3240. The Blood Of Christ’s Covenant

by Charles H. Spurgeon on May 17, 2021

No. 3240-57:109. A Sermon Delivered On Thursday Evening, November 12, 1863, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington.

A Sermon Published On Thursday, March 9, 1911.

As for you also, because of the blood of your covenant I have set your prisoners free from the waterless pit. {Zec 9:11} {b}


For other sermons on this text:

   {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2839, “Prisoners of Hope” 2840}

   {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2883, “Prisoners Delivered” 2884}

   {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 3106, “Freedom Through Christ’s Blood” 3107}

   {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 3240, “Blood of Christ’s Covenant, The” 3242}

   Exposition on Zec 9; 10 {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 3240, “Blood of Christ’s Covenant, The” 3242 @@ "Exposition"}

   Exposition on Zec 9 {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2883, “Prisoners Delivered” 2884 @@ "Exposition"}


1. The LORD is speaking here to his ancient people, Israel. That nation had always been preserved, although other nations had been destroyed; and the reason was that God had entered into a covenant with Abraham on their behalf. Circumcision was the sign and seal of the covenant, so that God could truly speak of “the blood of your covenant.” The Jews have never ceased to be a nation, though they have been scattered and dispossessed, and turned over into the hand of their adversaries because of their sins. They may enjoy various rights and privileges in the different countries where they sojourn for a while, but they cannot be absorbed into the nationalities by which they are surrounded. They must always be a separate and distinct people; and the day shall yet come when the branches of the olive tree, which have been cut off for so long, shall be grafted in again. Then as a nation, they shall again behold the Messiah, the true and only King of the Jews, and their fulness shall be the fulness of the Gentiles also.

2. All believers have some share in that covenant made with Abraham, for he is the father of the faithful. We who believe in Jesus are of the seed of Abraham, not according to the flesh, but according to the promise; and we are preserved by a covenant which like that made with Abraham, is signed and sealed with blood, even “the blood of the everlasting covenant.” We, too, are saved and kept as a separate and distinct people, not because of any natural goodness in us, or because of our superiority over others, but solely and entirely because the Lord has made an eternal covenant concerning us, which is “ordered in all things and sure” because Jesus Christ is himself the Surety on our behalf that its guarantees and pledges shall all be carried into effect.

3. I. So, applying our text to the covenant people of God, in all ages, we have first to consider THEIR NATURAL AND YET PRIVILEGED CONDITION. By nature, they are like prisoners in a waterless pit, but by grace they are in covenant relationship to God.

4. Brothers and sisters in Christ, when we were in our natural state, we were like prisoners. A prisoner is one who has lost his liberty, and that was our condition before Jesus met us, and set us free. We were “carnal, sold under sin,” in bondage to our own lusts, and held captive by the devil at his will. No doubt we boasted of our free will, but our will itself was enslaved with all the rest of our powers. There is no greater mockery than to call a sinner a free man. Show me a convict toiling in the chain-gang, and call him a free man if you wish; point out to me the galley-slave chained to the oar, and smarting under the taskmaster’s lash whenever he pauses to draw breath, and call him a free man if you wish; but never call a sinner a free man, even in his will, as long as he is the slave of his own corruptions. In our natural state, we wore chains, not on our limbs, but on our hearts, fetters that bound us, and kept us from God, from rest, from peace, from holiness, from anything like freedom of heart and conscience and will. The iron entered into our soul; and there is no other slavery as terrible as that. Just as there is no freedom like the freedom of the spirit, so there is no slavery that is at all comparable to the bondage of the heart.

5. A prisoner is also one who feels that he cannot escape from his prison, and that is how we felt. We began to have longings after better things. A heavenly visitor came to us, and dropped a new and strange thought into our minds, and we began to pant after something higher and nobler than this poor world could give us; but we could not reach it, for we were prisoners. We could not escape from the cruel grip of our captor, and it became quite clear to us that we could never be delivered from the house of bondage by any power of our own. Do you not remember, my brother, when you used to sorrowfully say,—


   I would, but cannot pray;

   I would, but can’t repent;—


and when you could use Paul’s words as your own, and sadly cry, “To will is present with me; but how to perform what is good I do not find?” You were still a prisoner, yet you were beginning to be one of the “prisoners of hope.”

6. That is a strange kind of prison that is mentioned in the text: “the waterless pit.” In the East, pits were frequently used as prisons; when a tyrant king wished to keep anyone in safe custody, and also in ignominy, and shame, and sorrow, he would have him cast into one of these waterless pits, where the poor prisoner would be beyond human sight or hearing, and with no possible hope of deliverance from his doleful dungeon. Such was our sad state by nature, and well do we remember our first efforts to obtain release. We were in dense darkness, and we felt all around the walls of our prison to try to find a door, or window, or ladder by which we might escape, but all in vain. We tried to look up, but we seemed to have been thrust, like Paul and Silas, into some inner prison where no ray of light could penetrate. The fact that there was “no water” in our prison pit made our agonies all the more terrible. Those of you who have passed through that state of deep conviction of sin know that, in such circumstances, there is no comfort for the present, and no hope for the future; as for the past, there is nothing to look back on but sin; and as for the future, there is nothing “but a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation.” For a sinner in that condition, there seems nothing within but a heart as hard as adamant, nothing beneath but a gapping hell, and nothing around but thick darkness. How dreary and dreadful is the state of man by nature, and how painfully conscious he is of his true condition when the Holy Spirit reveals it to him! Then he is indeed like a prisoner in a “waterless pit.”

7. This is the actual state, by nature, of all the elect; they are prisoners, just as other men are, and they are in as dark and dismal a pit and they have as little comfort in it as the very worst of mankind have. Yet, by grace, they are in an altogether different condition from that of others, for they are in covenant relationship with God though they are not yet aware of that blessed and comforting truth. God’s election of his people took place long before their creation. Those whom he has chosen for eternal life were given to Christ, in the covenant of grace, in that eternity of which we can form so slight a conception; and when they were born into this world, though they were born in sin, and grew up to be the children of disobedience, enemies to God by wicked works, yet the covenant made with Christ on their behalf remained unbroken all the while.

8. “Well,” someone says, “that is strange.” Yes, it is strange, but it is true. We must never forget that we were under a covenant of works long before we were born. Adam stood as our federal head and representative in that covenant. You, my sister, never put out your hand to pick the forbidden fruit; and you and I, my brother, never partook of it; yet we all have to share the consequences of Adam’s transgression because he was our covenant head. Do you demur to that, and say that it was unjust to visit on us the sin of another? If you do, then you must equally demur to the gospel plan of salvation by the righteousness and death of Another, even Jesus Christ, our Lord and Saviour, the one great federal Head and Representative of all who believe in him. He took the place of the countless myriads of his elect who had been given to him by his Father, and died on Calvary’s cross in their place, although great numbers of them had not then been born, and consequently could not have any virtue or merit of their own. Through his substitutionary sacrifice, they were even then “accepted in the Beloved”; and, in the fulness of time, they become believers in him, and so enter consciously into the enjoyment of the covenant privileges which had been conferred on them from eternity. The covenant is not made with them when they believe in Jesus; it was made on their behalf by the Father and the son in the eternal council-chamber long before the day-star knew its place or planets ran their round.

9. See, then, the twofold condition of the chosen; they are like prisoners in a waterless pit, yet there is an eternal covenant concerning them which guarantees that they shall be brought out of the bondage of their sins, and shall be set at liberty for ever. Does someone here say, “I trust that such a blessed covenant as that has been made on my behalf?” Dear brother or sister, if you have a sincere longing to be a sharer in the blessings of the covenant of grace, I think that is a proof that you have an interest in it already; and if you wish, at this moment, put your soul’s trust in that precious blood that is their sign and seal of the covenant, then you may rest assured that grace has inscribed your name from all eternity in God’s eternal book.

10. II. Now let us turn to the second part of our subject, which is, THE MEANS OF THE DELIVERANCE OF THESE COVENANTED ONES, AND THE EVIDENCES OF THEIR DELIVERANCE.

11. The text says, “By the blood of your covenant I have freed your prisoners from the waterless pit.” I think this means, first, that the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ is the essential matter of the covenant. In order to make the conditions of the eternal covenant effective for his people, it was necessary that Christ should be obedient to death, and that his blood should be shed for many for the remission of their sins. When, by faith, I look at the blood of Jesus,—whether I see it streaming down in the bloody sweat of Gethsemane or flowing in the crimson rivulets at Gabbatha or in the sacred streams of Golgotha,—I see in that precious blood of Christ the essential matter of the covenant, and I sing, with sadness on his account, but with rejoicing on my own,—


   Oh, how sweet to view the flowing

      Of his sin-atoning blood;

   By divine assurance knowing

      He hath made my peace with God!


Yes, oh blessed Jesus, you have fulfilled on our behalf your part of the eternal covenant, and you have met the demands of infinite justice even to the uttermost farthing! Your Father justly requires perfect obedience to his holy law, and you have rendered it in your pure and spotless life. The offended majesty of that law demands adequate punishment for man’s multiplied violations of its just requirements, and your one infinite sacrifice has fully paid the penalty, so that divine justice is completely satisfied, and the dishonoured law is magnified and glorified. Hence it is that God can “be just and the Justifier of whoever believes in Jesus”; for, in the person, and life, and death of Christ, their Covenant Head and Representative, all claims on believers have been discharged for ever.

12. Further, the blood of Jesus is also the seal of the covenant. Speaking after the manner of men, until the blood of Jesus had been shed, the covenant was not signed, and sealed, and ratified. It was like a will that could only become valid by the death of the testator. It is true that there was such perfect unity of heart between the Father and the Son, and such mutual foreknowledge that the covenant would be ratified in due time, that multitudes of the chosen ones were welcomed to heaven in anticipation of the redemption which would actually be accomplished by Christ on the cross; but when Jesus took upon himself the likeness of men, and in our human nature suffered and died on the accursed tree, he did, as it were, write his name in crimson characters on the eternal covenant, and so sealed it with his blood. It is because the blood of Jesus is the seal of this covenant that it has such power to bless us, and is the means of lifting us up out of the waterless prison pit. Let me put it like this for some of you who have long been under conviction of sin. You have been trying in your poor way to keep the law of God, but you have utterly failed to do so. You know that there are many precious promises in God’s Word, but you get no comfort from them. Why is that? You feel that you are like a prisoner in a pit, and that you are shut away from the presence of the thrice-holy God, and that his awful attribute of justice bars your way, like the flaming sword at the gate of paradise, so that you cannot come near him. Then you listen to the gospel, of which the sum and substance is just this, that Jesus Christ has fully atoned for the sins of all his people, that he has suffered everything that they deserved to suffer, and that God has accepted his substitutionary sacrifice as a sufficient atonement for all who believe in him. As soon as you trust him, you are lifted up out of the prison pit, your feet are set on a rock, and a song of grateful praise is put into your mouth. You are not afraid of the sword of divine justice now; indeed, you go and stand beneath the flashing blade, and trust in it to defend you against all your adversaries. You rightly say, “Since Jesus suffered in my place, justice demands that I should go free. He has discharged all my liabilities, so the law has no longer any terror for me.” So you see, beloved, how the blood of Christ’s covenant brings the poor, trembling, despairing soul up out of that dread “waterless” prison.

13. Now I want, dear friends, to ask you all to answer honestly one or two questions that I am about to ask you. The first is,—Do you know what it means to be delivered from that pit by the blood of Christ’s covenant? Perhaps I ought first of all to ask,—Do you know what it means to be a prisoner in that waterless pit? Have you ever moaned and groaned under the weight of your sin? Have you ever smarted under the lash of that ten-thonged whip of the law? Has your conscience itself been sufficiently awakened as to condemn you? Have you ever been brought to such a state of self-despair that you could see nothing but death and damnation written on everything that pertains to you? Has your beauty withered, and your strength dried up, and your pride humbled, so that you have to sit in sackcloth and ashes, and cry, “Unclean! unclean!” as the leper of old had to warn others to keep away from him? If not, I fear that you have never proved the power of the blood of the covenant, for he who has never been humbled has never been exalted.

14. I feel sure that some of us here can answer, “Oh, yes! we remember well when we were humbled so that we felt ourselves to be less than nothing and vanity; and we realized that, by nature, we were totally ruined and undone; and, blessed be God, we also remember the time when a power, infinitely greater than our own, drew us up out of the pit in which we were imprisoned.” But, my dear hearers, have you also been conscious of the working of this almighty power? Have you felt a mysterious influence, which you could not comprehend, drawing you out of your natural state, and giving you new thoughts, new desires, new hopes, new joys, and also new pains? Certainly you have never been delivered from this waterless prison by any power less than the divine; so, if God’s hand has not yet been stretched out on your behalf, you are still in the pit; or, as Peter said to Simon the sorcerer, you are still “in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity.”

15. Is there anyone here who is in that pit, yet who earnestly longs to escape from it? Is your soul yearning to be delivered, not only from the consequences of sin, but from the sin itself? Are you panting after reconciliation with God, and acceptance in the Beloved? Do you hunger and thirst after righteousness, Then you are already among those whom the Saviour calls blessed, and to whom he has given that gracious promise, “They shall be filled.” Such longings as these do not grow in nature’s soil; they are the product of divine grace. Therefore, be very thankful for them, for they are at least hopeful indications of the Holy Spirit’s working within you; and you may rest assured that, where he has begun a good work, he will continue it until he brings it to perfection. He will never lift you part of the way out of the pit, and then let you fall back again into the prison; but he will bring you right out, even as the children of Israel were brought out of Egypt with a high hand and an outstretched arm.

16. If you have been delivered, I feel sure that you will prize your deliverance. I would give little for what you call your grace if you would not willingly part with everything else that you have rather that part with that. A slave who has been set free will value his liberty beyond all price. The man who can talk lightly of being free never knew what bondage meant. I fear that none of us think highly enough of what the Lord has done for us. We get worrying ourselves because he has not done more for us, because we are not yet perfect; how much better it would be if we would praise and bless him for all that he has done for us! Remember that you are a free man even though some links of your chain are still clinging to you. Thank God that the chain is broken, and that the last links shall soon be snapped, and you shall be perfectly delivered from the badge of bondage. Therefore be of good courage, and prize your deliverance, and praise him who has done such great things for you.

17. Surely, too, if you have been drawn out of this waterless pit, you will love your Deliverer, and you will desire more than everything else to live and labour for him all your lifelong.

18. I hope you can truthfully say to your Lord,—


   Hast thou a lamb in all thy flock

      I would disdain to feed?

   Hast thou a foe, before whose face

      I fear thy cause to plead?

   Thou know’st I love thee, dearest Lord;

      But oh, I love to soar

   Far from the sphere of mortal joys,

      And learn to love thee more.


I trust that you have dedicated yourself entirely to your Lord;—perhaps not in writing, yet just as truly as if you had put your signature to such a covenant as some have felt moved to leave on record. If you have resolved like this in your heart, you can say with me at the moment, “Lord Jesus, I am yours,—body, soul, and spirit,—entirely yours, only yours, always yours. You have bought me for yourself, not with corruptible things such as silver and gold, but with your own most precious blood; and therefore you shall have me, with all my powers, all my possessions, all my possibilities, in life and in death, in time and in eternity. I give everything up to you absolutely without reserve, so that you may do with me whatever you please, and whatever will bring most glory to your holy name. I fear there is much dross still remaining in me; you yourself have given all the gold to me in your wonderful grace. If it seems good in your sight, put me into the hottest furnace; but, oh Lord, take away all the dross, and then mould me into a vessel fit for your own use!” The man who can truthfully talk like this to the Lord Jesus is in the covenant, and by the blood of the covenant he has been brought out from the prison where there is no water.

19. Perhaps you are afraid to say as much as this, lest it should seem to be presumption on your part. Well then, possibly you can say, “I dare not talk as some do about their attainments in spiritual things; but I do trust in the Lord Jesus Christ, my sole reliance is on his perfect righteousness and his one great sacrifice for sin.” Then, my brother or my sister, you are among those who have built on the rock, and you shall be preserved in the greatest storm that can ever beat on you. You are no longer a prisoner in the waterless pit. Faith in Jesus is not the inheritance of the slaves of sin and Satan, it is the portion of those who are free men and free women in Christ Jesus; and if he has made you free, you are free indeed, and you can never be enslaved again. You are at liberty to walk wherever you wish on all the holy land which is the purchase possession of the children of the King. Every promise that he has given to his chosen people is a promise for you, so take full advantage of all your privileges as a believer in the Lord Jesus Christ. You are now his, and you shall be his when this world is ablaze, and when all things that are of time and sense shall perish in the last great conflagration; you shall be his amid the pomp and terrors of that tremendous day, and you shall be his amid the splendour and glory of eternity.

20. If any here are still prisoners in the waterless pit, may the Lord even now bring them out by the blood of his covenant, so that they may share with all the chosen ones all the blessings of that covenant now and for all eternity; and to him shall be the praise and the glory for ever and ever. Amen.

{a} Two other Sermons by Mr. Spurgeon, on the same subject, are No. 277 in The New Park Street Pulpit, “The Blood of the Everlasting Covenant”; and No. 1186 in Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, “The Blood of the Covenant.” {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 277, “The Blood of the Everlasting Covenant” 269} {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 1186, “The Blood of the Covenant” 1177}
{b} Two other Sermons by Mr. Spurgeon, on verses 11 and 12, are No. 2839 in Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, “Prisoner of Hope”; and No. 2883, “Prisoners Delivered.” {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2839, “Prisoners of Hope” 2840} {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2883, “Prisoners Delivered” 2884}

Exposition By C. H. Spurgeon {Zec 9; 10}

As we read these ancient prophecies, we will not only notice how exactly they have been fulfilled, but we will also try to learn the lessons that they are intended to teach us.

9:1-4. The burden of the word of the LORD in the land of Hadrach, and Damascus shall be its resting place: for the eyes of man and all the tribes of Israel shall be on the LORD. And Hamath also shall border on it, Tyre, and Zidon, though it is very wise. And Tyre built herself a stronghold, and heaped up silver as the dust, and fine gold as the mire of the streets. Behold, the Lord will cast her out, and he will strike her power in the sea; and she shall be devoured with fire.

Alexander the Great besieged Tyre, and utterly overthrew it. The citizens thought that their “stronghold” was impregnable, but they had at last to surrender to the mighty monarch whose attacks they had resisted for so long. All the mercenaries whom they could procure with their heaped up silver and gold could not avert the doom which the Lord had foretold, and which, through the instrumentality of Alexander, he accomplished: “The Lord will cast her out, and he will strike her power in the sea.”

5-8. Ashkelon shall see it, and fear; Gaza also shall see it, and be very sorrowful, and Ekron; for her expectation shall be ashamed; and the king shall perish from Gaza, and Ashkelon shall not be inhabited. “And a bastard shall live in Ashdod, and I will cut off the pride of the Philistines. And I will take away his blood out of his mouth, and his abominations from between his teeth: but he who remains, even he, shall be for our God, and he shall be as a governor in Judah, and Ekron as a Jebusite. And I will encamp around my house because of the army, because of him who passes by, and because of him who returns: and no oppressor shall pass through them any more: for now I have seen with my eyes.

When Phoenicia had fallen into the hands of the conqueror, there was no power able to avert the overthrow of Philistia; and Jerusalem would also have come beneath his sway had not the Lord miraculously intervened for its preservation. Alexander was restrained by a power which perhaps he did not understand, but which he could not resist, so he passed by the holy city of which the temple of the Lord was the glory in its midst. Those who are divinely protected are in absolute safety even in the most perilous times. “The name of the Lord is a strong tower: the righteous runs into it, and is safe.”

9. Rejoice greatly, oh daughter of Zion; shout, oh daughter of Jerusalem: behold, your King comes to you: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding on a donkey, and on a colt the foal of a donkey.

You know how exactly this prophecy was fulfilled in our Lord’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem, when the multitudes welcomed him with hosannas,-probably the same crowds that soon hoarsely shouted, “Crucify him! Crucify him!”

10. And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off; and he shall speak peace to the heathen: and his dominion shall be ‘from sea even to sea, and from the River even to the ends of the earth.’

He shall yet be acclaimed as the universal Monarch, “King of kings, and Lord of lords,” for “of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end.”

11, 12. As for you also, because of the blood of your covenant I have freed your prisoners from the waterless pit. Return to the stronghold, you prisoners of hope: even today I declare that I will render double to you;

This “stronghold” is very different from that of Tyre, which failed her in her hour of need; it is indeed what the prophet Nahum wrote about, “The Lord is good, a stronghold in the day of trouble; and he knows those who trust in him.”

13. When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up your sons, oh Zion, against your sons, oh Greece, and made you as the sword of a mighty man.”

Note well that it is the Lord who is doing all these notable deeds, bending Judah like a bow, fitting Ephraim to the bow as the archer presses his arrow to the string, and raising up the despised sons of Zion so that they may be able to overcome the proud sons of Greece. “The sword of a mighty man” owes its strength to the hand that wields it, and the sons of Zion are only mighty when the Lord holds them in his almighty hand, and uses them as seems good in his sight.

14. And the LORD shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go out as the lightning: and the Lord GOD shall blow the trumpet, and shall go with whirlwinds of the south.

Then, how safe must the Lord’s people be, and what terror must spread among their enemies!

15. The LORD of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour, and subdue with sling stones; and they shall drink, and make a noise as through wine; and they shall be filled like bowls, and as the corners of the altar.

There seems to be a hint here of the strange scene that was witnessed in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost, when the unbelieving mockers said of the Spirit-filled disciples, “These men are full of new wine”; but Peter repudiated the slander, and declared that the wonder which the people could not comprehend was really the fulfilment of the ancient prophecy, “‘It shall come to pass in the last days,’ says God, ‘I will pour out of my Spirit on all flesh.’”

16. And the LORD their God shall save them in that day as the flock of his people; for they shall be as the jewels of a crown, lifted up as an ensign on his land.

See how many metaphors the prophet was inspired to use in a single verse in describing the Lord’s chosen ones: “as the flock of his people;…as the jewels of a crown,…as an ensign on his land.” No human language can fully describe all that their Lord thinks of them, and all that they are in his esteem.

17. For how great is his goodness, and how great is his beauty! Grain shall make young men cheerful, and new wine the maids.

10:1. Ask from the LORD rain in the time of the latter rain; so the LORD shall make bright clouds, and give them showers of rain, grass in the field for everyone.

The atheistic philosopher of the present day laughs at such a verse as this, and sneeringly asks, “What possible connection can there be between men and women praying to God and the showers of rain which fall on the earth?” “Why!” he says, “according to the laws of nature, showers fall at such and such seasons; and if the atmosphere should not happen to be in such and such a state, all the praying in the world cannot produce a single drop of rain.” But faith can clearly see where reason is blind; and the prayer of faith moves the arm of God, and the arm of God controls what the philosopher calls the laws of nature, and so the rain descends. Let us learn, from this precept and promise, the power of believing prayer. Prayer has the key of nature as well as the key of heaven hanging on her belt.

Observe also that, when we have received one mercy from the Lord, we are to go on to pray for another. These people must have had “the former rain,” yet they were to ask for “the latter rain” also; and if you, dear friends, have had “the former rain” of conversion, go on to ask the Lord for “the latter rain” of sanctification. If, in our church fellowship, we have had “the former rain” of gracious additions to our numbers, we must ask for “the latter rain” by praying that God would continue to bless us like this. When we cease to pray for blessings, God has already ceased to bless us, but when our souls pour out floods of prayer, God is certain to pour out floods of mercy.

2. For the idols have spoken vanity, and the diviners have seen a lie, and have told false dreams; they comfort in vain:

Observe the readiness of man to forsake the great fountain of living waters, and to make broken cisterns for himself which can hold no water. Notice too, that some kind of comfort may, for a time, be derived from a false trust; but it is “comfort in vain.” Just as a dream yields no comfort when a man wakes up, and finds himself to be not rich, as he had vainly dreamed that he was, but miserably poor, so all confidence in the flesh, all reliance on anything except the almighty arm of God, even if it should yield us temporary hope and consolation, will only make our grief all the greater when its utter failure is discovered.

2. Therefore they went their way as a flock, they were troubled, because there was no shepherd.

The sheep that belong to Christ’s flock will never find any true shepherd except him who is “the good Shepherd.” If, for a time, they should lose their spiritual wits so as to follow strangers,—which, indeed, is not a natural thing for them to do, for “they will not follow a stranger, but will flee from him: for they do not know the voice of strangers”;—they will have a thousand troubles because they have no shepherd.

3. “My anger was kindred against the shepherds, and I punished the goats:

Whenever people are afflicted with unfaithful ministers, when God comes to visit these people, he will not only punish the ministers, but the religious leaders, the false professors in those churches, the he-goats who led the flock astray. Oh, what a plague and a curse will an unfaithful minister be found to have been at the last day! A well which only yields bitter water, like that of Marah, merely mocks a temporary thirst; but a minister who does not preach the gospel, and who does not live the gospel, mocks the soul’s eternal thirst. Whatever I may be, may God grant that I may never be an unfaithful preacher of his Word! Surely, if there is an innermost hell, a place where the soul’s feet shall be made more secure in the stocks of the pit than anywhere else, it shall be reserved for the man who, professing to be an instructor of the ignorant, and a leader of the flock, taught them falsehood, and led them out of the way. May the Lord save us from shepherds against whom his anger must be kindled!

3. For the LORD of hosts has visited his flock the house of Judah, and has made them as his royal horse in the battle.

Just as an expert horseman skilfully controls his caparisoned {c} steed, and turns it according to his pleasure in the day of battle, and makes it obey himself alone, so the Lord reigns in and directs his Church, so that she becomes like a “royal horse in the battle.”

4. From him came the corner-stone, from him the tent peg, from him the battle bow, from him every ruler together.

Let us learn from this verse that everything comes from the Lord of hosts, the God of providence as well as of grace. Those statesmen, who are the corner-stones of the great building of state, must come from him. Those Christian men and women of experience, who seem to be as the corner-stones of our spiritual building, must come from him. Those who are as tent pegs, on whom weaker Christians seem to hang, come from him. And whoever is, in the day of battle, like God’s bow, must also come from him; for, apart from the Lord, there is no strength, nor power, nor wit, nor wisdom, among all his people. We must learn, then, to lift up our eyes to God, and look to him for all that we need; whether it is political, social, or religious needs that are to be supplied, all must come from him.

5. And they shall be as mighty men, who tread down their enemies in the mire of the streets in the battle: and they shall fight, because the LORD is with them, and the riders on horses shall be confounded.

The Jewish infantry often turned to flight the Syrian cavalry, and I may appropriately compare the apostles of old to humble fighters on foot, while heathen and other philosophers were like mighty men on horseback, yet they were turned back by the apparently weaker warriors of the cross; and it is still so. We can well afford to give our adversaries every advantage that they can ask for; let them have state patronage, let them have worldly dignity, let them have learning, let them have wealth; yet, in the name of God we will vanquish them, for the truth of God is mightier than all the wisdom of man and the weakness of God is stronger than the greatest strength of man.

6. And I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will save the house of Joseph, and I will bring them again to place them; for I have mercy on them: and they shall be as though I had not cast them off: for I am the LORD their God, and will hear them. {See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2588, “Perfect Restoration” 2589}

See, beloved, how the everlasting covenant is the great foundation of everything for the saints. “I am Jehovah their God,” he says. The Lord has taken his people to be his own for ever; and therefore, though he may seem temporarily to reject them, yet permanently and everlastingly he will hold them firmly, and acknowledge them as his people.

7. And those of Ephraim shall be like a mighty man, and their heart shall rejoice as through wine; yes, their children shall see it and be glad; their heart shall rejoice in the LORD.

Get a firm hold of this promise, believers, and plead it. Are you dull and heavy, desponding and sad? Then, plead this promise, “Their heart shall rejoice in the Lord.”

8. I will hiss for them, and gather them; for I have redeemed them: and they shall increase as they once have increased.

The word “hiss” is supposed by some to be an allusion to the Eastern custom of men who managed bees making a sound like hissing in order to gather them into the hive. Others, however, translate the word “piping,” as the shepherd pipes to his flock, and they gather around him. In the words, “I will gather them, for I have redeemed them,” we see that particular redemption is the foundation of effectual calling; those whom Jesus Christ has bought with his precious blood the Holy Spirit will call by power out from the rest of mankind.

9-11. And I will sow them among the people: and they shall remember me in far countries; and they shall live with their children, and return again. I will bring them again also out of the land of Egypt, and gather them out of Assyria; and I will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon; until no more room shall be found for them. And he shall pass through the sea with affliction,—

In the restoration of Israel, there is to be an even greater triumph than what was achieved at the Red Sea.

11. And shall strike the waves in the sea, and all the depths of the river shall dry up: and the pride of Assyria shall be brought down, and the sceptre of Egypt shall depart away.

For the glory of God in the deliverance of his people is sure to be attended by another form of glory in the destruction of his enemies. Christ is a sweet savour to God both in those who are saved and in those who perish.

12. And I will strengthen them in the LORD; and they shall walk up and down in his name,” says the LORD.

{c} Caparison: A kind of defensive armour for a horse. OED.


Sermons on the blood of Christ’s covenant:—

{See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 277, “The Blood of the Everlasting Covenant” 269}

{See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 1186, “The Blood of the Covenant” 1177}

{See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 3240, “The Blood of Christ’s Covenant” 3242}


C. H. Spurgeon’s Useful Books at Reduced Prices.

“Good Tidings of Great Joy.” Christ’s Incarnation the Foundation of Christianity. “Central Truth Series.” Vol. 1. Cloth Boards. Published at 1s. 6d., offered at 1s.

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These sermons from Charles Spurgeon are a series that is for reference and not necessarily a position of Answers in Genesis. Spurgeon did not entirely agree with six days of creation and dives into subjects that are beyond the AiG focus (e.g., Calvinism vs. Arminianism, modes of baptism, and so on).

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