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The most prominent difference between the Bactrian and Dromedary camels is their humps. The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back while the Dromedary camel has only one.
A camel has two sets of eyelashes that protect its eyes from the blowing sands of the deserts. A camel can allow its body temperature to reach up to 106°F (41°C), which allows it to travel in hot, dry areas without losing great amounts of water. The humps of camels are not used for water-storage; they are areas of fat, which provide food during shortage. They can store up to 100 lbs (45 kg) of food. A camel’s feet are specially padded to endure the hot sand of the desert without blistering.
CLASS: Mammalia (mammal)
ORDER: Artiodactyla (even-toed hooves)
FAMILY: Camelidae (camels, llamas, and vicunas)
GENUS/SPECIES: Camelus bactrianus and C. dromedarius
(Bactrian and Dromedary)
Size: Around 7 ft tall (2.1 m)
Weight: Between 990 and 1,450 lbs (449–658 kg)
Original Diet: Plants
Present Diet: Plants
Habitat: Desert regions in Africa, the Middle East, China, and Central Asia