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Brown Bear

on September 10, 2007; last updated September 10, 2007
Zoo Guide: mini spiral-bound

The brown bear has small ears and high shoulders. It can range in color from cinnamon to almost black. It is also known as the Kodiak bear.

Brown Bear

Design

During the winter months when vegetation and animal life is scarcer, the brown bear goes into hibernation. It is during this state that its body temperature drops and its metabolic rate decreases, allowing it to survive on less food. The female brown bear is a very protective mother, and will attack humans if its cubs are endangered.

Features

  • The brown bear has small ears and high shoulders. It can range in color from cinnamon to almost black.
  • It is also known as the Kodiak bear.

Fun Facts

  • The grizzly bear is included as a subspecies of the brown bear. The grizzly gets its name from its appearance. As it ages, the tips of its guard hairs turn silvery-gray.
  • A brown bear can eat 25–35 lbs (11–16 kg) of food a day.
  • It is the second largest bear in the world—the polar bear being the largest.
  • Over 98% of the brown bear population in the U.S. is found in Alaska.

Created Kind Members

Black bear, panda, polar bear

CLASS: Mammalia (mammal)

ORDER: Carnivora (meat-eating)

FAMILY: Ursidae (bear kind)

GENUS/SPECIES: Ursus arctos

Size: Nearly 6 ft to over 9 ft tall (1.7–2.8 m)

Weight: 209–1,700 lbs (95–771 kg)

Original Diet: Plants

Present Diet: Plants, fish, and other animals; a favorite is salmon

Habitat: Prefers the mountain forests and cold tundra in North America

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