A Sermon Delivered by C. H. Spurgeon, At The Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington. *9/6/2012
By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff. [Heb 11:21]
1. “When he was dying.” Death is a thorough test of faith. Beneath the touch of the skeleton finger shams dissolve into thin air, and only truth remains; unless indeed a strong delusion has been given, and then the spectacle of a presumptuous sinner passing away in his iniquities is one which might make angels weep. It is hard, very hard, to maintain a lie in the presence of the last solemnities; the end of life is usually the close of self-deception. There is a mimic faith, a false assurance, which lasts under all ordinary heats of trial, but this evaporates when the fires of death surround it. Certain men are at peace and quiet in their conscience, they stifle convictions, they refuse to allow such a thing as self-examination, they consider an honest self-suspicion to be a temptation of the devil, and boast of their unbroken tranquillity of mind, and go on from day to day with perfect confidence; but we would not be of their order. Their eyes are closed, their ears are dull of hearing, and their heart has waxen gross. A siren song for ever enchants them with delight, but also entices them to destruction. Their awakening will be terrible when they lie dying: their false peace will vanish like a dream, and real terrors will come upon them. That expression, “When he was dying,” reminds me of many deathbeds; but I shall not speak of them now, for I desire each one of you to rehearse the scene of his own departure, very soon for every one a story will be told beginning with — “When he was dying.” I want each one to project his mind a little forward to the time when he must gather up his feet in the bed, pronounce his last farewell, and yield up the ghost. Before your actual departure, probably, there may be allotted to you, unless you are carried away with a sudden stroke, a little time in which it shall be said, “He was dying.” Perhaps it is a desirable thing to occupy some weeks in departure, until the mind seems to have passed through the gate and to be already in glory, while the body still lingers here; but since we have had no experience we are scarcely able to form a judgment. Very much might be said in favour of that sudden death which is sudden glory; but yet one might prefer to have enough time and sufficient clarity of mind to gaze into eternity, and so to become familiar with the thought of departing out of the body. It would seem desirable to lose the dread and first surprise of the chilly torrent, and to become fully at ease on the banks of Jordan, sitting with your feet up to the ankles in its stream, and by degrees descending into the greater depths, singing, singing, singing, singing, and beginning even on earth the everlasting song which is heard for ever on the other side of the mysterious river. Such dying is a good ending for a life of genuine piety, and both displays and proves its truthfulness. Jacob was dying, and in his dying we see the man.
2. The text tells us that the patriarch’s faith was firm while he was dying, so that he poured out no murmurs, but plentiful benedictions, as he blessed both the sons of Joseph. May your faith and mine also be such that whenever we shall be dying our faith will perform some illustrious exploit so that the grace of God may be admired in us. Paul does not say anything about Jacob’s life, but selects the death scene. There were many examples of faith in Jacob’s life story, but you remember that in the epistle to the Hebrews, Paul is walking through the histories and picking a flower here and a flower there, and he complains that time fails him even in doing that, so fertile is the garden of faith. I do not doubt, however, that he gathered the best out of each biography; and, perhaps, the finest thing in Jacob’s life was its close. He was more royal between the curtains of his bed than at the door of his tent: greater in the hour of his weakness than in the day of his power. Some days are damp and foggy from morning until late in the afternoon, but just before the sun goes down there is a calm bright hour, and the sun sets in such a glory that you forget the gloom of the day. Albeit that all the former part of the day was commonplace enough, yet the closing hour is at times so gorgeous in splendour that you remember the day for its sunset, and mark it down in your diary as a memorable date. Jacob’s death has certainly so much of glorious faith in it that the apostle did well to select it for special record.
3. The old man of one hundred and forty-seven might have been willing to depart through infirmities of age, but yet he had much to keep him below, and make him wish to live as long as possible. After a very troublesome life he had enjoyed seventeen years of remarkable comfort, so much so that, had it been ourselves, we should probably have begun to strike our roots into the soil of Goshen, and dread the mere thought of leaving; yet there sits the venerable patriarch, with his hand on his staff, ready to go, seeking no delay, but rather waiting for the salvation of God. After all his tossings to and fro, when he had been so long a pilgrim, it must have been a pleasant thing for him to have settled down in a rich land with his sons, and his grandsons, and great-grandsons all around him, all comfortably provided for, with Joseph at the head of the whole country — prime minister of Egypt — reflecting honour upon his old father, and taking care so that none of the family lacked anything. The last course of Jacob’s feast of life was by far the sweetest, and the old man might have been loathe to retire from so dainty a table. The children of Israel were a kind of foreign aristocracy in the land, and against them would not a dog dare to move its tongue, lest the renowned Joseph should put out his hand. That seventeen years must have been bright, and full of rest for the old man. But sense has not killed his faith, luxury has not destroyed his spirituality; his heart is still in the tents where he had lived as a sojourner with God. You can see that he has not even with one single rootlet of his soul taken hold upon Egypt. His first anxiety is to take care that not even his bones shall lie in Goshen, but that his body shall be taken out of the country as a protest to his family that they are not Egyptians, and cannot be made into subjects of Pharaoh, and that Canaan is their possession to which they must come. By his dying charge to bury him in Machpelah, he practically teaches his descendants that they must hold loosely all the good land which they possessed in Goshen, for their inheritance did not lie on the banks of the Nile, but on the other side of the desert in Canaan, and they must be on tiptoe to journey there. The blessing which he gave to the sons of Joseph was only an utterance of his firm faith in the covenant which gave the land to him and to his seed. It was suggested by that faith of his which let go of the present and grasped the future, he renounced the temporal and seized the eternal, refusing the treasures of Egypt and clinging to the covenant of God.
4. Three things are brought before us by the text. The first is the blessing; the second is the worshipping; and the third is the attitude; for he “worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff,” which must be significant, or else it would not have been recorded.
5. I. First, then, HIS BLESSING. He blessed the two sons of Joseph.
6. Will you have patience with me while I try to show that his blessing the sons of Joseph was an act of faith? because, first, only by faith could the old man really give a blessing to anyone. Look at him. He is too feeble to leave his bed. When he sits up supported by pillows, at what is called the head of the bed, he calls for his trusty staff so that he may lean upon it while he raises himself up a little, to be in a position to stretch out his hands and to use his voice. He has no strength, and his eyes are dim, so that he cannot see who is Ephraim and who is Manasseh. He is failing in most of his faculties: everywhere you can see that he is a worn-out old man, who can do nothing for the children whom he loves. If he is able to bestow a blessing, it cannot be by the power of nature; and yet he can and does bless them, and therefore we feel sure that there must be an inner man within that feeble old Jacob; there must be a spiritual Israel hidden away in him, an Israel who by prevailing with God as a prince has obtained a blessing, and is able to dispense it to others. And so there is; and at half a glance we see it. He rises to the dignity of a king, a prophet, and a priest when he begins to pronounce a blessing upon his two grandchildren. He believed God. He believed that God spoke by him; and he believed that God would justify every word that he was uttering. He believed in the God who hears prayer; his benediction was a prayer; and as he pronounced blessings upon his grandsons he felt that every word he was speaking was a petition which the Lord was answering. They were blessed, and they should be blessed, and he discerned it by faith. So, we see, he was revealing his faith in offering believing prayer, and in uttering a confident benediction. Dear friends, whether we live, or whether we die, let us have faith in God: whenever we preach or teach the gospel, let us have faith; for without faith we shall labour in vain. Whenever you distribute religious books or visit the sick, do so in faith, for faith is the life-blood of all our service. If only by faith can dying Jacob bless his descendants, so only by faith can we bless the sons of men. Have faith in God, and the instruction which you give shall really edify, the prayers you offer shall bring down showers of mercy, and your endeavours for your sons and daughters shall be prospered. God will bless what is done in faith; but if we do not believe our work will not be established. Faith is the backbone and marrow of the Christian’s power to do good: we are weak as water until we enter into union with God by faith, and then we are omnipotent. We can do nothing for our fellow men by way of promoting their spiritual and eternal interests if we walk according to the sight of our eyes; but when we get into the power of God, and grasp his promise by a daring confidence, then it is that we obtain the power to bless.
7. You will notice, also, that not only the power to bless came to him by faith, but the blessings which he allotted to his grandsons were his upon the same tenure. His legacies were all blessings which he possessed by faith only. He gave to Ephraim and Manasseh a portion each: but where and what? Did he fetch out a bag from an iron safe and say, “Here, young men, I give you the same portion of money as I give my sons?” No, there does not seem to have been a solitary shekel in the case. Did he call for the map of the family estates and say, “I give over to you, my boys, my freehold lands in such a parish, and my copyhold [b] farms under such a manor?” No, no, he gave them no portion in Goshen, but each had a lot in Canaan.
8. Did that belong to him? Yes, in one sense, but not in another. God had promised it to him, but he had not yet a foot of land in it. The Canaanites were swarming in the land; they were living in cities walled up to heaven, and held the country by the right of possession, which is nine tenths of the law. But the good old man talks about Canaan as if it was all his own, and he foresees the tribes growing into nations as much as if they were already in actual possession of the country. He had, as a matter of fact, neither house nor ground in Palestine, and yet he considers it all his own, since a faithful God had promised it to his forefathers. God had said to Abraham, “Lift up now your eyes and behold to the east and to the west, to the north and to the south. I will give all this to you.” And Jacob believed that gift of God as being a charter and title-deed of possession, and he acts upon it while he says, “This is for Ephraim: this is for Manasseh,” though the sneering infidel standing by would have said, “Hear how the old man dotes and dreams, giving away what he does not have!” Faith is the substance of things hoped for, and she deals seriously and in a business manner with what she makes real to herself: blind reason may ridicule, but faith is shown to be right by its results.
9. Beloved, in this manner believers bless the sons of men, namely, by faith. We pray for them, and we tell them about good things yet to come, not to be seen by the eye, or to be perceived by the senses, but inconceivably good — things laid up by God for those who love him, which shall be the portion of our children and our friends if they believe in the living God. By faith we believe in things not seen as yet. We confess that, like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, we are strangers here, and we are journeying towards a place of which God has spoken to us: “A city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God.” We have learned to talk about the crown which the Lord has laid up for us, and not for us only but for all those who love his appearing; and we delight to tell others how to win this crown. We point them to the narrow gate and to the narrow way, neither of which they can see, and to the end of that narrow road, even to the hilltops crowned with the celestial city where the pilgrims of the Lord shall dwell for ever, and enjoy an eternal reward. Faith is needed to enable us to point men to the invisible and eternal, and if we cannot do this how can we bless them? We must believe for those we love, and have hope for them; thus shall we have power with God for them, and shall bless them. Oh, you worldly fathers, you may give your sons whatever inheritance you can, and divide among your daughters whatever wealth you please, but as for us, our longing is to see our children and our children’s children endowed with the riches which come from above. If they win a share in the land on the other side of Jordan, as yet unseen, and have a portion now in Christ Jesus, we shall be glad — infinitely more glad than if they were the richest among mankind. Our legacies to our sons are the blessings of grace, and our dowries to our daughters are the promises of the Lord.
It is well worthy of our notice that the venerable patriarch Jacob
in his benediction particularly mentioned the covenant. His faith,
like the faith of most of God’s people, made the covenant its
pavilion of delightful abode, its tower of defence, and its armoury
for war. No sweeter word was on his tongue than the covenant, and no
richer consolation sustained his heart. He said to Joseph, “God
Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me,
and said to me, ‘Behold I will make you fruitful, and multiply you.’ ”
His confidence rested in the promise of the Lord, and in the divine
fidelity: that was the fountain truth from which he drew the
inspiration which led him to bless his grandchildren. And, also, you
notice, how he dwells upon the name of his father Abraham, and of his
father Isaac, with whom the covenant had previously been established:
the memories of covenant love are precious, and every confirming sign
is treasured up and thought upon. Dying men do not talk nonsense.
They get to something solid, and the everlasting covenant made with
their forefathers, and confirmed to them personally, has been one of
the grand things about which dying saints have been accustomed to
deliver their souls. Remember how David said, “Although my house is
not so with God, yet he has made an everlasting covenant with me,
ordered in all things and sure.” While we are sitting here we can
talk about the matter coolly, but when the death dew lies cold upon
the brow, and the pulse is failing, and the throat is gradually
choking up, it will be blessed to fix the eye upon the faithful
promiser and to feel a calm within the soul which even death pangs
cannot disturb, because we can then exclaim, “I know whom I have
believed, and I am persuaded that he is able to keep what I have
committed to him until that day.” My dear hearers, if you have no
faith you cannot plead the covenant, and certainly if you cannot
plead it for yourselves you cannot urge it with God for a blessing
upon your sons and your grandsons. It was by faith in the covenant
that the venerable Jacob blessed the two sons of Joseph, and without
it we can bless no one, for we are not blessed ourselves. Faith is
the priest which proclaims the blessing without fear.
We pronounce our benediction
O’er our son’s beloved head,
For the promise is no fiction,
God will do what he has said.
Covenant love and covenant blessing,
Cause our happy lips to bless;
For by faith each boon possessing,
Our glad hearts can do no less.
11. I want to call your attention to one point which I think extraordinarily illustrates the faith of Jacob. In distributing to these two grandchildren his blessings concerning the future, he takes them right away from Joseph, and says, “As Simeon and Reuben they shall be mine.” Do you know who those two young gentlemen were? Think for a moment, and you will see that they were very different in rank, position, parentage, and prospects from any of the sons of Jacob. Jacob’s sons had been brought up as labouring men, without knowledge of polite society or learned arts. They were countrymen, mere Bedouins, wandering shepherds, and nothing else; but these two young gentlemen were descended from a princess, and had, no doubt, been liberally educated. Pharaoh had given to Joseph a daughter of Potipherah, priest of On, and the priests of Egypt were the highest class of all — the nobility of the land. Joseph himself was prime minister, and these were partakers of his lofty rank. The sons of Reuben and Simeon were nobodies in the polite circles of Egypt — very good, decent people, farmers and shepherds, but not at all of the high class of the Right Honourable Lord Manasseh and the Honourable Ephraim. Indeed, every shepherd was an abomination to the Egyptians, and therefore inadmissible to Egypt’s nobility; but Manasseh and Ephraim were of a superior caste, and gentlemen of position and fortune. But Jacob showed his faith by ignoring worldly advantages for his grandsons. He says to Joseph, “They are not to be yours. I do not know them as Egyptians, I forget all about their mother’s rank and family. The boys have attractive prospects before them; they can be made priests of the idol temple, and rise to high dignities among the Egyptians; but we reject for them all that glitter, and as a sign I adopt them as my own sons; they are mine; as Simeon and Reuben they shall be mine. You would not have one of them serve an idol for all the gold of Egypt, for I know that you are true to your father’s God and your father’s faith.” And so he takes the boys right away, you see, from all their brilliant opportunities, and bestows upon them what appears to the carnal mind to be an estate in dreamland, a chateau in Spain, something intangible and unmarketable. This was a deed of faith, and blessed are those who can imitate it, choosing rather the reproach of Christ for their sons than all the treasures of Egypt. The joy of it is that these lads accepted the exchange, and let the golden possessions of Egypt go like Moses after them. May our heirs and successors be of the same mind, and may the Lord say of them, “Out of Egypt I have called my son”; and again, “When Ephraim was a child then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.” This is how faith leads believers to bless their children. We are of the same mind as Jacob in this matter. We would sooner bury our little ones than that they should live to become among the richest and most famous of men, and yet not know or serve their father’s God; better that we laid them quietly in such ground as our Christian brethren permit us to use as a sepulchre for our unbaptized babes; better that they were safely housed at God’s right hand, than that they should grow up to plunge into dissipation or to follow false doctrine and perish outside of Christ. Yes, yes, the good old man was content that his family should be as poor as he was in Canaan, as long as they might have a possession in the land of promise.
12. Do you not see, then, how by faith Jacob blessed the two sons of Joseph, putting aside their temporal prospects and bestowing upon them the blessing which belongs to the children of the promise?
13. We are not finished yet, for we notice that Jacob showed his faith by blessing Joseph’s sons in God’s order. He placed Ephraim before Manasseh. It was not according to the rule of nature, but he felt the impulse upon him, and his faith would not resist the divine guidance: blind as he was he would not yield to the dictation of his son, but crossed his hands to obey the divine impulse. Faith resolves to do the right thing in the right way. Some people’s faith leads them to do the right thing the wrong way up, but matured faith follows the order which God prescribes. If God will have Ephraim first, faith does not quarrel with his decree. We may wish to see a favourite child blessed more than another, but nature must forego her choice, for the Lord must do what seems good to him. Faith prefers grace to talent, and piety to cleverness; she lays her right hand where God lays it, and not where beauty or intelligence would suggest. Our best child is whom God calls best; faith corrects reason and accepts the divine verdict.
14. Notice that he revealed his faith by his distinct reference to redemption. He alone who has faith will pray for the redemption of his children, especially when they exhibit no signs of being in bondage, but are hopeful and amiable. The good old man prayed, “The Angel who redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads.” Let your faith bring down upon your children a share in redemption’s blessings, for they need to be redeemed even as others. If they are washed in the blood of Jesus, if they are reconciled to God by the blood of his Son, if they have access to God by the blood of atonement, you may die well satisfied; for what is to harm them when once the Angel who redeemed you has also redeemed them? From sin, from Satan, from death, from hell, from self — “from all evil” our Redeemer sets us free; and this is the greatest of all benedictions which we can pronounce upon our dearest children. Beloved hearers, so would I pray for you, — may the redeeming Angel deliver you from all evil.
15. Jacob showed his faith by his assurance that God would be present with his seed. How cheering is the old man’s dying expression, made not only to his boys, but concerning all his family. He said, “Now I die, but God will be with you.” It is very different from the complaints of certain good old ministers when they are dying. They seem to say, “When I die, the light of Israel will be quenched. I shall die, and the people will desert the truth. When I am gone the standard-bearer will have fallen, and the watchman on the walls will be dead.” Many in dying are afraid for the chariot of Israel and its horsemen; and, sometimes, we who are in good health talk very much in the same way as though we were wonderfully essential to the progress of God’s cause. I have known some of our church members to speak in that manner, and enquire: “What should we do if Mr. So-and-so were dead! If our pastor were gone, what would the church do?” I will tell you what you will do without us: I will put the case as though I were myself about to die — “Now I die, but God will be with you.” Whoever passes away, the Lord will remain with his people, and the church will be secure. The grand old cause does not depend on one or two of us. God forbid! The truth was mighty in the land before the best man living was born, and when he is carried with funeral procession, sad and slow, to his resting-place, and the truth will not be buried with him, but in its own immortal youth will still be powerful; yes, and fresh advocates will arise more full of life and vigour than we are, and greater victories will be won. If you cut down that noble oak which now covers so a wide an area with its shade, there may spring up a dozen trees which otherwise would have been overshadowed by the giant and checked in their growth: the removal of one man is often the opportunity for the springing up of scores of others to do equal service. It is grand to say with Jacob, “Now I die, but God will be with you.” Such language honours God and indicates a mind greatly trustful, and completely delivered from the self-conceit which imagines itself to be important, if not necessary, to the cause of God. So we may die trusting in the Lord, and meanwhile so may we live, reliant upon divine power.
16. So much concerning Jacob’s benediction. By faith he blessed the two sons of Joseph.
17. II. We are told, next, that the old man “worshipped” — WORSHIPPED BY FAITH. This act no man can rightly perform without faith, for he who comes to God must believe that he is, and that he is the rewarder of those who diligently seek him. The point here is that he worshipped in his dying hour, and worshipped in blessing his two grandsons. Very briefly let me tell you what worship I think he rendered.
18. First, while he was dying he offered the worship of gratitude. How pleasing is the incident recorded in the tenth and eleventh verses, “Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he could not see. And Joseph brought his two sons near to him; and he kissed them and embraced them. And Israel said to Joseph, ‘I had not thought to see your face: and, lo, God has showed me also your seed.’ ” Ah, yes, we shall often have to say, “Oh Lord, I had not thought that you would do as much as this, but you have gone far beyond what I asked or even thought.” I hope that this will be among our dying speeches and confessions, that the half was never told to us, that our good Lord kept the best wine until the last, and that the end of the feast on earth, being only the beginning of the eternal feast in heaven, was the crown of all. Let us declare concerning our Lord that we found him better and better and better and better, even until we entered into his rest. He has been at first better than our fears, then better than our hopes, and finally better than our desires. So good, so blessed a God do we serve that he always by his deeds of grace exceeds our greatest expectations. What a reason we have for the worship of grateful praise; let us not be slow to render it. Jacob worshipped by expressions of gratitude.
19. Did he not also offer the worship of testimony, when he acknowledged God’s goodness to him all his life? He says, “The God who fed me all my lifelong,” so acknowledging that he had been always dependent but always supplied. He had been a shepherd, and he uses a word here which means “The God who shepherdized me — who was a shepherd to me all my lifelong.” It was a testimony to the care and tenderness of Jehovah. Jacob does not murmur now, and declare that all things are against him. Now he no longer quarrels and frets, and makes rash declarations; now he does not even make a bargain with God, but he cries, “The God who fed me all my lifelong.” Yes, and I hope we also shall finish life by magnifying the goodness of the Lord. May this be our witness, “He fed me all my lifelong. I was in straits sometimes, and I wondered where the next bit of bread would come from; but if he did not send a raven, or if he did not find a widow woman to provide for me, yet somehow or other he did feed me all my lifelong. He worked in his own wise way, so that I never lacked, for the Lord was my shepherd all my lifelong.” So you see that Jacob worshipped by his testimony of faith when he came to die, and this is extremely acceptable with the Lord.
20. Notice, too, how reverently he worships the covenant messenger with the adoration of reverent love. He speaks of “the angel who redeemed me from all evil.” He thinks of the angel who wrestled with him, and the angel who appeared to him when he fell asleep at Bethel. This is the angel, not an ordinary angel, but the true archangel — Jesus Christ — the messenger of the covenant whom we delight in. It is he who has delivered us from all evil by his redeeming blood, for no other being could have accomplished a redemption so complete. Do you remember when he came to you personally, and wrestled with you and tore away your self-righteousness, and made you limp upon your thigh? It may be that this was your first introduction to him. You saw him by night, and thought him at the first to be rather your enemy than your friend. Do you remember when he took your strength away from you, and then at last saved you, because in utter weakness, you were about to fall to the ground, you laid hold of him and said, “I will not let you go unless you bless me,” and so you won a blessing from him? You had thought previously that you had strength in yourself, but now you learned that you were weakness itself, and that only as you became consciously weak would you become actually strong. You learned to look beyond self to him, and do you not bless him for having taught you such a lesson? Will you not when you come to die bless him for what he did for you then, and all your lifelong? Oh my brethren, we owe all things to the redeeming Angel of the covenant. The evils which he has warded off from us are terrible beyond conception, and the blessings he has brought us are rich beyond imagination. We must adore him, and, though we do not see him, we must in life and in death by faith worship him with lowly love.
If you read on through the dying scene of Jacob you will notice once
more how he worshipped with the adoration of earnest longing, for
just after he had pronounced a blessing on the tribe of Dan the old
man seemed thoroughly exhausted and gasped as if about to faint, but
instead of fainting, instead of uttering a cry of pain and weakness,
he solemnly exclaims, “I have waited for your salvation, oh Lord.” It
is a holy utterance interjected into the very middle of a prophecy — “I
have waited for your salvation, oh God”: as much as to say, “I long
to be gone. My heart is all with you. Make no delay, oh my God.
Strengthen me to get through this one more task of telling the future
to my sons, and enable me to offer my last prayer for their welfare,
and then, Lord, bring your salvation.
Come death and some celestial band
To bear my soul away.”
21. So you have had a picture of the old man blessing by faith, and worshipping by faith: faith was the mainspring of the two actions, their essence, their spirit, and their crown.
22. III. The last matter for us to speak upon is HIS ATTITUDE. He “worshipped leaning upon the top of his staff.”
23. The Romanists have made fine mischief out of this text, for they have read it, “He worshipped the top of his staff,” and their notion has been, I suppose, that there was a pretty little god carved on the top — an image of a saint or a cross, or some other symbol, and that he held up that emblem, and so worshipped the top of his staff. We know that he did no such thing, for there is no trace in Abraham, Isaac, or Jacob of anything like the worship of images; though teraph worship lingered in their families, it was not with their consent. They were not perfect men, but they were perfectly clear from idolatry, and never worshipped an image. No, no, no; they worshipped God alone. He worshipped on the top of his staff — leaning on it, supporting himself upon it. In Genesis you read that he “bowed himself upon the head of the bed.” It is a very curious thing that the word for bed and the word for staff in the Hebrew are so extremely like each other that unless the little points had been used, which I suppose were not used at all in the olden time, it would be difficult to tell whether the word is “bed” or “staff.” I do not, however, think either Moses or Paul can be wrong. Jacob strengthened himself and sat upon the bed, and he leaned upon his staff, too. It is very easy to imagine a position in which both descriptions would be equally true. He could sit upon the bed, and lean on the top of his staff at the same time.
24. But why did he lean on his staff? What was that for? I think besides the natural need which he had for it, because of his being old, he did it emblematically. Do you not remember his saying, “With my staff I cross this Jordan?” It believe he kept that staff throughout life as a memorial. It was a favourite staff of his which he took with him on his first journey, and he leaned upon it as he took his last departure. “With my staff I crossed this Jordan,” he had said before, and now with that staff in hand he crosses the spiritual Jordan. That staff was his life companion, the witness with himself of the goodness of the Lord, even as some of us may have an old Bible, or a knife, or a chair which are connected with memorable events of our lives.
But what did that staff indicate? Let us hear what Jacob said at
another time. When he stood before Pharaoh he exclaimed, “Few and
evil have been the days of my pilgrimage.” What made him use that
word “pilgrimage?” Why, because upon his mind there was always the
idea of his being a pilgrim. He had been literally so during the
early part of his life, wandering here and there; and now, though he
has been seventeen years in Goshen, he keeps the old staff, and he
leans on it to show that he had always been a pilgrim and a sojourner
like his forefathers, and that he still was. While he leans on that
staff he talks to Joseph, and he says, “Do not let my bones lie here.
I have come here in the providence of God, but I do not belong here.
This staff indicates that I am only a sojourner here, and want to be
gone. I am in Egypt, but I am not of it. Take my bones away. Do not
let them lie here, for if they do, my sons and daughters will
mingle with the Egyptians, and that must not be, for we are a
distinct nation. God has chosen us for himself, and we must keep
separate. To make my children see this, lo, here I die with my
pilgrim staff in my hand.” “Give me my staff,” the old man seems to
say, “I will die with it in my hand. I protest that I am not a
resident here, but only a lingerer for a little while. I will support
myself upon it, for the last time worship God in the attitude of one
who longs to be up and away.” Now, Christian brother, I want you to
live in the same spirit, feeling that this is not your rest nor your
native country. There is nothing here that is worthy of you. Your
home is up there, on the other side of the desert, where God has
mapped out your portion. Christ has gone to prepare your place, and
it would ill become you to have no desires for it. The longer you
live the more let this thought grow on you: “Give me my staff. I must
be gone. Poor world, you are no rest for me; I am not of your
children, I am an alien and a stranger. My citizenship is in heaven.
I take my share in Egypt’s politics and Egypt’s labour, indeed, and
in Egypt’s griefs, but I am no Egyptian, I am a stranger bound for
another land.” Worship on the top of your staff, and sing —
A scrip on my back, and a staff in my hand,
I march on in haste through an enemy’s land;
There is nothing on earth which can tempt me to stay,
My staff is the emblem of “up and away.”
26. Curiously enough is it that each descendant of Jacob came to worship on the top of his staff at last, for on the paschal supper night, when the blood was sprinkled on the lintel and the side-posts, each one ate the lamb with their loins girt and with a staff in his hand. The supper was a festival of worship, and each one ate it leaning on his staff, as those who were in haste to leave home for a pilgrimage through the wilderness.
27. Brothers and sisters, let us imitate Jacob in dying faith. May the Holy Spirit in the power of the Lord Jesus enable you to live by faith. Live to bless others, especially your own descendants; live to worship God at all times; and live with your hand on your staff, saying always, “This is not our rest, for it is polluted.”
My dear hearers, this advice does not apply to all of you, for you
are not all Jacobs, nor do you belong to the believing seed. I cannot
ask you to take your staff, for if you were to take your staff and
start off, where would you go? You have no portion in the next world,
no promised land, no Canaan flowing with milk and honey. Where will
you go? You must be banished from the presence of the Lord, and from
the glory of his power. Alas for you! You cannot worship, for you do
not know God; you cannot bless others, for you have not been blessed
yourselves. May the Lord bring you to his dear Son Jesus Christ, and
lead you to put your trust in him, and then I shall hope that being
saved you will by faith imitate Jacob, and both bless men, worship
God, and wait with your staff in your hand, ready to journey to the
eternal rest. May the Lord be with you, for Christ’s sake. Amen.
[Portion Of Scripture Read Before Sermon — Ge 47:28-48:22]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “The Christian, Death — Guide Me, Oh Thou Great Jehovah” 821]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “The Christian, Death — Victory Over Death” 822]
[See Spurgeon_Hymnal “God the Father, Acts, Covenant — The Covenant God Extolled” 229]
[a] About ten large chunks as well as some smaller chunks were deleted from this sermon as produced by the Electronic Bible Society. This ruined the sermon.
[b] Copyhold: A kind of tenure in England of ancient origin: tenure of lands being a parcel of a manor, “at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor,” by copy of the manorial court roll. OED.
The Christian, Death
821 — Guide Me, Oh Thou Great Jehovah <8.7.4.>
1 Guide me, oh thou great jehovah,
Pilgrim through this barren land;
I am weak, but thou art mighty,
Hold me with thy powerful hand;
Bread of heaven!
Feed me now and evermore.
2 Open now the crystal fountain
Whence the healing streams do flow;
Let the fiery cloudy pillar,
Lead me all my journey through:
Be thou still my strength and shield.
3 When I tread the verge of Jordan,
Bid my anxious fears subside;
Death of deaths, and hell’s destruction,
Land my safe on Canaan’s side:
Songs of praises
I will ever give to thee.
William Williams, 1773.
The Christian, Death
822 — Victory Over Death
1 Oh for an overcoming faith
To cheer my dying hours;
To triumph o’er the monster death,
And all his frightful powers!
2 Joyful, with all the strength I have,
My quivering lips should sing,
Where is thy boasted victory, Grave?
And where’s the monster’s sting?
3 If sin be pardon’d, I’m secure;
Death hath no sting beside;
The law gives sin its damning power;
But Christ, my ransom, died.
4 Now to the God of victory
Immortal thanks be paid,
Who makes us conquerors while we die
Through Christ our living Head.
Isaac Watts, 1709.
God the Father, Acts, Covenant
229 — The Covenant God Extolled <6.8.4.>
1 The God of Abraham praise
Who reigns enthroned above,
Ancient of everlasting days,
And God of love!
Jehovah, great I AM!
By earth and heaven confest;
I bow, and bless the sacred name,
For ever blest!
2 The God of Abraham praise,
At whose supreme command,
From earth I rise, and seek the joys
At his right hand:
I all on earth forsake,
Its wisdom, fame, and power;
And him my only portion make,
My shield and tower.
3 The God of Abraham praise,
Whose all sufficient grace
Shall guide me all my happy days
In all his ways:
He calls a worm his friend,
He calls himself my God!
And he shall save me to the end,
Through Jesus’ blood.
4 He by himself hath sworn,
I on his oath depend;
I shall, on eagles’ wings upborne,
To heaven ascend:
I shall behold his face,
I shall his power adore,
And sing the wonders of his grace
THE SECOND PART.
5 Though nature’s strength decay,
And earth and hell withstand,
To Canaan’s bounds I urge my way
At his command:
The watery deep I pass
With Jesus in my view,
And through the howling wilderness
My way pursue.
6 The goodly land I see,
With peace and plenty blest;
A land of sacred liberty,
And endless rest:
There milk and honey flow
And oil and wine abound,
And trees of life for ever grow,
With mercy crown’d.
7 There dwells the Lord our King,
The Lord our righteousness!
Triumphant o’er the world and sin,
The Prince of Peace.
On Sion’s sacred height,
His kingdom still maintains;
And glorious with his saints in light,
For ever reigns.
8 The whole triumphant host
Give thanks to God on high,
“Hail Father, Son, and Holy Ghost!”
They ever cry:
Hail, Abraham’s God, and mine!
I join the heavenly lays;
All might and majesty are Thine,
And endless praise.
Thomas Olivers, 1772.