A Sermon Delivered On Sunday Evening, April 11, 1869, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. 4/5/2011*4/5/2011
Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him. (Romans 6:6)
1. Every new man is two men; every believer in Christ is what he was and not what he was: the old nature and the new nature exist at the same time in each regenerate individual. That old nature the apostle calls a man, because it is a complete manhood after the image of fallen Adam; it has the desires, the judgment, the mind, the thoughts, the language and the action of man, as he is in his rebellious state. He calls it the “old man,” because it is as old as Eden’s first transgression, it is as old as we are; it is the nature born with us, the natural depravity, the fleshly mind which we inherited from our parents. It is tainted by the old serpent, and bears within it a dread propensity to his old sin. When Adam first picked the forbidden fruit, sin polluted our race, and the original stain remains in all mankind; it is revealed in the most ancient history, and continues to reveal itself all along the page of the story of this blighted world. The old nature, then, is what the apostle means. The lusts of the flesh, the carnal desires, the affections of our estranged hearts, these he calls the old man. I am much mistaken if every Christian does not find this old man still troubling in him. He has a new nature which was implanted in him, as through the Spirit’s sacred working he was led to hate sin and believe in Jesus to his soul’s salvation. It is the heavenly offspring of the new birth, the pure and holy result of regeneration. That new nature cannot sin, it is as pure as the God from whom it came, and like the spark which seeks the sun, it aspires always after the holy God from whom it came; its longings and its tendencies are always towards holiness and God, and it utterly hates and loathes what is evil; so that finding itself brought into contact with the old nature, it sighs and cries as the apostle tells us, “Oh wretched man that I am, who shall deliver me from the body of this death?” Hence a warfare is set up within the believer’s heart; the new life struggles against the old death, as the house of David against the house of Saul, or as Israel against the accursed Canaanites. The enmity is irreconcilable and lifelong. Just as the Lord has sworn to have war with Amalek throughout all generations, so does the holy seed within the saint wage war with inbred sin as long as it remains. Neither nature can make peace with the other. Either the earthy water must quench the heavenly fire, or the divine fire, like what Elijah saw, must lick up and utterly remove all the water in the trenches of the heart. It is war to the death, exterminating war.
2. In the text the apostle says that in every believer the old nature is crucified with Christ. I take the liberty also to refer you to two or three words which occur in the verse before the text, where he speaks of baptised believers as having taken upon themselves the likeness of Christ’s death; and then he speaks of the old man being crucified, which was Christ’s death, and therefore without straining the text we may gather from it, that the old man in us dies in the same way as Christ died — that the death of Christ on the cross is the picture of the way in which our old corruptions are to be put to death.
3. That shall make our first point, the old nature crucified; the second point shall be, that if ever the old nature is put to death at all, it must be with Christ — we are crucified with him; the old man is crucified with him; and then, in the third place, we shall have some practical and solemn applications to make.
4. I. Now, first, THE OLD MAN IS TO DIE, BUT HE IS TO DIE IN THE LIKENESS OF CHRIST’S DEATH BY CRUCIFIXION.
1. What kind of death was that? First, our Lord died a true and
real death. There were certain heretics who disturbed the early
Christian church, who said that our Lord did not really and actually
die; but we know that he died, for his heart was pierced by the
spear, and the flowing of the blood and water proved that he was in
very deed most truly dead. Moreover, the Roman officer would not have
sanctioned that the body should be given up if he had not made sure
that he was dead already, and even made assurance doubly sure by
piercing our Lord’s most blessed side. Christ really and truly died,
there was no sham or make believe; it was no phantom who bled, and
the atoning death was no fainting fit or long swoon. Even so it must
be with our old propensities, they must not pretend to die, but
actually die; they must not be restrained by holy customs; they must
not be confined by temporary austerities, or laid in a trance by
fleeting reveries, or ostentatiously buried alive by religious
resolves and professions, they must actually die, and die a real and
true death before the Lord and within our souls. Sometimes people who
are really alive appear as dead, because death reigns over a part of
their bodies; the heart beats exceedingly indistinctly, the pulse is
only faintly felt, the lungs are languidly heaving; they lie in a
state of coma, their hands are powerless as those of a corpse, and
their eyes are closed, and every member palsied; yet they are not
dead, because they are in some measure, and really and truly, with
respect to their vital organs, still in the land of the living. So I
have known some who have given up a few of their sins; they have been
persuaded to renounce the grossest vices, or the more abominable
lusts, but still they have never made a clean renunciation of all
their sins; they have never actually within their hearts, in all
integrity of purpose, given up every false way; they still indulged
one or two sins secretly; or, if they have not carried their desires
into practice, they have, at least, a secret good will towards evil,
a love towards some sweet sin in the core of their heart of hearts.
Oh my brethren, this must, with those who are renewed in the spirit
of their minds, the old nature must, as far as our will is concerned,
endure a real crucifixion. No man shall enter heaven while one
propensity to sin lies in him, for heaven admits nothing that
pollutes; and, further, no man should expect to enter the abode of
bliss while he cherishes and desires to keep alive a solitary sin
within him. I do not say that no one is a saved soul who is not
perfect here; God forbid I should so slander the hopes of the
faithful and the word of God; but I do say that you must desire
perfection, will it, and seek it, or grace is not in you. I do not
say that any man lives perfectly and absolutely free from sin in this
life; but I do say that no man is a Christian who does not wish it to
be so with him. There must be in our soul a deep, hearty, thorough,
real wish for the death of every sin of every kind, or we are not in
union with Christ. Our prayer must be —
Return, oh holy Dove! return,
Sweet messenger of rest!
I hate the sins that made thee mourn,
And drove thee from my breast.
The dearest idol I have known,
Whate’er that idol be,
Help me to tear it from thy throne,
And worship only thee.
I beseech you be careful on this point, for let mere creed lovers prate as they wish, “without holiness no man shall see the Lord.” Sin must be slain. You must utterly hate evil. Sin must be to you as a condemned, detestable thing, to be hunted down and put to death, or else the life of God is not in you. No mere professions or shams will suffice; sin must really and truly be crucified.
6. 2. The death of our Lord, in the next place, was a voluntary death. He said, “I lay down my life for the sheep … no man takes it from me, but I lay it down by myself.” Jesus need not have died, he could have come down from the cross and saved himself, but he willingly gave himself up for a sacrifice for our sins. Brethren, such must essentially be the death of sin within us, it must be for our part, as we put it to death, perfectly voluntary. Oh, what a sieve is this in which to sift the chaff from the wheat! Some men part with their sins with the intention of coming back again to them if they can, as the dog returns to its vomit and the sow to her wallowing in the mire; or they part with them as of old the oxen parted with their calves at Bethshemesh, lowing as they went because of the calves they had left behind; like Lot’s wife they set out to leave Sodom, but their eyes show where their hearts wanted to be. How many a drunkard has given up his cups because he would otherwise have lost his job or been laid up with illness! How many a foul sinner has renounced a vice because he felt that it was too great a strain upon his constitution, or brought too much shame upon him! They drop their sins as the dog does the meat when it is too hot to hold, but they love it none the less; they will be back when it cools. Such sinners leave sin as Orpah did Moab, but they soon find an opportunity to return. They fight sin as actors fight on the stage; it is mimic conflict, they do not hate sin in reality. Ah! but friends, we must have our whole hearts burning with an intensity of desire to get rid of our sins; and such intensity we shall be sure to feel if there is a work of grace in our soul performed by the Holy Spirit. To will is present with us. Indeed, we are not merely willing, that is a poor cold term, we are vehemently desirous, insomuch that we would be content to give up our eyes and live in lifelong blindness if we could only be completely delivered from our sins. There is no martyrdom to which any saint would be reluctant to subject himself if he could escape by it from the tenfold plague of his daily corruptions and temptations. I would make no bargain with God if he would leave me free from sin; it should be left to him whether I should shiver amid northern ice, or stagnate in a poorhouse, or lie in prison until the moss grew on my eyelids, or shake in perpetual fever, if I might henceforth never again in this world fall into a single sin. The execution of sin, then, must be undertaken by us with a willing mind and a vehement determination.
7. 3. At the same time, notice that in the third place, our Lord’s death was a violent death. He was no suicide; he willed to die in obedience to the highest law of his being, which was not self-preservation (which makes it necessary for us to do all we can to live), but consecration to the will of God, and to human welfare; which highest law rendered it necessary for him to die. He died, I have said, voluntarily, but yet by wicked men he was taken, by violent hands and by force put to death. So the crucifixion of sin is voluntary concerning the person who crucifies sin; but it is both violent and involuntary concerning the sin itself. Believe me, my dear brethren, sin struggles vigorously in the best of men; especially besetting sins, and constitutional sins. Outward iniquities are in most cases soon conquered, but inward constitutional sins are hard to overcome. One man is proud, and oh, what prayers and tears it costs him to bring the neck of old pride to the block! Another man is naturally grasping, his tendency is to covetousness, and how he has to humble himself before God, and to cry out and lament because his gold will stick to his fingers, and will rust and corrode within his soul! Some are of a murmuring spirit, and so rebel against God, and to conquer a spirit of contention and murmuring is no easy task. Envy too, that horrible monster, so obnoxious in a Christian, why, I think I have known God’s ministers to indulge in it, and it has not always been easy to kill it. To let another star eclipse you in the firmament, or allow another servant of God to do more for him and to have greater success than yourself, is too often a bitter trial when it should be a theme for joy. Yet, brethren, cost us what it may, these sins must die. Violent may be the death and stern the struggle, but we must nail that right hand, indeed, and drive home the nail; we must pierce the left hand too, and fasten the foot, yes, and nail that other foot, and hammer the nail firmly; and while the struggling victim seeks to live, we must take care that no nail loosens, but run to the Master, if it must be so, and ask him to drive the nails still deeper, so that the monster of the old man may not in any one of its members regain its liberty. It will be a violent death, indeed, if my inward experience is any example of what we are to expect.
8. 4. In the fourth place, crucifixion was a painful death. The suffering of crucifixion was extreme; all men have put that into their general belief, their language creed, for we say of great pain it is excruciating, that is to say, it is like crucifixion. So the death of sin is painful in all, and in some terribly so. Oh, it has cost some men nights, days, weeks, and months of misery and anguish, to overcome their deeply seated sins. Read John Bunyan’s “Grace Abounding,” and see how year after year that wonderful mind of his had red hot harrows dragged across all its fields. The innermost vitals of his spirit were pierced as with barbed shafts; his soul was as a great battlefield, covered with armies who trampled it down, tore it up in all directions, and made it tremble with their furious shocks of combat. The new man was struggling against the old death that was within him. Believe me, none of us would wish to go over the same ground again, for the scars remain upon us to this hour. There was a ripping out of right eyes and a tearing off of right arms — and this hacking and maiming could not be done without poignant suffering; and meanwhile in the case of some of us there was such a horror of darkness concerning our guilt cast over us, that our soul chose strangling rather than life, and it was by the Lord’s mercies that our griefs did not utterly consume us. Some, I grant you, are brought to salvation much more easily, but even they find that the death of sin is painful, at least to this degree, they have a humbling sense of the guilt of sin, they feel bitter regret that they should ever have fallen into it, and they are depressed with great fear and horror lest they should fall into it again. Along the valley of the shadow of death, if not all, pilgrims to heaven occasionally wend their way. Sin dies hard; such a hundred headed hydra has many lives, it will not die without much pain, and the violence of the pain proved the natural vitality of what is put to death.
9. 5. Brethren, let us remind you of yet another point. The death of our Lord Jesus Christ was an ignominious death. It was the death which the Roman law accorded only to felons, serfs, and Jews; few were condemned to it except slaves; it was not a freeman’s death — a nobler execution was allotted to citizens. So our sins must be put to death with every circumstance of shame and self-humiliation. I must confess I am shocked with some people whom I know, who glibly rehearse their past lives up to the time of their supposed conversion, and speak of their sins, which they hope have been forgiven them, with a sort of smack of the lips, as if there was something fine in having been so atrocious an offender. I hate to hear a man speak of his experience in sin as a Greenwich pensioner might talk of that battles of Trafalgar and the Nile. The best thing to do with our past sin, if it is indeed forgiven, is to bury it; yes, and let us bury it as they used to bury suicides, let us drive a stake through it, in horror and contempt, and never set up a monument to its memory. If you ever do tell anyone about your youthful wrongdoing, let it be with blushes and tears, with shame and confusion of face; and always speak of it to the honour of the infinite mercy which forgave you. Never let the devil stand behind you and pat you on the back and say, “You did me a good turn in those days.” Oh, it is a shameful thing to have sinned, a degrading thing to have lived in sin, and it is not to be wrapped up into a graphic exposé and related as an exploit as some do. “The old man is crucified with him,” who boasts of being related to the crucified felon. If any member of your family had been hanged, you would tremble to hear anyone mention the gallows; you would not run about crying, “Do you know a brother of mine was hanged at Newgate?” Your old man of sin is hanged, do not talk about him, but thank God it is so; and as he blots out the memory of it, you do the same, except so far as it may make you humble and grateful.
10. 6. Crucifixion was a lingering death. Our old nature has not been put to the death by the sword, or stoning, or burning; it has been crucified; this will bring on a sure death in due time, but it is slow. A crucified man often lived for hours, and days, and I have read even for a week. Our old man will linger on his cross as long as we are alive on earth. Each one of our sins has a horrible vitality about it. “As many lives as a cat,” John Bunyan said unbelief had; and the same may be said of every sin within us; it is crucified, but it is not completely dead. Expect to have to fight with sin, until you sheathe your sword and put on your crown. I speak with great respect to my dear friends who wear the honourable insignia of old age, but they may let one who is a child compared to them remind them that old age does not bring with it such a weakening in the man to sin, as to permit them to cease from watchfulness. When passions cannot be indulged, they often rage the more furiously; and if one sin is driven out by change of life, another will often labour to possess the soul in its place. Alas! alas! alas! that men should ever begin to trust in their experience or their acquired prudence, for then they are the most likely people to fall into sin. Your lusts are crucified, but they live, and there is vitality enough in them to make you rue the day if the nails of grace do not hold them firmly, and keep the demons on their tree of doom.
11. 7. The last remark is, that our Lord died a visible death. It could be discovered that he was dead; so we must put our sins to a visible death. Do not tell me, you men servants and maid servants who profess godliness, that you have crucified your sins, when you are such lazy and dishonest servants that your masters and mistresses would be very glad to do without you. Do not tell me, you masters and mistresses, that you have crucified your sins, when you fall into such ugly tempers, and tyrannise your servants, and treat them like dogs. Do not tell me, you men of business, that your sins are banished, when you help to promote bubble companies, falsify your weights and measures, defraud your creditors by villainous bankruptcies, or grind the faces of the poor. Do not sneak into this Tabernacle — or rather, if you come at all, do sneak in, for you ought to wear a hangdog look, if you answer to this description. Do not come into prayer meeting, and pray with the saints, if you are behaving as unregenerate sinners do. If there is no visible difference between you and the world, depend upon it there is no invisible difference. I have generally found that a man is not much better than he looks, and if a man’s outward life is not right, I shall not feel bound to believe that his inward life is acceptable to God. “Ah, sir,” said one in Rowland Hill’s time, “he is not exactly what I should like, but basically he has a good heart.” The shrewd old preacher replied, “When you go to market and buy fruit, and there are only rotten apples on the top of the basket, you say to the market woman, ‘These are a very bad lot.’ Now, if the woman replied, ‘Yes, they are rather gone bad at the top, sir, but they are better as you go down,’ you would not be so silly as to believe her, but would say, ‘No, no, the lower we go, the worse they will be, for the best are always put on the top.’ ” And so it is with men’s characters; if they cannot be decent, sober, and truthful in their daily life, their inner being is even more abominable; the deeper you pry into their secrets the worse will be the report. Oh dear hearers, do be sincere in renouncing outward sin. You sinful men, put away your drunkenness, your swearing, your lying, your fornication, and uncleanness. These must be nailed up before God’s sun in open day. Let all men know by your outward conduct that you are dead to sin, and cannot live any longer in it.
12. II. There was much room in this first point to have enlarged, but I must not, for time flies so swiftly. This crucifixion of the old nature is, let us remember, WITH CHRIST.
The old man was crucified with Christ representatively. Christ
represented the church. When he died he died for the church, and the
church died in him. All his people died when he died
representatively. Christ’s dead body represents to us in its death
the death of our old man; and virtually and before God the body of
this death died for each of us when Jesus died. We do not have the
time, however, to go into that doctrine, but I would say just a word
on the experience. Depend upon it, my dear brethren, if ever our sins
are to die, it must be with Christ. You will find you cannot kill the
smallest viper in the nest of your heart if you get away from the
cross. There is no death for sin except in the death of Christ. Stand
and look up to his dear wounds, trust in the merit of his blood; love
him, love him with a perfect heart, and sin killing will not be
difficult. You will hear the Saviour say, “Take us the foxes, the
little foxes, that spoil the vines”; and you will note his words,
“take us,” not “you take them,” but “take us.” Come with me,
says the spouse, we will go together, and the two of us will do it.
Your killing of your sin is not in your power, but if Jesus goes with
you, it will be done. I have known some people to struggle against a
horrible temper, and they never quite overcame it until they grew
into closer communion with Christ. Some dispute the doctrine before
us, and assert that contemplations of death are the most effective
helps in overcoming sin — very likely; others have thought that the
study of the beauties of holiness might do it — it may be so; but in my
experience the mightiest gun to blow down the Sebastopol (a) of sin
within me is to flee to the cross of Christ. I am persuaded that
nothing but the blood of Jesus will kill sin. If you go to the
commandments of God, or to the fear and dread of hell, you will find
such motives as they suggest, to be as powerless in you for real
action, as they have proved themselves to be on the general world;
but if you remember gratefully that the first death of sin in you was
by the blood of Jesus, you will firmly believe that all the way
through you will have to overcome by the same weapon.
Tears, though flowing like a river,
Never can one sin efface;
Jesus’ tears would not avail thee —
Blood alone can meet thy case;
Fly to Jesus!
Life is found in his embrace.
See that blood washed host, as without spot or wrinkle they stand
before the throne of God. Ask them whether they had to fight with
sin, and they will tell you that they were men of like passions with
us. Ask them how they overcame sin; you glorious ones, from what
armoury did you take your weapons, and who girded you for the sacred
I ask them whence their victory came?
They, with united breath,
Ascribe their conquest to the Lamb,
Their triumph to his death.
They marked the footsteps that he trod,
His zeal inspired their breast,
And, following their incarnate God,
Possess the promised rest.
You must get to Christ, nearer to Christ, and you will overcome sin.
14. III. I must now conclude with these two observations: First, Christian, here is your practical lesson tonight — Fight with your sins. Hack them in pieces, just as Samuel did to Agag, do not let anyone of them escape. Take them as Elijah took the prophets of Baal, hew them in pieces before the Lord. Revenge the death of Christ upon your sins, but keep to Christ’s cross for power to do it. Think more of Jesus’ cross, spend more time in contemplation of his blessed person, of his death and of his rising again; drink in more of his life, and live more upon him. I urge you to do this. The words may sound in your ears as very common, and such as you have heard ten thousand times before, but the sense is weighty and all important. If I had only one sentence that I might utter to you believers, I think I should make it this: live nearer to Christ. All virtues flourish in the atmosphere of the cross, all vices die beneath the shadow of the cross; but get away from your Master, and you will be undone.
The other word is to the unconverted. You say you do not care much
about death to sin. Well, then, there is nothing for it but you shall
have your choice; if you will not have death to sin, you shall
have sin to death. There is no alternative, if you do not die to
sin you shall die for sin; and if you do not slay sin, sin will slay
you. As surely as you live, my unsaved hearers, you cannot harbour,
any sin and go to heaven. Do not let any man deceive you. I try to
preach a very free and open gospel, and these lips have spoken ten
thousand invitations to the very chief of sinners; in fact, I never
seem to have a more suitable theme for myself than when I am opening
mercy’s gate very wide, in order to admit the vilest of the vile;
still I am bound to tell you, wide as God’s mercy is to those who are
willing to give up their sins, there is not a grain of mercy in the
heart of God towards that man who goes on in his iniquities. “God is
angry with the wicked every day.” Bunyan tells us he was one day
playing the game of “tip-cat” (b) on Sunday, when a voice seemed to
sound in his ears, “Will you have your sins and go to hell, or leave
your sins and go to heaven?” You have dropped into this Tabernacle,
and this is the question I have to ask you, “Will you leave your sins
and go to heaven, or will you have your sins and go to hell?” I know
what you would prefer. You would like to have your sins and heaven
too, but it is utterly impossible, not only because God forbids, but
because nature forbids. You are sitting in a room with a fire
tonight, and the windows are closed, and you say, “I would like to be
cool”; put out the fire, then. “No, but I would like to be cool, and
still keep the fire.” It cannot be done — nature forbids. And so a
lover of sin cannot be a saved soul, not because of any enmity on
God’s part, but because it is contrary to nature. Sin is a poison,
you cannot drink it and yet live the life of grace. If a man loves
sin, sin is its own punishment; to be an enemy of God is hell. Even
if the flames of Gehenna could be quenched, and the pit of Tophet
could be closed, yet as long as a man was at odds with God, there
must be a hell; for sin is misery, and only let it develop itself,
and evil is sorrow, whoever’s heart it may be in. You have heard of
the Spartan youth who concealed a stolen fox under his clothes, and
although it was eating into his bowels, he would not show it, and
therefore died through the creature’s bites; you are of that kind,
sinner, you are carrying sin in your bosom, and it is eating out your
heart. God knows what it is, and you know what it is; now you cannot
keep it there and be unbitten, undestroyed. Why keep it there? Oh cry
to God with a vehement cry, “God save me from my sin! Oh bring me,
even me, to the foot of your Son’s cross, and forgive me, and then
crucify my sin, for I see clearly now that sin must perish or I
must.” May God give you grace: dear hearer, not to go to bed tonight
until you have had your sins nailed to Christ’s cross. May the Lord
grant it for his mercies’ sake. Amen.
[Portion of Scripture Read Before Sermon — Romans 6]
(See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 3564, “Publications” 3566 @@ "John Ploughman’s Talk")
(a) The Siege of Sebastopol and the Battle of Sebastopol, was the final battle of the Crimean War and the main objective of the British and French forces. See Explorer "http://www.war-art.com/new_page_8.htm"
(b) Tip-Cat: A game in which the wooden cat or tip-cat is struck or “tipped” at one end with a stick so as to spring up, and then knocked to a distance by the same player. OED.