Hydrocarbons on Hyperion, dragon bones, a zebrula, eye movement, spitting apes, “altruistic” rats, and Canadians on creation round out this week’s News to Note.
Our ongoing Search for Terrestrial Intelligence turns up a new source of hyperactivity this week: NASA scientists’ recent assertion that Saturn’s moon Hyperion is home to “cup-like craters filled with hydrocarbons that may indicate more widespread presence in our solar system of basic chemicals necessary for life.”
In a story that borders on humor, despite its doubtless gravity in the eyes of paleontologists, Chinese villagers have reportedly been consuming dinosaur bones, “believing they were from flying dragons and had healing powers.”
In a practice that, according to the Associated Press, has lasted “at least two decades,”
[t]he calcium-rich bones were sometimes boiled with other ingredients and fed to children as a treatment for dizziness and leg cramps. Other times they were ground up and made into a paste that was applied directly to fractures and other injuries, he said.
While we certainly can’t say anything in support of supposed healing powers of dinosaur bones, we are quite interested in the villagers’ belief that the bones were from flying dragons. Even as evolutionists scoff at the idea that anything less than tens of millions of years separated the last dinosaurs and the earliest humans, we see repeated indications that the dragon legends that abound in human history are more than coincidental descriptions of dinosaurs and pterosaurs; rather, they clearly support the contemporaneousness of humans and these ancient beasts.
For more on this topic, see Dragons: animals ... not apparitions and the rest of our Dinosaur Q&A. And while you’re at it, pay a visit to the Creation Museum’s Dragon Hall Bookstore and Dinosaur Den.
Visitors to Germany’s Safaripark zoo are in for a treat: a zebrula whose coat is “sharply divided between horse and zebra,” according to an Agence France-Presse news release. Of course, for most, any zebrula is intriguing (once they learn what a zebrula is, that is!)
Zebrulas, as the release explains, are crosses between horses and zebras, and are known to “have been in existence since the 19th century.” This particular zebrula, named Eclyse, has a zebra’s head and hindquarters while the rest is white. Yahoo! offers photos and video of the almost surreal creature.
Such combinations as the zebrula, the liger, and the wholphin are fascinating reminders of the original created animal kinds. Broader than current species and many genera, the original created kinds have speciated through natural selection and mutations into the vast diversity of life we see today. Note that this is a “down-hill,” information-losing process that contradicts the information-gaining hydrocarbon-to-horse evolution that is popularly assumed.
Understanding the idea of created kinds is also important to understanding the reality of Genesis; for example, see How did all the animals fit on Noah's Ark? to learn how representatives of the original created kinds could have easily fit on Noah’s Ark.
“Our experience of the world normally appears quite seamless, but in fact our brain sees many aspects separately and knits them together into one experience of the world,” explains University of Pennsylvania postdoctoral fellow Jeremy Wilmer, lead author of a study published in the current issue of Neuron. Wilmer and Harvard University psychologist Ken Nakayama examined the complex equation of “how the brain and eye team up to spot an object in motion and follow it,” discerning two separate but complementary mental mechanisms of motion detection that constituted a “range of capabilities when it came to sensing and following motion” for volunteers. A ScienceDaily story adapted from a University of Pennsylvania press release explains the mechanisms:
The first, called low-level motion perception, is the sense one gets of disembodied motion before knowing what is moving. The second, called high-level motion perception, is the ability to watch an object move through time and space after it has been recognized.
Of course, humans are usually entirely unaware of these complex coordinations between the eye and the mind, as the seeming simplicity of the stitched-together visual experience belies the sophistication that powers it. Even so, the incredible design behind the functioning of the amazing eye (to learn more, see—for a start—“Our eye movements and their control,” parts 1 and 2.
Move over, Homo sapiens: recent experimental results suggest orangutans may be superior to humans when it comes to using spit to solve complex problems. You heard it right! email@example.com’s Louis Buckley explains the experiment:
Faced with a vertical transparent tube, a quarter filled with water, in which a peanut floats tantalizingly beyond reach, what should you do? Five orang-utans from Leipzig Zoo in Germany all came to the same conclusion. Taking mouthfuls of water from a nearby bottle, they spat into the tube until the peanut floated into reach.
There’s even a video of one clever orangutan spitting out a solution. Study leader Natacha Mendes from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology was reportedly “amazed” at the apes’ ingenuity, opining that “[i]f you asked someone in an office to solve this problem many people wouldn’t be able to give a quick answer, and some probably wouldn’t be able to figure it out at all.” Mendes further “suggests that the orangutans had to think at a more abstract level” to solve the peanut problem. It is interesting to note how the evolutionist mindset can tend to lower the worth and perceived ability of humans. As creationists we could, rather, honor the Creator for the intelligence bestowed upon many animals and for the amazing diversity of the animal kingdom.
It’s not only orangutans who are impressing researchers and news readers this week; charitable rats are making headlines after a study published in PLoS Biology proffers evidence that “rats who received help in the past were more likely to help another unknown partner.”
It’s either good or bad, exciting or embarrassing news from Canada: a new poll from Canadian Press-Decima Research that “suggests that 60 per cent of Canadians believe God had either a direct or indirect role in creating mankind, shattering the myth that Canadians had long ago put their faith strictly behind the scientific explanation for creation.” A Canadian Press story elaborates:
The poll suggests Canadians divide in essentially three groups on the issue of creation: 34 per cent of those polled said humans developed over millions of years under a process guided by God; 26 per cent said God created humans alone within the last 10,000 years or so; and 29 per cent said they believe evolution occurred with no help from God.
To Canadians who fit in any of the above categories: join AiG’s Ken Ham and Mike Riddle next month in Huntsville, Ontario! The largest group from the poll would benefit from learning that the only true God as revealed in the Bible (if that's the one they had in mind) and evolution are incompatible.
Remember, if you see a news story that might merit some attention, let us know about it! (Note: if the story originates from the Associated Press, FOX News, MSNBC, the New York Times, or another major national media outlet, we will most likely have already heard about it.) And thanks to all of our readers who have submitted great news tips to us. If you didn’t catch all the latest News to Know, why not take a look to see what you’ve missed?
Answers in Genesis is an apologetics ministry, dedicated to helping Christians defend their faith and proclaim the good news of Jesus Christ.