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Birds are vastly different from dinosaurs, even in the way they walk. How could one come from the other?
“Birds are the modern version of dinosaurs,” declare many evolutionists who believe theropod dinosaurs evolved into birds.1 Artists even go so far as to depict these reptiles with feathers and other avian features.2 But not all evolutionists accept the dogma. In a recent Journal of Morphology paper, Devon Quick and John Ruben of Oregon State University exposed a major flaw in the dinosaur-to-bird model—and simultaneously revealed a unique feature of bird biology.3
The scientists examined the unusual way that birds use their femur (thigh bone) when walking. Unlike most other creatures, birds do not move their femurs significantly. Instead, birds use their lower legs. But their odd “knee running” motion isn’t just a funny quirk. It’s actually crucial to their ability to breathe rapidly. The femur bones and thigh muscles support the bird’s air-sac lung as it breathes, preventing the lungs from collapsing.
“This is fundamental to bird physiology,” Quick said. “It’s really strange that no one realized this before.”
Dinosaur fossils show no evidence of fixed femurs, the researchers determined. “Theropod dinosaurs had a moving femur and therefore could not have had a lung that worked like that in birds,” Ruben explained. “That undercuts a critical piece of supporting evidence for the dinosaur–bird link.” The lung structure and physiology of dinosaurs was likely much closer to crocodilian creatures than to birds.
David Menton, a former Washington University anatomist who has researched the dinosaur-to-bird idea, commented, “It appears that both feathers and the avian mode of breathing are unique to birds.”
Perhaps the dinosaur–bird connection, now rejected by creationists and some evolutionists, will one day fall out of favor entirely. But Ruben noted, “There’s a lot of museum politics involved in this, a lot of careers committed to a particular point of view even if new scientific evidence raises questions.”
At the very least, we now know of another ingenious anatomical feature that the Creator gave birds from the very beginning so they could achieve the miracle of flight.
Answers in Genesis is an apologetics ministry, dedicated to helping Christians defend their faith and proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ effectively. We focus on providing answers to questions about the Bible—particularly the book of Genesis—regarding key issues such as creation, evolution, science, and the age of the earth.