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The mother tongue, not-so-ancient algae, middle ear missing links, mutation-prone moths, land plant ancestors, and more.
Two separate linguistics studies provide findings consistent with a biblical worldview.
Psychologist Quentin Atkinson counted distinct units of sound, called phonemes, in 504 of the world’s nearly 7,000 languages. He found that sub-Saharan African languages average the most phonemes, while language groups farther away have fewer phonemes. These findings, published in Science, are consistent with the principle that “when a very small number of individuals break off from a larger population, there is a gradual loss” of linguistic complexity.
Tiny fossils of algae found at the edge of Loch Torridon in Scotland have been hailed as evidence that life evolved in freshwater and on land a billion years ago.
The fossilized mammal Liaoconodon hui, found in China, is being hailed as the missing link in middle ear evolution from reptiles to mammals.
The region of DNA responsible for the wing color of the famous peppered moth has been located, but the peppered moth is still a moth.
The peppered moth became famous as the “classic example of evolution” when populations of dark and light varieties were found to vary with the amount of air pollution darkening the trees of early industrial England. The contention supported by Dr. Kettlewell’s original research in the 1950s was that birds feasted on the least-well-camouflaged variety of moth. Some have questioned Kettlewell’s methods, and subsequent research has varied in its ability to replicate his results.
Here researchers report finding a mutation-prone region in the genomes of butterflies and moths that controls wing color. Natural selection allows those varieties of creatures better adapted to an environment to survive and reproduce. What we should remember is that mutations in the moth’s genome do not produce new creatures: they produce moths of a different color. That’s not evolution; it’s just moths.
Genetic analysis has suggested that land plants evolved from a different sort of green algae than previously thought.
Among evolutionists it is “generally accepted” that land plants evolved from some sort of freshwater algae about 500 million years age. Because of gross similarities in reproductive methods, the ancestor of land plants has been assumed to be the more complex forms of algae. (Both utilize large eggs and small swimming sperm.) This study of 129 genes from 40 types of plants has found that land plants have more genetic similarities with Zygematales, a simpler kind of algae which uses amoeba-like gametes (sperm and eggs) of equal size to reproduce.
In order to make this scenario work, the researchers assume that the simpler algae once had the ability to reproduce in a way similar to land plants and then lost the ability to do so but maintained many of the more subtle similarities seen at a genetic level. The assumption is thus that the missing link became extinct leaving no trace of itself.
Of course, the greatest assumption of this work is that one kind of organism evolved into another. The Bible tells us in Genesis 1 that God created organisms to reproduce after their kind. Neither similarity of reproduction methods nor the presence of any other genetically determined traits demands sequential development of one kind of life form into another.
Not all chitons have eyes. Those that do are covered with hundreds. Their lenses are made of aragonite, a form of calcium carbonate. Fossilized trilobites have calcite lenses, but aragonite lenses are unique. The West Indian fuzzy chiton responds to dark shapes but not to mere changes in light intensity. Eyeless chitons, which are nevertheless covered with light sensitive cells, respond to changes in light intensity only.
Chitons supposedly have taken a few hundred million years to develop eyes, only acquiring them 10 million years ago, “making their eyes among the most recent to evolve.” Evolutionary assumptions claim that other species evolved eyes independently during the Cambrian explosion. Why chitons evolved their eyes so “late,” why only some varieties evolved eyes when the purely light-sensitive varieties seem to survive quite nicely without them, and how they managed to acquire the genetic information to build lenses out of aragonite remain mysteries.
Asserting that the expansion of the universe will cause much of the evidence for the big bang to eventually disappear, a recent study claims that new evidence will still exist. “Astronomers of the future won’t have to take the Big Bang on faith,” asserts Avi Loeb.
Big bang supporters point to cosmic background radiation (CBR) as evidence for the big bang theory. But they neglect to point out that the uniform temperature of this CBR throughout the known universe is actually a big problem for the big bang.
According to a study to be published in the Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, the problem will go away in about a trillion years. The CBR will have “faded away” and the universe expanded too much to see the “ancient galaxies.” But by measuring the speed of hypervelocity stars created by the interaction of binary stars with black holes, “with careful measurements and clever analysis” they will still be able to deduce the history of the universe.
The big bang idea is an attempt to explain the origin and even the future of the universe without God. Sadly, many Christians compromise by trying to add the billions of years from the big bang to the Bible. Read more about the assumptions behind the big bang and how it conflicts with God’s account of history in The Age of the Universe, Part 1.
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Answers in Genesis is an apologetics ministry, dedicated to helping Christians defend their faith and proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ effectively. We focus on providing answers to questions about the Bible—particularly the book of Genesis—regarding key issues such as creation, evolution, science, and the age of the earth.