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2988. Great Pardon for Great Sin

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Great Pardon For Great Sin

No. 2988-52:241. A Sermon Delivered In The Year 1862, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington.

A Sermon Published On Thursday, May 17, 1906.

For your name’s sake, oh LORD, pardon my iniquity; for it is great. {Ps 25:11}

1. This striking prayer is hemmed in, as it were, between two promises. It looks like a fossil embedded in a mass of stone. Why is it there? Why is it put in such a particular position? The psalmist is both praising and preaching; how is it that he turns to praying? Beloved, I think it was to teach us that prayer is never out of place. When the apostle Paul was writing the most doctrinal of his Epistles, he sometimes paused in the midst of them to offer a supplication, as when he said, “For this reason I bow my knees to the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.” When engaged in any holy duties, you may even refrain from praise for a moment in order to present a prayer to God. Nor would it be amiss for us sometimes to break the thread of a sermon, so that the people might pause, and join with the preacher in asking God’s blessing on the message of mercy, and on all who hear it. Certainly, my dear friends, you will never find any time inopportune for prayer, if your heart is true and your faith is in full force. The Mohammedans have their fixed hours for prayer; and when they hear the signal from the minaret of the mosque, wherever they may be, in the street or in the market-place, they bow their heads to Allah, and repeat their form of prayer. Without their ostentation, you may “pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.” We need not be confined to special seasons when a summons is given; but, at all times, and in every place, we may “continue in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving.” When your hands are measuring out your goods, when they are pushing the plane, or driving the nail, when you are driving the plough, or threshing the grain, if you are speeding along the iron way, or walking among the grain fields, your heart may have fellowship with him —

    Who is within no walls confined,
    But habiteth the humble mind, —

who considers all places holy where men are holy, and all locations suitable places for prayer when the heart is in a prayerful mood. My soul, wait on God in your daily calling, and do not think that you can ever approach him at an unseasonable hour, or lift up your cry to him when he is otherwise engaged, so that he cannot attend to your petition.

2. Were it necessary for my present purpose to explain the connection of this prayer with the scope of the Psalm, it would not be difficult. The promise that the psalmist had just recited is “to such as keep his covenant.” It was the besetting sin of Israel to break the covenant. Do you not see that the condition mentioned here would shut the door of hope to many? The greatness of the promise often stirs up our deepest anxieties, lest any of us should seem to come short of it. Depend on it, brethren, that the prayer for pardon, which is never unsuitable at any time, can never be more suitable than when our hearts are lifted up with the loftiest apprehension of God’s covenant.

3. My principal aim, however, tonight, is to bring my hearers and myself, all of us, to feel with David that our iniquity is great. When I have done this, I shall very briefly try to show how the very greatness of our iniquity may become a plea with God: “Pardon my iniquity; for it is great.” And I shall close with some earnest entreaties to those who have never sought pardon for sin to seek it now.


5. The word used in the original conveys the idea of quantity as well as of quality. Not simply was his sin great in its atrocity, but there was very much of it; any one sin was great, but it was not merely one, but ten thousand times ten thousand in multitude. His sin was as great in its bulk as it was black in its heinousness. Now, I do not know, though David had one very terrible fall, that any humble-minded person here would consider himself to be superior to David. He was a man after God’s own heart; and notwithstanding the great blot on this sun, we would not hesitate to say he is a sun for all that. For David presents a character so admirable, so all but matchless in the harmony of the different graces, that we think he certainly approaches very near to his great Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. Certainly, if David felt his iniquity to be great, it would be very foul presumption in any of us to think ours to be little. At any rate, we must come out one by one, and say, “I consider myself to be a better man than David was,” or else we ought to subscribe heartily with our hand to the truth that our iniquity must be great too if David’s was.

6. But leaving David out of the question, not comparing ourselves with others, we will draw a few pictures by which the greatness of our iniquity may be seen. Our sin is great when we consider against whom it is committed. In an army, if a soldier shall strike his comrade, it is, of course, a misdemeanour; but if he should have struck some petty officer, it is considered to be a more grievous offence; and if he should have struck the commander-in-chief, it would become so great a crime that I do not know what penalty short of death might be awarded to it. Now, in the world of morals, as God sees it, there is much difference in sin when we consider the difference in the person against whom it is committed. You and I think it is the worst sin that hurts us the most.

7. We have heard, I daresay, the story of the lawyer, who was waited on by a farmer, who asked him what would be the penalty for a man whose horse was always getting into his neighbour’s field, and eating his grain; he had warned him several times, and told him it was the result of his broken fence, which he ought to have mended. The lawyer said, “Of a course, there would be a considerable fine, no doubt.” “Well, sir,” he said, “it is your horse that has done this.” “Oh!” said our friend the solicitor, “that is quite a different question; I did not know it was my horse before I gave my opinion.” So it is, generally, with regard to anything that is done amiss, if it hurts you, or if it hurts me, we feel very indignant about it; but if it only offends the Majesty of heaven, we make light of it. What fools we are! If it shall offend such puny, insignificant creatures as we are, there is something seriously wrong in it; but if the divine Majesty is insulted, we pass it by as though it were a mere trifle.

8. There really is a difference in the sin according to the person against whom it is committed. I will put it like this. A man has just now been striking another, striking him with an intent to do him harm. “That is bad,” you say. “Yes, but it was his own father that he struck.” “Indeed,” now you say, “that is far worse for him to have injured the man whom he ought to have loved and honoured.”

9. So, since God is our Creator, any attack that is made on his government, any wilful violation of his law, is aggravated by the fact that we owe to him such unfounded allegiance. “It is he who has made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.” Sinners, did you ever think of this? You have offended against him who made you, in whose hand your breath is, and under whose control are all your ways. When you have used profane words, it has been against the High and Lofty One, against Jehovah, who rides on the sky, and launches abroad his thunderbolts, and shakes heaven and earth with his terrible voice; against him, before whom the holy angels veil their faces, and humbly bow themselves, unworthy to lick the dust of his feet; it is against God that you have offended. Sinner, you think this is a little matter, but I tell you that it is the fact that make your iniquity great.

10. Yet further, sin derives come degree of its sinfulness from the fact that it is an offence against a most just and equitable law. We sometimes read, in the newspapers, that people are severely punished for offences against the game laws of our country. Well, I suppose it is a very wicked thing to shoot another person’s hares and pheasants and partridges. Were I a preserver of game, I dare say I should consider the offence of the tenant farmer, who shot a bird that was feeding on his grain, to be very aggravated. Since I am not, I do not particularly see its flagrant character. No doubt it is wrong, though it looks to me more like a misdemeanour than a felony.

11. When a law is proved to be harsh and severe, there always will be some mitigation in our judgment of the culpability of breaking it. If we consider such and such a law harsh and tyrannical, not suited to the times, and out of keeping with the age, then we say, when a person breaks it, “Well, he had better not have done it; it is an offence against statute law, and he ought not to have committed it”; still, we do not think it to be so black as when the offence is against a just, equitable, proper, and righteous law, which harmonizes with strict, unvarying equity. Now, such is the law of God.

12. What can be more fitting than the law of the ten commandments? Infidelity itself has turned pale before those ten commandments. We have heard of men who have attempted to improve the law of God by a new commandment, and have found themselves unable to do it, for they perceived it to be so complete that it embraced all forms of criminality. Those who have abhorred other parts of Scripture have said, as they read the ten precepts, “These are just and righteous.” They are, indeed, the fundamental stones of natural morality; they are such as even nature itself would approve to be right and proper for the government of the world. Well then, sirs, if you have broken these good commandments, if you have banged your head against these holy, just, and righteous precepts, your iniquity is great. If you could turn to any law of God, and say, “This is harsh, this is tyrannical,” there might be some excuse for you; but those commandments were made for your good. If you keep them, they will bring you their own reward; if you break them, they will bring their own penalty into your body, and mind, and heart. Why, then, have you been so foolish as to violate them? Assuredly, in doing so, your iniquity has become heavy as a millstone, and if it is around your neck when you come to die, it will sink you in the floods for ever.

13. But, dear friends, each of us ought to remember that our sin is all the greater because it has been committed by us; for, sometimes, an offence is all the worse because of the person who has committed it. When the noble Caesar saw Brutus stab him, he said, “And you, Brutus!” There was force in his dying words, for Brutus had been his dear friend, one who owed much to him; and, surely, the Lord might say to us, when we sin, “And you, too; and you! You whom I have fed day by day; you who are clothed by my charity, and nourished by my bounty! You! living in this fair province of the universe which is called the world, this beautiful fair round green earth! You, — partakers of such innumerable favours, — you sin against me.” Ah, Christians, you who are heaven’s favourites, you who are allowed to enter into the Lord’s cabinet councils, and to understand the secrets of his covenant, you who are Christ’s own spouse, the bride of the Prince of heaven, your sin is all the blacker because of that light of his countenance in which it has been your privilege to walk!

14. But to hurry on, as I drop these hints to be worked out in your own minds rather than to be dwelt on in my discourse, let me remind you again that our sin is certainly very great, because of the amount of it. We have transgressed innumerable times. It is not as though we had done wrong once, and then washed our hands of it. Who can count his errors? What man can count the number of the small dust of his transgressions? As for the drops of dew twinkling in the morning light, as for the drops of the ocean making that vast flood, as for the stars of heaven, and the sand of the sea-shore, — the incalculable number of all these sinks into insignificance when compared with the infinite host of our transgressions against you, oh God of heaven and earth! This very day, have there not been more sins than moments, more transgressions than heartbeats, more offences than pulses? God only knows the total of the sins of man. Only his infinite mind can count the iniquity that springs up from the polluted soil, and wells up from the deep spring of depravity that is hidden in the very core of our corrupt nature. Count your sins if you can, oh you children of God, and then fall on your knees, bow your heads, cover your faces, and say, “Our iniquity indeed is great.”

15. Nor is this all; we ought also to remember that we have sinned and offended without any provocation. When a poor wretch, pinched with hunger, snatches a loaf from a baker shop, and eats it ravenously in the street, what magistrate could forbear to treat him leniently? But when a rascal does deliberate mischief without cause, or commits a wilful robbery without conscience, what defence can he set up? With such utter defiance of law and order, we have no patience, and we say, “Let the full punishment fall on his guilty head.” And that is what you and I have done; we have sinned for sinning’s sake. When we spent our money in sin, it was for what is not bread, and our labour of iniquity was for what did not profit us. You and I have not been gainers by all that we have done amiss. There may have been times when you had the excuse of getting something by sin, but not always. For example, what excuse is there for swearing? Lust may plead a pleasure, wine may ease a pain, avarice has an eye to gain; but the cheap swearer, from his open sluice, lets his soul run out in sorry curses, losing all the patience he possesses for the mere sake of venting black and ugly words that have no meaning. This is infamous; what if I say it is infernal to sin for the mere sake of sinning? We heard of one, the other day, who said, when reproved for cursing, that he would continue to swear; yes, if he had an angel on each shoulder, he would still go on cursing. There seem to be some of this kind who, for the mere sake of dabbling in the mire, will do it; and, in truth, we have all, in our time, sinned in open defiance of the Almighty, and, therefore, our iniquity is heavy.

16. Sons of men, I ask you, as one of yourselves, and, therefore, willing to be your advocate, — but I must rather take up the cause of him against whom we have offended, — what has he ever done to us that we should hate him? He has made us, fed us, clothed us; for which of these good works do we forget him? He has sent his Son to redeem his people; is this a reason why we should despise him? He follows us day after day with invitations of mercy, stirs up our consciences, hedges up the road to hell as though he would not let us perish; for which of these things do we requite him with evil? What has the Most High done to provoke you? Has he ever done you a displeasure? In what respect has he thwarted you except for your good? What pleasure that is a real pleasure has he denied you? Is his yoke heavy? Is his burden intolerable? Are his commandments like the whips of Solomon, or his laws like the scorpion of Rehoboam? Has he made his little finger thicker than the wires of human law? Do you not know that men, in superstition, will make laws ten times harder than God’s laws ever were, and will keep them too? It cannot, therefore, be that God has so offended you. Oh why then, sons of men, do we despise our God? What can there be so good in sin that we will have it, and God’s anger with it? What can there be so sweet in hell that we choose it, and despise the glories of heaven? Truly, in this arrant folly, this flagrant malice, this frantic madness, our iniquity is great indeed.

17. Yet further, what if I should say that we have gone on in sin after some of us have known and felt its evil? I speak advisedly when I appeal to almost all of you now present, and ask, — must not your iniquity be great, because it was not done in ignorance? Many here were nursed in the lap of godliness; your sins, therefore, have been ten times heavier than other men’s. The lamp of the sanctuary lit some of us to our cradles. The hush of lullaby had the name of Jesus mingled with it. Perhaps the first song we learned to sing was concerning the children’s best Friend. The first Book that we began to read contained his sweet name, and many were the times when we were pressed by godly ones to think of Jesus, and to give our young hearts to him. But we put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter, darkness for light, and light for darkness, and knowing the good from the evil, we wilfully chose to do what is wrong. Ah, for this thing, when we have sinned against light and knowledge, does not our transgression become greater than that of the people of Tyre and Sidon, who perished in their sin?

18. And then, when we had learned by experience, as well as by education, that sin was bitter, we still went on in it. There is a young man over there who went astray once, and smarted for it, and he thought he would never be such a fool again. But it has happened to him according to the true proverb, “The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.” Some men seem only to get out of one ditch to roll into another. There are plenty of people who, when they put their fingers in the fire, and burn them, run and get them bound up and healed, only to go to the next fire, and thrust in, not their fingers this time, but their arms up to their elbows. Take care that, one of these days, man, you do not have your body and soul consumed in that fire which never can be quenched. How foolish some are who have been on the spendthrift line! After they have emptied their pockets, and found themselves beggars, they have gone to their friends who used to take a glass with them, — such jolly companions, such dear friends as they used to be, but they do not know them now. “Oh, no!” they say, and give them the cold shoulder, now that their clothes begin to look a little tattered. I have seen these people get employment again, and only to be fired because of their bad character. I have seen them get a respectable job perhaps two or three times, and then go and ruin themselves over again, and expect their friends to set them up once more; — set them up on purpose so that they may have the pleasure of tumbling down. When men do this so many times, certainly their iniquity becomes heavy.

19. I have put the case strongly concerning one or two delinquents; they are, however, only representatives of us all, for when we have smarted for an offence, we have committed it again. Burnt children are afraid of the fire, but burnt sinners are not; they will go to the fire again, like the moth which gets to the candle, singes her wings, and flies off a little; but she needs to go again, and if you lift her out of the melted wax around the light, she will fly back again the first opportunity she gets, as if she thought it her ambition, and her life’s best glory, to be consumed in the fire. Iniquity is great indeed when it is committed against experience. Men deliberately run on the pikes of damnation; they destroy their own souls by a kind of spiritual suicide.

20. At times, men’s offences to their fellow men lose some of their guiltiness by an apology. Why, sometimes, when we have been grieved by some little offence, and a proper apology has been promptly made, we could have wished we had never taken notice of it, for we did not like to see the good man so sorry about it. We freely forgave him, and felt as if we did not want him even to feel that he had done wrong, because he took it too much to heart, so we passed over the offence because of the repentance. But how great is the guilt of that man who, having sinned, refuses to repent! And is this not exactly the case of many present here, — sinning from your cradles, but never repenting? Repentance is hidden from your eyes; you go on from bad to worse, from dark to deeper stains. The Ethiopian has not changed his skin, nor the leopard his spots. You have sought for no physician for your healing. You have let the deadly gangrene grow even more putrid, until the whole head is sick and the whole heart faint. Careless sinner, I wish that I could play the part of Mr. John Bunyan’s Captain Boanerges, and his ensign, Mr. Thunder, and run up the black colours before your eye, bearing as the escutcheon {a} the flaming thunderbolts of God’s justice. You, who will not repent, must incur the fierce wrath of God. Lo! he has bent his bow, and made it ready, he has fitted his arrow to the string, he takes aim tonight at you, the arrow shall soon fly, and reach your heart. Oh, that you had grace given to you to repent! Oh Spirit of God, break the man’s heart! Take hold of your great hammer, with which you split mountains, and dash that heart to pieces, that the sinner may cry out, “Pardon my iniquity; for it is great.”

21. With some men, their iniquity becomes all the greater, because they have sinned against promises which they have made, vows which have been registered in heaven, and covenants which they have signed with the Most High. You know who I mean. You were ill with the fever, a few years ago; you were given up, you turned your face to the wall, and you remember how, in the bitterness of your soul, you cried, “Oh God, if you will only spare me, mine shall be another and a better life for the future!” You were spared, but your life has been worse rather than better. You remember, too, when the cholera was abroad, and there were many falling on the right hand and on the left, you were terrified and alarmed, and you sought God after a fashion, and you told him that, if he would only spare your life, that life should be spent in his service. What have you been doing since then? It is true that you sometimes go to the house of God, but it is only in the evening; when you have made your money in the morning, you do not mind giving God the tail-end of the Sunday. The first two or three weeks after you got better, the shutters were up; there was no rioting, no swearing, no loose conduct; your neighbours said, “What has come over the fellow? He is quite a different man.” Yes, you had another heart for the time, but not a new heart, and now you are as reckless as ever. Do you think God has forgotten your promises? Do you think that registered covenant of yours has been blotted out? No, sinner, no; it stands firm against you to make your guilt more infamous, and your transgressions more heavy. Take heed! take heed! take heed! when God shall hold it up against you, at the last tremendous day, you will read your doom in that broken promise, in that lie which has been uttered against the God of grace and goodness.

22. Most of us, at some time or other, have sinned like this against resolutions and promises, and, consequently, our iniquities are heavy. Oh dear friends, I have a task too hard for me in such a subject as this! When I talk about the glories of the love of Christ, I feel at home; when I speak of the matchless grace of the everlasting covenant, my heart is well at ease; but to prove man’s sin heavy, is a task too hard for me. Not that it is hard in itself. The evidence is clear, but to procure a conviction is the difficulty. The jury is not impartial. Your conscience is like an unjust judge. Oh, how hard it is to make any man believe himself to be so bad as the Word of God says he is! No one but the Spirit of God can make a man call himself a sinner, and mean it. Nothing but the irresistible influence of the Holy Spirit can ever bring a man as low as the Word of God would have him lie. If you can feel, in your soul tonight, that your iniquity is great, that it deserves God’s wrath, displeasure, and punishment, — if you pray, from your very heart, “Oh Lord, pardon my iniquity, for it is great,” — I shall have hope for you that the first sparks of the divine light have fallen into your soul, never to be quenched, but to blaze out in the brightness of salvation for ever.

23. II. I shall now turn, very briefly, to the second part of my subject, to show how THERE IS A PLEA IN THE VERY GREATNESS OF OUR SIN.

24. Do you not think that this is a very strange text? Look at it again; one needs to read it over twenty times. Is it really written like this, “Pardon my iniquity; for it is great!” Can you believe your own eyes? Imagine a prisoner at the Old Bailey pleading with the judge that he would kindly let him off, because he was such a great offender; we should think that it would be a very legitimate reason why he should not be pardoned. The pith, however, of the whole text lies in those words which we sometimes forget to quote, “For your name’s sake.” That alters it. It is an argument now; it was not before: “For your name’s sake, oh Lord, pardon my iniquity; for it is great.”

25. Let me show you that there is a plea here. If salvation were by merit, then, supposing all men to have fallen, and none of them to have any merit, yet it would be a rule that the man who was the least offender should have the first turn at being saved. If the choice of God depended in any way on man’s condition, we should naturally expect that the man who had the least sin would be forgiven first; for, putting all on an equality in all other respects, the choice, if made at all, with reference to the man, would naturally be the choice of the man who had committed the least iniquity. But, dear friends, please remember that, in the covenant of Christ, and the way of salvation, the choice is made on opposite principles, not according to man’s merit, but according to God’s glory. The aim, end, and object of God, in salvation, is to glorify his own character; hence, if his choice may be said to be guided by any principles which we can at all understand, that choice would be guided to select those who would magnify his grace the most, and glorify his own name. Well now, if God would do that great work of pardoning sin in such a way as to glorify his own name, the most fitting people to be saved are the biggest sinners.

26. Let me put it in another way. Here is a number of people, and they are all sick; and here is a physician, who intends to make a name for himself. He is full of benevolence and kindness; but, at the same time, one part of his object is to make a name for himself. Now, you will perceive that, in the selection of his patients, he will not pick out a man there who has a sore finger, for it will never count very much to his credit that he healed a man who had a sore finger; but there will be, perhaps, a few cases among the sick of a very extraordinary kind. Some of them will have an affliction, a disease, quite unknown so far to the faculty. Medicines have been tried, but their cases, have been so stubborn that the best doctors have given them up as hopeless. Now, the physician says, “These are the cases that I will select.” Granting that he is able to cure whomever he wishes, you can see that, if the object is his own glory, he would rather take those in which there is the most room for the display of the healing art than those who have the least sickness, and might be the most readily cured.

27. Yet again; suppose a man intends to have a character for generosity. There is a number of debtors assembled, and he is determined to discharge their liabilities. There is a man there who owes sixpence, and another who owes a pound. Well now, if he pays their debts, he will never have much credit for liberality there; but another man comes in, who is head over heels in debt. What is the sum he owes? Fifty thousand pounds; let us say a hundred thousand pounds; let us say half a million. Well, now, here is the opportunity for the generous man to display his generosities, because here there is room for it. So it is in grace. You, proud Pharisee, come to God, and say, “Lord, I thank you that I am not as other men”; and he replies, “Then there is no room in you for my grace to work.” But that poor tax collector dares not lift so much as his eyes towards heaven, but beats on his breast, and cries, “God be merciful to me a sinner.” “There is a case for me,” says sovereign mercy, and the pardon comes to the poor sinful tax collector.

28. Notice, when I speak of sinners, I do not mean merely those who have been great sinners, or those who have been, in comparison with others, little sinners, but I mean those who feel themselves to be great sinners. I say, the more we feel our guilt, the more fit we are for mercy; the more broken down we are with hopelessness on account of our own lost estate, the more room there is for the triumphs of Christ’s grace. Now, there is many a moral man here tonight, who never offended against the laws of his land, or the laws of outward propriety, yet he feels himself to be as black as hell. Well then, there is room in him for grace to glorify itself. We have noticed that men of the worst character are often the most self-righteous. There is many a Pharisee, whose morals would not pass muster, though he vaunts his piety as a prostitute flaunts her broidery; and many a scamp, who would be a disgrace to the lowliest society if his character were known, brazens it out as though he never had offended against a single law of God. Again I say, you who feel that you are the very chief of sinners, you who groan and mourn on account of sin, do not be silenced at the mercy seat because of the greatness of your guilt; but rather, with the inimitable skill of the Syrophenician woman, turn the very desperateness of your case into a reason why the Lord should save you.

29. Now tonight, on your knees, wrestle with the God of mercy, and say, “Pardon me, for my transgression is great; and my hell will be great. But if you will save me, your honour will be great; if you will redeem me, the power of your blood will be great; if you will give me a new heart, the transforming power of your Spirit will be great. Oh God, save me! God be merciful to me a sinner.” This is, as Luther says, to cut off the devil’s head with his own sword. When the devil says to you, “You are a sinner,” say to him, “I am, and Christ died to save sinners.” And when he says, “But you are a big sinner, you are a Jerusalem sinner, a bigger sinner than any other,” say to him, “Yes, that is true; but Jesus said, ‘that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.’ ”

30. I have tried, and I am trying, to preach a wide gospel; I do not like to have a net with such big meshes that the fish get through. I think I may catch you all if the Lord wills. If the vilest are not shut out, then you are not shut out, friends; and if you believe in Christ with all your heart, you shall be saved. But oh, what if you should say, “I do not care for forgiveness; I do not want pardon, I will not seek it; I will not have it; I love my sins; I love myself?” Oh sinner, then, by that death-bed of yours, where you shall see your dreadful sins in another light; by that resurrection of yours, where you shall see eternity to be no trifle; by that doom of yours; by the last dread thunders; by the awful sentence, “Depart, you cursed,” of the Judge, I beseech you, only do me this one favour! Admit that you had an invitation tonight, and that it was affectionately pressed on you. I have told you, in God’s name, that your sin is not a trifle with God, — that it is not a matter to be laughed at or to be whistled over. I have told you that the greatness of your sin need not shut you out. What is required is that the Spirit of God should teach you these things in your heart. But remember, if your ears refuse these truths, and if you reject them, we are a sweet savour to Christ as well in those who perish as in those who are saved. But woe to you, — woe to you, who, with the gospel ringing in your ears, go down to the pit! “Truly, truly, I say to you, it shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah, in the day of judgment, than for you.” May God save you, for Jesus’ sake! Amen!

{a} Escutcheon: Shield containing a coat of arms. OED.

Exposition By C. H. Spurgeon {Ro 10:1-15}

1. Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.

Let this be our “heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel.” Sorrows upon sorrows have come to the Lord’s ancient people even down to this day; and they have been scattered and dispossessed, and rent and torn in almost every land. Who does not pity their griefs and woes? Let it be our heart’s desire and daily prayer for Israel that they may be saved through faith in the Messiah whom they have rejected for so long.

2. For I bear them record that they have a zeal for God but not according to knowledge.

In Paul’s day, they were most diligent in the observance of every form of outward devotion, and many of them sincerely desired to be right with God; but they did not know how to attain the desired end.

3. For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves to the righteousness of God.

Perhaps I am addressing some who are very anxious to be right with God; they are by no means hypocrites, but are really awakened to a sense of their danger, yet they cannot get peace of mind; and the reason is that, like the Israelites, they are “going about to establish their own righteousness.” “Going about” — that is to say, struggling, striving, searching, worrying themselves to get a righteousness of their own which they never will obtain, and being ignorant of “the righteousness of God” which is completed in Christ, and which is freely bestowed on all who believe in him. Alas! they “have not submitted themselves” to this righteousness of God, and there is a kind of hidden meaning in the apostle’s expression. They are so proud that they will not submit to be saved by the righteousness of another, even though that other is the Lord Jesus Christ himself. Yet this is the main point, — the submission of our proud will to the righteousness of God.

4. For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.

Christ is the ultimatum of the law; and when we go to the law, accepted and protected by him, we present to the law all that it can possibly demand of us. Christ has fulfilled the law on behalf of all who believe in him, so that its curse is abolished for all of us who approach it through Christ.

5-9. For Moses describes the righteousness which is by the law, “The man who does those things shall live by them.” But the righteousness which is by faith speaks in this way, “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who shall ascend into heaven?’ ”; (that is, to bring Christ down from above) or, “ ‘Who shall descend into the deep?’ ” (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.) But what does it say? “The word is near you, even in your mouth, and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith, which we preach); that if you shall confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus, and shall believe in your heart that God has raised him from the dead, you shall be saved.

“The righteousness which is by faith” is quite another thing from the righteousness which is by the law. It is not a thing of doing, and living by doing, but of trusting, and living for ever by trusting. What are you doing, — you who would gladly clamber up to the stars, or you who would plunge into the abyss? There is nothing for you to do, there is nothing for you to feel, there is nothing for you to be, in order that God may accept you; but, just as you are, if you will receive Christ into your heart, and confess him with your mouth, you shall be saved. Oh, this glorious way of the salvation of sinners, — so simple, yet so safe, — so plain, yet so sublime, — for me to lay aside my own righteousness, and just to take the righteousness of Christ, and be covered with it from head to foot! I may well be willing to lay aside my own righteousness, for it is a mass of filthy rags, fit only to be burned.

10-14. For with the heart man believes to righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made to salvation. For the Scripture says, “Whoever believes in him shall not be put to shame.” For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich to all who call on him. For “whoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.” How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed?

How can there be true prayer where there is no faith? How shall I truly pray to God if I do not really believe in him? “For he who comes to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of those who diligently seek him.”

14. And how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard?

We must know what it is that we are to believe; and knowing it, we shall be helped by the Holy Spirit to believe it.

14. And how shall they hear without a preacher?

If the Word of the Lord does not get to a man either by the living voice, or by the printing-press, which often takes the preacher’s place, how is he to believe it? You see here what I have often called “the whole machinery of salvation.” First comes the preacher proclaiming the gospel, then comes the sinner listening to it, then comes the hearer believing it, and as a result calling on the name of the Lord as one who is saved with his everlasting salvation.

15. And how shall they preach, unless they are sent?

Here is the great engine behind all the machinery, — God sending the preacher, — God blessing the Word, — God working faith in the heart of those who hear it.

15. As it is written,“ How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!”

Spurgeon Sermons

These sermons from Charles Spurgeon are a series that is for reference and not necessarily a position of Answers in Genesis. Spurgeon did not entirely agree with six days of creation and dives into subjects that are beyond the AiG focus (e.g., Calvinism vs. Arminianism, modes of baptism, and so on).

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Modernized Edition of Spurgeon’s Sermons. Copyright © 2010, Larry and Marion Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario, Canada. Used by Answers in Genesis by permission of the copyright owner. The modernized edition of the material published in these sermons may not be reproduced or distributed by any electronic means without express written permission of the copyright owner. A limited license is hereby granted for the non-commercial printing and distribution of the material in hard copy form, provided this is done without charge to the recipient and the copyright information remains intact. Any charge or cost for distribution of the material is expressly forbidden under the terms of this limited license and automatically voids such permission. You may not prepare, manufacture, copy, use, promote, distribute, or sell a derivative work of the copyrighted work without the express written permission of the copyright owner.

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