A Sermon Delivered On Sunday Morning, May 26, 1878, By C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. *9/21/2012
This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptance, that
Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am
chief. [1Ti 1:15]
For other sermons on this text:
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 184, “Glorious Gospel, The” 177]
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 530, “Chief of Sinners, The” 521]
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 1345, “For Whom is the Gospel Meant?” 1336]
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 1416, “Faithful Saying, The” 1407]
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 1837, “Great Gospel for Great Sinners, A” 1838]
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2300, “Whole Gospel in a Single Verse, The” 2301]
[See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 3089, “Sermon on a Grand Old Text, A” 3090]
Exposition on 1Ti 1:1-17 [See Spurgeon_Sermons No. 2300, “Whole Gospel in a Single Verse, The” 2301 @@ "Exposition"]
1. It is worthy of notice that Paul, in the passage before us, as indeed in all his writings, exhibits great sensitivity with regard to sin. The sin which he had himself committed against the Lord Jesus, looked at from some points of view, might have been greatly extenuated on account of the honest, although mistaken motive which lay at the bottom of it; but Paul, after allowing for his ignorance, declares that he had been the chief of sinners, and that he obtained mercy that in him, first, Jesus Christ might demonstrate all longsuffering, for a pattern to those who should hereafter believe on him to everlasting life. He describes himself as having been “a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious,” and he is evidently lost in grateful astonishment that he should have been saved. This godly sensitivity with regard to sin was associated in the apostle’s mind with an equally vivid sense of the freeness and richness of divine grace. That Christ died, not for the righteous, but for the guilty, is the great thought which is upon his mind, and he has no hesitancy whatever in declaring it, and in speaking most boldly concerning the extremely abundant grace of God in forgiving sin. The union of these two feelings in Paul is by no means an unusual occurrence among human minds, for you will generally find that the preacher who is most clear in his witness that salvation is by grace, is also the man to whom sin is extremely sinful. Indeed, all those who prize grace most are men who feel most sorrow concerning their transgressions. All systems of theology, except what is founded upon free grace, in some way or other take off the edge from guilt. If they try to compromise the business, and make salvation to be partly a matter of human effort and human merit, and partly a work of divine grace, they are sure in the process to conceal the extreme iniquity of sin. Man is made out to be a poor, weak creature, victimised by a law too rigid for his frailty. It is represented that he has a right to mercy, and a great uproar is made if we deny him any such right; and much anger is felt if we declare that mercy is the sovereign prerogative of God, and may be exercised at his own absolute discretion. Rebellion against divine election is often founded on the idea that the sinner has a kind of right to be saved, and this is to deny what sin fully deserves. You will find that he who presents free grace as the sole fountain and source of human salvation, and declares that sin is pardoned and put away freely by the mercy of God in Christ Jesus, is most plain and severe in denouncing sin with all his might, and most tender in sorrowing over his own personal iniquities. I shall preach grace to the chief of sinners at this time without reserve, and without guarding my words in any respect whatever; I shall fling the big net of the gospel right into the sea, let it go where it may; but do not, therefore, conclude that we think little of sin. Far from it; it is to us the sum of all abominations, and the fire of hell; and this I trust shall be apparent all along, though for the present we shall confine our thoughts to the greatness of the grace of God, since to that subject our text summons us.
2. The apostle Paul had been describing himself and his sin; he confessed that he was previously a blasphemer, and a persecutor, “but,” he says, “I obtained mercy.” His was an example of a saved sinner, and he now declares that his case was a type of all others, for Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners. The tendency is to set up the apostle as an exceptional convert, but he corrects the idea by asserting the grand doctrine that the Saviour’s errand was to those who are guilty and undeserving, among whom he counted himself to be the chief. This coming of Christ to save sinners as sinners he regards as a truth so well known in the Christian church that it had come to be a saying, “familiar in their mouths as household words.” It had become a kind of proverb with Christians that Christ Jesus came to save sinners, and Paul says that it might justly be received as a proverb among all nations, for it was worthy of universal acceptance from the weight of its meaning, the importance of its subject, and the divine authority with which it was sealed. Moreover that Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners is so true that it is not merely a saying, but a faithful saying, worthy of all confidence, being as sure as the truth of God himself. Pass it around, you Christians, repeat it among yourselves without the slightest hesitancy or question; let it be a proverb among you, an undoubted fact, an unquestionable truth. Jesus came into the world for the salvation of sinners. He contemplated the saving of no other kind of people except those who are sinful.
3. I. Our first observation from this statement will be THAT SINNERS ARE IN AN AWFUL CONDITION.
4. A man who needs saving is evidently in a very undesirable state. Now, every man and woman among you today who has not been saved by Christ Jesus needs saving. You have kept the law, you say, from your youth up, and what do you lack? My answer is that you need saving, notwithstanding your fine ideas about yourselves. But you have been religious also from your earliest memory, and you do not know that you have ever committed anything very wrong. Dear friend, despite your morality and outward religiousness, we are compelled to tell you that you need saving just as surely as the unchaste or the profane. Despite all that you say in your own favour, you have broken the law of God, and you are a sinner, and as a sinner you are in a terrible position, from which nothing can save you except the hand of God.
5. For, first, it is a grave peril to be a sinner. You have broken your Maker’s command: is that not a calamity? You have neglected his will, which is holy and just and good, is that not a crying evil? To have a heart which does not choose the right, but which leans to evil, is that not ruinous? To have a mind which does not love God, but cares for itself more than for its Maker and Lord, is that not to be in a diseased state of soul? You are not in a fit state to judge, but holy beings think it is so. The polluting influence of sin upon the soul is the direst of all mischiefs, the worst of all destructions: it is spiritual death. Every man needs to be saved from the defiling presence of sin.
6. Moreover, the thrice-holy God hates sin with a hatred scarcely to be conceived by any of us, since we have lost the sensitivity of perfect purity. Whatever things are impure, unchaste, untrue, unloving, unrighteous, God loathes with all the infinity of his perfect nature. Doubtless sin is a grief to godly men, but it is far more obnoxious to the Lord our God. “His soul hates the wicked, and him who loves violence.” “The thoughts of the wicked are an abomination to the Lord.” The Lord has fierce indignation against everything that is evil: this is no arbitrary trait of his character, he does not choose to be angry with this or angry with that without a cause, but from the very necessity of his divine nature he must delight in everything that is good, and he must abhor everything that is evil. Oh sinner, what a plight you are in since there is in you and upon you the sin which God cannot endure. What must your position be, for it is written concerning the Lord, “You hate all workers of iniquity,” and you are such? Can you bear the thought?
7. Furthermore, you are condemned, and before long this will be made evident to all intelligent beings. There comes upon the swift wings of time a day in which the Judge of all the earth will lay judgment to the line and righteousness to the plummet, and every transgression and iniquity shall receive its just punishment. It is not possible that it should be otherwise, for there must come a reaping for every sowing. Idle thoughts and idle words, and evil deeds must bear their fruit, and hence every sinner is in danger of eternal fire. As surely as the righteous through Christ shall go into everlasting happiness, so shall the ungodly depart into everlasting punishment, where shall be weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth. And this may happen to any unpardoned sinner before he has heard the next word which I am about to utter: he may find himself shut out from all hope, eternally shut out from God before that clock shall strike. This is a perilous condition for an immortal soul! Yet every sinner not saved by Christ is in this condition!
8. To this may be added the further reflection that the sinner by himself is quite unable to escape either from sin itself, or from the wrath which he has aroused, or from the punishment which is appointed for his transgressions. What can you do, oh Ethiopian, to change your skin? Oh leopard, how can you remove your spots? And if, being evil, you could learn to do good, how could you put away the sin of the past? By what process could you take out the stains of former years? Do not the sins of your youth lie in your bones even to this day? and they must be there for ever unless the strong hand of Christ shall take them away. One of old cried, “Oh generation of vipers, how shall you escape the damnation of hell?” and the question may well be asked of the most cunning and crafty of sinners. If you neglect the great salvation, which it shall be our joy to preach to you today, how shall you escape from the wrath to come? Shut up, then, as within a wall of fire, with that fire already burning within his soul in the form of evil lustings, and drawing nearer to him from without every day he lives, the sinner is in a terrible position indeed. Oh unforgiven man, what do you think of this?
9. Perhaps that position may be all the better defined if I remind you of the way by which a sinner has to be rescued from it. There was no hope for any sinner unless the Son of God himself should save him; you may safely measure the depth of the danger by the glory of the person of him who undertook to deliver us from it. It is the Son of God whom angels worship who has come to save sinners. It must be a deep destruction from which only God himself can rescue man. And though he was the Son of God, yet when he came, observe how he had to be qualified, and from his qualifications learn the sternness of the task. He must be Jesus — a Saviour; and then he must also be Christ, — anointed for the work: he must come with a commission from God, with divine authority and the Spirit of God must rest upon him to qualify him for the great undertaking. For the text does not say that Jesus came into the world, but Christ Jesus, the anointed Saviour, came so that he might save. If this qualification was needed, then surely the state of man was a grievous one. Notice also that even Christ Jesus could not save men had he stayed in heaven, he came into the world to save sinners. The Fall was so grievous that he must come right down into the place of our ruin; he must come to the dunghill so that he might lift us out of it. God sat in heaven and said, “Let there be light,” and the darkness fled before him, but he could not sit in heaven and save sinners: he must by necessity come into the world to do so; down into this polluted creation the eternal Creator must himself descend. Lo, there in Bethlehem’s manger he sleeps, and he is nursing on a woman’s breast! He cannot save sinners, so great is their ruin, unless he becomes incarnate and takes upon himself our nature. And being here, think how dreadful must be the ruin when we see that he cannot return, saying, “It is finished,” until first of all he dies. That sacred head must be crowned with thorns, those eyes must be closed in the darkness of the tomb, that body must be pierced even to its heart, and then must lie as a chill, cold corpse in the grave, before man can be redeemed; and all that shame, and suffering, and death was only the outer shell of what the Saviour suffered, for he passed under divine wrath and bare a load such as would have crushed the whole race of men had they been left to bear it. Oh sinner, you are awfully lost, you are infinitely lost, since it needs an infinite Saviour to present the atonement of his own body in order to save sinners from their sin. This is the first truth then which is included in this faithful saying, may the Holy Spirit write it on our hearts.
10. II. The second observation, which clearly contains the very heart of the text, is this, THAT CHRIST JESUS CAME TO SAVE MEN AS SINNERS.
11. His salvation is meant for men who are sinners, and for no one else. Someone says, “But is that not a plain matter of fact?” It is, but it is a fact scarcely ever realised: indeed its real meaning is not known until God the Holy Spirit reveals it. A great many people have a notion that Christ Jesus came into the world to save respectable people, who if they have done any wrong have repented of it, and have made things square. He came, according to them, to save people who do their very best by attendance at worship, and taking the sacrament, and giving to the poor, and paying their way, and saying their prayers. These are doing all they can to get right, and keep right, and surely they will be saved, so men say. Their theory of salvation is very mixed, but it comes to this, that the gospel is for good people. They do not quite do without Jesus Christ, — he comes in somewhere or other; but their religion is a kind of mingle-mangle, — partly they save themselves and partly Christ saves them, and between the two they are not saved at all. Their vain imagination is that, though they cannot do quite as much as they ought, Jesus comes in as an excellent make-weight, and turns the scale in their favour. That is the notion of the majority of mankind, and in many places of worship you may hear something very like it. Too much of the preaching of the present day mixes the old covenant with the new: you do not know whether after all you are going to be saved by merit or mercy, whether Christ came to save sinners or the righteous. The trumpet gives an uncertain sound.
12. It is far too generally supposed that there must be something to commend the sinner to God, and that God could not send his Son to save men whom he views in the base and horrible character of sinners. “Surely,” say the enemies of free grace, “he must have regard for their repentance or for something which he either sees or foresees in them.” That he should see man to be evil and only evil, and yet visit him in mercy for mercy’s sake, seems hard for the carnal heart to believe. Therefore, lest we should be misunderstood, let us make this absolutely clear, that Christ did not come into the world to save anyone except sinners, and he viewed those sinners as sinners and nothing more: he did not view them as repenting sinners, nor as believing sinners, nor as humble sinners, nor as sanctified sinners, nor anything else except sinners, and under that character he contemplated their salvation. The text says nothing more and nothing less than that “Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners”; there is not a qualifying word.
13. It is clear that only sinners are the objects of salvation, for no one except sinners need saving, and if there had been no sinners there would certainly have been no saving and no Saviour. Who needs saving except a lost man? Who needs a Saviour except a man who through his sin has ruined himself? The very term “Saviour” and the very name “Jesus” imply that the work of salvation is for sinners. We have some sinecure [a] offices in our Government: I have heard of a Master of the Buckhounds, who never mastered a buckhound in his life; but my Lord Jesus holds no sinecure in his office of Saviour, for there are plenty of sinners, and he is always saving them. If sinners are not contemplated by the plan of grace, then the office of Saviour is obsolete; but this can never be, since he is Jesus Christ, the anointed Saviour, the same yesterday, today, and for ever.
14. Nor would the gospel be required for anyone except sinners, since no one except the guilty need glad tidings of pardon and grace. If man can be secure under the law let him keep under the law: if the law can justify, let the law justify. What need is there for a second system to take away the first unless through the weakness of man the first system shall be found to be of no effect? No, truly the law is glorious; Mount Sinai shines resplendently, and truly perfection would have been by the law if it could have been kept by mankind. No need for another glory or excellency, for the first would have sufficed if men had not been sinners; for the law is holy, and just, and good. The very sound of that word “gospel” is lost, and its sweetness dissipated in the midnight air unless there are sinners, for they above all men need glad tidings of a Saviour born among men.
15. Salvation must be for sinners, for only to them can mercy ever come. If I am brought before a court of justice, and I plead “Not guilty,” and the magistrate replies that he will have mercy upon me, I repel his observation with indignation; I need no mercy from him; I am innocent. Let him give me justice, and that is all I ask for. It is an insult to the innocent to offer him mercy; and therefore unless man is guilty God cannot show him mercy. Mercy has no room to bestow her blessings of amnesty and pardon until first of all guilt is admitted. To the sinner forgiveness can come, but to no one else.
16. Moreover, the characters whom Jesus came to save are always so described that they must be sinners. Sometimes we read of them as being “dead in trespasses and sins,” and it is written, “And he has quickened you.” Sometimes they are represented as enemies: “If when we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son.” They are called aliens, strangers, wandering sheep, prodigal sons, and so forth; and all these imply distance from God by sin. Sometimes they are represented as debtors, and when they have nothing to pay he freely forgives them all their debt. All the descriptions of people for whom the mercy of God is intended bear upon their forefront the notion of their being sinners, and our Lord himself says, “I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.” The coming of Christ has no bearing towards the ninety-and-nine who did not go astray, except that they are left where they were. The Good Shepherd comes after the lost sheep and only after the lost sheep, and if you can prove that you are not a lost sheep then you have proved that Christ never came to save you. His entire errand looks this way, he came to save sinners and only sinners.
17. Look now at what he did when he was here. I will only ask you to consider the crowning act of his work, when he hung upon the cross. What do those bruisings of the scourge mean? What do those deep furrows on his blessed back mean? What do those pierced hands and feet mean? They mean this, that he is suffering on account of human sin. “The chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed.” “All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned everyone to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.” Self-righteous men and women, what has the cross to do with you? You carry it over your hearts, and make an ornament and a plaything of it, and that is all it is to you. No one except the guilty can know the true meaning of the cross, and derive benefit from it. For them the dreadful tree bears the precious fruit of substitutionary sacrifice, and peace and pardon through the atoning blood; but to those who are not sinners the cross is a barren tree. Oh Christ of God, only a sinner can know your worth. A saint may admire you in your glory, but a sinner trusts you in your shameful death, for you are meant for sinners. “He gave himself for our sins,” — for what else could he give himself and yield himself up to death?
18. Besides that, where is Jesus gone now except to heaven? And what is he doing? When he went to heaven he received gifts for men, and, listen to this word! — “Yes, for the rebellious also, so that the Lord God might dwell among them.” He pleads today, but for whom is he an advocate? He made intercession for the transgressors. Prove that you are not rebellious nor transgressors, and there are neither gifts nor pleadings for you, for the whole intent of what he is now doing is for the sinful.
19. Look, sirs, at the legacy which our Lord has left us. He has left us the Holy Spirit, and what for? The Holy Spirit is here to convict of sin. Of what use would he be for those who have no sin? He is here to regenerate, but of what use would he be for those who are so good by nature that they do not need a change of heart. He is here so that he may work in us repentance and faith, but of what use would those be for people who have no sin to repent of, and no need to believe in a Saviour? The whole plan and scheme of redemption contains in it marks and evidences clear and palpable that it is meant for sinners, for guilty men, for such and such alone. All else that there is in man besides his sinnership is not truly his. If I were to preach today to sinners with some qualification, I should not be preaching the gospel in its fullest reach. If, for example, I were to say that Christ Jesus came into the world to save humble sinners, that would be a clipping of the truth; for if any sinner is humble, that humility is not natural to him, but already the work of salvation has begun in his being made humble. Jesus Christ died to give humility to sinners as well as to save them when they are humble. But surely we must believe in Christ? Yes, and there is salvation for believing sinners; but no man believes in Christ until that faith is given to him from above, and Christ did not come to save sinners who make themselves believe, but to save sinners by giving them faith. He not only saves sinners when they repent, but he goes lower down, for he is exalted on high to give repentance as well as remission of sins. But did he not die for penitent sinners? Assuredly, but he died for them when they were impenitent, and therefore it is that they come to repentance. He who would come to Jesus must come as a sinner, and never think of pleading any kind of goodness or qualification; for “this is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners.” SINNERS — write that in capitals, and set it by itself, for it is the entire description, and no one may dare to add to it. Away with your human addition of sensitive sinners, and so on; the text is not encumbered and spoiled by any such qualifying words.
20. III. This leads me, in the third place, to say THAT UPON THIS POINT SPECIAL CLARITY IS REQUIRED.
21. That Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners as sinners must always be kept clearly before the human mind; because, as I have said, man does not like the notion, and if you put it baldly and boldly he objects to it, and becomes angry. Hear him mutter about immoral doctrine and encouraging sin. Hear it, and marvel at the audacity which makes a guilty rebel express anxiety about the morals of his God. A set of criminals are locked up in a condemned cell to be hanged, and a message comes that the king freely forgives them, and they exclaim that they will not accept mercy because it might encourage immorality. Morality! What have these lawbreakers to do with that? Surely they are repeating the devil’s hypocrisy when he rebuked sin. They are living in sin and yet pretend to be the guardians of universal justice. Vile hypocrisy! When I have known the pens which have written against the gospel under the pretence of advancing morality, I have pitied the paper which they defiled with their black words. Pleaders for morality! Why, men known to be debauched and drunken are often the very loudest talkers against free grace, and the greatest sticklers for morality. Let them go and wash in Jordan seven times and be clean themselves before coming out in that fashion. It is for you and me, being guilty, to get mercy first, and then talk about what we will do in the matter of morality. Do you not know that the man who does not believe in Christ is condemned already? Shall a condemned man object to mercy’s freeness? On your knees, sir, and plead guilty before the Most High, for only in this way shall you find grace.
22. How often are we told in sermons that we are in a state of probation: as if we had to do something by which we should prove our worthiness, and were still in a position in which we might or might not be condemned. My hearers, you are not in a state of probation, no, not one of you. If you are saved, you are saved, and if you are not saved you are lost. You are forgiven, or else you are “condemned already”; and, unless Jesus Christ saves you, you will remain under condemnation for ever and ever. The die is cast, man, and cast against you! You are condemned, and in the book of God so it stands. Christ Jesus came to save the condemned, and you shall be blessed if you are willing to take up the condemned position at this moment, and accept the grace which he has brought for sinners. I say, then, let the truth be made clear, because man will muddle it if he can.
Notice that if this doctrine is not made very clear you will not
lead sinners to look to Christ. If I preach that Jesus Christ died
to save men of tender heart, what will be the result of the sermon?
Every thoughtful hearer will look to see whether he has a tender
heart. Is that a desirable result?
“There is life for a look at the Crucified One,”
but there is no life by looking into our own hearts. Suppose I preach certain marks and evidences as signs of the men whom Christ came to save, then each man will look to see whether he has those signs within himself: and that is precisely the thing which we do not want men to do, for we desire them to look right away from themselves to Christ alone. If they should imagine that they find some good thing within themselves they will make it the real basis of their hope, and that will be an error of the gravest kind. Sinner, all the hope you can ever have lies in him who died upon the tree. As for yourself, settle it in your mind that you are as bad as bad can be. Give up all hope in your own doings, willings, feelings, and resolves, and no more expect to obtain comfort from your own nature than to find fire in the midst of an iceberg. Look right away from self to Christ, and Christ alone, for this is the way of salvation.
24. When a man comes to Christ as a sinner he has taken the safest way. If I say to myself, “Jesus came to save me because I am a believing sinner, or a repenting sinner, or a humbled sinner,” then I have to ask the question, “How about my repentance, my humbling, are they genuine?” My foundation shakes and my trust fails me, because it rests on myself; but when I trust in Jesus because he is the sinner’s Saviour, and because I am a sinner, then I am beyond doubtful questions.
This also is solid ground to stand upon. Imagine a man who is
deeply in debt saying to his creditors, “I am in a terrible fix, but
I can promise you ten shillings in the pound.” Very well; they accept
it. Is he not at ease? Let me whisper in your ear, — he is not worth
twopence in all the world. Is he clear? Oh no. He tries a little
trading, and puts off the hour of payment, but again he has to call
his creditors together, and he confesses, “I am sorry I cannot manage
the ten shillings, but I will try to scrape together
two-and-sixpence: will you take that?” Yes, they will take the
half-crown. Is he not out of his difficulties now? No, he is not one
inch nearer, for he is not worth a penny. Again he summons his
creditors, and protests that he has been under a mistake, but he
could arrange to pay sixpence. Is he not at rest now? Not a bit of
it, because he does not have a farthing, and he can no more pay
sixpence in the pound than the whole twenty shillings. He is
absolutely a pauper. What is the best thing for him to do? Why, to
admit the truth and say, “Here I am, I have no assets whatever: I am
head over heels in debt, and I have not a single penny to pay with.
Do whatever you like with me. Put me in prison if you like: sell
these bones and the rags which cover them; but there is the truth,
you cannot get anything out of me, because I have nothing.” Now, if
the creditors give him a clear discharge, he is safe and at rest,
which he never was while he had even a sixpence to pay. Now you needy
sinners, be wise and go to the Lord in that penniless manner and you
shall have your debt frankly forgiven. Remember the parable of the
two debtors, and the truth which it teaches.
But let our debts be what they may,
However great or small,
As soon as we have nought to pay,
Our Lord forgives us all.
Assuredly, there is nothing like going to the bottom of a thing, and knowing the worst of your case. I have a friend who had a bad knee, something ailed it, he could not tell what. The doctors blistered, and poulticed, and did a great deal to it, and showed their skill by making bad worse, but they assured him that the knee was not out of joint, but would come all right by outward applications. Under such professional treatment the patient became quite lame. At last he went to a renowned bonesetter; and as soon as he saw the joint, he said, “I tell you, sir, your bone is out of joint.” “Impossible,” he said, “the doctors have never hinted at that.” “Yes, it is; or if it is not so, we will make it so, and then set it right.” With a terrible pull the operator seemed to drag the bone out of its place, and then it flew back again, into its socket, and the man felt that all was right. “Now,” said the bonesetter, “walk across the room,” and he did so at once. There is nothing like knowing that the bone is out of joint, for then it can be set; but while we understate the mischief we shall not find an effective cure. Count on the worst, and you will not be deceived. If there is something good about you, and you begin trusting in it, that something good will grow less and less, like the twenty shillings which came down to sixpence and ended with nothing; but if you throw out all legal hope and say, “I am a sinner, and if I am saved it must be entirely through the mercy of God in Jesus Christ, and I accept Christ to save me as a sinner,” — that is a sure and constant foundation to rest upon. Beware of the slippery belief that Christ died for you as long as you are humble, or as long as you are this or that; for, if you talk in that way, instead of trusting in Christ you are trusting in your own humility, your own feelings, and there is no soundness in your faith.
26. Often, beloved, I feel that this way of coming to Christ, as a sinner, is the only available one for me. I have preached the gospel, not without zeal for the truth, and have tried to consecrate my whole being to my Lord’s service, but times out of mind I would not give a brass farthing for all that I have done or felt or been, but I am glad to sink the whole thing into oblivion, and come to Christ and say, “Save me, for I have sinned.” What I rejoice to do I feel sure that my brethren also have to do, and it will be your safety to be doing so continually.
27. Why, brethren, this doctrine must be true because it glorifies Christ. If Christ comes to save men who meet him half way with their prayers and tears and believings and doings, and he only saves them because of these things, then salvation is half by man and half by Christ; but if it is so that Jesus comes to save sinners, and begins a work in them when they are in their nakedness and filthiness and spiritual death, oh, then, free grace all the more abounds, and the crown sits securely on the royal head of him who is anointed to be both a Prince and a Saviour, to give repentance as well as remission of sins.
28. I want to say also that the recognition of the truth that Christ came into the world to save men as sinners is essential for salvation. You ask me, “How so?” I reply, “When a man comes before God simply as a sinner then he is on the way to truth.” All the while he was claiming to be this and that, which was good, he was on a false tack; but when he says, “Lord, I have broken your law, I have done the things I ought not to have done, and have left undone the things that I ought to have done; and if I am saved it must be by your grace alone”; he is now speaking according to truth. It is something to bring a sinner around to the truth. When he has come to that, he will go further in the right direction. Do you not see that he is doing homage to the law of God, for he confesses that he has broken it, and deserves punishment? So the man is already honouring the law of God in his heart: his salvation has begun. Now he does honour to God himself, for he bows before the Most High and sues for mercy. He is already saved from presumption. God must be King, and the man is willing that he should be, even though he himself should be condemned. And now he reads that God’s salvation “comes to the guilty,” and he cries, “I am guilty; I accept your mercy.” That having been done, he loves the Lord God for mercy received. Why, the man is being saved before our very eyes. He was the enemy of God before, but now a sense of free mercy causes him to love and fear the Lord. The next thing he says is, “Have I been so freely forgiven all my transgressions, not because of anything I was or felt or did, but out of free mercy? Then, Lord, I will strive to avoid every sin, if you will help me.” See, his mind is becoming pure, and by the operation of the same blessed truth upon him he will ultimately be perfected and stand before the throne complete, and what do you think will be his song? He will join with all the saints and sing, “We have washed our robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.” There is nothing like free grace to change the human heart. You may tell a man what he is and what he ought to be, and he will remain unmoved; but tell him that God meets him as a lost, guilty, and condemned sinner, and that simply because he will have mercy on whom he will have mercy, he blots out all his sins and transgressions and accepts him through Christ Jesus; why, that makes the man’s heart leap within him for joy, and then he begins to say, “Cleanse me, oh God, from this hateful sin, for I love you because of your wondrous love towards me.” So Jesus Christ’s coming to save sinners makes the point of our being sinners a very essential one in the matter of our being saved from the power of sin.
29. IV. I close by saying, let us, dear friends, feel THAT IT WILL BE WISE TO ACCEPT AT ONCE THE TEACHING OF THE TEXT.
30. Let us confess our sinnership on the spot. Whether you have been saved or not, come over again to Jesus. Take with you words and say to him, “We have sinned.” Confess your sinnership. Does it trouble you to do so? Do you not have abundant evidence of it? Do not confess it with your mouth only, but with your heart. Let me tell you, sinners are very rare things: you cannot find them dead or alive. If you go into a cemetery with an intelligent child, the first question he will ask will be, “Papa, where do they bury the sinners? These are all good people who are buried here.” Living sinners are equally scarce. We are all surprisingly good, and though we say we are sinners, that is a part of our goodness, for it shows how very humble we are. If we come to details, and are questioned concerning our sins, how many turn out to be no more sinners than the beggars in the street are really lame, or blind, or sick, or sore; many who say, “Lord, have mercy upon us miserable sinners,” only sham their sinnership before God. Now, notice that there is nothing but sham salvation for sham sinners. But you real sinners, you who have broken God’s law and know it, and are ready to stand upon the drop of confession beneath the fatal tree of justice, feeling that you could not say a word against divine justice if you were now executed, come and welcome, for Jesus Christ came to save such as you are. Confess your sin, and when you have done so rest on the salvation provided in Christ Jesus.
31. At this moment I think I speak the language of every child of God when I say the top and bottom, the beginning and the ending of all my hope lies in this, that Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners. I just trust myself as a sinner with him. The devil often tells me, “You are not this, and you are not that,” and I feel bound to admit that the accuser of the brethren makes terrible work with my spiritual finery, so that I have to abandon one basis of boasting after another; but I never knew the devil himself dare to say, “You are not a sinner.” He knows I am, and I know it too; and as in due time Christ died for the ungodly, I just rest in him, and I am saved. If I can perish resting in Christ I must do so; but I will tell it throughout the realms of hell that I trusted in Christ, and was lost. I will proclaim it in the infernal dens that I trusted in Jesus with all my soul, and was confounded. Will it ever be? No, never; for he has said, “He who comes to me I will in no wise cast out.”
Poor sinner, whoever you may be, surely this is a very simple matter;
but do not reject it because it is so simple. It is your life. You
shall find it your life at this very instant if you will trust my
Lord. Have you any doubt about your being a sinner? Then say farewell
to hope, for Christ did not come to save you; but if you know you are
a sinner, cast yourself on Jesus now, even now, just as you are.
“Will he save me?” Try it, brother, try it; sink or swim, fling
yourself upon Christ. Are you still depending on your prayers or your
tears, or something of your own? You will perish if you do. You
must be disconnected from all grounds of self-hope and
self-confidence, or they will prove your ruin. Now cut the cable; let
every rope go; break the last thread, and commit yourself to the tide
of free grace. You will never be a wreck if you do that. Well does
Dr. Watts put it, —
A guilty, weak, and helpless worm,
On Christ’s kind arms I fall;
Be thou my strength and righteousness,
My Jesus and my all.
“You have taken away from us, sir, every hope we ever had, and you
describe us to be nothing but sinners.” Yes, that is what I want to
do; I long to make all things rock and reel under you, until you feel
that you have no place for the soles of your feet, and so fall before
the cross. This old house of yours which you have been patching up so
often will fall upon you before long. Its walls bulge, its roof
sags, its timbers are rotten; however much you try to prop it up it
will come down and destroy you. I, as an architect, advise you to
tear it all down. Clear every wall away, stick and stone. Yes, and
take out the very foundations, for every stone is ruinous. Clear the
ground of the whole concern. You complain that there is a deep and
ugly trench where the foundations used to be, and I am glad for it,
for, behold, the Lord lays in Zion, for a foundation, a stone, elect,
precious, even Christ Jesus, and he who believes in him shall never
be confounded. You must remove all the wood, hay, and stubble, and
build with precious stones. No one except Jesus, no one except Jesus:
neither beam, nor stone, nor pin, nor nail, must be our own. We may
not take from a thread to a shoelatchet of self, but Christ must be
first, last, midst, and everywhere. What do you say, brother sinner?
Will you and I have Christ? I will, whether you will or not. Come
along. Do not draw back. Take what God freely presents to you, and
from this day on trust Jesus to be your Saviour, and we will meet in
[Portion Of Scripture Read Before Sermon — Ps 32; 51]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “The Work of Grace as a Whole — The Messenger Of Grace” 241]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Gospel, Received by Faith — The True Scapegoat” 555]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “Gospel, Stated — ‘What Must I Do To Be Saved?’ ” 540]
[a] Sinecure: Any office or position which has no work or duties attached to it, especially one which yields some stipend or emolument. OED.
The Work of Grace as a Whole
241 — The Messenger Of Grace
1 Raise your triumphant songs
To an immortal tune:
Let the wide earth resound the deeds
Celestial grace has done.
2 Sing how eternal love
Its chief Beloved chose,
And bid him raise our wretched race
From their abyss of woes.
3 His hand no thunder bears,
Nor terror clothes his brow:
No bolts to drive our guilty souls
To fiercer flames below.
4 ‘Twas mercy fill’d the throne,
And wrath stood silent by,
When Christ was sent with pardons down
To rebels doom’d to die.
5 Now, sinners, dry your tears,
Let hopeless sorrows cease;
Bow to the sceptre of his love,
And take the offer’d peace.
6 Lord, we obey thy call:
We lay an humble claim
To the salvation thou hast brought,
And love and praise thy name.
Isaac Watts, 1709.
Gospel, Received by Faith
555 — The True Scapegoat
1 Not all the blood of beasts
On Jewish altars slain,
Could give the guilty conscience peace,
Or wash away the stain.
2 But Christ, the heavenly Lamb,
Takes all our sins away;
A sacrifice of nobler name,
And richer blood than they.
3 My faith would lay her hand
On that dear head of thine,
While like a penitent I stand,
And there confess my sin.
4 My soul looks back to see
The burdens thou didst bear,
When hanging on the cursed tree,
And hopes her guilt was there.
5 Believing, we rejoice
To see the curse remove;
We bless the Lamb with cheerful voice,
And sing his bleeding love.
Isaac Watts, 1706.
540 — “What Must I Do To Be Saved?”
1 Nothing, either great or small,
Nothing, sinner, no;
Jesus did it, did it all
Long, long ago.
2 When he from his lofty throne,
Stoop’d to do and die,
Everything was fully done:
Harken to his cry: —
3 “It is finish’d!” Yes, indeed,
Finish’d every jot:
Sinner, this is all you need,
Tell me, is it not?
4 Weary, working, plodding one,
Why toil you so?
Cease your doing; all was done
Long, long ago.
5 Till to Jesus’ work you cling
By a simple faith,
“Doing” is a deadly thing,
“Doing” ends in death.
6 Cast your deadly “doing” down,
Down at Jesus’ feet,
Stand in him, in him alone,
James Procter, 1858.