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The chameleon is distinctly different from other lizards. It has hands and feet that are able to grip objects. It also has a tail that can be used as a fifth limb.
The chameleon has the unique ability to move each eye in a different direction at the same time. It is designed with a very long and sticky tongue (some being longer than the entire length of its body). This tongue allows the chameleon to capture its food even from long distances. The shape of the chameleon is specially designed for its life in trees. With its coloration and shape, the chameleon can be mistaken for a leaf or branch.
Dwarf chameleon, pygmy chameleon, leaf chameleon
CLASS: Reptilia (reptiles)
ORDER: Squamata (amphisbaenians, lizards, and snakes [scaly])
FAMILY: Chamaeleonidae (Old World chameleons)
GENUS/SPECIES: More than 120 species
Size: Less than 1 in to 27 in (0.03–0.7 m)
Weight: Varies greatly
Original Diet: Plants
Present Diet: Insects
Habitat: Tropical and mountainous rainforests, savannas, and steppes of northern Africa, the Middle East, India, and Madagascar