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Charles Spurgeon draws spiritual application from the Song of Songs.
Written At Mentone, By C. H. Spurgeon. *11/7/2012
By the roes, and by the hinds of the field. [So 2:7]
1. The spouse was in the full enjoyment of fellowship with her Beloved. Her joy was so great as almost to overpower her, and yet, so nearly does fear tread upon the heels of joy, she was filled with dread lest her bliss should come to an end. She feared lest others should disturb her Lord, for if he were grieved she would be grieved also, and if he departed, the banquet of her delight would be over. She was afraid even of her friends, the daughters of Jerusalem; she knew that the best can interrupt fellowship as well as the worst, and therefore she adjured even Zion’s daughters not to sin against Zion’s King. Had they aroused her Beloved and broken his sacred peace she would not have found satisfaction in their company, but would rather have regarded them with aversion, for having robbed her of her chief delight. The adjuration which she used is a choice specimen of oriental poetry: she charges them, not as we should prosaically do, by everything that is sacred and true, but “by the roes, and by the hinds of the field.” So far as we understand her meaning we will endeavour to profit by it during our brief meditation. It touches one of the most mysterious points of the secret life of the believer, and we shall much need the guidance of the Holy Spirit while we endeavour to expound its meaning.
2. I. “The roes and the hinds of the field” are creatures of great BEAUTY.
3. Who can gaze upon them as they wander among the underbrush without an inward admiration? Now, since nothing can be more lovely than communion with Jesus, the spouse exhorts the daughters of Jerusalem by all the loveliest objects in nature to refrain from disturbing it. No one would wish to drive away the gazelle, but would feast his eyes upon it, and yet its graceful elegance can never be compared with that beauty of holiness and grace which are to be seen in fellowship with Jesus. It is beautiful from both sides; it is a lovely display of condescension for our beloved Lord to reveal himself to us, and on the other hand it is a charming display of every admirable virtue for a believer to enter into fellowship with his Lord. He who would disturb such mutual fellowship must be devoid of spiritual taste, and blind to all which is most worthy of admiration.
4. Just as one delights to see the red deer in the open glades of the forest, and considers them to be the finest ornaments of the scene, so do men whose eyes are opened rejoice in the saints whose high communion with heaven renders them beings of superior mould compared to common mortals. A soul in communion with its God is the admiration of angels. Was there ever a lovelier sight seen than Jesus at the table with the beloved disciple leaning on his bosom? Is not Mary sitting at the Master’s feet a picture worthy of the choicest art? Do nothing, then, oh you who rejoice in things of beauty, to mar the fellowship in which the rarest beauty dwells. Neither by worldly care, nor sin, nor trifling make even the slightest stir which might break the Beloved’s repose. His restful presence is heaven below, and the best foretaste of heaven above; in it we find everything that is pure, and lovely, and of good report. It is good, and only good. Why, then, oh daughters of Jerusalem, should you stir up our Beloved, and cause his adorable excellency to be hidden from us? Rather join with us in preserving a joy so fair, a bliss so compelling.
5. II. The next thought suggested “by the roes, and by the hinds of the field” is that of TENDER INNOCENCE.
6. These gentle creatures are so harmless, so defenceless, so timid, that he must have a soulless soul who would do them harm or cause them fright. By all, then, that is tender the spouse beseeches her friends not to disturb her Beloved. He is so good, so kind, so holy, harmless, and undefiled, that the most indifferent ought to be ashamed to molest his rest. About him there is nothing to provoke offence, and everything to forbid it. He is a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; he gave his back to the smiters, and his cheeks to those who plucked out the hair, he did not hide his face from shame and spitting. Being reviled he did not revile again, but in his death agonies he prayed for his enemies. Who, then, could find a reason for offence in him? Do not his wounds ward off the blows which might be challenged had he been of another character? Who will wish to vex the Lamb of God? Go elsewhere, you hunters! “The hind of the morning” has already sweated great drops of blood falling to the ground. When dogs surrounded him and the assembly of the wicked enclosed him he felt the full weight of grief — will you still afflict him again?
7. In fellowship with Jesus there is a tenderness which ought to disarm all opposition, and even command respectful deference. A soul communing with the Son of God challenges no enmity. The world may rise against proselyting zeal, or defiant controversy, or ostentatious ceremonialism, for these have prominence and power, and are fair game for martial spirits: but fellowship is quiet, retiring, unobtrusive, and harmless. The saints who most abound in it are of a tender spirit, fearful to offend, non-resistant, and patient — surely it would be a superfluity of cruelty to wish to deprive them of their unselfish happiness, which deprives no heart of a drop of pleasure, and costs no eye a tear. Rather let even those who are most indifferent to religion pay a generous respect to those who find their delight in it. Though the worldling may care nothing for the love which overpowers the believer’s ravished spirit, let him tread with reverent care when he passes the closet of devotion, or hears a stray note from the song of meditative gratitude. Rough men have paused when they have suddenly come upon a fair gazelle grazing in a secluded place: charmed at the sight of such tender loveliness they have scarcely dared to move a foot lest they should alarm the gentle roe; and some such feeling may well forbid the harsh criticism or the vulgar laugh when even the infidel beholds a sincere heart in communion with its Lord. As for those of us who know the blessedness of fellowship with Jesus, it behoves us to be doubly jealous of our words and deeds, lest in a single instance we offend one of the Redeemer’s little ones, and cause him to lose even for an hour his delight in the Lord. How often are Christians careless about this; until at the sight of some professors the more spiritual may well take alarm, and cry out in anguish, “I charge you, oh you daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that you do not stir up, nor awake my love, until he please.”
8. III. A third thought most certainly had place in the mind of the anxious spouse; she meant to admonish and persuade her friends to silence by everything which expresses LOVE.
9. The lilies and the roes have always been sacred to love. The poet of the Canticles had elsewhere used the symbol of the text to exemplify married love. “Let her be as the loving hind and pleasant roe.” [Pr 5:19] If ever there was true love in all this selfish world, it is the love of Jesus first, and next the love of his people. As for his love, it surpasses the love of women, many waters cannot quench it, neither can the floods drown it; and as for the love of the church, he who knows it best says, “How fair is your love, my sister, my spouse! How much better is your love than wine! and the smell of your ointment than all spices!” If love, therefore, may plead immunity from war, and ask to have its tranquillity respected, the spouse used a good argument when she pleaded “by the roes and by the hinds of the field,” that her royal Bridegroom’s rest of love might not be invaded. If you love, or are loved, or wish to be loved, have a reverent regard for those who commune with Jesus, for their souls take their fill of love, and to drive them from their bliss would be inexcusable barbarity. Oh you who have any hearts to feel for others, do not cause the bitterest of sorrow by depriving a sanctified soul of the sweetest of delights. Do not draw near here with idle tale, or lewd speech, or empty mirth: the place in which you stand is holy ground, for surely God is in that place where a heart enamoured by the altogether Lovely One delights itself in the Lord.
10. Oh that all believers were so anxious to retain the enjoyment of divine love that they would ward off every intruder, whoever he might be. The daughters of Jerusalem were welcome to visit the spouse at fitting times, on another occasion she even asked them to carry a message for her to her Beloved One, and gave them a full description of his surpassing charms, but when her Lord was with her at the banquet, she only asked them that they would not come between her and the sunshine of his presence. Nor do we wonder about her jealous fear, for we have had a sip of those sweets which she had tasted, and we would sooner lose all else than lose the luxury of divine love. It is such joy as cannot be imagined by those who have never partaken of it, such joy as can never be rivalled even in the paradise above, if in that place there is any other joy than what springs from divine love. Let no one, then, deprive us of its continued enjoyment. By the sanctities of true love let every friendly mind assist us to preserve the hallowed quiet so essential to communion with our Lord.
11. Once more, upon the very surface of the figure lies the idea of delicate sensitivity. The roes and the hinds of the field are soon gone if anything occurs to disturb them. In this respect they illustrate accurately the speed with which the Beloved departs when he is annoyed by sin. He is as a roe or a young hart, for this quality among many others that while “he comes leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills,” he also soon withdraws himself and is gone. Ah, then his spouse bewails his absence, saying, “I saw him, but I could not find him; I called him, but he did not answer me.” The Lord our God is a jealous God. In proportion to the fire of love is the heat of jealousy, and therefore our Lord Jesus will not tolerate a wandering affection in those greatly beloved ones to whom he reveals himself. It needs constant watchfulness to maintain constant fellowship. Hence the spouse entreats and beseeches those who came near her not to give offence to her Lord. They might do this unwittingly, hence she warns them; they might do it in idle carelessness, hence she “charges” them. She would have them speak softly and move gently, lest he should be disturbed. Should we not feel the same anxiety that nothing in our families, or in any of our relatives or relationships should be tolerated by us so as to envelope us in the wrong, and grieve our Lord? Should we not especially watch every thought of our mind, desire of our heart, word of our tongue, and deed of our hand, lest any of these should give offence to him, and break our rapturous fellowship? If we would be favoured more than others we must be more on our guard than others are. He who becomes “a man greatly beloved” needs to keep his heart with sevenfold diligence, for to whom much is given of him much will be required. Kings will bear from common subjects behaviour which could not be endured in favourites; what might cause only slight pain from an enemy will severely wound if it comes from a friend. Therefore the favoured spouse may well use in her entreaty the name of the most tenderly susceptible of love’s favourites, and plead “by the roes, and by the hinds of the field.”
12. Dear friend, do you know what fellowship with Jesus means? If so, imitate the spouse whenever you are in the enjoyment of it. Be jealous of yourself and all around you, so that the Well-Beloved may not be vexed. Strive for the maintenance of lifelong communion. Remember how for centuries Enoch walked with God: our lives are only a span compared with his, why should we not always come up from the wilderness leaning on our Beloved? The Holy Spirit has almighty power. Let us ask and receive so that our joy may be full.
13. If you do not understand this precious secret, may the Lord reveal it to you even now. You must first receive the Lord Jesus as your Saviour, or you can never know him as your Bridegroom. Faith must trust him before love can embrace him. You must be brought to be washed, or you can never be brought to be banqueted. Pant after the Redeemer as the hart pants after the water-brooks, and when you have drunk of the water of life then you shall be as a hind let loose: then, too, your feet shall be like hinds’ feet, and you shall be set upon your high places. When this shall have been made your own by experience you shall understand the text, and shall also breathe the prayer of another verse of the same song — “Make haste, my beloved, and you are like a roe or to a young hart upon the mountains of spices.”
These sermons from Charles Spurgeon are a series that is for reference and not necessarily a position of Answers in Genesis. Spurgeon did not entirely agree with six days of creation and dives into subjects that are beyond the AiG focus (e.g., Calvinism vs. Arminianism, modes of baptism, and so on).
Modernized Edition of Spurgeon’s Sermons. Copyright © 2010, Larry and Marion Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario, Canada. Used by Answers in Genesis by permission of the copyright owner. The modernized edition of the material published in these sermons may not be reproduced or distributed by any electronic means without express written permission of the copyright owner. A limited license is hereby granted for the non-commercial printing and distribution of the material in hard copy form, provided this is done without charge to the recipient and the copyright information remains intact. Any charge or cost for distribution of the material is expressly forbidden under the terms of this limited license and automatically voids such permission. You may not prepare, manufacture, copy, use, promote, distribute, or sell a derivative work of the copyrighted work without the express written permission of the copyright owner.