The koala has dense fur that is colored from gray to a reddish-brown. The pouch opens in the rear and extends upward and forward.
The koala was designed with an opposable index finger that it uses as a second thumb for feeding and climbing. It was also designed with a padded tail, which allows it to sit in a tree all day. A koala hardly ever needs to drink water since it receive most of its water from the eucalyptus leaves that it eats. The name koala means “no-drink animal.” Since the koala does not have any sweat glands, it will lick its arms and stretch out on its tree to cool off.
CLASS: Mammalia (mammal)
ORDER: Diprotodontia (pair of incisors on lower jaw)
GENUS/SPECIES: Phascolarctos cinereus
Size: Between 25 and 33 in (0.7–0.8 m)
Weight: Between 15 and 30 lbs (6.8–14 kg)
Original Diet: Plants
Present Diet: Eucalyptus leaves, young bark, and mistletoe
Habitat: Eucalyptus forests of eastern Australia