A Sermon Delivered On Sunday Morning, August 9, 1874, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. *2/4/2012
There are three that bear witness on earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one. [1Jo 5:8]
1. Christianity makes very lofty claims. She claims to be the true faith, and the only true one. She affirms her teachings to be divine, and therefore infallible; while for her great Teacher, the Son of God, she demands divine worship, and the unreserved confidence and obedience of men. Her commands are issued to every creature, and although at present her authority is rejected by millions of mankind, she confidently looks forward to a time when truth shall obtain universal dominion, and Jesus the Lord shall assume for himself his great power and reign.
2. Now, to justify such high claims, the gospel ought to produce strong evidence, and it does so. It does not lack for external evidences, these are abundant, and since many learned men have spent their lives in elaborating them, there is less need for me to attempt a summary of them. In these days scarcely a stone is turned over among those eastern ruins which does not proclaim the truth of the word of God, and the further men look into either history or nature, the more obvious is the truth of scriptural statements. The armoury of external evidences is well stored with weapons of proof. The gospel also bears within itself its own evidence, it has a self-proving power. It is so pure, so holy, so altogether above the inventive capacity of fallen man, that it must be from God. But we are not dealing with these external or internal evidences this morning, but I call your attention to the three witnesses which are spoken of in the text, three great witnesses still among us, whose evidence proves the truth of our religion, the divinity, of our Lord, and the future supremacy of the faith. Our text speaks of three witnesses, the Spirit, the water, and the blood: may the Holy Spirit who is our Interpreter, lead us into the full meaning of this very, remarkable passage.
3. I. I shall notice, first, that OUR LORD HIMSELF WAS ATTESTED TO BY THESE THREE WITNESSES.
4. If you will carefully read in the twenty-ninth chapter of the book of Exodus, or in the eighth chapter of the book of Leviticus, you will see that when a priest was ordained (and a priest was a type of Christ) three things were always used: he was washed with water in every case, a sacrifice was brought, and his ear, his thumb, and his toe were touched with blood, and then he was anointed with oil, as a sign of that unction of the Spirit with which the coming High Priest of our profession would be anointed. So that every priest came by the anointing Spirit, by water, and by blood, as a matter of type, and if Jesus Christ is indeed the priest that was to come, he will be known by these three signs.
5. Godly men in the olden times also understood well that there was no putting away of sin except with these three things; in proof of which we will quote David’s prayer, “Purge me with hyssop” — that is, the hyssop dipped in blood — “and I shall be clean; wash me” — there is the water — “and I shall be whiter than snow”; and then, “Restore to me the joy of your salvation, and uphold me with your free Spirit.” Thus the blood, the water, and the Spirit were recognised of old as necessary to cleanse from guilt, and if Jesus of Nazareth is indeed able to save his people from their sins, he must come with the triple gift — the Spirit, the water, and the blood. Now it was evidently so.
6. Our Lord was attested to by the Spirit. The Spirit of God bore witness to Christ in the types and prophecies, “Holy men of old spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit”; and Jesus Christ fulfils those prophecies as exactly as a well made key fits into the tumblers of a lock. By the power of the Holy Spirit our Lord’s humanity was fashioned and prepared for him, for the angel said to Mary, “The Holy Spirit shall come upon you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you; therefore also that Holy One who shall be born by you shall be called the Son of God.” When our Lord in due time began his public ministry, the Spirit of God descended upon him like a dove, and rested upon him, and a voice was heard from heaven saying, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” This was indeed one of the surest seals of our Lord’s Messiahship, for it had been given by the Spirit of prophecy to John as a sign — “upon whom you shall see the Spirit descending and remaining on him, the same is he who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.” The Spirit abode in our Lord without measure, throughout his whole public career, so that he is described as full of the Spirit and led by the Spirit. Hence his life and ministry were full of power. How truthfully he said, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor, he has sent me to heal the broken hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind.” Well said Peter, “God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went around doing good, and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.” Mighty signs and miracles were the witness of the divine Spirit to the mission of the Lord Jesus. The Spirit abode with our Lord all his life long, and to crown all, after he had died and risen again, the Holy Spirit gave the fullest witness by descending in full power upon the disciples at Pentecost. The Lord had promised to baptise his disciples with the Holy Spirit, and they waited at Jerusalem in expectation of the gift: nor were they disappointed, for suddenly “they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.” Those cloven tongues of fire, and the “rushing mighty wind,” were sacred signs that he who had ascended was Lord and God. The apostles said, “We are witnesses of these things, and so is also the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him.” The word of the apostles, through the Holy Spirit, convinced men “of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment,” as the Master had foretold; and then the Spirit comforted the penitents, and they believed in the exalted Saviour and were baptised the very same day. The words of Jesus were abundantly fulfilled, — “When the Comforter is come, whom I will send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he shall testify concerning me.” So from our Lord’s birth, throughout his life, and after his ascension, the Holy Spirit bore conspicuous witness to him.
7. It is also obvious that our Lord came with water too. I have shown you that every priest was washed with water; our Lord was not unclean, and therefore one would have thought he might dispense with this; but to “fulfil all righteousness” his first step was to be washed in Jordan by the hands of John the Baptist, so coming to the beginning of his ministry by that baptism in water which indicates that by death, burial, and resurrection, he was about to save his people. As soon as that baptism had been accomplished, indeed, and before that, you could see that he had come with water, for by water is meant that clean, pure, hallowed life which the outward washing was meant to typify. His first years of obscurity were years of holiness, and his later years of service were spotless. “In him was no sin.” Who ever exercised a ministry so pure as his? Where else do we find such immaculate holiness? He did not come by the water merely as a symbol, but by what the water meant, by unsullied purity of life. His doctrine was as pure as his example. Point me to a single syllable of all his teaching which would create, foster, or excuse sin! He was the friend of sinners, but not the apologist for their sins. His tenderness towards sinners was that of a physician whose intent is to remove the disease. His whole doctrine is fitly comparable to purifying and life giving water, and it operated upon men’s hearts in that manner. In this last sense especially he came by water. It is very remarkable how John’s Gospel is both the exposition and the text of John’s First Epistle, for if you turn to it you find our Lord Jesus coming by water at the outset of his teaching. He says to Nicodemus a man must be “born of water and by the Spirit”; to the woman of Samaria he speaks at length about “living water”; and on the great day of the feast he cries, “If any man is thirsty let him come to me and drink.” In his ministry he not only issued the invitation, but to all who believed on him he gave the water of the fountain life freely. So our Lord came by water in the sense of communicating a new, pure, and purifying life to men; for the water is the emblem of the new life which springs up within the soul of believers, a life fresh and sparkling, leaping up from the eternal fountains of the divine existence; a life which will flow on for ever, and widen and deepen like Ezekiel’s river, and increase in fulness of power and joy until it unites with the ocean of immortal bliss. Jesus came to pour out this living flood among the sons of men. Blessed be his name!
8. Our Lord closed his life with washing his disciples’ feet, a fitting conclusion to a life which had by its example been cleansing throughout, and still remains as the grandest corrective of the corrupt examples of the world. Even after death our Lord retained the instructive symbol by pouring out from his pierced heart water as well as blood, which John evidently thought very significant; for when he wrote concerning it he said, “He who saw it bore record, and his record is true: and he knows what he says is true, so that you might believe.” So that from the Jordan to the cross both the symbol and the substance were with our great Master, while his own personal purity, and his gift of life to others, proved his mission to be from above.
With Jesus also was the blood. This distinguished him from John
the Baptist, who came by water, but Jesus came “not by water only,
but by water and blood.” We must not prefer any one of the three
witnesses to another, but what a wonderful testimony to Christ was
the blood! From the very first he came with blood, for John the
Baptist cried, “Behold the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the
world!” Now, the lamb which takes away sin is a slaughtered lamb, a
bleeding lamb; so that at the time when the baptismal waters were
upon him, John saw that he must bleed for human sin. In his ministry
there was often a clear testimony to his future sufferings and
shedding of blood, for to the assembled crowd he said, “Unless a man
eats my flesh and drinks my blood, there is no life in him”: while to
his disciples he spoke of the decease which he should shortly
accomplish at Jerusalem. Then at the last, taking all our sins upon
his shoulders, in the agony of Gethsemane, the blood bore witness
that he was indeed the Lamb of God, and on that tree where he
Bore all incarnate God could bear,
With strength enough, but none to spare,
selflessly dying for his enemies, unselfishly suffering an ignominious doom so that he might redeem those who had rejected and scoffed at him, his invincible love triumphed over death itself, and endured divine wrath without repining, as no one except the Son of God could have done. Now Messiah was to be cut off, but not for himself; he was to make his soul an offering for sin, he was to make his grave with the wicked, and lie in the heart of the earth. The blood of the covenant was to be shed, the paschal victim was to be slain, the Shepherd was to be stricken, the Lamb was to be led to the slaughter, and therefore only by the shedding of his blood could Jesus prove himself to be the Messiah so long foretold. However pure the life he led, had he never died he could not have been the Saviour appointed to bear the iniquity of us all. The blood was needed to complete the witness. The blood must flow with the water, the suffering with the serving. The most pious example would not have proved him to be the divine Shepherd, if he had not laid down his life for the sheep. Take away the atonement, and Jesus is no more than any other prophet, the essential point of his mission is gone. It is evident that he who was to come was to finish transgression, and to make reconciliation for iniquity. Now, this could not be done except by an expiation, and since Jesus has made such an expiation by his own blood, we know him to be the Christ of God. His blood is the seal of his mission, the very life of his work.
10. I have thus shown that our Lord himself was attested to by these three sacred witnesses.
11. II. Now, secondly, may God the Holy Spirit help me to show that THESE THREE REMAIN AS STANDING WITNESSES TO HIM FOR ALL TIME.
12. And first, the Holy Spirit is witness at this hour that the religion of Jesus is the truth, and that Jesus is the Son of God. I do not say that he bears such witness everywhere, for there are many who preach in the wisdom of men, and in carnal excellency of speech, and God the Holy Spirit does not work with them, because he has chosen other instruments. I do not say that he bears witness to the truth when it is defiled by a lukewarm ministry, and a prayerless church: but I do say this, that the Spirit of God, wherever Jesus is fully preached, is the great witness to the truth of his word; for what does he do? By his divine energy he convinces men of the truth of the gospel: and these are so convinced that they are not only people who, through their education are likely to believe it, but men like Saul of Tarsus, who abhor the whole thing. He pours his influences upon men, and infidelity melts away like the iceberg in the Gulf Stream; he touches the indifferent and careless, and they repent, believe, and obey the Saviour. He makes proud men tremble, and wicked men quake for fear. The conversions which are accomplished where Christ is truly preached are the miracles which attest to the truth of the gospel. He who can make the prostitute to be chaste, the drunkard to be sober, the thief to be honest, the malicious to be forgiving, the covetous to be generous, and above all the self-righteous to be humble, is indeed the Christ of God, and when the Spirit does all this and more by the gospel, he bears conclusive witness to the power of the cross.
13. Then, too, the Spirit goes out among believers, and by them he bears witness to our Lord and his gospel. Great is the variety of his operations, for that reason he is called the Seven Spirits of God; but in each one he witnesses to Jesus; whether he quickens, consoles, enlightens, refreshes, sanctifies, anoints, or inflames the soul, he does it always by taking the things of Christ and revealing them to us. How mightily does he comfort the saints! Have you not been consoled by him in deep distress? Have you not endured the loss of dear ones without repining, because your heart has been sustained by the Comforter? Now, that wondrous influence which accomplished peace in you through the gospel, must have confirmed you in the belief of the truth: and others who have seen your serenity under heavy trial, if they are not convinced, at least are led to enquire what strange thing is this which makes the Christian suffer without repining. The Spirit bears witness to Christ, then, when he comforts the saints.
14. And he does the same when he gives them guidance, enlightenment and elevation of soul. I will, however, for a moment, dwell upon “utterance.” Some reject the idea, but for all that it is true that in the very same hour it is given to God’s servants to speak in his name. Look at the times of the martyrs! How wondrously feeble women like Anne Askew baffled all their foes! How ignorant weavers stood up before bishops and doctors and confounded them! Even now, in answer to prayer, the Spirit comes upon chosen men who yield themselves to his influence, and bears them along with a whirlwind, making them eloquent in the divine sense, speaking from their hearts what God gives them to deliver. Some of us know this, for we have cast ourselves upon that eternal Spirit, and thoughts have been given to us, and mouth and utterance also. By this also the Spirit bears witness to the truth of our faith.
15. I do not have time to go into all the operations of the Spirit, only let me say that his sustaining, his consoling influences have been very specially seen in times of persecution. Men of God have been subjected to tortures which our mind finds it painful to dwell upon, yet they have not been vanquished by their foes; neither nakedness, nor peril, nor sword have separated them from the love of God. Blandina [died 177 AD] tossed in a net by a wild bull, and burned with hot plates of brass, wears out her tormentors; and Lawrence, [c. 225-258 AD] on his gridiron, finds joy enough for mirth. One cries aloud amid the flames, “No one except Jesus,” and another claps his blazing hands and shouts victory as his soul leaves the body. The Spirit of God in the church has preserved her amid furious and long continued persecutions, filling the saints with a dauntless courage and a serene invincibility which has both amazed and alarmed their enemies. So mightily has this patience convinced the world, that it has passed into a proverb, “The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church.”
16. With equal power does the Spirit of God bear witness to the gospel in great revivals of religion. How wondrously did the Spirit of God testify to Christ during the Reformation! Scarcely had Luther opened his mouth to proclaim the good news than immediately men received it eagerly; they sang psalms as they ploughed the field or threw the shuttle; the precious word was in all men’s mouths. They said that angels carried Luther’s writings all over the world: it was not so, but the ever blessed Spirit makes the truth to fly like flames of fire. So it was in Whitfield’s day, and in many revivals which we have read about, and some which we have seen. Sometimes men have been struck down and convulsed, and at other times, without outward violence, they have been with equal power renewed in their souls. Whoever has been at Edinburgh, and seen many hundreds of people rushing through the streets to one appointed meeting place, to fall on their knees and cry for mercy all at once, could not doubt that the gospel must be true? The Spirit of God, omnipotent in the realm of spirits, and able to guide the human will without violating it, has enlightened men’s darkened minds and made them see that Jesus Christ is God and Saviour. Overwhelmed by the love of Jesus, they have yielded at once to his commands. A formal church, with a minister to stand up and talk officially, and a people who come and go mechanically, bears no witness to religion, but rather creates infidels; but where we see what some have called “real Methodist fire,” and others “the old Protestant enthusiasm,” or, rather, where we see the Holy Spirit, attended by marvellous conversion, deep repentance, singular illumination, the angelic and general love, we have indisputable evidence of the divinity of our faith.
17. The next abiding witness in the church is the water — not the water of baptism, but the new life implanted in Christians, for that is the sense in which John’s Master had used the word “water”: “The water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up to everlasting life.” Where the Spirit of God comes he creates in the man a new nature, pure, bright, fresh, vigorous, like a fountain, and the fact that this new nature does exist in multitudes of men is a standing evidence that the gospel is true, for no other religion makes men new creatures, no other religion even pretends to do it; they may propose to improve the old nature, but none of them can say, “Behold, I make all things new.” This is the sole prerogative of Jesus our Lord.
18. The existence of the new life is a matter of fact. We ourselves know many whose lives are pure and blameless; they have faults before God, but before the eyes of men they are perfect and upright, blameless and harmless. The godly lives of Christians are good evidence of the truth of the gospel. Did I hear someone object, “But many professors of Christianity are not holy?” I grant you that, but then everyone knows that they are inconsistent with the religion which they profess. If I heard of a lustful Mohammedan I should not consider him inconsistent with Mohammedanism; is he not allowed his harem? If I heard of a licentious Hindu, I should not consider him to be dishonouring his religion, for some of its sacred rites are disgusting and unmentionable. The same may be said of all the idolatries. But everyone knows that if a man professes to be a Christian and he is guilty of a gross fault, the world rings with the scandal, because it recognises the inconsistency of his conduct with his profession. Though some may at the first breath of a slander blazon it abroad and say, “This is your religion,” the world knows it is not our religion, but the lack of it. Why do they themselves make such a wonder of a fallen professor? Are adulterers so very scarce that such a noise should be made when a minister is, truly or falsely, charged with the crime? The world’s conscience knows that the religion of Jesus is the religion of purity, and if professed Christians fall into uncleanness the world knows that such a course of action does not arise from the religion of Christ, but is diametrically opposite to it. The gospel is perfect, and if we wholly yield to its sway then sin would be abhorred by us, and slain in us, and we should live on earth the life of the perfect ones above. Oh, may God produce in his church more and more the witness of the new life, the testimony of holiness, love, meekness, temperance, godliness, and grace: these are the gospel’s logic, its syllogisms and demonstrations, which no one can refute.
The third abiding witness is the blood. The blood of Christ is
still on the earth, for when Jesus bled it fell upon the ground and
was never gathered up. Oh earth, you still are stained with the blood
of the murdered Son of God, and if you could reject him this will
curse you. But, oh humanity, you are blessed with the drops of that
precious blood, and believing in him it saves you. Now, does the
blood really save from guilt, terror, and despair? Does it operate
among men? Let us ask our memory. Its answer is clear and full. I
speak about what I know, and testify to what I have seen. I have
preached the blood of Jesus Christ and the love of the incarnate God,
and I have seen proud, stout hearted men shed tears in floods; the
rock has wept when stricken with this wondrous rod of the cross.
Men who could resist the thunders of Sinai have melted before the
tender notes of Calvary. Indeed, and, on the other hand, I have
seen the desponding, whose soul chose strangling rather than life,
look up to that dear cross, and their faces have been brightened, and
an unspeakable joy has chased away despair. The blood has
accomplished miracles of consolation. We have seen men at war with
God, and opposed to holiness, to whom the blood has spoken; they have
seen a God reconciled to them, and they have been reconciled to him
themselves. We have seen them beneath the spell of the blood throw
down their weapons and cry —
I yield, by Jesus’ love subdued, —
Who can resist its charms? —
And throw myself to be renewed
Into my Saviour’s arms.
The blood of Jesus, after speaking peace to the conscience, inflames the heart with fervent love, and very often leads men to high deeds of consecration, self-denial, and self-sacrifice, such as can scarcely be understood until they are traced back to that amazing love which bled upon the tree. Well might the martyrs bleed for him who was crucified for them; the blood is working mightily in men to will and to do for the glory of God. Yes, brethren, the blood has such a melting, such a converting, such a subduing, such a sanctifying, such a joy creating power to every conscience which hears its matchless voice, that it remains, with the Spirit and the water, a convincing witness to the Christ of God.
20. III. In the third place, let us observe that THIS TRIPLE YET UNITED WITNESS IS PARTICULARLY FORCIBLE WITHIN BELIEVING HEARTS. John tells us, “He who believes on the Son of God has the witness in himself.”
21. Now, brethren, these three witnesses bear testimony in our souls abidingly. I do not speak of years ago, but of last night, when you bowed your knee in prayer and prayed, and were heard. Did not the Spirit when he helped you to pray bear witness that the gospel was no lie? Was not the answer to your prayer good evidence? And that Sunday morning, when you prayed that you might gather up your thoughts and forget the week’s cares, and you did so by the Spirit’s aid, did not this sacred rest of your soul prove that Christ is indeed a Saviour? Sitting here this morning as your soul has burned within you, and your Master has been near you, has not that communion, given to you from the Spirit, been to you a fresh witness to Christ? The other day, when you were so sad and the Holy Spirit comforted you, when you were so rebellious, and he made you quiet, even as a weaned child, did this not confirm your faith? The other day when you were so in the dark, and he enlightened you, when you were in such dilemmas and he guided you — had you not then fresh evidence that there is a life, a power, a divinity about the gospel? These sweet feelings of yours came to you by the Spirit of God revealing Jesus to you. He did not comfort you nor elevate you by the law, nor by the flesh, but by the love of God shed abroad in your heart, that precious love which comes streaming down from the cross of Jesus Christ our Lord. Ah, dear friends, I feel sick to death of the common talk about the healthiness of doubting and the beauty of “modern thought.” This talk is only the self-praise of a set of concealed infidels treacherously lurking in God’s church. There is a short way to challenge sceptics which I commend to your use. Ask them — “Do they know the Holy Spirit? Did they ever feel him in their own souls?” If they say “No,” we believe them; let them believe us when we declare that we do feel the operations of the Holy Spirit. There is the end of the controversy; if they are honest so are we, and we are witnesses to the divine working of the Holy Spirit in our own souls. If they never felt his power, their negative statements cannot in the least degree affect the truth of ours.
22. The next witness in us is the water, or the new and pure life. Do you feel the inner life, my brethren? I know you do — you feel it fighting, struggling, contending, sometimes winning the mastery, and at other times captive and groaning; you feel it often aspiring, desiring, hungering, thirsting, yearning, sighing; and sometimes singing, shouting, dancing, and leaping up to heaven. You are conscious that you are not what you used to be, you are conscious of a new life within your soul which you never knew until the date of your conversion, and that new life within you is the living and incorruptible seed which lives and abides for ever. The fact that you know you are born by God forbids a doubt concerning the truth of how you were begotten; the sense that you are forgiven forbids all scepticism concerning the fact that Christ is come in the flesh, and that he is the Son of God, and that his gospel is the truth of God. For you, all these things are clear.
23. Witnessing within us is also the blood. Beloved, this is a witness which never fails, speaking in us better things than the blood of Abel. It gives us such peace that we can sweetly live and calmly die. It gives us such access to God that sometimes when we have felt its power we have drawn as near to our Father as if we had seen him face to face. And oh, what safety the blood causes us to enjoy! We feel that we cannot perish while the crimson canopy of atonement by blood hangs over our head. What victory it gives us! making us cry, “Thanks be to God, who gives us the victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ.” These are mysterious sensations, not to be accounted for by fleshly enthusiasm, for they are strongest when we are calmest; not to be accounted for by any natural predilections to such emotions, for we are by nature as easily perturbed as others, and as apt to forget divine things. In times of trial we have looked to Jesus’ flowing wounds and we have been comforted, we have found communion with Jesus to be so blessed that we would not envy Gabriel his angelhood.
24. Now, then, you young men, you do not need to read “Paley’s Evidences,” the evidence of the Spirit, the water, and the blood is better. You do not need to study “Butler’s Analogy,” although you may if you please, but such books, excellent as they are, only prove the skin and shell of our religion, and the vital matter is the kernel. If you come by simple prayer, and ask to have the blood of Jesus applied to your soul, and if the Spirit of God works mightily in your spirit so that you obtain a new inner principle, and lead a new life as the result of it, you will have the best evidence in the world. You will laugh at doubters, and make a fire of Colenso’s objections, and “Essays and Reviews,” Tyndall’s challenge, and Huxley’s dreams, and all that heap of worthless muck which has polluted the church, and defiled the souls of men. Oh heavens, that we should ever live to see a day in which ministers tell us that it is good to doubt, when poets almost deify that very scepticism of which John says that it makes God a liar, and which therefore is to be denounced as an insult to God, and the curse of the age. Go, fling your doubts away, you doting men and dreaming women, and bow like penitents at Jesus’ feet, and you will find far more than all your imagined learning can bestow. But if you will not do this, yet know that in vain you arraign your Maker at your judgment bar, in vain you amend his judgment, and act as if you were the Gods of God!
25. So I have tried to show that these three witnesses testify in our souls; I ask you now to notice their order. These three bear witness in us like this, the Spirit, the water, and the blood; why in this order? Because they operate in this manner. The Spirit of God first enters the heart, perhaps long before the man knows that such is the case; the Spirit creates the new life, which repents and seeks the Saviour, that is the water; and that new life flees to the blood of Jesus and obtains peace. The Spirit mightily working, the new life is secretly created, and then faith in the blood is created, and the triple witness is complete. We have also found this to be the order of our consolation. I have said to myself, “Do I know that the Spirit of God is in me?” and I have been afraid that he is not; I have then turned to my inner life, the water, and have not always been certain concerning it, but when I have looked away to the blood, all has been clear enough! Jesus died; I throw myself once again into his arms. When I do not know whether I have the Spirit, and when I am in doubt concerning whether I have the living water, I still know that I believe in the blood, and this brings perfect peace.
26. Having observed their order, now notice their combination. “These three agree in one,” therefore every true believer should have the witness of each one, and if each one does not witness in due time, there is cause for grave suspicion. For example, people have arisen who have said the Spirit of God has led them to do this and that. We enquire from them, “What about your lives? Does the water bear witness? Are you pardoned? Does the blood testify for you?” If these questions cannot be answered they may rave as they like about the Spirit of God, but the witness to their salvation is open to the gravest suspicion. We have known some who will say, “Look at my life, I am very different from what I was. I am a sober, honest, excellent man.” Yes, but do you rest in the blood of Jesus? Practical evidence is good, but it must arise out of faith. If you do not believe in Jesus you do not have the essential witness, and your case is not proved. Many also say to us, “I believe that Jesus died for me,” but we must ask them concerning their lives. Are you cleansed in act? Are you a changed man? For remember, unless the water speaks with the blood, you do not have the threefold testimony. There may be some who say, “Well, we believe in Jesus, and our lives are changed”: but remember, you may say that, but is it so? If so, the Spirit of God has changed you: if you have merely excited yourself into the belief that it is so, or if you were born by your own free will, you do not have the witness, because the truly saved are born not by blood, nor by the will of man, but by the Spirit of God.
27. The three witnesses agree in one. He who believes in pardon by the blood believes also in sanctification by the water; he who rests in Jesus Christ’s blood always honours the Spirit of God, and, on the other hand, he who believes in the Holy Spirit values both the inner life and the cleansing blood. God has joined these three together, and let no man put them asunder. The old theologians spoke of baptismus flaminis, baptismus fluminis, and baptismus sanguinis. May we know all these, and rejoice in the Spirit, the flood, and the blood.
28. IV. Lastly, THESE WITNESSES CERTIFY TO US THE ULTIMATE TRIUMPH OF OUR RELIGION.
29. Is the Spirit working through the gospel? then the gospel will win the day, because the Spirit of God is Almighty, and complete master over the realm of mind. He has the power to illuminate the intellect, to win the affections, to curb the will, and change the entire nature of man, for he works all things after his own pleasure, and, like the wind, he “blows where he wishes.” When he exerts his omnipotent energy no one can stand against him. He has converted three thousand in a day, and he could as readily convert three million, or three hundred million. He can do this, and he will. The wind at times blows so gently as scarcely to stir the wing of a butterfly, but at another time it rushes in like a tornado, sweeping all before it; do not judge from its soft breath what its full tempest would be, for nothing can stand against the wind when once it speeds forth with power. Let the Spirit of God blow across this land and it will at once drive away the miasmas of superstition, and the clouds of ignorance.
30. The Holy Spirit is compared to fire. What can resist the energy of fire? There may be so little of it that a cowherd [a] may carry it in his lantern, but lo, it sets a city ablaze. One match contains all the fire on that prairie; it is flung into the dry grass, and lo, the heavens themselves are scorched with the exceeding heat. Is the Spirit of the Lord constrained? Is anything too hard for the Lord? Behold, the universe was chaos once, and the Spirit brooded over it and this fair world came forth: let him in like manner incubate over this chaos of sin, and a new heaven, and a new earth, where dwells righteousness, shall rise from it. The gospel must conquer, because the Holy Spirit who works with it is almighty.
31. Next, the gospel must conquer, because of the water, which I have explained to be the new life of purity. What does John say? “Whoever is born by God overcomes the world.” It is impossible for the gospel to be vanquished as long as there remains in the world one soul that is born by God. Living and incorruptible seed abides for ever! Those who wish to destroy the church only scatter her living seeds, and when Satan raises a hurricane it only bears those seeds further afield. Satan once sat down for weeks together to scheme, and he called in all the demons one by one until Pandemonium all met in one conclave, and what do you think came of it all? The Papal Inquisition. They set that horrible machine to work to crush what they called heresy. They said they would ride up to their saddle girths in the blood of Lutherans, and they almost redeemed their promise; but their cruelty did not avail, the living faith survived, and their murders and infernal cruelties only stirred the world to a groan of sympathy, which helped the progress of the gospel. They cannot destroy the gospel. Do not talk about the Pope of Rome, or the Ritualistic or the infidel party, destroying the gospel church, they can as soon annihilate the Lord himself, because the inner life of Christians is a spark struck from the eternal sun of life, and can never be extinct while God lives.
32. Lastly, the gospel must spread and conquer because of the blood. Does that have power? Oh, yes, I will tell you how. God, the everlasting Father, has promised to Jesus by covenant, of which the blood is the seal, that he “shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.” As surely as Christ died on the cross, he must sit on a universal throne. God cannot lie to his Son, cannot mock his wounds, or be deaf to his death cries, and, therefore, Christ must have what his Father has promised him, and he has said, “Ask of me and I will give you the heathen for your inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for your possession.” Those who bow in the wilderness shall bow before him, and his enemies shall lick the dust; for he must reign until he has put all enemies under his feet.
Brethren, the inference from all this is, if you are not on Christ’s
side it is bad for you, for you will be surely conquered in the
battle: but, if you are on Christ’s side, never speak hesitatingly or
despondingly. When they bring out a new book to disprove Genesis,
and another to evaporate the atonement, do not be afraid. As long as
the gospel is in the world the devil will find someone to write books
against it. Take no notice of them, they cannot stand against
facts. A philosopher once wrote a book to prove that there is no
such thing as matter, and a certain reader believed it until he
happened to bang his head against the bedpost, and then he abandoned
the theory. When a man feels the power of the Holy Spirit, or the
power of the inner life, he does not care to argue; he has a homespun
philosophy of facts which answers his purpose better. Though others
may surround him and say, “You are not learned,” he feels that it
does not require learning to prove what is a matter of personal
consciousness, any more than we need proof that sugar is sweet when
we have a piece in our mouths. Do you doubt the gospel? Try it! The
men who speak against the Bible as a rule have never read it; those
who rail against Christ do not know him; and those who deny the
efficacy of prayer have never prayed. Nothing is more convincing than
fact. Get out of the realm of word spinning and windbag filling
into practical Christian life, proving personally that these things
are so, and you will soon be convinced by the blessed witness of the
Spirit, the water, and the blood.
[Portion Of Scripture Read Before Sermon — 1Jo 5]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Jesus Christ, In Heaven — Reigning Power” 335]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Holy Spirit — The Holy Ghost Is Here” 451]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Jesus Christ, In Heaven — The Power Of The Risen Lord” 331]
[a] Cowherd: One who tends cattle in a pasture. OED. This may be an allusion to the great Chicago fire of Tuesday, October 10, 1871 which was thought to started by a cow kicking over a lantern. See Explorer "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Chicago_Fire"
Jesus Christ, In Heaven
335 — Reigning Power <148th.>
1 Rejoice, the Saviour reigns
Among the sons of men;
He breaks the prisoner’s chains,
And makes them free again;
Let hell oppose God’s only Son,
In spite of foes his cause goes on.
2 The cause of righteousness,
Of truth and holy peace,
Design’d our world to bless,
Shall spread and never cease;
Gentile and Jew their souls shall bow,
Allegiance due with rapture vow.
3 The baffled prince of hell
In vain new effort tries,
Truth’s empire to repel
By cruelty and lies;
Th’ infernal gates shall rage in vain,
Conquest awaits the Lamb once slain.
4 He died, but soon arose
Triumphant o’er the grave;
And still himself he shows
Omnipotent to save;
Let rebels kiss the Victor’s feet,
Eternal bliss his subjects meet.
5 All power is in his hand,
His people to defend;
To his most high command
Shall millions more attend:
All heaven with smiles approves his cause,
And distant isles receive his laws.
John Ryland, 1792.
451 — The Holy Ghost Is Here
1 The Holy Ghost is here,
Where saints in prayer agree.
As Jesus’ parting gift he’s near
Each pleading company.
2 Not far away is he,
To be by prayer brought nigh,
But here in present majesty
As in his courts on high.
3 He dwells within our soul,
An ever welcome Guest;
He reigns with absolute control,
As Monarch in the breast.
4 Our bodies are his shrine,
And he th’ indwelling Lord;
All hail, thou Comforter divine,
Be evermore adored!
5 Obedient to thy will,
We wait to feel thy power,
Oh Lord of life, our hopes fulfil,
And bless this hallow’d hour.
Charles H. Spurgeon, 1866.
Jesus Christ, In Heaven
331 — The Power Of The Risen Lord
1 Jesus, the name high over all,
In hell, or earth, or sky,
Angels and men before it fall,
And devils fear and fly.
2 Jesus, the name to sinners dear,
The name to sinners given,
It scatters all their guilty fear,
And turns their hell to heaven.
3 Jesus the prisoner’s fetters breaks,
And bruises Satan’s head;
Power into strengthless souls it speaks,
And life into the dead.
4 His only righteousness I show,
His saving truth proclaim;
‘Tis all my business here below
To cry, “Behold the Lamb!”
5 Happy, if with my latest breath
I may but gasp his name;
Preach him to all, and cry in death,
“Behold, behold the Lamb!”
Charles Wesley, 1749.