those who are born to her. Beloved, carry the young converts; take those who are convicted of sin and pity them, cheer them, fight against their despondencies, battle with their doubts, enlighten their ignorance, and so carry them in your bosom. And then, when they begin to grow strong and work for Christ, encourage them, carry them in the bosom of your earnest prayer, asking God to make them workmen not to be ashamed, doing the Master’s work very wisely and well. When they succeed in their service, carry them in the bosom of your loving admiration; and when you see them grow in grace until they are strong, carry them in the bosom of your fellowship, remembering that no child of God can afford to be unloved and lonely. Those who do not need your help will need your love; those who do not require encouragement will nevertheless be glad for your sympathy. Carry all your brothers and sisters in your bosom. You will be Christlike if you do so. It is the church’s work in this to imitate her great Lord, and let the beloved of Christ be carried in her bosom of affection. May your arm always have strength to labour, and your heart love by which to cherish; may this church never lack for arms that shall encompass the neighbouring population, and never lack a heart that shall be warm towards those who love our Lord Jesus Christ. Hand and heart must go together; by these two our work must be fully done. May they always be both in full activity, even as they are seen in Christ, our blessed example.

19. III. We shall close with a practical word or two upon THE MODEL TEACHER. He who gathers the lambs with his arm and carries them in his bosom is the model of a Sunday School teacher. In what points?

20. First there should be about the teacher attractiveness, in order that he may gather. You cannot gather hearts and spirits by force. The Public School may gather its children by law, but you must gather yours by love. You cannot keep a class of children around you by the fear of punishment. It must be by some attraction which will hold them with the cords of love and the bands of a man. Our Lord Jesus gathers with his arm because he is so full of love, and of what wins love. His character is so amiable that it draws men to it as a magnet draws the compass needle. This is the arm with which he gathers. Oh that all teachers had more of it! A little child one morning was eating her breakfast with a spoon, and the sun shone in upon her little bowl of porridge, and as she lifted a spoonful to her mouth she said, “Mother, what do you think? I have eaten a spoonful of sunshine.” I recommend that diet for all Sunday School teachers; take a great many spoonfuls of sunshine into your nature, and let it shine in your very face and glitter in your talk. Your Master had it. The people loved to listen to him. They felt when they drew near to him as if they were like a ship that had entered into port and could cast anchor. Even when they did not accept all that he said, there was a charm about his manner, his spirit, and his tone. Ask, oh you teachers, ask for yourselves that God would give you that holy charm which gathers, and pray that he may deliver you from the angry spirit which scatters. Let your charm lie in this, “I, if I am lifted up, will draw all men to me.” Carry the love of Christ with you and you will not fail to gather the lambs with your arm.

21. The next thing is, after you have attracted, lift up. He carries the lambs in his bosom, and therefore he must lift them up. They were on the ground until he raised them. Everything about a teacher should tend to raise the children. You are to go down to the child first and make yourself understood, but you are not to stay down, and become childish yourself. To tell children a lot of stories merely to amuse them is only to roll in the dust with the lambs, and not to carry them. You may tell the story, and so come down to the lambs, but it must have its holy lesson, with which you lift the lamb upward towards better things. Do think of this, and let your whole life act in that direction. Your example, your temperament, your very dress must be a lift up for the child. How often in this evil city do home influences drag the child downward; the habits, and manners, and customs with which the child is surrounded tend to make him grovel in the earth. You have to lift him up, dear teacher, as the great Shepherd of the sheep did, away from his childishness, away from his worldliness (for he gets to be worldly even while a child), away from his sin, away from the corruptions of the wicked world. Ask for grace so that every time you see your children you may lift them up, God the Holy Spirit lifting you up all the while. Lift up your heart, or you cannot lift up your child.

22. The third thing to be noticed is, that when he lifted up the lamb, he laid it on his heart. Oh, Sunday School teacher, this is a very important point for you. If you are to bless the little ones, they must lie on your heart. You must make them feel the life of your religion — there must be a heart and a bosom to it. Let them know that there is something in your religion which looks towards them; that you love their souls, that you sorrow if they neglect the great salvation, and that you will greatly rejoice if they are brought to Christ. Lift them up, and then lay them on your heart, and let that heart be warm with holy love.

23. Next, bear them forward. The lamb is placed into the shepherd’s bosom, not that he may stand still with it all the day long, but because the sheep are going this way and the lambs must go that way too, and therefore he carries it. It is of no use for you to lay a child upon a cold heart; your own heart must be glowing, or it will not be a fit candle for a babe in grace; and then the bosom will be of little use unless the teacher is active as well as affectionate. A child in the bosom of a sluggish teacher will make no progress. You must be always going forward yourself if the child is to go forward with you. I do not believe that any preacher will have a growing congregation if he does not grow himself, nor will any teacher have an advancing class if he or she is not advancing too. Advance in holiness, advance in communion with Christ, advance in perfect consecration to your Lord, and as you do so the dear little children who lie in your bosom will, by God’s grace, be carried with you.

24. The next word is, guard the children. Did we not say that Christ placed the lambs in his bosom to protect them? Good Sunday School teachers, try to keep your children out of sin and out of harm’s way on weekdays as well as on Sundays. Spiritual teachers of the noblest order want to know what the children do on ordinary days; they try if they can to be their guardian angels from the Monday morning to the Saturday night; they never relax their endeavours to lead the children away from the terrible temptations which surround them in this huge Babylon.

25. The next word is cheer. Did I not say that the Good Shepherd laid the lamb in his bosom to keep it warm and cherish it? So should the good teacher always have a smile for the children and a word of encouragement for them in their little life battle, for to them it is a great one. Beloved, do all that you can to comfort the little hearts of the young converts. Help them to believe as God helps you. By the divine Spirit try to lead them on in holy joy as the Spirit leads you. So you shall be imitators of “that great Shepherd of the sheep,” who

   Gently leads the wearied dam,
      Gently binds the bruised limb;
   And his bosom bears the lamb
      Like an infant dear to him.
   He the simplest thoughts instils
      He the mildest rules imparts,
   Arms with power the weakest wills,
      Fills with joy the saddest hearts.

26. And, last of all, delight in them. That tenth verse, with which I shall conclude, has a great charm for me. “The Lord God will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him; behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him.” Well, what did he have before him except the sheep that he went out to find, and the lambs which he gathered and carried in his bosom? They were his work, but they were also his reward. Teachers of Sunday Schools, your work is before you in your class; your reward is before you too. These boys and girls are to cost you service; do not begrudge it, for they will be your reward. Look them in the face and know that they are immortal, and that these are those whom God is able to win for his Son through you, to be the jewels of his diadem, and to be your crowns of rejoicing. The harder and more stubborn a human heart, the more honour it is to win it for the Lord Jesus. The less attention you get at first, the higher will be your reward if winning the attention, you shall eventually win the soul. I think that your Master will consider you to have served him all the more faithfully if you bring from the street the most degraded, the most ignorant, the least taught, and the most depraved. To bring to Christ the children of godly parents is a thing worthy of any one’s ambition, but to gather to him the children of the back slums, the children of the debauched and the depraved, — this seems to me to be an even more illustrious ambition. Therefore I say to you as you traverse these streets of London, Christian men and women, your work is before you, your reward is before you; the teeming masses are at once your sphere of labour and your reward. There is the soil you have to sow, and there is the harvest which you have to reap. The fields are white, but they are white for the harvest. May God give you faith in the gospel that you teach, faith in the Master who taught it before you, faith in the Master who teaches it with you, and go out one and all, each one according to his ability and calling, and gather with your arm, and carry in your bosom, those for whom Christ died. Amen.

[Portion Of Scripture Read Before Sermon — Isa 10:7] [a]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Spirit of the Psalms — Psalm 23” 23]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Jesus Christ, Names and Titles — Shepherd” 402]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Jesus Christ, Names and Titles — Shepherd” 400]


[a] This reference makes no sense. Likely chapter 40 or a part of that chapter was read. Also since Psalm 23 has several versions, we suspect the version was omitted for this song. Editor.

Spirit of the Psalms
Psalm 23 (Version 1)
1 My Shepherd will supply my need,
   Jehovah is his name;
   In pastures fresh he mikes me feed,
   Beside the living stream.
2 He brings my wandering spirit back
   When I forsake his ways:
   And leads me, for his mercy’s sake,
   In paths of truth and grace.
3 When I walk through the shades of death,
   Thy presence is my stay;
   A word of thy supporting breath
   Drives all my fears away.
4 Thy hand, in spite of all my foes,
   Doth still my table spread;
   My cup with blessings overflows;
   Thine oil anoints my head.
5 The sure provisions of my God
   Attend me all my days;
   Oh may thy house be mine abode,
   And all my work be praise!
6 There would I find a settled rest,
   While others go and come;
   No more a stranger, or a guest,
   But like a child at home.
                           Isaac Watts, 1719


Psalm 23 (Version 2)
1 The Lord’s my Shepherd, I’ll not want
   He makes me down to lie
   In pastures green: he leadeth me
   The quiet waters by.
2 My soul he doth restore again,
   And me to walk doth make
   Within the paths of righteousness,
   E’en for his own name’s sake.
3 Yea, though I walk through death’s dark vale,
   Yet will I fear no ill;
   For thou art with me, and thy rod
   And staff me comfort still.
4 My table thou hast furnished
   In presence of my foes;
   My head thou dost with oil anoint,
   And my cup overflows.
5 Goodness and mercy all my life
   Shall surely follow me;
   And in God’s house for ever more
   My dwelling place shall be.
                        Scotch Version, 1641.


Psalm 23. (Version 3)
1 The Lord my Shepherd is,
   I shall be well supplied;
   Since he is mine, and I am his,
   What can I want beside?
2 He leads me to the place
   Where heavenly pasture grows,
   Where living waters gently pass,
   And full salvation flows.
3 If e’er I go astray,
   He doth my soul reclaim;
   And guides me in his own right way,
   For his most holy name.
4 While he affords his aid,
   I cannot yield to fear;
   Though I should walk through death’s dark shade,
   My Shepherd’s with me there.
5 In spite of all my foes,
   Thou dost my table spread;
   My cup with blessings overflows,
   And joy exalts my head.
6 The bounties of thy love
   Shall crown my following days;
   Nor from thy house will I remove,
   Nor cease to speak thy praise.
                        Isaac Watts, 1719.


Psalm 23 (Version 4)
1 The Lord my pasture shall prepare,
   And feed me with a Shepherd’s care;
   His presence shall my wants supply,
   And guard me with a watchful eye;
   My noonday walks he will attend,
   And all my midnight hours defend.
2 Though in the paths of death I tread,
   With gloomy horrors overspread,
   My stedfast heart shall fear no ill,
   For thou, Oh Lord! are with me still:
   Thy friendly crook shall give me aid,
   And guide me through the dreadful shade.
                     Joseph Addison, 1712.


Jesus Christ, Names and Titles
402 — Shepherd <7s.>
1 Loving Shepherd of thy sheep,
   Keep me, Lord, in safety keep;
   Nothing can thy power withstand,
   None can pluck me from thy hand.
2 Loving Shepherd, thou didst give
   Thine own life that I might live;
   May I love thee day by day,
   Gladly thy sweet will obey.
3 Loving Shepherd, ever near,
   Teach me still thy voice to hear;
   Suffer not my step to stray
   From the strait and narrow way
4 Where thou leadest me I go,
   Walking in thy steps below;
   Then before thy Father’s throne,
   Jesus, claim me for thy own.
                        Jane E. Leeson, 1842.


Jesus Christ, Names and Titles
400 — Shepherd
1 My soul with joy attend,
      While Jesus silence breaks;
   No angel’s harp such music yields,
      As what my Shepherd speaks.
2 “I know my sheep,” He cries,
      “My soul approves them well:
   Vain is the treacherous world’s disguise,
      And vain the rage of hell.
3 “I freely feed them now
      With tokens of my love;
   But richer pastures I prepare,
      And sweeter streams above.
4 “Unnumber’d years of bliss
      I to my sheep I give;
   And, while my throne unshaken stands,
      Shall all my chosen live.
5 “This tried almighty hand
      Is raised for their defence;
   Where is the power shall reach them there?
      Or what shall force them thence?”
6 Enough, my gracious Lord,
      Let faith triumphant cry;
   My heart can on this promise live,
      Can on this promise die.
                     Philip Doddridge, 1755.

Spurgeon Sermons

These sermons from Charles Spurgeon are a series that is for reference and not necessarily a position of Answers in Genesis. Spurgeon did not entirely agree with six days of creation and dives into subjects that are beyond the AiG focus (e.g., Calvinism vs. Arminianism, modes of baptism, and so on).

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Modernized Edition of Spurgeon’s Sermons. Copyright © 2010, Larry and Marion Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario, Canada. Used by Answers in Genesis by permission of the copyright owner. The modernized edition of the material published in these sermons may not be reproduced or distributed by any electronic means without express written permission of the copyright owner. A limited license is hereby granted for the non-commercial printing and distribution of the material in hard copy form, provided this is done without charge to the recipient and the copyright information remains intact. Any charge or cost for distribution of the material is expressly forbidden under the terms of this limited license and automatically voids such permission. You may not prepare, manufacture, copy, use, promote, distribute, or sell a derivative work of the copyrighted work without the express written permission of the copyright owner.

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