A Sermon Delivered On Sunday Evening, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. *10/12/2012
Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with
such things as you have: for he has said, “I will never leave you,
nor forsake you.” So that we may boldly say, “The Lord is my helper,
and I will not fear what man shall do to me.” [Heb 13:5,6]
For other sermons on this text:
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 477, “Never! Never! Never! Never! Never!” 468]
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 1449, “Vile Weed and a Fair Flower, A” 1440]
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 1880, “Lesson and a Fortune for Christian Men of Business, A” 1881]
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 3150, “Never, No Never, No Never” 3151]
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 3387, “New Year’s Benediction, A” 3389]
Exposition on Heb 13:1-21 [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 3150, “Never, No Never, No Never” 3151 @@ "Exposition"]
Exposition on Heb 13 [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2358, “Unchangeable Christ, The” 2359 @@ "Exposition"]
[See Spurgeon_SermonTexts "Heb 13:6"]
1. Is it not deeply humiliating, beloved friends, that the best of Christians should need to be cautioned against the worst of sins? May the consecrated become covetous? Is it possible that the regenerate may drivel into misers? Alas, what perils surround us, what tendencies are within us! Although a man may be a sincere believer in the self-sacrificing Jesus, yet it is necessary to say to him, “Let your conversation be without covetousness.” Covetousness is a vice of a very degrading kind, and it is therefore all the more surprising that those who have a renewed nature, and in whom the Spirit of God dwells, should require to be warned against bowing down their souls before it, and yet such is the necessity that time and again the saints are warned against “covetousness, which is idolatry.” As long as Israel is in the wilderness she is not out of danger from the golden calf. There is no superfluous text in the Bible; had there been no peril, there would have been no precept; but, alas, the best of saints may be betrayed into the basest sins. Moreover, the common talk of the people, with whom we daily mingle in business, is so much about buying and selling and getting gain that we are apt to be entangled in their nets and find ourselves in the meshes of their craft before we are well aware of it. It is hard to live where greed grasps all, and not to try to save a little for ourselves out of the wreck. “Take heed and beware of covetousness,” is a necessary caution for these latitudes.
2. It appears from our text that the children of God also need to be exhorted to cherish that most simple and natural of virtues contentment. One would think that, at least in some cases, they would have this good thing as a matter of course. Among our villagers we have met people so well satisfied with their lowly lot that they would not cross the sea to gain an empire. Yet their contentment has sprung up wild as the daisies and buttercups in their own meadows, for they have not been acquainted with the truth as it is in Jesus, or the blessed hope which makes trials light to bear. Do Christians, then, need to be admonished with precepts, and stimulated with promises, to make them produce the commonplace virtues of life? Do their fields refuse to grow “the herb called heartsease,” which simple folk have gathered unsown from their little garden plots? Must believers be exhorted with earnestness if you would have them contented? It is even so. Against the worst of vices they need to be warned, and towards the humblest of virtues they need to be exhorted. Oh Lord, you know us better than we know ourselves, for you understand what poor, faulty things even your own children are. The best of men are men at the best. Unless the grace of God had engaged to keep them every moment, and to defend them from the temptations of their many foes, they would long ago have utterly perished from the way. They have great need to say, “The Lord is my helper,” for if he is not so, they will fall prey to covetousness and discontentment.
3. At this time I have to address you, not upon some high and lofty theme, but upon a simple matter of every day life. Here in this sublime epistle, which tells us of the person of Christ — the glory of his sonship and the grandeur of his priesthood — here in this storehouse of interpretation, which opens up the most cherished statutes and ordinances of the Old Testament, only to show how they fade and vanish before the excellence of the New Covenant; here, I say, in this epistle to the Hebrews, we find ourselves charged to avoid a vice which reason itself should cause us to abhor, and challenged to exhibit a virtue which nature itself should commend to us. Plain is the sailing; the rock is conspicuous, shun covetousness; the haven is open, anchor in contentment. Yet even here we need the teaching of the Holy Spirit, so that we may shun covetousness and cultivate contentment. Plain and pointed are the words, “Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as you have”: may our lives as plainly show these commands written out in act and deed by the Holy Spirit.
4. Our discourse, therefore, like the text which dictates it, must run out in three distinct branches. There is a covetousness to be shunned, a contentment to be entertained, and a confidence to be established: this last is referred to in the words, — “So that we may boldly say, ‘The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do to me.’ ”
5. I. First, I shall have to say a little about COVETOUSNESS. We are told that our conversation is to be “without covetousness.” The term “conversation” includes, as you know, our whole lives. It is true that we are not to talk covetously, but conversation means far more than speech; it includes thoughts, words, and actions: in fact, the whole life.
6. Taking the first meaning of conversation, namely, talk, we ought not in our words to be on the side of those who grip for wealth or growl for wage, who grasp for power or grind the poor. We ought not in our talk to take part with the churl and the miser. If we hear of a base transaction, and it is called a sharp stroke of business and commended as something clever, we are not to sanction it even with a smile; but make our looks and our language equally frown over grasping and oppression. The skinning of flints and driving of screws are practised by many people as if they were positively meritorious, and there are those who, while they would shrink from doing anything so questionable themselves, will smile at the crooked policy of others, perhaps feebly blaming the fraud, but all the while admiring the cleverness which carried it out and pocketed the result. With satiric praise instead of severe censure, they will say, “Wonderful man that! No one can ever get on the blind side of his head. He can get blood out of stones, and profits out of losses.” Those who praise swindlers are the patrons of thieves. Never think that dexterity will condone deceit, or cleverness excuse a lie. Let your conversation savour of grace and generosity, and of kindness altogether unselfish: and never let it flatter the successful trickster or the greedy grinder of the needy. Never let your language be such as might help to sharpen the cunning of a Laban or sanction the churlishness of a Nabal. May this be far from you. “Let your conversation be without covetousness.”
7. But our conversation has to do with our actions as well as our words. The sugar of words is sickening if it is not attended with the honey of deeds. Let our whole life in our dealings with our fellow men be moved by liberal principles, and enriched with a generous spirit. Let us be full of kindness, full of thoughtfulness, full of a desire that others may live as well as ourselves — that our coming into a country may not be like the coming of the Tartar’s horse, of which it is said that no grass will grow where it once sets its foot. The miser is a creature too hungry, too greedy, too ravenous, to allow any other cattle to feed after him; he makes the land barren, by gnawing the very roots out of the ground. There are some whose whole life is the use of the rake to scrape everything to themselves, and these men leave nothing for others, however honest and industrious they may be. This is not Christlike, nor will Christ acknowledge one who lives for himself like this. Let your actions, then, in business and labour, as well as your words, be without covetousness.
8. But this will not do unless the word “conversation” takes in our desires, our projects, our plans, our thoughts. We must be without covetousness within, for if that vice reigns in the soul it is sure to rule in the life. Our prayer should be that of David, “Incline my heart to your testimonies, and not to covetousness.” Why is a man miserly in his actions? Why, because he is miserable in his thoughts. If the inner man were right, the outer man could not be wrong. Beloved, may God cleanse our way, both in private and in public, from anything like greed, so that we may be obedient to the text, “Let your conversation be without covetousness.”
9. It is so very easy a thing to be covetous, that no class of society is free from it. A man may be very poor and covetous as well, and a man may be extremely rich and still may think that he is not half rich enough. It is not possible to satisfy the greedy. If God gave them one whole world to themselves they would cry for another; and if it were possible for them to possess heaven as they now are, they would feel themselves in hell, because others were in heaven too, for their greed is such that they must have everything or else they have nothing. Unless they can call all things theirs, they are as miserable as Haman, who, although all Shushan bowed before him, was not content, because one poor Jew who sat in the gate would not pay him homage. A covetous spirit can enter anywhere, and can live anywhere. It is necessary that we search ourselves, lest the wretched lust of greed should fix itself upon us; for, remember, it can live in one room in a back street, but it can also live in the most sumptuous mansion of Belgravia; it can starve itself to save a shilling, and it can indulge itself in all manner of extravagance to grasp a fortune. Covetousness has many ways of revealing itself; and the text does not warn us against one of those ways, but against them all. “Let your conversation be without covetousness.”
10. I have said that covetousness has many ways of showing itself; let me mention some of them. In some it is most seen in repining and complaining against their lot. God has so ordained their lot that they scarcely ever have more than barely enough. They have struggled to rise, but they have never succeeded; probably because they do not have the capacity for doing so. There must be people in the world to take the rough side of it, and these men are evidently of the number, for although they are anxious to make headway in the world, yet they never rise an inch. Now, if we know our lot, it is idle to refuse it. If we do so, our conversation is not without covetousness; we are not satisfied with the things that we have. We are not satisfied with our heavenly Father’s will, nor willing that he should be Father and that we should be children. We have not learned to say, “Not as I will, but as you will.” Here is the neglected part of our education, and we must go to school again to the Holy Spirit. There are some complaining ones who would be no happier if their lot were changed. If they were lifted from a cottage to a palace they would still repine, for repining is far more a matter of the heart than of the condition; and a mind that has not bowed to the will of God in one place would be rebellious also in another, and would still rebel. There are some who have all that heart could wish for who still murmur, and still think that God deals harshly with them. This disease is born and bred in our very bones, and it needs the grace of God to get it out of us. It is bad when it shows itself in a perpetual fault-finding with all that providence appoints, in always grumbling that we are left out in the cold, as if in every distribution of divine love we came in for the last portion and the least share, and were doomed to be the forgotten ones of the family. Shake off that spirit, beloved. May God help us all to get rid of every particle of it, for it does not savour of grace, but it is earthly, sensual, and devilish.
11. In some others this covetous principle shows itself in envying others. If others are better off, or more esteemed, they immediately seem to regard them as enemies, cannot think well of them, cannot wish them well, would almost rejoice to see them dragged down. I have known some rich people who were very proud; I have known some poor people who were prouder still: and their envying of those who were better off has developed in them a pride of an almost ferocious character, akin to the fury of savages. Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous, but who is able to stand before envy? Now, if I envy a man, I am clearly guilty of covetousness, for I wish that something which he has were not his, but mine. And that may happen to you when you do not think about his property. You may be covetous of his gifts. Someone in the little Sunday School to which you belong can address the children better than you: do you ever catch yourself feeling jealous of him? Go before God and weep over it, and pray the feeling down. Possibly you are a minister, and alas, even with us this wretched feeling will come in. Some star outshines ours, and we are likely to be eclipsed, and immediately we are covetous of our honour. We do not like it, brethren, but if we were right at heart with God as we ought to be we should glory in being excelled by our fellow servants; we should be glad for our heavenly Father to be better served than we can serve him, and for the church of God to have more valued servants in it than we are ever likely to be. This is not easy, because envy preys upon us, that compound of meanness and malice, that vilest reptile of the old serpent’s brood. This bad natured vice shows itself generally in finding fault. Of course our brethren are not perfect; but why should we take a delight in pointing out their peculiarities, their eccentricities, or their shortcomings? If they win a great many to Christ the question is sceptically mooted, “But how will their converts stand up?” What makes us raise the question? Is it brotherly love? If throngs gather around them, we say, “Ah, they are a nine days’ wonder: that little excitement will soon pass away.” Is it grace or envy which makes us hope so? Perhaps we complain that they are very young. This, I suppose, they cannot help; we were once young ourselves, and would still like to be so. Or else we say, on the other hand, they have passed their meridian, and if they flourish for a little while, their sun is setting, and it is not much they will ever achieve. Ah, greed for honour, what is there which you will not say? Oh that Christians would cease from tearing each other down! Let your conversation be without that covetousness which shows itself in envy. If the Lord has given you one talent, use it; but do not waste your time in finding fault with him who has five talents. If your Master makes you a hewer of wood, throw your strength into your felling and cleaving, do not throw the axe at your fellow servant; and if he makes you a drawer of water, do not empty your buckets on your neighbour, but do your own service well, and bring what you have done and lay it at your Master’s feet. This will be thankworthy: this will be Christlike. You will then be obeying the injunction, “Let your conversation be without covetousness.”
12. And covetousness may show itself in another way, namely, by perpetually craving and desiring what we do not have. The old moralists used to say that the man who would be truly rich had better retrench his appetites than increase his fortune. Some men seem as if they never could fix their thoughts on what they have, but they are always in the other tense and mood, thinking of what they could, would, or should have. They have swallowed the two daughters of Solomon’s horseleech, and these continually cry, “Give, give.” They must have something more: their desires are boundless, the sea is not more ready to swallow up all that it can come to. A little more they told us would satisfy them some years ago, and a great deal more has been added to their possessions, but still they want a little more now. Let your conversation be without covetousness in that respect, and be content with such things as you have.
13. In many — perhaps in the most numerous class — this anxiety for acquisition betrays itself in fretful fears about the future; and I must in all honesty grant that this form of the vice has sometimes the appearance of being the most excusable of them all. “What shall I do,” we are apt to say, “in case I should be laid aside, and a precarious income should suddenly come to an end? It is not for myself alone: it is for my wife and numerous family that I am chiefly concerned — how could they be provided for?” Many a man lies awake at night desiring to increase his income, not because he is ambitious to be rich, but because he is haunted with the fear of being poor. Gifted, perhaps, for the present with competency, he is still scared with dire forebodings — “What will become of my family if I die?” “Or should such and such a source of income be dried up, and it is very precarious, what then will become of my household? What then?” Very many are not content with such things as they have because the dread of a distant season of trial is constantly harassing them. They cannot be happy in the present sunshine because maybe a storm is brewing out of sight. They cannot lie down in peace because they want to store up for a rainy day. In vain for them their table is bountifully spread unless they have a supply in hand against every contingency that may happen.
Do you notice how precious is that promise which provides for all
possible events that may befall you? “He has said, I will never leave
you, nor forsake you.” The censure, therefore, falls where this
sacred pledge is unheeded; and he is considered covetous who walks
after the cravings of the flesh rather than after the counsel of the
Spirit of God. If God would have you live by the day, why do you need
to gather enough for seven days at once? If your Father asks you to
trust him, why do you doubt his paternal care? Use prudent thrift by
all means; do not waste what he gives, nor heedlessly forget that you
will have needs tomorrow as well as today; but abstain from
fretfulness, avoid murmuring, and abhor every tendency to unbelief,
lest you provoke him to anger: —
Commit thou all thy griefs
And ways unto his hands;
To his sure truth, and tender care,
Who earth and heaven commands.
He would not have you careful about those earthly things after which the Gentiles seek. “Your heavenly Father knows that you have need of these things.” “Let your conversation be without covetousness.”
15. This covetousness is a great and crying evil. It is expressly forbidden in the law. It has a commandment all to itself: “You shall not covet.” Oh brother, would you wish to run into an evil which the Lord himself accounts so gross that he has branded it across the brow with one of the ten commands of the decalogue: “You shall not covet?”
16. Covetous people, I have often observed, are classed in Scripture with the worst of criminals. How revolting to be included in such bad company! Here in this very chapter we read, “God will judge fornicators and adulterers. Let your conversation be without covetousness.” Thus covetousness is classed with the very filthiest of vices of the flesh. In another place the apostle says “covetousness, which is idolatry”; and so it is identified with a loathsome impurity of the spirit. Let the Christian dread it. God is not selfish, God is love: God does not hoard, he gives liberally; he does not refuse the poor, he delights in mercy. He spreads abroad in the midst of his creatures the good things which belong to him, and he invites them freely to gather what he freely gives; even like this he would have us distribute generously and disperse freely without covetousness.
17. Covetousness is an evil thing, it leads to all kinds of evil; and it is especially evil in times of persecution. The apostle knew that men who loved the world, and hugged it, were not the men to stand firm for God in the day of trial. Those who had the greatest fondness for worldly wealth were the first to turn aside, and forsake the Saviour, when they had to undergo losses and crosses for his name’s sake.
18. Covetousness is a deadly poison, destructive of all virtue; it dries up the milk of human kindness in a man’s heart, and makes him hard, callous, indifferent towards the needs of his fellow creatures. How much infamy it fosters! The man whose heart is set on covetousness will do anything for gold: he will dare to stain his hands with blood itself if he may only gain it. I scarcely know any other vice which can more effectively damn its victim: and I speak all the more earnestly about it because covetousness can readily enter into a man’s heart, and he may not know it. St. Francis de Sales, [a] said that many came to him to confess all manner of sins, and many of them of a glaring nature; but that all his lifelong he never knew anyone to acknowledge covetousness. Do you exclaim, “I wonder why this is?” Well, it is because a man does not like to think that he can be covetous; he cannot bring himself to acknowledge that he has quite gone that length. When his avarice is the most heartless he generally calls it by a prettier name, such as prudence, thrift, or carefulness, in order to make it look more respectable. There is a great propensity about gold and silver, and houses and lands, to stick to one’s heart and blind the judgment. It is difficult for those who have much to do with wealth to be quite clear of self. Some men, by divine grace, get much, and give much, and use the world, and do not abuse it: but it is of the earth earthy after all, and when it comes into contact with these hearts of ours it will corrupt and corrode. He who has this world’s goods has need to watch himself lest his possessions should injure him; and he who does not have them needs to watch himself lest his penury should injure him. There is an evil that comes by either the having or the not having. And let each man, therefore, be on his guard against it while he listens to the warning voice of the apostle, “Let your conversation be without covetousness.”
19. II. Secondly, just as there is a vice to be shunned so there is a virtue to be sought. The theme is more pleasing now that we speak upon CONTENTMENT. “Be content with such things as you have.”
20. It is, after all, no very great virtue if we should attain it: all the more pity, therefore, if we should miss it. The old moralists constantly upbraid us with the fact that we may have the necessities of life upon very easy terms, whereas we put ourselves to great pains for its luxuries. There have been contented people whose heads have been clear, their hearts simple, and their habits temperate, though they have not known the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ. We ought surely then to rise to that low average of sanctity in which our moderation shall be known to all men.
21. To be content with such things as we have should be especially easy for us, because we have so much to be thankful for, such constant communications from the great Benefactor, and so certain an assurance that he will withhold no good thing from those who walk uprightly. I am not speaking now of those who have houses and lands and goods in abundance, for their repinings are discord indeed; but I speak of all Christians. This world is ours, and worlds to come. Earth is our lodge, and heaven our home. It ought to be easy for us to be contented since all things are ordered for our good. Arranged by our own dear Father’s hand, his appointments ought not to be difficult for a loving child to approve of. The trial of our faith will soon be over; a long life of affliction is only a pin’s point of time. Be it never so painful, we ought to be willing to bear the light affliction, which is only for a moment. We know that God loves us, for we feel his love shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Spirit. Should not contentment be easy under such circumstances?
22. They say, “There is nothing bad that is well taken,” and that is the testimony of a heathen: but that no harm can come from what our God intends for our good is quite certain. His sweetest caresses often come to us with his most severe chastisements. Beyond this lower sky, when this brief day is over, we shall be rich to all the intents of bliss. We have an inheritance which will require everlasting ages to unfold: we have a treasure laid up which imagination cannot paint, of which it would sound fabulous to describe. Do we grope just now in darkness? Yet we are children of the day! In reversion [b] now, in possession soon, are the things that are to be revealed to us; and they are far more real than anything we have ever seen with these mortal eyes. It ought not to be a difficult thing for us to be contented here for this brief hour. “What does it matter?” says a traveller, “I shall only stay here for one night, I shall be up and away in the morning.” And what does it matter to us, brothers and sisters? Until the day breaks, and the shadows flee away, we may put up with a few hard things, for we may be where our Lord is in his glory within the twinkling of an eye.
23. True contentment is absolutely essential for happiness. There is a plant called selfishness, and if you will pull it up by its roots you will find that it grows in the soil of misery. Were self completely renounced, and Christ fully received as all in all, sorrow would be so sweetly accepted by us that the sting of it would be taken away. We must be satisfied with what God appoints, or else we shall be constantly the prey of discomfort and the victims of disappointment. Oh Christian men and women, will you not seek to be content with such things as you have?
24. I believe that contentment depends very much upon taking the right views of things. There is a short view. To live by the day is the way to be cheerful. If you try to live by the month you will bring home a month’s troubles to eat up a day’s food. God has not constructed his people to live by the month: their souls, like their bodies, are formed to live by the day. His supplies, his promises, the very prayers he puts into our mouths, all deal with days: “Give us today our daily bread.” “As your days so shall your strength be.” Live by the day, then, and you will be content.
25. Take also long views as well as short views. Take the view which says, “It will be all the same a hundred years from now.” Take the view which says, “We shall soon laugh at this present little vexation.” Take that distant view which says, “When I get to heaven, this great trial will seem very small: when I look from the hilltops of glory at my present dilemma, it will probably cause me many a smile, to think that I should have been so vexed and tormented by it.” Take this view of things — that a man’s life does not consist in the abundance of the things that he possesses. Very often the more your goods increase the more your cares multiply; the care to keep is often greater than the care to win; while, after all, the care to use properly anything to be the most weighty care of all. If your God has loaded a neighbour with ten thousand a year, thank God that he has not burdened you in that way. Be glad if he has given you as much as you can easily carry, and no more. When I go for a walk, I like a staff, — just one, but I should not like to be compelled to carry a hundred. Some men appear to me to have a hundred times as much as they can possibly need, and so they are hampered with what might, in moderation, have been their help. Do not be eager for great riches, nor seek after large domains in this world, lest you wallow in wealth, stick in it as in a bog, and drown your soul. Why load yourself with more clay when you have as much to carry now as you can well get along with? Do not be surprised, therefore, any of you, but rather be thankful if God sometimes lightens your load a little to quicken your pace in the heavenly journey.
The secret of true contentment, and the way to get at it, is
admirably expressed in these words, “Be content with such things as
you have, for he has said, ‘I will never leave you, nor forsake
you.’ ” Some of the most easy-going people in the world are those who
have a government pension of so much a month. It is little, but it is
certain. If all the banks fail, they will get it. They have no
trouble concerning how the markets fluctuate, or how different stocks
rise and fall in value; or what dividends they might derive from
investments. It is not a large income that falls to their lot, it is
true; but then it is all they require, and it is always certain. You
say to such a person, “You may set your heart at rest because your
supplies come from a certain source.” Now, then, that is exactly
where the child of God stands: for you know who has said — “Your bread
shall be given to you, and your water shall be certain.” Between now
and heaven I do not know who may starve; but I never shall, because
the Lord is my Shepherd, and I shall not lack. Those clever lawyers,
those sharp-teethed schemers, those greedy oppressors, those young
lions may lack and suffer hunger; but those who fear the Lord shall
not lack any good thing. The Christian man’s fortune is made. “Oh,
but he may be in great straits.” Yes, but he shall be supplied in due
time. All that he needs this side of eternity his heavenly Father
will give to him. He only needs faith to believe this, and he shall
find it to be really so: “for he has said, ‘I will never leave you,
nor forsake you.’ ” God’s word ought to be taken as truth itself. A
promise from the mouth of God is better than a bond signed and sealed
by the wealthiest of men. No negotiable securities can be comparable
in value to this declaration of the Lord, “I will never leave you,
nor forsake you.” It is put very strongly. In the original there are
five negatives, as in the verse you sang just now
The soul that on Jesus hath lean’d for repose,
I will not, I will not, desert to his foes;
That soul, though all hell should endeavour to shake,
I’ll never, no never, no never forsake.
The five negatives in the last line of that verse correspond with the five placed in this text — “I will never leave you, nor forsake you.” It means that in no one single situation will the Lord leave you, nor in any one particular will he leave you, nor for any reason will he leave you. If you have cast yourself upon his infinite power and grace, he will carry you to the end. Not only will he not desert you altogether, but he will not leave you even for a little while. He may seem for a little time to hide his face from you, but he will still love you and still supply your needs. Behind the wall he will pour oil upon the flame if in the front of the wall he permits Satan to throw water upon it. He will feed you somehow — by the backdoor, if not by the front — by the ravens if not by the doves. If the brook Cherith fails, he will find a widow woman, even in a distant land, who in all her straits shall, nevertheless, feed the servant of God.
27. “I will never leave you, nor forsake you.” Surely we cannot fail to be contented if we only get a firm hold of this promise. Are you not always in the divine presence? Does he not say, “I will never leave you.” No carpet on the floor, no paper on the walls; no pictures, no furniture — room bare and unsightly. Yes, but suppose God is there, what does it matter? Buckingham Palace does not have a drawing-room to compare with that little room upstairs against the thatch, or with that attic where you cannot stand upright, where the stars peep in at night between the roof tiles. If God is there, I would sooner live in the worst cottage’s worst room, on the pittance of the parish, than where the floor was paved with marble and the richest hangings adorned the ample chambers but the divine glory was unknown. If God is there — (“I will never leave you”) — then wherever the child of God is put, there is a glory all around him which makes him sublime in the midst of his poverty.
28. “I will not forsake you,” he adds: by which I understand that, just as he will not withdraw his presence, so he will not withhold his help. “I need,” you say. “I need, I need.” Go on with the list. “I need — a thousand things.” “I will not forsake you,” he says. “I will see you through the trial; I will carry you over the difficulty. I will bear you on. I will lift you over. I will bring you out. I will remain with you to the end. I will not leave you nor forsake you.” Is that not enough for your faith to feed on? What more do you want? Suppose he had said, “I will send my angels with you,” or, “I will move all mankind to help you,” it would not come to so much in its real meaning as this. “I will never leave you, nor forsake you.”
29. But when did God originally say this? Well, you cannot find the exact words in the Scriptures of the Old Testament, but he did say the same in effect to Jacob at Bethel, and to Joshua before he went to the invasion of Canaan; David said it in the Lord’s name to Solomon, and Isaiah said the same to all the people of God. Whatever God says to one saint he says, virtually, to all saints who have the same faith. This renders the Bible such a rich storehouse of comfort for us. No Scripture is of private interpretation, but all Scripture is given for our personal appropriation. No promise is hedged about as the exclusive property of the one man who received it. If you are of the same character and in the same case, you may, oh believer, take the Lord’s words to others as being spoken to yourself. You may plead a promise which God made to Joshua or to Jacob with just as much confidence as if he had made it especially to you. Remember this, and be content with such things as you have.
30. III. Our last point, upon which our time will only allow a word or two, is the CONFIDENCE with which we may encourage ourselves and bid defiance to a frowning world. “So that we may boldly say, ‘The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man can do to me.’ ”
31. This promise of the Lord is designed to nerve us with courage, as well as to solace us with contentment. Chicken-hearts and craven fears ill become the disciples of Christ. If we are oppressed, or if we have to encounter opposition, we may just go straight ahead in the strength of our text, and say, “What can man do to me?” If God is our helper, dear brethren, why should we shrink or falter; why should we droop or look dismayed; why should we hold our peace or speak with bated breath? Are there any of you who are afraid to confess my Lord’s name before men, to enlist in his service, to buckle on his armour, to affirm yourselves as his followers? Parley no longer, I beseech you, with such ungracious fears. Great thoughts have stirred within your hearts while we have presented the consoling word, and the Spirit of God has rested upon it. Be great in act as you have been in thought. Since he has said, “I will never leave you, nor forsake you,” why are you ashamed to come and acknowledge him? “I am afraid I might dishonour his name,” you say. But he has said, “I will never leave you, nor forsake you.” “I am very weak,” you say. He has said, “I will never leave you nor forsake you.” “I might bring dishonour upon the church to which I should unite myself.” Very likely you would if he left you, but he has said, “I will never leave you, nor forsake you.” It is always safe to do what God asks. There can be no sound policy in neglecting a divine precept. So come forward and say boldly, “The Lord is my helper.”
32. Possibly some of you have been persecuted. Harsh names have been hurled at you: I hope you did not cry because of that. Poor child of God, your strength is very small if you are afraid of an ugly name. We have had a good many in our time; they have not broken any of our bones, nor will they injure you. “Oh, but you do not know what the chaff of the shop is.” No, but give them some of your wheat in return. Let them see how a Christian can bear and forbear when their fun grows foul; how he can endure reproach for the sake of righteousness. You will be master of the situation yet. “Alas, sir, but I am threatened with the loss of my job unless I will go contrary to divine commands.” Then do not flinch, but tell your heavenly Father all about it. Commit your cause to him. Do not let fifty places or five hundred people make you swerve from the course that faith dictates and duty demands. Appeal to God, and he will provide for you. Any temporary loss you may sustain will be much more than made up for in the prosperity he awards you: or if not in that way, in the peace he bestows on you and the honour he confers on you in suffering for Christ’s sake.
Oh that this very night the veil might be taken off many faces, the
burden unloaded from many shoulders, and fear dispelled from many
hearts! If you have cast off your grievous restlessness while I have
been talking, do not put them on again when you get outside. I have
known many a poor tried child of God to forget his trouble when he
was sitting here, but he looked it up before he reached his home, and
so he returned to his old condition. “Cast your burden upon the Lord,
and he shall sustain you. He will never allow the righteous to be
moved.” You have been looking too far ahead, dear brother. Cure that
fault by looking further still. Remembering the coming of our Lord,
and the joy of his appearing, you may ease your pains in the present.
Oh to live exempt from care by the energy of prayer! Oh, to believe
in God implicitly, to rest in him calmly, to trust in Christ
steadfastly, and to take his yoke upon us cheerfully: then we shall
find rest for our souls by learning from him. May the Lord help us
all to do so, for his name’s sake. Amen.
[Portions Of Scripture Read Before Sermon — Heb 13:1-14 Php 4:8-14]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Spirit of the Psalms — Psalm 23” 23 @@ "(Part 3)"]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “The Christian, Patience and Resignation — ‘Give Us Day By Day Our Daily Bread’ ” 697]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “The Christian, Privileges, Unchanging Love — The Firm Foundation” 732]
[a] St. Francis de Sales: (Aug. 21, 1567-Dec. 28, 1622) was a Bishop of Geneva and is honoured as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. He became noted for his deep faith and his gentle approach to the religious divisions in his land resulting from the Protestant Reformation. He is known also for his writings on the topic of spiritual direction and spiritual formation, particularly the Introduction to the Devout Life and the Treatise on the Love of God. See Explorer "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_de_Sales"
[b] Reversion: The right of succeeding to the possession of something after another is done with it, or simply of obtaining it at some future time; a thing or possession which one expects to obtain. OED.
Spirit of the Psalms
Psalm 23 (Version 1)
1 My Shepherd will supply my need,
Jehovah is his name;
In pastures fresh he mikes me feed,
Beside the living stream.
2 He brings my wandering spirit back
When I forsake his ways:
And leads me, for his mercy’s sake,
In paths of truth and grace.
3 When I walk through the shades of death,
Thy presence is my stay;
A word of thy supporting breath
Drives all my fears away.
4 Thy hand, in spite of all my foes,
Doth still my table spread;
My cup with blessings overflows;
Thine oil anoints my head.
5 The sure provisions of my God
Attend me all my days;
Oh may thy house be mine abode,
And all my work be praise!
6 There would I find a settled rest,
While others go and come;
No more a stranger, or a guest,
But like a child at home.
Isaac Watts, 1719
Psalm 23 (Version 2)
1 The Lord’s my Shepherd, I’ll not want
He makes me down to lie
In pastures green: he leadeth me
The quiet waters by.
2 My soul he doth restore again,
And me to walk doth make
Within the paths of righteousness,
E’en for his own name’s sake.
3 Yea, though I walk through death’s dark vale,
Yet will I fear no ill;
For thou art with me, and thy rod
And staff me comfort still.
4 My table thou hast furnished
In presence of my foes;
My head thou dost with oil anoint,
And my cup overflows.
5 Goodness and mercy all my life
Shall surely follow me;
And in God’s house for ever more
My dwelling place shall be.
Scotch Version, 1641.
Psalm 23. (Version 3)
1 The Lord my Shepherd is,
I shall be well supplied;
Since he is mine, and I am his,
What can I want beside?
2 He leads me to the place
Where heavenly pasture grows,
Where living waters gently pass,
And full salvation flows.
3 If e’er I go astray,
He doth my soul reclaim;
And guides me in his own right way,
For his most holy name.
4 While he affords his aid,
I cannot yield to fear;
Though I should walk through death’s dark shade,
My Shepherd’s with me there.
5 In spite of all my foes,
Thou dost my table spread;
My cup with blessings overflows,
And joy exalts my head.
6 The bounties of thy love
Shall crown my following days;
Nor from thy house will I remove,
Nor cease to speak thy praise.
Isaac Watts, 1719.
Psalm 23 (Version 4)
1 The Lord my pasture shall prepare,
And feed me with a Shepherd’s care;
His presence shall my wants supply,
And guard me with a watchful eye;
My noonday walks he will attend,
And all my midnight hours defend.
2 Though in the paths of death I tread,
With gloomy horrors overspread,
My stedfast heart shall fear no ill,
For thou, Oh Lord! are with me still:
Thy friendly crook shall give me aid,
And guide me through the dreadful shade.
Joseph Addison, 1712.
The Christian, Patience and Resignation
697 — “Give Us Day By Day Our Daily Bread” <7s.>
1 Day be day the manna fell;
Oh! to learn this lesson well,
Still by constant mercy fed,
Give me, Lord, my daily bread.
2 “Day by day,” the promise reads;
Daily strength for daily needs:
Cast foreboding fears away;
Take the manna of today.
3 Lord, my times are in thy hand;
All my sanguine hopes have plann’d
To thy wisdom I resign,
And would make thy purpose mine.
4 Thou my daily task shalt give;
Day by day to thee I live:
So shall added years fulfil,
Not mine own — my Father’s will.
5 Fond ambition, whisper not;
Happy is my humble lot:
Anxious, busy cares away!
I’m provided for today.
6 Oh to live exempt from care,
By the energy of prayer;
Strong in faith, with mind subdued;
Yet elate with gratitude!
Josiah Conder, 1837.
The Christian, Privileges, Unchanging Love
732 — The Firm Foundation <11s.>
1 How firm a foundation, ye saints of the Lord,
Is laid for your faith in his excellent word!
What more can he say than to you he hath said,
You who unto Jesus for refuge have fled?
2 In every condition — in sickness, in health,
In poverty’s vale, or abounding in wealth;
At home and abroad, on the land, on the sea,
“As thy days may demand shall thy strength ever be.”
3 “Fear not, I am with thee, oh, be not dismay’d!
I, I am thy God, and will still give thee aid;
I’ll strengthen thee, help thee, and cause thee to stand,
Upheld by my righteous omnipotent hand.”
4 “When through the deep waters I call thee to go,
The rivers of grief shall not thee overflow:
For I will be with thee, thy troubles to bless,
And sanctify to thee thy deepest distress.”
5 “When through fiery trials thy pathway shall lie,
My grace all-sufficient shall be thy supply;
The flame shall not hurt thee; I only design
Thy dross to consume, and thy gold to refine.”
6 “E’en down to old age, all my people shall prove
My sovereign, eternal, unchangeable love;
And when hoary hairs shall their temples adorn,
Like lambs they shall still in my bosom be borne.”
7 “The soul that on Jesus hath lean’d for repose,
I will not, I will not desert to his foes;
That soul, though all hell should endeavour to shake,
I’ll never, no never, no never forsake!”
George Keith, 1787.