All three species of puffins stand upright and have black and white head and body plumage. They also have brightly-colored bills, mostly yellow and orange.
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The puffin has a large triangular bill, which is very efficient at catching and holding small fish. It also has a special gland that produces oil, with which it waterproofs its feathers. A puffins can dive as deep as 100 ft (30 m) into the ocean for fish. While underwater it uses its small wings as propellers and its webbed feet like paddles.
CLASS: Aves (birds)
ORDER: Charadriiformes (shorebirds and relatives)
FAMILY: Alcidae (auks)
GENUS/SPECIES: Fratercula arctica
Size: 12–14 in (30–36 cm)
Weight: About 1 lb (0.5 kg)
Diet: Small fish, mollusks, and crustaceans
Habitat: Greenland and Northern Canada, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Nova Scotia, Iceland, Northern Scandinavia, Northern Russia, Ireland, and NW coast of France