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The up-to-date research from our creation scientists and scholars helps keep our speakers and writers equipped with the latest information and arguments—all from a biblical starting point. Last week at the Answers Mega Conference, some of the newest research was presented by highly qualified creation scientists.
This Answers Research Summit was an in-depth, technical conference geared toward updating our audience with insightful research that will help them understand the world from a biblical perspective. The secular world continues to spread its message of evolutionary-worldview-driven interpretations through public schools, media, and many other places, so it is important to combat that false teaching with truth based on God’s Word.
This is why Answers in Genesis has a Research Department. Its goal is to make sure we have the latest research so that we can show people that the evidence we see is consistent with God’s Word, contrary to the belief of most secular scientists. The Research Department is directed by Dr. Andrew Snelling, who has a PhD in geology.
Dr. Snelling also manages the Answers Research Journal (ARJ), which is a professional, peer-reviewed technical journal for the publication of interdisciplinary scientific and other relevant research from the perspective of the recent Creation and the global Flood within a biblical framework. You can view the papers for free on the ARJ website.
Last Thursday evening, the first three speakers gave presentations on biology:
First, they started with Scripture. The Bible does not answer all of the questions the team would love to ask, but God’s Word gives us the proper starting point. From Genesis 1, we know that animals were created according to their kinds. Regarding humans, Dr. Lightner stated, “Humans were not said to be created according to their kinds; instead humans were created in the image of God.” We are entirely different from animals, and distinguishing between the two is very important. God gave mankind dominion over all of the animals.
When we come to the Flood account, land and flying animals (air-breathing, land-dwelling animals) were taken aboard the Ark. Skeptics say that there was not enough room, but they typically include marine animals. Animals were there according to their kinds (which is usually at the family level)—not species.
Second, there are various methods in helping to determine the Ark kinds, such as hybridization data, the cognitum concept (recognizing similarities), and statistical baraminology. You can find out more about these methods and the Ark kinds research that Dr. Lightner presented in the ARJ at Determining the Ark Kinds and Mammalian Ark Kinds.
Here is a short video of Dr. Lightner introducing the topic she presented:
Dr. Fabich pointed out that Dawkins put in his book, The Greatest Show on Earth, that Lenski’s experiments on E. Coli bring distress to creationists for good reason. To which Dr. Fabich said, “I am a creationist. I’m not distressed. I have good reason.”
Evolutionists say bacteria are rapidly evolving, but Dr. Fabich went into detail to explain his experiments. He clearly showed why the evolutionists’ claims of bacteria supporting the concept of molecules-to-man evolution are not true. At the end of the day, bacteria never change into anything else—they remain consistent according to their kind.
See the following video of Dr. Fabich summarizing his talk:
What are the roles of microbes? From Scripture, we know that none of them caused disease before the Fall. Today, less than 10 percent cause disease. Dr. Purdom said that microbial communities are kind of like a city, where each microbe has a different role and they work together to build the community.
The study of microbes can help creationists understand one pre-Flood environment, that of stromatolites, fossilized structures originally built by multiple kinds of bacteria. Moreover, bacteria are very beneficial in that they can break down minerals in rocks and make the elements in them available to us. This is just in relation to rocks, and there are many other types of microbes with many different roles.
Are bacteria an appropriate model for evolutionary biology? There are only differences within a kind and nothing else, so the simple answer is no. Dr. Purdom went into details about microbes from a biblical starting point, describing their roles and functions and gave many examples in the modern world.
On Friday morning, the next three speakers gave presentations on the issues regarding the age of the earth and universe:
Watch this short video as Dr. Purdom explains her presentation:
Dr. Mortenson talked about how the judgment of God in Genesis 3 was not just spiritual but physical., God cursed the ground, and at the Flood of Noah destroyed every living thing. Because of man’s sin, God punished man’s domain, his realm. Genesis is very clear that God judged the world, and we see that over and over again in Scripture.
With that being said, what kind of God would call His creation “very good” if disease, death, and suffering already existed? Scripture is very clear that God created a perfect world with no disease, earthquakes, or tsunamis. Sin entered the world in Genesis 3, and it brought all kinds of disease and suffering. However, God promises to restore all things where there will be no more death, disease, and suffering (Revelation 21:4).
Theistic evolutionists, however, believe in millions of years, which demand that death and disease existed pre-Fall, contrary to the Word of God. Dr. Mortenson used many examples of well-known, highly respected speakers and theologians who have compromised. He showed that they offer weak explanations of how the supposed millions-of-years age of the earth apparently “fits” Scripture, and showed biblically why they are wrong.
See this video of Dr. Mortenson as he sums up his talk:
What is a black hole? It is a small massive object for which the escape velocity is greater than the speed of light. The name was coined in 1963. One way black holes can be detected is by the motion of stars around the black holes. Dr. Faulkner went into detail about black holes, giving a number of examples. He showed the audience the inconsistencies and lack of explanation in evolutionary theory regarding black holes.
What is dark matter? Well, we do not know, but it is probably some form of matter that we do not know of yet. We think we are so clever, but we do not even know what most of the universe is made of, which is very humbling and exciting, as Dr. Faulkner said. So what about the evolutionary view? There is no evolutionary view needed at all to understand what dark matter is. But if dark matter really dominates the mass of the universe, it ought to be in the models of the big bang. Dr. Faulkner stated, “As a Christian, we should not be afraid of dark matter or black holes.”
Watch the following short video of Dr. Faulkner introducing his topic for the talk:
Dr. Snelling gave many specific examples of radiometric dating. One such example was diamonds; they yield a date of six billion years, but that is older than the earth itself! Did you know that the age of the earth was not determined by earth rocks? It was determined by meteorites in 1956. There is the added assumption that the meteorites are representatives of the primordial earth material.
As can be seen from these two examples, there is a significant worldview bias in the use of these dating methods. The results derived by the secularists agree only because of the assumption that they should agree. They manipulate the decay rate data to make dates by different methods agree, not because of dishonesty but because of their worldview.
As Christians, we do have someone who has given us an account of the past—God’s Word. Using the Bible, we know that the world is only about 6,000 years old. Did you know that helium diffusion dating gave a helium diffusion age for a granite that is supposed to be 1,500 million years old (according to uranium-lead dating) of about 6,000 years? However, only that one rock unit has so far been tested, and thus we need more rock units tested for helium diffusion ages vs. radiometric ages. As Dr. Snelling stated, “Wouldn’t it be marvelous if we went to Canada and Australia and we looked at granites of other ages, and they all yielded the same helium diffusion age of about 6,000 years?”
Moreover, Dr. Snelling said that we need more data from rock units that yield discordant radiometric dates by the different methods. Much of this information can already be found on the answersingenesis.org website just by using the search function.
Here is a video of Dr. Snelling giving a summary of his presentation: