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The American alligator has vertical pupils in its eyes.
The American alligator has vertical pupils in its eyes. It is able to see well in the low light of night. The alligator has been known to eat just about anything found in its watery habitat, from paper trash to fish hooks and aluminum cans. The nostrils of an alligator are slightly elevated on its snout, allowing it to breathe while remaining completely submerged.
CLASS: Reptilia (reptiles)
ORDER: Crocodylia (crocodiles, alligators, and relatives)
FAMILY: Alligatoridae (alligators)
GENUS/SPECIES: Alligator mississippiensis (American alligator), A. sinensis (Chinese alligator)
Size: 10–19 ft (3–5.8 m); Males are larger than females
Weight: Up to 1,000 lbs (454 kg)
Original Diet: Plants
Present Diet: Young eat insects and plants; mature alligators eat fish, mammals, and reptiles
Habitat: Aquatic areas in southern U.S. and the Yangtze River in China