Bibliography and Further Reading for אֱמֶת (ʾěmeṯ)

by John C. P. Smith on April 10, 2015
Featured in Hebrew Word Study

Ashton, J.F., ed. 2000. In Six Days: Why Fifty Scientists Choose to Believe in Creation. Green Forest, Arkansas: Master Books.

Barr, J. 1961. The Semantics of Biblical Language. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

Brown, F. 1979 (orig. pub. 1907). The New Brown–Driver–Briggs–Gesenius Hebrew and English Lexicon (BDB). With the cooperation of S.R. Driver and C.A. Briggs, p. 54. Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.

Darwin, C. 1859. On The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London, United Kingdom: John Murray.

Driver, G.R. 1956. Canaanite Myths and Legends. Edinburgh, United Kingdom: T. & T. Clark.

Gagnon, R.A.J. 2001. The Bible and Homosexual Practice: Texts and Hermeneutics. Nashville, Tennessee: Abingdon Press.

Gingrich, F.W. 1983 (orig. pub. 1957).1 Shorter Lexicon of the Greek New Testament—Second Edition. Revised by F.W. Danker. London, United Kingdon; Chicago, Illinois: The University of Chicago Press.

Goodrick, E.W., and J.R. Kohlenberger III. 1999. The Strongest NIV Exhaustive Concordance. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan.

Hall, R.L. 1993. Word and Spirit: A Kierkegaardian Critique of the Modern Age, Bloomington & Indianapolis, Indiana: Indiana University Press.

Ham, K. 2008. What’s the Best “Proof” of Creation? In The New Answers Book 2, ed. K. Ham, pp. 111–120. Green Forest, Arkansas: Master Books. Available at

Hanson, A.T. 1975. Grace and Truth: A Study in the Doctrine of the Incarnation. London, United Kingdom: SPCK.

Jepsen, A. 1977 (revised edition). אָמַן ʾāman. In Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT), vol. 1 (אָב ʾābh–בָּדָד bādhādh). Ed. by G.J. Botterweck, and H. Ringgren; trans. by J.T. Willis, pp. 292–323. Grand Rapids, Michigan; Cambridge, United Kingdom: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.

Koehler, L., and W. Baumgartner. 2001. The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, Study Edition (HALOT), vol. 1 (א–ע), pp. 68–69. Leiden, The Netherlands; Boston, Massachusetts; Köln, Germany: Brill.

Middle English Dictionary. 2001. Ann Arbor, Michigan: The Regents of the University of Michigan. Accessed July 18, 2013 from

Moberly, R.W.L. 1996. אמן. In New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis (NIDOTTE), vol. 1. General ed. W.A. VanGemeren, pp. 427–433. Carlisle, United Kingdom: Paternoster Press.

Montgomery, J.A. 1939. Hebrew hesed and Greek charis. Harvard Theological Review 32, no. 2 (April 1939): 97–102.

Moule, C.F.D. 1957. Contributions and Comments (criticism of T.F. Torrance). Expository Times 68, nos.5 & 7 (January & April 1957): 157 and 222.

Newbigin, L. 1996. Truth and Authority in Modernity. Valley Forge, Pennsylvania: Trinity Press International.

Oxford Dictionary of English 3rd Edition. 2010. Oxford, United Kingdom; New York: Oxford University Press.

Pryor, D. 1998. Jesus—The Fullness of Tanakh. In Roots and Branches: Explorations into the Jewish Context of the Christian Faith, eds. J. Fieldsend, et al., pp. 69–81. Bedford, United Kingdom: PWM Trust and The Centre for Biblical and Hebraic Studies.

Scott, J.B. 1980. אָמַן. In Theological Wordbook Of The Old Testament (TWOT), eds. R.L. Harris, G.L. Archer, and B.K. Waltke. Chicago: Moody Press. Accessed from BibleWorks (Version, 2013).

Smith, J.C.P. 2011. Blind Faith. Answers 6, no. 4 (October–December 2011): 30–31. Available at

Stern, D.H. 1992. Jewish New Testament Commentary. Clarksville, Maryland: Jewish New Testament Publications.

Strong, J. 2001 (orig. pub. 1894).2 The Strongest Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, fully revised and corrected by J.R. Kohlenberger III and J.A. Swanson. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan.

Thayer, J.H. 2000 (orig. pub. 1889). A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, Being Grimm’s Wilke’s Clavis Novi Testamenti. Translated, revised and enlarged by J.H. Thayer. Electronic version, in which pages numbers are not given, accessed from BibleWorks (Version, 2013); copyrighted by the International Bible Translators (IBT).

Thiselton, A.C. 2006. Thiselton on hermeneutics: the collected works and new essays of Anthony Thiselton. Aldershot, United Kingdom; Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

Thomas, R.L., ed. 2000 (orig. pub. 1981)3. The Strongest NASB Exhaustive Concordance. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan.

Torrance, T.F. 1957. One Aspect of the Biblical Conception of Faith. Expository Times 68, no.4 (January 1957): 111–114; with rejoinder to C.F.D. Moule’s criticism in Contributions and Comments, no.7 (April 1957): 221.

Tov, E. 2012. Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible: Third Edition, Revised and Expanded. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress Press.

Van Pelt, M.V., and G.D. Pratico. 2003. The Vocabulary Guide to Biblical Hebrew. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan.

Wildberger, H. 1997. אמן ʾmn firm, secure. In Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament (TLOT), vol. 1 (אָב ʾābḥnp). Ed. by E. Jenni, and C. Westermann; trans. by M.E. Biddle, pp. 134–157. Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.

Winston, R., editorial consultant. 2004. Human. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley Limited.


  1. According to the title page of Gingrich’s Shorter Lexicon of the Greek New Testament—Second Edition:

    This book is an abridgment, with some revision, of A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, second edition, 1979, revised by F. Wilbur Gingrich and Frederick W. Danker. The first edition, by William F. Arndt and F. Wilbur Gingrich, was published in 1957 by the University of Chicago Press as a translation and adaptation of Walter Bauer's Griechisch-deutsches Wörterbuch zu den Schriften des Neuen Testaments und der übrigen urchristlichen Literatur.
  2. The title of J. Strong’s original publication of 1894 was The Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible.

  3. Originally published in 1981 under the title New American Standard Updated Edition Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.


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